Discussion
12 Apr - 30 Apr 2021

Discussion Room 1: Energy Access

Caroline Tresise • 1 April 2021

The Thematic Discussion rooms are now closed. Thank you to everyone who participated in our consultation, we will be sharing the summaries and the key results shortly. The Networking Lounge and News Room will remain open, please check back for more updates.

 

You are now in the Discussion Room for Energy Access.
 

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The context


Achieving SDG7 – Access to affordable, reliable and sustainable clean energy, is key to achieving all the other SDGs. Providing energy access at-scale touches on every aspect of Sustainable Development, from poverty reduction, to increasing levels of health, education, gender equality and overall well-being and prosperity, while tackling the climate and environmental crisis.

The challenges at the core of energy access, electricity and clean cooking are systemic – they are within our business and economic models, they are political and entangled with history and are embedded in our education systems. Ultimately, these barriers have not allowed us to fully appreciate the everyday implications for people who must go without electricity. The lack of access is rooted in relational contexts between and within countries that are defined by an absence of enough care for others.

There are 1.1 billion people still without electricity - a basic necessity - globally and half of those people live in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is our chance to say something about it, and be heard by people who can influence the decisions our Governments are about to make on our behalf.

What are we trying to find out?

We want to know what the ambitious, innovative, catalytic/high impact, collaborative, outcome-focused, replicable-at-scale solutions and recommendations that we, as youth, want to input to the Technical Working Groups and then to present to our governments.

 

The questions
Please try to be as specific as possible in your responses. 
 

Cross-cutting topics:

Benefits of energy access

  • What are the key benefits that energy access is bringing to your community?

  • What are the main challenges your community is facing because of lack of energy access?

Youth action for energy access

  • What type of work and projects are you and other young people in your community pursuing to enhance energy access?

  • What are the innovative forms of action that can be scaled-up?


Thematic areas:

Clean cooking

  • Household clean cooking addresses access to clean fuels and technology to be able to cook efficiently and safely. What are some of the specific issues related to clean cooking in your community/your work?

  • How are they being addressed or what is missing in the way they are being addressed?

Energy poverty

  • In some countries, electricity is available but unaffordable due to high prices. What can be done to improve access for these people?

Gender and equity

  • What are particular ways in which lack of energy access affects underrepresented groups?

  • What actions are necessary to address these gaps?

  • How would you as a woman or a representative of an underrepresented community want to be involved in the energy sector?

 

For background information, please read the official materials uploaded by the HLDE Secretariat:

Our lead moderator who will be preparing recommendations for the Technical Working Groups is Beniamin (Benji) Strzelecki, Global Focal Point, SDG7 Youth Constituency.

Rules of Engagement:

  • This discussion is open to any young person between 16-30 years

  • Please be respectful of each other and the moderators

  • Please respond to the questions and let us know which question you are answering in your comments.

  • You may post anonymously

  • You may post in any language

  • Click follow at the top of the page to receive notifications.

Comments (115)

Beniamin Strzelecki Moderator

Hello!

Thank you to all of you who so generously offered their time to contribute to the consultation and shared your knowledge and experiences related to energy access issues. We have carefully looked at your comments and we tried to comprehensively cover your suggestions in the outcomes document. You may access it here

We hope that you will stay involved with the sustainable energy sector and we will be sharing information with you about next possible steps soon!

All the best,

Beniamin

Bigambia

Energy is still a luxury in some part of the world due to it inaccessibility.

This is a real problem because these different regions of the world whom can't have access to energy and mostly those regions with a great quantity of energy resources.

I have always ask myself, why is it like that?!

I came out with the first answer socio-cultural factor. Where the local population deliberately don't want to progress on the mentality.

 

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Bigambia , this is a valid point. Even if solutions are available, locals may choose to stick with what they are familiar with. 

What do you think are the reasons for locals to be reluctant to adopt energy access solutions? 

What role do you think youth could play in solving this mindset challenge? 

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Bigambia  and Tien! Indeed this is a big theme of Group 4, identifying how much culture influences our decisions. I suggest heading over there and connecting with Helen Watts on this point. Behavioural/Social change takes a long time and is very hard to measure... let's dive into this more in Room 4

NGAGOUM NDALLOKA ZITA

Well said Bigambia. Energy is indeed still a luxury in some parts of the world due to inaccessibility. Access to energy in most African Countries is still very low. I think one of the ways to improve access is through better pricing. Most economies should reconsider the prices of electricity.

Bigambia

Secondly, lack of human, financial resources and technology to make accessible energy for these regions.

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Discussion Room 2 is now open! 

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Click this link to be redirected to all the rooms where you can click on which you'd like to enter.

Frans Hanghome

Just to add on Bigambia's comment and to keep the discussion going. There is a need to be realistic when working on projects for access to energy especially for rural and informal settlements. Often times the expectations by the community are so huge they don't match up with the capability of the technology which leads to lack further preparedness for future uptake and support.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

I couldn't agree more. In the effort to address the issue of community expectations, project proponents must effectively communicate project outcomes with the recipients even if it means having focused group discussions. 

Beniamin Strzelecki Moderator

Thank you for sharing Frans Hanghome! Do you have in mind some examples of situations where the expectations of the community were not met by the capacity of the technology? Feel free to drop links to any stories that you have in mind.

Samuel Adunreke

Beniamin Strzelecki i think this is where consumer responsibility comes to play in Sustainable Development. So many organizations innovate for competition sake, or either for profit or both as the case may be, but not putting in mind the end user.

Margaret
  • my main concern is on household clean energy in my country  alot of rural areas use firewood as a source of fuel which is very dangerous to the environment especially with cutting of trees and also harmful to the user due to various diseases brought with the smoke 
  • i have come up with a way to reduce use of firewood and also help in combating climate change its a project on waste management where we tap methane from decomposing organic waste and use it as a source of fuel for cooking this helps in reducing amount of methane in the atmosphere thus taking one step to combating climate change,2. producing an alternative cheaper source of fuel and lastly help in waste ma
Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Congrats Margaret on your solution. Would very much appreciate it if you could share any documentation on your project.

Frans Hanghome

Good idea Margaret not sure at what stage you're currently at, but my advise if you're starting off is to get few early adopters who are willing to take up the digesters. It's important that you convenience these early adopters that the technology works and if you do a good job not only do they act as your sponsors in  the community themselves but people gradually gravitates towards what works better.

There are several barriers to the uptake of clean energy especially when it comes to cooking, most important for my country culture. Wood though not always readily available especially with the impact climate change only now being experience ( i.e. there are physically fewer trees available in most parts). However people still continue to use firewood as a source of cooking energy, they buy and women (and boys) spent hours traveling longer distance to gather the wood.

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Margaret, thanks for your comments. Which country are you referring to? Definitely, the use of firewood for cooking is a major environmental concern with health implications too. There is a significant body of research linking unclean cooking to Non-Communicable Diseases (including heart diseases and lung cancer).

Your project sounds really interesting! Can you please share links with us? We would love to know more as we are always looking for examples of best practice. Martin Cadena 

Johnchemberleen Odira Ajoagu

Great innovation. However, I will like to point out that Methane has its concerns and drawbacks. It also poses an enormous risk to health and the environment. Perhaps, you could explore the possibility of using an improved biomass cookstove(Rocket stove, stove+Thermoelectric power generators), solar stove and the likes. I believe that they are safer. 

Frans Hanghome

A need to bridge the gap between the technology source and program place of implementation. Most time the logistic between the two always leads to breakdowns that cannot be fixed on time, lack of local experts etc.. these all lead communities mistrust and preference of ''conventional energy'' over ''green energy'' sources. There is a need to make sure that donor or  foreign supported projects have a huge local context not only in term of administration but also the technology component.

Bigambia

i completely agree with you.

let's take the case of lack of qualified and well trained local experts. Most under develop countries faces this problem. Firstly  because most of their well trained human resources always quit their home countries when they go study abroad,

Secondly; the lack of technology and valuable equipments in these under develop countries make it difficult equally for the long lasting of such projects;

Thirdly; those managers in charge of piloting such program or project are either not having the profile to manage

Frans Hanghome

Bigambia, Interesting regarding local experts,  but maybe also to young people and retaining workers over time.On a personal note a few years back I left my government job in the energy sector not because of lack of interest in the sector but the red tapes, bureaucracy  and rigid thinking. Sometimes our voices are completely unheard in these boardrooms,is not always that radical thinking is encourage in these spaces.It take patience!

Bigambia

Frans Hanghome i understeand and appreciate your initiative. Your are very right. Alot of bureaucracy in our state government leading to waste of time and resouces.

Not all goverments are bureaucratic. And one more thing is that, not all impact changes are going to be created by our state government, but instead we have to help our government and contribute to changes and innovations in our local communities.

That is equally a reason that has pushed to engage myself as young entrepreneur through the creation of a consulting office permititng me to empower youth and our local population, proposing solutions to our fellow population etc.

Frans Hanghome

Bigambia, totally agree regarded on that point!

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Thanks Fran, in fragmented governments this gap can be even more of an issue. Group 4 has a question on the roles of local governments and how and where they need more support. Capacity building is on area, for example. I am interested to hear your views on this in group 2 here: https://www.sparkblue.org/energytransitionroom

 

Bigambia

Once more the consultation on energy access will really help.

Due to two factors i didn't had the chance to participate to the lauching day consultation:

1- No electricity leading to a poor network accessibility.

2- No accessibility to renewable energy equally

The fact is that in a big economic capital in Cameroon (Douala) has stayed without electricity for a period of 5hours.

My question is how can i or we push our local population to positively change socio-culturaly?,

How can we push them to use new technologies in terms of renewable and non-renewable energy?

How can we develop or what are the strategies develop to facilitate access to energy to everyone? and at a very cheaper price?;

 

 

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Bigambia, really sorry that you weren’t able to join the launch event. What you said about not being able to join due to no electricity is a very real case of how lack of access to reliable energy affects every day life. We tend to think of remote areas when it comes to energy access but in many parts of worlds, the challenge could be experienced as well in cities. 

From your personal experience and observation, what are the main challenges your community is facing because of lack of access to reliable electricity?

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Great contributions so far. 

To address the Benefits of energy access from my community's perspective;

  • Improved living standards
  • Increased market for new businesses

Despite the positive strides in breaching the energy access gap, a major challenge still remains with high electricity tariffs. 

Unfortunately, energy consumers still consume the energy in an unsustainable manner and in result,

  1. Consumers complain about increased tariffs and thus make investors have a hard time supporting the financing of energy access projects.
  2. Consumers exhibit negative sentiments towards renewable power technologies 
Bigambia

Your very right with those two points but not every body has a negative image of renewable power technologie. This is because it's at first very expensive and even for the maintenance of these equipment it's equally very expensive. Instead most of the population take it as a means to be independent of industries selling energy.

 

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Regarding Youth action for energy access;

First and most importantly, energy accessibility for me is not just about providing new technologies to actualize the SDG 7 agenda, however, managing and utilising the available energy in a judicious manner in order to balance demand and supply.

In that regard, I leverage my knowledge and background in Renewable energy to educate consumers to develop good-energy-consumption-habits even before thinking of having access to sustainable energy. 

In context, when people have the right knowledge and carry out good practices, demand and supply will have a good balance thereby making it easier for sustainable energy access projects to be implemented.

Frans Hanghome

''educate consumers to develop good-energy-consumption-habits even before thinking of having access to sustainable energy'' Josh I would like to borrow your idea indeed. Much of the uptake of access to cleaner energy sources and climate change mitigations  have to do with changing mindsets and encouraging people to make conscious choices as much as it has to do with technology.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Addressing Energy poverty;

As per the concept note for the Technical Working Group 1 on Energy Access with much emphasis on the overall objective of the Technical Working Group, a transformative step towards sustainable lifestyles cannot be overemphasized if energy poverty is to be dealt with appropriately and sustainably.

Let's look at it from this perspective;

Why would governments and utility regulators price tariffs so high when consumers have alternative habits( waste conscious) and vouch for clean energy which is cheaper to use over time. Logically, these governments will find no economic sense in investing into exploiting conventional energy resources when the market and demand for them is poor.

Consequently, they would have to reduce the prices and make it affordable in order not to make huge loses.  Now that's where, clean energy companies and investments have to strike to breach the energy poverty gap.

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Josh, thanks for these interesting insights. Yes providing incentive for both Governments and the private sector to invest is a challenge and I agree that as consumers we have a big role in this, including educating and encouraging civic engagement. I would suggest joining Finance & Investment discussion to dive into this more! Filip Koprcina Anunya Bahanda @Wenhao Sun  

 

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello everyone!

I’m Tien, co-moderator of this discussion on Energy Access, alongside Beniamin Strzelecki, or Benji. 

I’m so glad to see many comments coming in on Day 1. Thank you Bigambia , Frans Hanghome , Josh Edem Kojo Dotse and Margaret for raising your voice about this challenge. Please keep the conversation going! We are listening!

At the end of the consultation, Benji will consolidate your inputs and present them to the Technical Working Group who are making recommendations on Energy Access to our governments. So this is really our chance to address the key questions in the description and be heard by decision makers.

@Everyone: when posting your comment, please kindly let us know which question you are addressing (Josh’s comment is a good example). It will help us tremendously later with consolidating your inputs.  

Many thanks and excited to hear more from everyone! 

Pratham Maheshwari

Incentivising grassroot level non governmental organisations as well government organisations for developing a structure which involves higher usage of clean energy.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Youth action for energy access- Scaling Up Innovative Actions

  • Energy audits at residences by youth volunteers - As part of breaching the energy access gap, I am starting an initiative that will train young people to have the technical capacity to carry out energy audits at homes to identity possible saving avenues and renewable energy integration. Each home will be assigned a young energy manager to carry out quarterly energy assessments and provide green business models.

Outcomes;

  1. Increased access to affordable energy through recommendations by the energy auditors
  2. Capacity building for the youth
  3. Job opportunities for the youth (Energy Auditors/Managers)
  4. Market for green products 
  5. Knowledgeable community on sustainability
Beniamin Strzelecki Moderator

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse, this sounds very interesting! Thank you for sharing it. Do you have any links to your website or media coverage that could be used to reference your work?

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Beniamin Strzelecki, thanks for the positive feedback on this. This initiative is still at the zero draft stage. However, this is just an overview. As and when appropriate documentation and references can be made available, I will definitely fill you in. Thank You.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Clean cooking_ Major Issue;

  • Cooking Time - Interestingly I use the "New Cooking Bag",  an initiative of Ellen Seldenthuis, a woman from the Netherlands who has lived and worked in Ghana since 2004. 

How it works; The New Cooking Bag (NCB) is used to cook food without a continuous need for heat. The food is brought to a boil in a pan with water over a fire. Once it is boiled, the fire can be extinguished and the pan with its contents is put directly into the NCB. The NCB is tied shut. Because of the insulating properties of the NCB, the temperature in the pan remains high and the food continues to cook until it is ready. Since there is some heat loss the cooking time is longer than when using permanent heat. 

  Although this method saves you the stress of keeping an eye on the food, much safer, cost effective and hygienic, TIME factor is always a challenge.

Imagine waiting for an hour to get your plain rice ready. 

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

In addressing this challenge, what I do is to prepare the meal not because I am hungry but just for later consumption so I don't have to worry about the time. 

Samuel Adunreke

This is an amazing job keep it up

IYUMAME ALVAN NWUCHE

In Nigeria access to affordable and clean energy is not encouraging. The regulating body PHCN( POWER HOLDING COMPANY OF NIGERIA) not helping matters. 

The citizens ,most especially where I come from device other means to get access to energy. 

The cost of Petrol( Gas)  is also on a higher side. With this survival becomes a problem.

Whereby unhappy citizens now engage in pipeline vandalism and illegal exploration of crude, which has resulted to environmental hazards and serious health challenges .Am working on a research concerning the ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ILLEGAL OIL EXPLORATION in my local government area/district.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Well, it is quite unfortunate for other neighbouring countries as well, like Ghana. However, following recent news on clean energy accessibility and transition with SEforAll, I think Damilola Ogunbiyi is doing a great job to help Nigeria transition appropriately and steadily.

Williams Afolabi

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse I agree with you that Damilola Ogunbiyi did a great Job in Lagos with most impact on secondary education in Lagos. I have visited more than sixty of the solar hubs in the attached document and they are still operational till date. Now I am looking forward to executing more projects like Ogunbiyi's after my direct experience with the impact it has on the community and education of the kids. 

 

 

Williams Afolabi


In Nigeria where cost of electricity is high and we are plagued with crazy bills and inconsistency. Energy access in form of solar home systems is giving us hope and helping us solve this challenge.

Energy access has increased communication with consistent alternative source for charging phones in rural and urban areas.
By increasing energy access we improve education by increasing the number of study hours by providing lighting solutions using small solar lighting systems for students in their homes and bigger ones for their school.
Improved living conditions of people.

Detoriating living conditions.
Unmotivated students.
Communication barrier.

To enhance energy access in my community I applied the IOT by providing easy purchasing options to people willing to purchase small energy systems for themselves, family or friends by creating an online paystack store with recommended and tested solar products for low income earners and we deliver anywhere in Nigeria in record time. https://paystack.shop/negus-energy

Tariffs on batteries should be reduced or eliminated.
Open source technologies.
Increased investment in production of solar home systems to further reduce cost of systems.

More support grants for Energy SME.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

Well done Williams Afolabi . I believe with time and consistency in growth, the graph on energy accessibility will see a higher trajectory.

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Williams, 

Thank you for mentioning the positive impact that energy access will have on education, of which youth will be the direct beneficiary. 

Also, thank you for sharing the solution that you are working on. Off-grid energy sources are definitely playing an important role in improving energy access. 

We’d love to hear more from you: What are the key barriers that you have or will have to overcome to scale up your Negus Energy? Please feel free to share your inputs on Discussion Room 4 on Innovation and Technology: https://www.sparkblue.org/energyinnovation

Thank you Williams!

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Williams, this initiative looks great! Can you please share some data on the impact of this business if available? I'm curious as to who your target market is as providing this kind of tech for those who are off-grid is a priority but affordability remains a big issue. As Tien said, you could share this in Rooms 4 (Innovation and Tech), I definitely suggesting posting there.

Rita-Chiara Mele Moderator

Great to hear from your experience Williams! IOT is definitely a game changer both in energy and digital transition, and a great business opportunity to seize for youth. Learning from best practices and lessons learnt could encourage entrepreneurship among youngsters in last-mile communities and urban settings. Do you know any networking initiative/ incubator bridging IOT solutions? 

Let's discuss it in Room 4! 

Best, 

Rita

Frans Hanghome

Great work Williams, From my experience working with start-ups and NGOs on the distribution of pico and solar home systems in my country, the opportunities are endless especially for young people. Young people energy work better here , digital marketing is key and selling systems that are accredited (i.e. by the Global Lighting African Initiative) ensure that standards/trust is ensured. I find entrepreneurship support to be what lacking most of the time but most people are definitely willing to buy these smaller systems, even just for task lighting for example. In fact these area is most fascinating for me because the technology impact are very immediate.

Fatou Diarrassouba

Hi Wlliams, your technique is a very innovative option to allow low income earners to purchase small energy systems. I believe that this can be replicated in neighboring countries as access to electricity West Africa is a common issue. I am currently focusing on increasing energy access in rural areas of Liberia, where my startup is located. But then, I am wondering whether the online paystack store that you provide would be convenient to customers living in very remote villages where access to internet is almost non-existent.

Williams Afolabi

Thank you Fatou Diarrassouba. For areas without internet, you could try and find a retail store near the village or a person capable of purchasing in large unit and reselling for little or no profit. 

Williams Afolabi

Addressing Clean cooking and energy poverty.

The number  one challenge is lack of awareness of alternative energy source.

I recommend sensitization of People of other sources that are green and sustainable for cooking and eradicating poverty.

Sensitization of people of energy conservation. Some countries number of people with lack of energy access will reduce more than 20% if people with energy access conserve the amount of electricity consumed so it will last longer and enough.

 

Make existing cooking options more efficient by reducing their carbon footprint,  making it accessible and affordable

Beniamin Strzelecki Moderator

Williams Afolabi, thank you for sharing these ideas! Would you want to elaborate more on work that you or other people in your community do to encourage energy conservation? What types of projects or initiative have worked in your case?

Williams Afolabi

Beniamin Strzelecki I worked with the state government to promote their conserve energy campaign by pasting posters on conservation of energy in strategic locations like the expressway, doors of big companies reminding them to switch off appliances when not in use. I also do word of mouth encouraging locals to switch to gas for their heating and cooking instead of kerosene but the cost of purchasing gas appliances for cooking is high. For people who can afford it, I let them know it is a better option to using electric cooker or heater.

Amal Houada

Energy poverty:

 

In the case of my country Morocco unfortunately we didn’t attain our 2020 energy goals even if the people in charge claims the opposite; the energy strategy that was adopted wasn’t considering lots of parameters such as the national context, technology disposition, the inconvenience of the law in regards of the investment in the energy sector and most importantly the local economic integration percentage is really low 

My country is energy poor, still depends on other developed countries to respond to its energy need; in my opinion, the cause of this dilemma is the huge gap between the political background and the technological-technical one. The people in charge of the energy project should be more knowledgeable about the domain, responsible for their decision making and know how to risk manage especially when they are investing on the implementation of an immature technology.

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse

I totally agree with your opinion especially ensuring that project proponents should be highly knowledgeable and make good decisions for the greater good. However, it is quite unfortunate that, nepotism eats down into the roots of many governments and institutions. 

It is very devastating when energy access projects funded by international organisations and some other green investors, have to go through government procurement and in result, high officials hand these projects to close relations who unfortunately are incompetent for reasons like monetary and personal gains.

We can't shy away from this challenge and it must be dealt with otherwise, the sustainable future we dream of as young people will be another "fairy tale".

Amal Houada

Josh Edem Kojo Dotse I couldn’t agree more NEPOTISM is the word that i was looking for,  moreover I really want to emphasis that investing in the developing energy field is really critical it’s evolving rapidly and the field isn’t yet resilient or robust against uncertainties. The uncertainties could be generated from for example pandemics, immature technologies and fluctuations in the local geopolitics visions. Therefore maybe we should reconsider the whole energy supply chain and figure out how to optimize these uncertainties and of course RD&D would bring all the answers that we are looking for so we need to bridge the gap between industry and research field in the developing countries and encourage young researcher to tackle these challenge and not only reengineer foreign technologies and adopt them as our own.

Margaret
  • Hi caroline... am from Kenya and i have shared links and our pitch for more information on the pr
Jackson G. White

It is a fact that everyone region on this planet its share of renewable energy resources. Financial barriers and unfavorable policy aside, what else is hindering deployment of renewable energy grids?

Trends show that LCOE for solar and wind power are continuously dropping, and in some cases, it has achieved parity with costs of conventional fuels. However, the intermittency associated with renewable energy sources coupled with low efficiency are some of the major drawbacks to the full-scale of renewable energy projects. 


The above leaves us few options:

1. Improve existing renewable energy technologies to increase power output.

2. Economies of scale to achieve global price parity with conventional power sources, thereby increasing investment opportunities 3. Learning curve development which will lead to improved system design and better implementation of renewable technologies to tackle the issues of system unreliability.

With the above, I believe that academicians and young actors like us must begin focusing on improving the engineering side of the renewable energy sector. With improved technologies and enhanced system design, access to energy would sooner rather than later be a thing of the past.

Hi, guys, I trust we all are having a great day.

Happy Ramadan Kareem to our Islamic brothers and sisters.

Let’s discuss!

GRACE JAMES

Hi everyone

 I'm referring to room 1 . Energy access

We as Tanzanian the energy accessibility has helped so much in industies as many manufacturer were  faced with power suplly problem which resulted in stopping production as sometimes the electricity went off in the middle of the production.

 As it has created so many employment opportunities to the youth .

Also in education wise it has helped us to have full access of energy which inturn gives us a faith of ful time reviewing our studies

  Also with the energy accessibility women and girls have been released from a hardest burden of walking a long distance looking for firewood and water as many of Tanzanian families are now using gas , electrical cookeers and also water have been purified by using large solar and electronics machine 

  The problems are the energy accessibility is not available to all part of Tanzanian and also there is corruption to the people providing the service as you may be charged a huge amount for installation and lack of awareness of people 

    The effort that our government has put in energy access is providing energy at a affordable Price and also giving privilege to rural areas. 

  Thanks ..

 

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Grace, thanks for sharing your observations. 

You touched on a very important point on how the lack of access to electricity and clean cooking affects women and girls. 
Gender and Equity is one of the key areas we want to explore in this discussion. 

How do you think women (or member of an underrepresented community) can play a role in providing solutions to energy access challenges? 
 

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Hi Grace! Thanks for sharing specific exampels from Tanzania. You raised an important point about inconsistent energy access causing interuptions to manufacturing. This would have a major impact on industrial growth. 

Your point about corruption is also interesting, in your opinion, what might be a solution? Improved governance? Education and Increasing civil society awareness?

Anesu Gwata

Just to clarify, there is a difference between access to electricity and access to energy. I think it is worth noting so as not to get confused as we deliberate on the pertinent issues the continent of Africa faces, together with the rest of the world. The majority of Africa has access to high access to energy sources but as has been demonstrated in the comments above, very little access to electricity. Making use of renewable energy sources to meet the energy demands of the population through provision of electricity at a cheap price becomes the priority.

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Anesu, thank you for this valid point!

When were are talking about “Energy Access”, we are essentially talking about reliable and affordable access to not only electricity but also clean cooking facilities, as addressed in the description note. 

Clean cooking is often overlooked by decision-makers, so we see a need to draw attention to this as well. 

Looking forward to hearing more from you! 

IYUMAME ALVAN NWUCHE

The citizens of Most african countries  are suffering due to no access to affordable energy.This is a big a issue,the governments don't care ,they are nonchalant about this. This is making life difficult for it's citizens.

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Iyumame, thank you for speaking up! 

Would you mind sharing with us in which ways the lack of access to energy is affecting your community? We are gathering real-life examples to enrich our report so your inputs would be much appreciated. 

Also, in your opinions, how this issue could be better addressed by governments?

Many thanks!

IYUMAME ALVAN NWUCHE

Tien Pham 

The Health care sector lacks proper access to energy, people have lost their loved ones during surgeries when there is an outrage of power,and this has become a norm. 

Secondly, those who venture into business that has to do with perishable goods don't also have adequate access to energy .They are counting their losses due to no ernegy to preserve their goods. Here, in my country,the Electricity tariff is just estimated,at the detriment of the citizens. 

Pratham Maheshwari

I believe we are in dire need of developing a society where the individual are aware of aligning their energy interests with that of the society in the long run. The option of using clean energy should be the highlighting one over non-renewable source of energy. The higher demand of such sources would compel the higher authorities to take action as per the needs. If such awareness is visible on a large and collective scale, there would be more doors of opportunities with the aid of international alliances which would in turn, might help to remove the present hindrances in achievement of goals.

Tien Pham Moderator

Hello Pratham, I agree with your point about changing consumer behaviour. I see awareness programs play an important role in increasing demand for clean energy. Higher demand can drive cost reduction, which make electricity more accessible to people with low income.

Amal Houada

energy 

As a female energy engineer dealing with underemployment in my country due to the lack of guidance, orientation or maybe lack of this interpersonal formal, informal relationship between young graduate and senior leaders in the field of energy & research; there is a huge gap between opportunities for training, education, research internships and the actual demand in my community 

I did try to outreach the people in charge but unfortunately, I felt lonely I lost the vision left with no feedback, in those moment i really hoped for a local energy women hub in which I could have support and seek for mentorship.

Bigambia

Hi Amal

It's a case experienced in many countries and i completely understand and agree with what you said.

We have to understand that if such events are recurrent, it's because our countries lack many enterprises or some senoir leaders having that expertise in the domaine and opportunities of jobs are very low.

 

Rita-Chiara Mele Moderator

Hello Amal, Thank you for raising the major topic of women working for sustainable energy. Among the initiatives in place to foster women's talent within the sector, the GWNET Global Women's Network for Energy Transition empowers women through networking, advocacy, training, coaching, mentoring, and delivers reports on state-of-the-art of the industry applying a gender lens. 

Take a look and do not hesitate to connect! 

Concerning women role in energy access, do you believe women could have a transformational role in providing access to modern energy services both at the community and company level? 

 

Fatou Diarrassouba

Hi Amal, I completely understand what you are experiencing as I am also from a country (Côte d'Ivoire) where there are very few women involved in the sustainable energy sector, and as you said this can be due to the lack of opportunities for training and incentives to attract women in this sector. I strongly believe that more platforms should be established to address this gap.

Beniamin Strzelecki Moderator

Hello everyone! This message comes in a bit late but nonetheless, together with my co-moderators, I am excited to welcome you to this important discussion!

My name is Beniamin and as a member of the TWG toward the HLDE, I will glad to relay your views and suggestions to the outcomes document of the working groups, 

At the top of this page, you can find some useful resources and key information about the topic of this consultation. I would like to invite you to share your prior experiences with the issues of energy access, including clean electricity and clean cooking. Whenever possible, please refer to specific examples, case studies and literature. It will make our case stronger!

I will be around to pick up a conversation with you but if there are any issues, please feel free to address me directly!

 

Abraham Damena

There is almost nothing can be achieved without energy. Now a day somehow we are on the path of using every resource to change it to a valuable energy. Which includes wastes and biomass considered as waste, I think this will be of those upcoming reliable choices of energy. Hence wastes and biomass are everywhere, as we could manage the effective way of using it there will be no depriving of energy.

Benjamin Basmaci Moderator

Hi Abraham, 

Many thanks for writing, it is great to have your inputs and I do agree with you. Some reports suggest that if the present trends continue, projections show that human demand on the Earth's ecosystems might exceed nature's capacity to regenerate by approximately 100% (meaning that we would need an additional earth to meet our needs) by 2030. Utilizing renewable energy is a great way to accelerate sustainable resource management and mitigate our pressure on natural resources. 

Pratham Maheshwari

For mitigating the issue of corruption, I believe a strong assistance is required from NGOs which operate at both smaller and larger scale. A chain of such NGOs could be established which could be directly guided by United Nations. The association of such NGOs shall benefit all the NGOs in meeting the needs of resources.

Vince Davidson Pacañot

Access to energy is a right that everyone needs to be afforded by their respective governments. It is the centerpiece of the issue of achieving sustainable energy, which is providing basic electricity to all, regardless of socio-economic status, age, SOGIE, race, and other classifications.

In my country, the Philippines, energy access is at the heart of its ambitious energy agenda. To cite, our energy ministry intends to provide basic access to energy to every single Filipino (104 million) by the year 2022, 8 years earlier than the SDG deadline of 2030. It is important that energy access targets are supplemented with ambitious action plans by the governments. It is the responsibility of the government to improve the quality of life of the people by providing better service, especially energy access.

I refuse to forget that we need to emphasize that energy access is the key to better services. We need to provide energy to the communities where young people are studying for their education and dreams of a better world. Access to energy is needed to power healthcare facilities to treat those who are in need of medical attention, especially in remote communities who barely have access to essential services such as healthcare provisions. To have basic access to energy assures that people are healthy, especially in using cleaner fuels to prepare their food and other partitions.

With access to energy, we empower every sector of our community, especially women and the indigenous peoples.We empower women, that they are capable of giving their very best to get education and improve the lives of their families and beloved communities. We give them this wonderful opportunity.We include indigenous peoples, the best defenders of our environment. By giving them access to energy, we support them in preserving their valuable culture and traditions that make up who they are. To give them access to energy is to respect them.

Our governments must optimize their resources to provide access to clean and affordable energy, especially by investing more on cleaner and renewable energy resources such as solar and wind. In some far-flung areas here in the Philippines, hybrid systems of solar, wind, and small-scale hydropower are used to provide not just basic access to electricity but also clean drinking water and support the livelihoods of the people in these communities. Our national policies must be aligned in achieving energy access for all, ensuring lower costs of clean electricity through subsidies and incentives for renewable energy development. Energy access is a chance for countries to get away with unsustainable energy resources such as coal. 

Energy access targets are an opportunity to strengthen our solidarity, to provide solutions towards achieving a sustainable society, to accomplish the 17 sustainable development goals. To deny everyone of basic access to energy is to deny them of having a better life for their families and their communities. We must continuously echo the calls for access to energy for all. 

Tien Pham Moderator

I want to step out of my moderator role for a bit and contribute my thoughts as a participant in this consultation. I have a hypothesis about the role of youth in improving energy access, which adds to Pratham Maheshwari  's point above about consumer behavior. 

Youth as consumers: Youth (in general, not just in areas without access to electricity) may not be the major consumers of energy at the moment. Nonetheless, they are tech savvy and have the tendency to adopt technology faster than other age groups. They are an important consumer segment that have the power to drive demand for clean energy. In addition, youth are becoming more and more aware of climate change and its effects on their own future. As the future decision makers within their households and workspace, youth have the power to drive demand for clean energy supply. 

Moreover, since we are tech-savvy, our parents and grandparents may come to us for advice on technology. Given that youth is aware and understand the importance of clean energy, not only could we make the right choices for ourselves, we could also help families with theirs as well. 

With rising demand, the market will answer with more investment to boost supply and advances in technology. We’ll see more innovative solutions for energy generation and distribution becomes available for remote areas. Costs will drop, making green electricity more affordable to all. 

Therefore, leaders of today need to put an emphasis on education that helps youth understand the importance of green energy, as well as their power to influence the market. 

Fatou Diarrassouba

I totally agree with you on the fact that more efforts should be directed towards educating youth on understanding the importance of using clean energy. This is very crucial as it will allow Youth to properly leverage from their knowledge to effectively influence the market and positively drive the demand for green energy supply.

Pratham Maheshwari

To increase the access of energy, a consumer based framework is needed over supplier based. Along with consumer based, decentralised structure with stringent scrutiny is needed to avoid corruption. The more people who doesn't have access to energy, believe in a structure which would assist in their energy needs, the more confidence would build up and hence more demand would be developed which could be met by a decentralised structure for efficient and rapid supply. Building trust is necessary amongst the demanders in order to locate the areas where energy is needed. The more such areas could be located, the better energy access could be achieved. Decentralisation should include more and more grassroot level and international level NGO, youth organisation and social organisation so that corruption could be minimised on self basis. Such relationship could prove to be vital if apt implementation is done from both the ends, demand and supply.

Fatou Diarrassouba

Hello everyone. I would like to give my view on the aspect relating to Energy Poverty. What can be done to improve access for people living in countries where electricity is available but unaffordable due to high prices?

One way could be to provide rental options at affordable prices for solar home systems. For instance, providing battery packs for lighting and other energy needs through a rental pricing model will allow low-income people to access such services. Renting would be less costly than acquiring the products and thus gives an opportunity for an increased number of people to have access to electricity.

Tien Pham Moderator

Thank you Fatou for the suggestion! Solutions to solve energy poverty like what you recommended above are indeed what we are looking to hear more of in this consultation. If you come across any project that provide this rental solution, please share with us. 
Much appreciated!

Johnchemberleen Odira Ajoagu

I will be answering the question "What are the main challenges your community is facing because of lack of energy access?" I will give some suggestions as well.

My home community barely has access to grid electricity. The same can be said to a lot of other communities in my country-Nigeria. The epileptic power supply has almost brought economic activities to halt. The lack of grid electricity significantly increases the cost of running businesses since business owners need to rely on petrol generators. It also affects the conservation of agricultural produces which are perishable. 

 

Aside from corruption, political instability, and poor infrastructure. Poor energy metering systems affect the energy sector a lot in my country. Many consumers complain that they do not get the electricity that they paid for. Hence, they might choose not to pay the next bill which in turn reduces the revenue of the distribution companies. Thereby affecting the future supply of electricity. 

 

To ameliorate this situation it is paramount for the government to step in and upgrade the infrastructures and also regulate the metering processes.

Tien Pham Moderator

Thank you Johnchemberleen for helping us have a better idea of how the lack of electricity affects your community. 

Johnchemberleen Odira Ajoagu

Gender and Equity: What are particular ways in which lack of energy access affects underrepresented groups?

 

Lack of access to clean cooking facilities mostly affects women and children. Since, In general, they are usually the ones that cook the meals in developing countries. 


To solve the problem of clean cooking we need to transition rapidly from traditional biomass cookstoves and cooking method to the use of electricity, solar energy, or improved biomass cookstoves.

Israel Biramo

Energy poverty

  • In some countries, electricity is available but unaffordable due to high prices. What can be done to improve access for these people?

 

I thought to raise a few points on how to approach the challenge of energy access and affordability in the context of rural electrification in the global south.

  • Right energy policy and regulation should be in place, including subsidy and tax regulation programs for rural energy service providers.
  • The promotion of productive use of electricity (PUE) is indispensable for tapping the energy available efficiently. This can help the power producers to get their profit margin from selling large quantities at a lesser price. PUE programs should also be integrated with end-user financing schemes.
  • Cross subsidization is a good approach since the commercial and industrial customers can be able to pay the higher costs which in turn gives flexibility for the power producer to sell electricity for households at lower prices.
  • Energy infrastructure owners/service providers should consider investing in digital technologies for reducing the OPEX cost related to running their facilities/services like mini-grids. Presently, everyone is talking about the CAPEX cost of renewable mini-grids/other solutions; I think we should balance that by bringing discussion on how to reduce operating cost for going beyond boutique electrification schemes that do not serve long after the inaugural photo programs.
  • Promoting the emergence of local energy service providers is also crucial. So far, the companies engaging in the off-grids sector are limited and are predominantly international.
  • Off-grid project financing (grant funding, RBF, debt) should be equitably distributed for international and local companies. Presently, more than 90 % of the financing in the off-grid sector is going to international players. This could help in the growth of local service providers, local jobs, etc.
  • Integration of rural energy access programs with other programs in the area of water access, resilient farming, health, etc can also synergize the process and efficient use of resources; making also the whole energy access economics better optimized. 
Fatou Diarrassouba

Israel Biramo I totally agree with you on the idea of giving more opportunities to local services providers in terms of visibility/promotion and financing. It's sad to notice that most funding opportunities are going to international players, although the local providers are more able to assess the energy needs/demand of their local communities and are thus will be able to better serve them.

Tien Pham Moderator

Hi Israel Biramo, many thanks for your inputs. I agree that both the authority and the private sector have a role to play in improving access to energy. 

Your last point touched on a very important theme: enabling other sustainable development goals (e.g. clean water and sanitation, good health and well-being, etc.) through solving the energy access challenge. We have a dedicated discussion room for this topic. If you know of any example project or programs that integrate energy access goal with with other sustainable development goals, please feel free to share with us there. 

Many thanks!

Claude Nimbona

Hello everyone!what I can suggest amount of electricity increases in many developing countries due to lack of money because they put big amounts in emergency service.i advise privatisation of this sector of energy because it brings a good fruit as I saw here in republic of Rwanda because many entrepreneurs make competition and populations gain opportunities because prices of electricities slowly down due to the many companies put budget in that sector.I advise also to use solar energy because contribute in countryside area

Pratham Maheshwari

Acknowledging the various regional models for inclusivity, I believe such models need acceleration from concerned authorities. The direct participation of concerned individual through these models would be an apt framework of inclusivity since the outreach would be maximum. Resources and assistance have to be provided for a better implementation of such models on large scale for witnessing a significant improvement

IYUMAME ALVAN NWUCHE

For energy to be  accessed and available to citizens or people residing in any country or locality there must be favourable laws or policies put in place for easier access. 

    And there should be a relationship between communities and authorities to foster compliance and adherence to laws.

   Corrupt practices must be curbed for things to move well in the energy sector.

   The environment must be considered when it comes to energy access,nothing should be done in the pursuit of energy that will be detrimental the environment,hence causing damages and propagating hazards.

IYUMAME ALVAN NWUCHE

For good access to energy the environment, financial investment and technology must be highly considered. 

      The environment should be safe . Not because you want to provide access to energy and the environment will suffer some Health challenges and it becomes dangerous for humans ,plants and animals.

     There must be proper financial investment in the provision of energy , finance should be channelled to the right place in order for access to energy can be achieved. Accountability and transparency must be the watchword.

     The right technology must be highly considered in making sure there is an access to energy.

Anh Tuan

Lợi ích của việc tiếp cận năng lượng

Các lợi ích:

1. Có các tiện nghi phục vụ nhu cầu sống cơ bản như sinh hoạt, nấu nướng, di chuyển, liên lạc, y tế, học hành...Hiện tại giá điện tại chỗ mình ở khá rẻ và đang được trợ giá bởi nhà nước nên gần như ai cũng có thể dùng điện, nhà nước cũng liên tục nâng cấp cơ sở hạ tầng để đưa lưới điện đến những nơi xa xôi hẻo lánh.

2. Là nguồn động lực để phát triển kinh tế, phục vụ sản xuất, kinh doanh nếu không có điện thì gần như mọi thứ sẽ dừng lại. 

Thách thức

1. Nhu cầu điện tại chỗ mình liên tục tăng cao và không hề có dấu hiệu dừng lại do hoạt động kinh tế phát triển cần nhiều điện hơn, thu nhập tăng khiến nhu cầu tiêu thụ năng lượng cao hơn, sự gia tăng dân số khiến cho nhu cầu tiêu thụ cũng tăng. Đặc biệt là vào mùa hè, ở thành phố mình ở thường xuyên rơi vào tình trạng quá tải, phải cắt điện liên tục.

2. Không phải ai cũng có khả năng tiếp cận năng lượng sạch và giá hợp lý: ở chỗ mình hiện vẫn còn nhiều người dùng than tổ ong, ga vì các loại đó giá rẻ, do thói quen và không cần bỏ tiền mua thiết bị mới, đắt tiền. Đặc biệt là những người có thu nhập thấp, buôn bán nhỏ vẫn sử dụng các loại nguyên liệu hoá thạch nhiều.

3. Sản xuất năng lượng gây ảnh hưởng tới môi trường sống, ví dụ như gây ô nhiễm không khí do bụi mịn pm2.5 do nhà máy nhiệt điện than, do giao thông bằng nhiên liệu hoá thạch, lũ lụt do thuỷ điện, phá rừng...và cũng ảnh hưởng tới nhiều yếu tố khác như những người dân địa phương bị mất đất, thay đổi tập tục văn hoá.

 

Oriana Petitjean

Hello everyone! My name is Oriana Petitjean and I am from Venezuela. Currently, 42% of the Venezuelan population has daily energy breakdowns and that is why its stable access is a really important topic over here. 

Five months ago I enrolled in an international innovation competiton with some friends with the idea to help cover our country needs, and we developed a disruptive and cheap idea: to generate electricity from plants. This could sound crazy but we did research and experiments and it is actually feasible. Now we are planning to develop our prototype and take it to the market so we can tackle the Venezuelan need and latter on, we would like to take it overseas. My favorite part of the idea is that since it is a local energy source, it reduces the dependance of centralized systems and it could be perfect for isolated communities!

I consider that there should be many ideas like this worldwide, and I think that it is important that we fight to have more spaces and competitions to boost the creation of ideas for new alternatives. Also, I consider that it is important to create and promote investment mechanisms so that youth can take their ideas into concrete actions!

Víctor Vidal Moderator

¡Hola, Oriana!

Es muy alentador, desde América Latina, leer acerca de experiencias innovadoras impulsadas por jóvenes en países de la región. Sin duda, sería interesante conocer más detalles sobre el modelo que están proponiendo. Al respecto, si pudieras compartir algún enlace o documento, resultaría muy enriquecedor para este foro.

Aprovecho la ocasión para compartir aquí el vínculo al informe que ha publicado la Oficina del PNUD en Paraguay hace algunos meses, orientado enteramente a la temática de la Energía y el Desarrollo Humano

Allí hay un capítulo (el 5.4) dedicado a las energías renovables no convencionales y minirredes, que puede resultar pertinente en relación con la experiencia que has comentado. ¡Saludos!

Caroline Tresise Moderator

Oriana, great to see you in this consultation and thank you for your comments. Helen Watts  this is a great example of youth-led innovation from Venezuela that is also relevant for your group. Orana, you may wish to check out Group 4 too.

Nguyễn Phùng Phương Thuỳ

theo tôi:

1. Những lợi ích mà việc tiếp cận năng lượng có thể mang lại cho cộng đồng là:

- Thúc đẩy kinh tế, phát triển con người. Mọi người dân có thể có cơ hội phát triển cả về mặt vật chất và tinh thần, có thể sống trong một điều kiện xã hội tốt hơn, có một nền giáo dục, y học phát triển hơn, có thể có cơ sở hạ tầng tốt hơn. Đồng thời việc tiếp cận năng lượng cũng giúp ích trong việc phát triển nền kinh tế xã hội. Mọi người dân có điều kiện sống tốt hơn, tăng cường về mặt tri thức cũng như cơ sở vật chất, đó chính là nền tảng của việc phát triển nền kinh tế xã hội. 

2. Những thách thức mà cộng đồng đang phải đối mặt vì thiếu tiếp cận năng lượng là:

- Cuộc sống của những người dân nơi đây sẽ lạc hậu hơn nhiều so với thế với xung quanh cả về: giáo dục, y học và kinh tế. Sức khỏe người dân không được đảm bảo, thường sẽ có nhiều bệnh dịch xảy ra ở khu vực này. Cơ sở vật chất, hạ tầng không đủ điều kiện để có thể đáp ứng và cho người dân một cuộc sống đầy đủ và an toàn. Những đứa trẻ và những người dân nơi đây hầu như sẽ bị thiếu kiến thức về mặt khoa học, xã hội cũng như không biết chữ. Khiến cho việc phát triển tình hình và nền tảng chung của cả khu vực nơi đây vô cùng khó khăn khi kiến thức cũng không có, cơ sở vật chất và hạ tầng cũng không có, sức khỏe thì cũng yếu kém hơn.

3. Tôi và  tất cả những bạn thanh niên trẻ ngày nay, những người đang được sống trong một điều kiện đầy đủ với nguồn năng lượng được cung cấp liên tục và hiện đại như chúng tôi đang cố gắng tuyên truyền, kêu gọi sự ủng hộ từ các nhà đầu tư, sự lắng nghe và ủng hộ từ phía chính phủ để kêu gọi mở rộng mạng lưới điện, tăng khả năng tiếp cận năng lượng, làm mới cuộc sống của những người dân đang phải sống trong sự cực khổ, thiếu đi những điều kiện xã hội cần thiết bao gồm y học, giáo dục và cơ sở vật chất. chúng tôi đang cố gắng tạo dựng những chương trình từ thiện cũng như đi kêu gọi và truyền tải kiến thức cho những sự sống đang còn khó khăn.

4. Môt số hình thức hành động sáng tạo có thể được nhân rộng như:

- kêu gọi bằng hình ảnh và lời nói qua các trang mạng: facebook, instagram,zalo, weibo,..

-kêu gọi bằng cách truyền tải hình ảnh  và những slogan kêu gọi ủng hộ thông qua những tấm poster treo trên đường phố.

- kêu gọi bằng cách đăng một clip mô tả về cuộc sống của những con người đang phải sống trong một điều kiện thiếu năng lượng và kêu gọi sự ủng hộ của tất cả mọi người thông qua tivi, youtube, quảng cáo mạng,...

5. Việc nấu ăn sạch trong cộng đồng ngày nay vẫn chưa hoàn toàn được giải quyết bởi vì:

- Đối với những người dân đang sống trong một điều kiện thiếu năng lượng thì họ hoàn toàn không có máy lọc nước, máy bơm nước, họ không có tủ lạnh để bảo quản thức ăn, không có bếp điện kể cả là bếp gas. Họ hoàn toàn phải sống một cuộc sống không có năng lượng và các thiết bị công nghệ, họ phải dùng nước ở những con kênh, rạch nước, nước sông , nước suối, những loại nước này có rất nhiều vi khuẩn và hoàn toàn không tốt cho sức khỏe của con người môt tí nào nếu như chúng không được làm sạch một cách tuyệt đối. họ đôi khi phải dùng chính nguồn nước đó cho việc ăn uống, tắm rửa và giặt đồ, tưới tiêu trồng trọt. họ phải nấu ăn bằng bếp than, bằng củi khô bởi vì không có bếp điện, bếp gas. Không có tủ lạnh để bảo quản thức ăn vì thế độ tươi sống và sạch của thực phẩm hoàn toàn không được đảm bảo. Việc thiếu năng lượng không chỉ khiến họ không được tiếp cận tới những công nghệ hiện đại mà nó còn khiến họ thiếu đi những kiến thức về cuộc sống vì thế đôi khi họ sẽ không biết cách bảo quản, chế biến và sử dụng thực phẩm sao cho an toàn, sạch sẽ và hợp lý. Nó gây hại rất nhiều cho sưc khỏe của con người nơi đây.

6. giải quyết tình trạng này chúng ta cần phải nỗ lực hơn rất nhiều trong việc kêu gọi sự ủng hộ từ các nhà đầu tư, từ nhà nước chính phủ, từ tất cả mọi người để có thể mang đến một cuộc sống mới an toàn và tốt hơn gấp nhiều lần cuộc sống hiện tại của những người dân nơi đây. Cần phải truyền tải thông tin và kiến thức đến những người đang sống trong hoàn cảnh này một cách tích cực hơn, thường xuyên hơn để có thể thay đổi cuộc sống của chính mình.

7. Ở một số quốc gia, điện có sẵn nhưng không đủ khả năng chi trả do giá cao. Có thể làm gì để cải thiện khả năng tiếp cận cho những người này?

- chúng ta có thể sử dụng chính sách trợ cấp chéo. Những vùng có nguồn năng lượng mạnh, thường xuyên, sẽ chia sẻ điện, năng lượng cho những vùng đang thiếu năng lượng trong một khoản thời gian để cho những người dân đang sống trong vùng thiếu năng lượng, sử dụng nguồn năng lượng đó làm nền tảng để phát triển về mặt kinh tế xã hội, hoạt động hết công suất để chi trả tiền điện, lượng điện mà họ đang vay mượn của những khu vực khác, họ có thể chia sẻ tầm 30-50% lượng điện của mình, với giá thành thấp hơn cho những người trong vùng thiếu năng lượng, và họ sẽ ghi nợ khoảng tiền họ đã giảm so với giá gốc cho những người sống trong vùng thiếu năng lượng. Đây là một hình thức kinh doanh, cho vay lấy lãi sau. Ngoài ra những người dân của những khu vực khác cũng có thể đồng kết hợp để đầu tư và thúc đẩy, phát triển nền kinh tế của vùng đang nghèo năng lượng để họ có thể nhanh chóng gầy dựng một cuộc sống mới và hoàn lại số tiền mà họ đã vay của chúng ta. Những người dân của vùng đầy đủ năng lượng có thể lấy 30-40% khoảng tiền mà những người dân vùng kém năng lượng kiếm ra được trong mỗi tháng, xem như là để người dân vùng kém năng chi trả tiền điện mà họ đang dùng ở giá thấp hơn. Và sau tầm 1-2 năm khi nền kinh tế của vùng thiếu năng lượng được ổn định hơn thì khi đó họ sẽ trả lại tiền mà họ đã vay ( chính là khoảng mà những người dân vùng đầy đủ năng lượng đã giảm giá tiền điện cho họ so với giá gốc ) họ sẽ trả lại khoản này và không cần phải vay mượn năng lượng nữa mà họ đã có thể tự chi trả tiền điện của chính họ mua từ phía nhà nước theo giá gốc. Mọi thứ sẽ trở lại bình thường, cuộc sống của những người dân vùng thiếu năng lượng sẽ phát triển hơn và cuộc sống của những người dân của vùng nhiều năng lượng cũng có thể phát triển mạnh hơn nữa vì giờ đây họ đã có một khoảng tiền lời từ việc chia sẻ năng lượng trong vòng 2 năm và từ việc đầu tư cho việc phát triển kinh tế ở vùng thiếu năng lượng. 

- ngoài ra các chính phủ có thể sử dụng các loại năng lượng tự nhiên như: nước, gió, năng lượng mặt trời thay vì sử dụng các loại nhiên liệu thô như: than, dầu khí,... để giảm đi tiền nhân công khai thác để tiền điện bán ra sẽ có thể thấp hơn.

- Cần có chính sách và quy định về năng lượng đúng đắn, bao gồm các chương trình trợ cấp và điều tiết thuế cho các nhà cung cấp dịch vụ năng lượng nông thôn.

- Thúc đẩy sự xuất hiện của các nhà cung cấp dịch vụ năng lượng địa phương cũng rất quan trọng. Cho đến nay, các công ty tham gia vào lĩnh vực ngoại mạng còn hạn chế và chủ yếu là quốc tế.

Lại Thị Luyến

NĂNG LƯỢNG TÁI TẠO

Năng lượng tái tạo, hay còn thường được gọi là năng lượng sạch, được tạo ra từ các nguồn thiên nhiên hoặc các quy trình tự nhiên nào đó được hình thành liên tục. Chẳng hạn như ánh sáng mặt trời, gió thổi luôn xuất hiện liên tục từng ngày...

Có nhiều dạng năng lượng tái tạo. Phần lớn các dạng năng lượng phục hồi, bằng cách này hay cách khác về căn bản đều phụ thuộc vào ánh sáng mặt trời. Năng lượng từ gió và năng lượng thủy điện đều là kết quả trực tiếp của sự chênh lệch nhiệt độ nóng lên của bề mặt Trái đất, dẫn đến không khí chuyển động (gió) và lượng mưa hình thành vì bầu không khí được nâng lên (liên quan đến thủy điện). Năng lượng mặt trời là sự chuyển đổi trực tiếp từ ánh sáng sang điện năng bằng hiệu ứng quang điện (thông qua các tấm pin năng lượng mặt trời).

Ưu điểm của năng lượng tái tạo

1. Ưu điểm đầu tiên của năng lượng tái tạo là có thể tái tạo được, trữ lượng vô cùng lớn, có thể vô tận. Các dạng năng lượng như mặt trời, gió, địa nhiệt, sóng biển, mưa… có sẵn và tự do sử dụng, không mất chi phí nhiên liệu. Năng lượng sinh khối cũng có trữ lượng lớn và chi phí nhiên liệu thấp. So với các nguồn năng lượng truyền thống như than đá, dầu mỏ, khí đốt tự nhiên… đang ngày càng cạn kiệt, chỉ đáp ứng nhu cầu năng lượng của con người thêm khoảng 50-70 năm, ưu điểm này là một thế mạnh vượt trội.

2. Các dạng năng lượng tái tạo đều là những năng lượng sạch, thân thiện với môi trường, phát thải ít carbon trong quá trình sản xuất, chuyển đổi. Chính vì vậy, năng lượng tái tạo được biết đến là giải pháp chống lại sự biến đổi khí hậu đang ngày càng tác động nghiêm trọng đến cuộc sống của con người, giúp bảo vệ hệ sinh thái chung. Ít tác động đến môi trường tự nhiên, không gây ô nhiễm không khí, không làm gia tăng sự nóng lên của khí hậu toàn cầu, hiệu ứng nhà kính… là một ưu điểm của năng lượng tái tạo mà con người đang rất cần.

3. năng lượng tái tạo là phong phú, có thể khai thác rộng rãi ở mọi khu vực khác nhau trên trái đất. Ví dụ với năng lượng mặt trời, người ta có thể khai thác nó ở bất cứ nơi nào, miễn là nơi đó có ánh sáng mặt trời, có thể dùng để tạo ra nhiệt làm nước nóng, sưởi ấm, tạo điện nhờ hệ thống điện mặt trời với những tấm pin mặt trời … Hay với năng lượng gió, nguồn năng lượng này đã được sử dụng hàng trăm năm nay để di chuyển thuyền buồm, khinh khí cầu, làm các cối xay gió cho hệ thống tưới tiêu… hay xu hướng hiện nay là sản xuất điện năng từ gió ở rất nhiều quốc gia trên thế giới.

Nhược điểm của năng lượng tái tạo

Tuy có nhiều ưu điểm lớn nhưng năng lượng tái tạo cũng tồn tại một số nhược điểm, chẳng hạn như:

1. Do chịu tác động từ tự nhiên nên năng lượng tái tạo có tính ổn định thấp hơn so với các nguồn năng lượng truyền thống. Chỉ có thể khai thác năng lượng mặt trời vào ban ngày vào những ngày có mặt trời, còn ban đêm hay những ngày trời âm u, mưa thì hệ thống sẽ không hoạt động. Hay với năng lượng gió, các tua-bin gió chỉ có thể sinh điện vào những thời điểm có tốc độ gió thổi trong khoảng 4-25 m/s. Tốc độ gió phải tối thiểu 4 m/s thì các tua-bin gió mới bắt đầu chạy đều và phát điện, nhưng nếu vượt qua 25 m/s thì các tua-bin sẽ ngừng hoạt động để tránh hỏng hóc trong điều kiện gió mạnh.

2. Đòi hỏi công nghệ tiên tiến và chi phí cao cũng là một nhược điểm của năng lượng tái tạo. Để tận dụng các nguồn năng lượng tái tạo để tạo ra điện, cần có công nghệ tiên tiến và chi phí đầu tư khá cao. Hiện nay, chi phí sản xuất điện từ năng lượng tái tạo nhìn chung đang cao hơn so với chi phí từ năng lượng hóa thạch. Tuy nhiên, sự phát triển của năng lượng tái tạo trong xu hướng toàn cầu đã giúp chi phí ngày càng giảm và hiệu suất ngày càng tăng, dần cải thiện nhược điểm này.

Phát triển năng lượng tái tạo và sử dụng năng lượng tiết kiệm, hiệu quả là giải pháp quan trọng trong quá trình chống biến đổi khí hậu toàn cầu và cũng mang lại những cơ hội, lợi ích kinh tế mới.

Ở Việt Nam, Chính phủ đã ban hành một số chính sách, chương trình mục tiêu quốc gia thúc đẩy phát triển năng lượng tái tạo, giảm phát thải nhà kính, hướng tới một nền tăng trưởng xanh. Theo Chiến lược phát triển năng lượng tái tạo của Việt Nam đến năm 2030, tầm nhìn đến năm 2050 được Thủ tướng Chính phủ phê duyệt. Đến năm 2030 hầu hết các hộ dân được tiếp cận các dịch vụ năng lượng hiện đại, bền vững với giá năng lượng hợp lý. Phát triển và sử dụng nguồn năng lượng tái tạo góp phần thực hiện các mục tiêu môi trường bền vững và phát triển nền kinh tế xanh.

Tôi hi vọng những mục tiêu này có thể thành hiện thực và nhiều nước khác trên thế giới cũng như vậy.

 

Lại Thị Luyến

1. Những lợi ích chính mà tiếp cận năng lượng đang mang lại cho cộng đồng 

Khi tiếp cận năng lượng chúng ta sẽ có những lợi ích như thúc đẩy phát triển kinh tế, nâng cao chất lượng đời sống cho người dân. Đặc biệt khi được tiếp cận nguồn năng lượng tái tạo giúp thúc đẩy kinh tế hướng tới một nền tăng trưởng xanh, giảm phát thải nhà kính, bảo về môi trường. Người dân được tiếp cận nguồn năng lượng hiện đại bền vững với giá thành hợp lý sẽ nâng cao chất lượng đời sống.

2. Những thách thức mà cộng đồng đang phải đối mặt vì thiếu tiếp cận năng lượng là:

Nhận thức về tăng trưởng xanh vẫn còn hạn chế, nguồn ngân sách phân bổ cho các hoạt động, dự án, chương trình để hiện thực hóa chiến lược tăng trưởng xanh còn thiếu; sự tham gia của tư nhân còn hạn chế trong các ngành, lĩnh vực..

Cuộc sống của người dân sẽ không được đảm bảo y tế, giáo dục, cơ sở vật chất không được nâng cấp, nguồn năng lượng đang ngày dần cạn kiệt...

Việc sử dụng quá nhiều nguồn năng lượng không sạch gây ô nhiễm môi trường nghiêm trọng, lượng sử dụng điện hiện nay là rất lớn đặc biệt là ở các thành phố. Tuy nhiên ở những vùng sâu vùng xa ở đất nước tôi còn chưa có điện để dùng hoặc lượng điện ở đây rất hạn chế. Đó là khó khăn trong việc quy hoạch điện làm sao cho đồng đều, đảm bảo nơi nào cũng có điện để dùng...

3. Tôi và  tất cả những bạn thanh niên trẻ ngày nay, những người đang được sống trong một điều kiện đầy đủ với nguồn năng lượng được cung cấp liên tục và hiện đại như chúng tôi đang cố gắng tham gia các hopatj động tuyên truyền cho mọi người nhận thức về năng lượng, tham gia các buổi tập huấn các diễn đàn về năng lượng. Tích cực tham gia các hoạt động thiện nguyện tới những nơi khó khăn thiếu ngồn điện...

4. Môt số hình thức hành động sáng tạo có thể được nhân rộng như:

  Đăng bài kèm những hình ảnh video về năng lượng, cuộc sống của những người sống trong điều kiện thiếu năng lượng lên các trang mạng xã hội như facebook, instagram, youtube...

  Thực hiện các dự án truyền thông về năng lượng ở các trường học, khu dân cư...

5. Việc nấu ăn sạch trong cộng đồng ngày nay vẫn chưa hoàn toàn được giải quyết bởi vì:

Nhưng người sống trong điều kiện khó khăn họ không có những thiết bị làm sạch nguồn nước họ phải lấy nước sông suôi hay ao hồ để nấu ăn thực sự không đảm bảo được vệ sinh an toàn thực phẩm...

6. Để giải quyết tình trạng này chúng ta cần phải nỗ lực hơn rất nhiều trong việc kêu gọi sự ủng hộ từ các nhà đầu tư, từ nhà nước chính phủđể có thể mang đến một cuộc sống mới an toàn 

7. Ở một số quốc gia, điện có sẵn nhưng không đủ khả năng chi trả do giá cao. Để cải thiện khả năng tiếp cận cho những người này cần có những chính sách hỗ trợ cho các quốc gia đang còn khó khăn trong việc tiếp cận nguồn năng lượng, tăng cường khai thác những nguồn năng lượng tái tạo như mặt trời, gió ...

Caroline Tresise Moderator

This consultation will close shortly. Your moderators will post their summaries in the next few days.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank all the participants for your excellent and thoughtful inputs and to encourage you to remain engaged in this group. We will leave the Networking Lounge and the News Room open so please keep posting and stay tuned for "the next steps" and new opportunities from UNDP.

We look forward to continue working with you!

Caroline Baxter Tresise
Facilitator, Community of Practice on Energy, UNDP

Ashlin Naidoo

In South Africa more than 90% of the country is electrified, thus there needs to be shift to the reliability and amount of electricity supply.  In SA due to load shedding there is intermittent supply, however, in poorer households there is not allows enough money to buy enough electricity for the whole month. Even with the government giving some free electricity it is not enough. In Studying energy models, I have noticed that the higher income households have huge energy intensity per square meter. The additional appliances, HVAC etc. mean more energy is used. Lower income households may have to ration their energy supply throughput the month thus limiting the range of benefits especially in productive activates.

 

I have studied the socio economic impacts of SWHs on low income households in South Africa. Some interesting notes on energy access:

  • The introduction of an energy efficient devices such as SWHs allows the household to save significantly more money allowing them to spend more on other needs such as food, education etc. or buy more electricity allowing children to study at night as well encouraging the use of other energy sources higher up on the energy ladder.
  • There was an impact on females. Females traditionally do the cooking, the availability of more electricity meant they could use more modern, safer fuels.