Welcome to the youth lounge (Room Discussion 3)!

Young people are invited here to share their rich experiences in climate action. Let’s use this space to develop visions, ideas and recommendations to ensure youth agendas and perspectives are at the heart of climate action. More than ever, our future is determined by the way in which this unprecedented challenge is addressed. More specifically, from your perspective, as young people, we want to know what has worked and what has not, what should be avoided and how more conducive environments for youth can be ensured. We invite you to reflect on your experience. Please note that we cannot ensure your anonymity in the context of the online global e-discussion, however, we encourage you to be as open and candid as possible. If you wish to take your contribution to a more private space, please also suggest that in your comment. We invite you to introduce yourself and to offer your perspective.

 

To discuss the role of youth in the ongoing NDCs enhancement process, we invite you to introduce yourself and to offer your perspective:

 

  

Please respond below to any of the following questions, noting the question number in your response:

 

  1. In which arenas/fields of climate action have you been involved, and what was your experience? What has worked, and what has not?
     
  2. What topics and issues do you feel particularly proud you have addressed to contribute to just and ambitious climate action, since these would otherwise not have been raised or included by other actors?
     
  3. Which arenas, levels and policy-making phases have proven to be more difficult for you to participate in? Why?
     
  4. Has it been hard / problematic for you to engage in climate activism? Why? Can you offer recommendations to ensure better youth experiences in activism?
     
  5. (How) can young people themselves better self-organise to ensure that their voices, experiences, expertise, and ideas are heard in the NDC enhancement process/ climate action?
     
  6. Especially looking at vulnerable and the most marginalized youth groups, how would you recommend governments, UN agencies and your own organisation ensure the meaningful participation of these groups?
     
  7. What are some of the approaches/activities you would recommend stakeholders at global, regional or national/local levels avoid when trying to meaningfully involve youth (e.g. tokenism, overlooking intersectionality)? Provide specific examples
     
  8. What methods and tools have proven to be helpful to enhance your active participation and activism in climate action?
     
  9. Would you like to discuss any additional issues in a more in-depth interview?


 

Comments (48)

Felix Nasser Moderator

Week Two Summary

Dear all,

I will hand over the moderation to the María Angélica Villasante and [~93630]. It was a pleasure to read everyone's contributions. Especially by the end of the week we were able to read even more superb insights from different parts of the world. Some takeaways of this week are: Great things are already happening (e.g. the Youth Climate Center in Ukraine or the implementation of intergenerational equity in climate planning in Peru). We also discussed barriers that are quite challenging for many of us. These include especially funding (e.g. in rural areas of Kenya or of Philippian youth delegates) and thus the institutionalization of youth that goes beyond tokenism. I am looking forward to new insights and more in-depth discussions on topics already raised.

 

Melissa Ingaruca Moderator

Welcome everyone! 

This first week, the Youth Lounge will be facilitated by me, Melissa Ingaruca - International consultant working with UNDP on the development of the guidance package on Youth & Climate/Nationally Determined Contributions (from Peru and currently based in Germany)-, together with Chiagozie Udeh, Global Executive Board of Plant for Planet Initiative (based in Nigeria).

You are welcome to address one, several, or all guiding questions (please refer to which one/s you are addressing, if possible). The conversation can be translated to 100 languages and at the end of every week we write a short synthesis report to ensure a smooth handover and that all of your contributions are taken into consideration to continue the discussion moving forward into the next week.

We are looking forward to hearing all your voices, so let's get started!

Rookayah Aumeer

Hello Everyone, 

 

I am currently working on SDG 4 with integration of SDG 13 within the school curriculum (primary schooling). As a youth engaged in this integration, there is much much work to be done in terms of quality education in Mauritius. With the change of school calendar due to covid-19, it has created a stressful situation to work in.  Countries across the globe, have taken this covid-19 time to think and to enjoy Mother nature, and to give it time to breathe all over again. But, before prioritizing quality education, parents should take  their responsibility of inculcating the importance of education in their children then the country will prosper and achieve quality education.  There is an erosion and a degradation of values and respect towards education, parental school and moral values classes included in the primary curriculum would be necessary.  I will always want the youth to value the education they are getting and know how privileged they are in terms of getting  the resources.  Schools enjoy clean and renewable energy (solar energy) which is an advancement towards SDG 7.

Chiagozie Udeh Moderator

Thank you Rookayah for your comment. Indeed, quality education is important and will be even more crucial in the recovery process post pandemic. How can this be integrated into climate action? Will be great to indicate specifically which of the 9 questions above your are responding to in your reply. 

Rookayah Aumeer

I am referring to the first question. Well, in Mauritius to include SDG 13 within the primary curriculum, there has been a panel of experts who worked on the integration of topics related to SDG 13 like natural hazards, ways and means to deal with calamities like tsunamis, integration of clean and safer use of energy ( from fossil fuels to solar energy). There has been revolutionary measures to deal with with clean renewable energy consumption. Every house is equipped with solar panels. Also, along with teaching the different topics, learners are initiated to activities which lead to integrating the climate actions like compositing, reusing food waste from the kitchen, or even using biodegradable products. Likewise, learners grow with climate environment friendly habits. 

 

Chiagozie Udeh Moderator

Thank you so much [~94420] , lastly, is the education curriculum in Mauritius officially inclusive of climate education and if so, since when? Feel free to make recommendations in this regard. 

Rookayah Aumeer

[~94275]  

 

Referring to your question, the curriculum officially includes climate education with the change in policy as from 2015. The concept here in Mauritius is referred as the Nine Year Continuous Basic Education adopted officially in 2015 and the climate education has been included in the primary curriculum. Much emphasis was laid on the integration of climate education post this change in policy.

Mauritius is an island, climate change affects us mostly ( we are exposed to changing climatic conditions). Well, I firmly recommend climate education to be included within the primary curriculum  because at this age from 6 to 11 years, the learners develop environmental friendly approaches towards climate and environment and they keep that for life. 

Deon Shekuza

Greetings all,

On number 3,

I have found the area of renewable energy to be particularly difficult to penetrate at project level. Most times the implementation phase is done at finalized at executive level. Policies in this field are still relevantly new to mainstreamed youth participation, skills requirements are often above youth capacity. It strikes to be a traditionally older male dominated industry women and youth are subjected to the lower level such as collecting wood and relying on biomass.

Other reasons are because large projects such as dams and solar parks are favored over small scale grid projects that fit youth ingenuity.

3. I have found the area of renewable energy to be particularly difficult to penetrate at project level. Most times the implementation phase is done at finalized at executive level. Policies in this field are still relevantly new to mainstreamed youth participation, skills requirements are often above youth capacity. It strikes to be a traditionally older male dominated industry women and youth are subjected to the lower level such as collecting wood and relying on biomass.

Other reasons are because large projects such as dams and solar parks are favored over small scale grid projects that fit youth ingenuity.

Chiagozie Udeh Moderator

Thank you so much Deon Shekuza for your vital comments. It seems a well echoed one too especially across developing countries. Do you have any recommendations especially at policy level on how this trend can be changed to be more inclusive and have less barriers for women and youths?  Will be helpful to hear more from you on this. 

Melissa Ingaruca Moderator

Hi Deon, 

Thank you for sharing your insights on this. I wonder how have you managed to deal with this and overcome these barriers to engage in renewable energy policy-making or project implementation? any lessons learned of what helped you? and what could governments do to better support youth participation?

Deon Shekuza

[~94275] I think at the policy level is to advocate for youth inclusion in at least 50% of projects this can be through recruiting young engineers, young volunteers especially from communities in proximity. 
Introduce a quota system that ensures several projects are awarded to women and youth. Environmental/Green funds should also increase their percentage of their finances aimed towards these groups.
This can, of course, be implemented in different countries and the context will vary which is why we need to have better profiles of young people for each member state. Creating jobs for young people in energy will require strong intersectional policies, which address these problems. This sector is very technical and if not integrated within the frame of work its difficult to penetrate. Take a young innovator who invents a solution generating watts of energy, even so, to be sustainable they should be part of the grid or off-grid infrastructure from markets to governance.

Angelica Shamerina

Dear @Deon Shekuza I would like to invite you to discussion room 1, where very interesting discussion is ongoing, focusing specifically on development of youth skills in  Renewable Energy.  Hope you can engage and contribute. 

Deon Shekuza

[~93630] 

I am still dealing with this particular challenge and slightly managing it, we have founded a youth non-profit organization (Namibian Youth on Renewable Energy - NAYoRE, aimed at mainstreaming youth participation in the energy sector. 
In the National Energy Policy of Namibia, we advocated for youth recognition and equitable participation of marginalized groups. 
Further creating a space for young people and enabling us to foster stronger partnerships through engaging various stakeholders in the energy sector. 
It also creates a platform to voice our views and or showcase our innovations.
 

The next hurdle will be support for these networks focused on issues of sustainable development like those youth networks working on education, politics, and civic participation who are often better integrated. The core composition of environmentally related networks is either students or unemployed graduates or training program alumnus.
 We also take advantage of social media aiming to socialize the conversation around renewable energy. Similar to climate change instead of focusing on the probabilities and we engage on solutions and benefits. 


2013-2015 we used to host energy festivals in public spaces with exhibitions, solar cooking stoves, EV, dialogues, and quizzes to mobilize public interest. 
This is how we coined one theme "Lets Go Green it's cheaper than you think". People are then curious to learn how because its not only the reduction of emissions but also reduction of energy costs which benefits us all.
Therefore, the public is a great ally for young people and young people are the public so we should aim to reach as we preach to the masses.

In overcoming these barriers some of the actions undertaken include forming strong partnerships at both national and regional levels. 
Engaging young people to allow them an entry point into the discourse simultaneously. 
Removing institutional barriers for effective participation in some cases its the first time these bodies are introduced to the concept of youth and energy, these networks further create databases of all interested youth quantifying their role, identifying opportunities, and pairing them. 
Aligning with industry as an organization opposed to only a select few because the grid, the industry, and the market are symbionts of one process.
 

So understanding these interconnections is key for young people and or introducing them. 
Reading and subscribing to the correct mailing lists most of the information is not public so sometimes you can miss a very important stakeholder engagement. 
Following the governance transitions and nature of state because sometimes a reshuffle happens fast and it's important to be updated.
Being ambitious and aiming to align with state and or large projects has also helped a lot because it brings youth closer to these institutions for future projects. 


We for example even though unsuccessful in our bid asked for youth participation in the 1 Million LED Light Bulbs Home Campaign arguing that young people can be recruited nationwide for such a task.
The barriers existing include finances and as a youth, we often fund public awareness and participation ourselves.
This one to overcome is tough unless the youth see results they eventually run out of steam and eventually the interest to participate further.

For me particularly I learned the importance of passionate people because in most difficult times they endure and find ways to solutions.
It requires energy to remain active throughout one whole year depended on your resources. 
As a young person, one should be well informed and educated on the subject matter and prepared at all times. Often opportunities last as long as the conversation and if not sure about what one wants it can prolong such benefits.

On what government can do to better support youth they should, Foster solutions for young by introducing new products to the market straight from youth labs, innovation hubs, and frugal inventions. Avoid dumping youth after incubations of innovations but give them probationary space in the market to introduce their products. 
Linking youth participation in renewable energy to national development priorities such as food security and water. 
This diversifies the role of renewable energy highlighting the interdependent relationship between energy, water, and food supply and tapping into youth ingenuity. Young people can fit across the web of operations from research to solar installations. 
National development plans are often fixed in contracts and partner with multinationals who often acquire own labor force. Through this, we can advocate for targeted scholarships, research awards, and apprentice or specialized training interdisciplinary programs.


Strengthening universities and energy centers of excellence and other institutions leading innovation in sustainable energy. In short access to education is restricted for many youths due to school requirements if we can separate the two we may educate and retrain an entire green workforce.
For example either integrating or balancing between Mechanical Engineering based studies to Vocational Training to allow the raw innovation space and flexibility to invent. 
I think if we take youth from rural and urban, developing, and developed and pair them we can create some great solutions. 
Young people should be recognized as a constituency group at intergovernmental meetings and included in each delegation ad national processes prepare them for the future of work sectorally.

Deon Shekuza

[~89824] Well noted shall transfer to that room and engage accordingly, thanks for the invite Angelica Shamerina.

Felix Nasser Moderator

[~94367],

Thank you very much for your insights and for pointing out the role of renewable energies and role youth can play. I very much like your points on how to involve youth by granting them different spaces to be part of the science, innovation and final products that contribute to sustainable development. I am looking forward to more great ideas and opinions on how to create such spaces for youth in climate action during the last week of the consultation.

Shaneica Lester

Hello Everyone,

Question 1

I am currently implementing a renewable energy project in a fishing community in Jamaica. The project engages vulnerable rural youth in the assembly and installation of LED lights and solar panels as well as introducing the fisherfolk and community members to the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. Although the implementation of the project was interrupted by COVID-19, my experience has been good so far and I am excited about its completion.

Introducing the project revealed that there is still a lot more work to be done in raising awareness about climate change and the role of every human being in climate activism. At the start of the project, I quickly realized that community members knowledge and understanding of climate change were limited, so engaging them initially was a bit challenging. Many people didn't see how they fit into the puzzles. The hands-on project activities was seen as one way of overcoming this. I was happy to see how interested the youth, especially girls were in learning how to assemble and install these RE/EE technologies. Also, the idea of solar-powered boats piqued the interest of fisherfolks. This taught me that climate activism is more impactful when linked to the lives and livelihood of communities. The project will resume shortly and I am eager to see how it will transform this rural fishing community. 

 

Rebecca Carman

This is such a great example that you are sharing, Shaneica Lester. I could not agree more that we need to frame climate action within a sustainable development context - at the end of the day, people are looking to work, stay healthy, and raise & educate their families. The more that we can speak to the positive impacts on these dimensions, the more that we will get real traction. Anyway, I am a bit old, so I will be quiet now and listen and learn :) !!

Melissa Capcha

Hi Everyone!

It is really great to find this platform where we can share our learnings. I am Melissa Capcha. I live in Germany for already two years but I am originally from Peru.
Answer to 1. In Peru, I co-founded an NGO regarding Climate education and communication that worked at a regional level. I have been very engaged on this topic since 2014 and from my personal experience, I can say that education is a priority in Peru and the Latin American countries. There was a big challenge from the beginning of this project because of the lack of commitment from our governments. A difference of the what studies say and data shows, climate change is affecting the most to the developing countries like Peru, however, we found that the government involvement and support towards the climate topic in the education sector was very poor. I can mention here that the curricula at the public school do not include specifically climate change topics. And in addition, there is no much help to the projects who want to complement the knowledge of climate education. For sure there are many interesting initiatives but would be amazing if we can be able to escalate those projects into the whole country or giving them major visibility.

There are even many lessons learned that could be taken into account during the implementation of national education policies.

I would be happy to go deep into this conversation. 

Melissa Ingaruca Moderator

Hi Melissa, thank you for your participation and for highlighting the importance of education. We would like to know your opinion on how to incorporate climate change into national education policies, and if you have engaged in making contributions to Peru's climate-related education policies :)

Melissa Ingaruca Moderator

Week One Summary

Thank you everyone for your valuable insights and [~94275]  for the nice facilitation.  We have heard this week from [~94420]about climate change integration in education in Mauritius, and [~94453] started a reflection on the challenges to do so in Peru, We also learned from @DeonShekuza about the importance of mainstreaming youth participation in renewable energy policies implementation, and from Shaneica Lester about the benefits of hands-on project activities in RE/EE technologies and linking climate action to the livelihood of communities. 

We are happy to hand over the facilitation to @Felix Nasser. 

 

Felix Nasser Moderator

Welcome everyone,

 

I am very excited to take over this week's moderation – with the support of Melissa Ingaruca. [~93630]  and [~94275], thank you for your superb facilitation.

I am a climate activist myself and I hope that the youth lounge will be a place where we can share and discuss experiences, visions, and ideas. Please feel free to use the guiding questions as an inspiration. If so, please indicate the guiding question you refer to (e.g. Question 3.). I am sure we all share a strong feeling of urgency to get our communities and governments into pathways that are compatible with the 1.5°C "limit" of Paris. I am very much looking forward to hearing about some of the commonalities and differences in our daily work and struggles for climate neutrality and climate justice.

I thus wish everyone a fruitful discussion!

Eqan Ahmad

Welcome everyone,

I am  referring to the second question here, I have participated in the Global Change Makers Essay Competiton through United Nations Youth Association, The topic which opted for was relatively the same as the question stated, So i had to do research on how to curb climate change using better techniques and methods, I have identified a lot of problems from in depth perspective from this research and came up with a lot of solutions also, some relatively well known and some on the bleeding edge as well. So as an IT enthusiast i have realized technology has a lot of potential ways to curb these issues drastically faster.

I am looking further upon my fellow participants here and looking forward to an informative discussion in the future

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear Eqan,

Thanks a lot for your comment and for bringing in the dimension of technology. In what way do you think youth can make use of technology to push their own agendas regarding climate action?

Looking forward to your thoughts!

Anastasia

Hello Everyone!

I answer question 1.

I’m Pozikhailo Anastasia from Ukraine, at the moment I’m an expert of the GEF SGP project, the main task of the project is to support young people and expand their opportunities for knowledge, skills and funding.

As part of the project, we’ll create a Youth Climate Center, which in Chernihiv will be the first such center in the region and a great example of building the capacity and potential of young people. The Center will disseminate and implement best practices in education for sustainable development on adaptation to climate change. The Centre's activities will help educate young people to make informed and responsible decisions in favor of environmental integrity, taking into account economic and social components, empower young people in developing and implementing project initiatives in communities and understanding the links between global environmental issues and sustainable community and local action.

The knowledge and experience that schoolchildren and students will gain in this Center will be really useful and new, because the educational program in our country does not include climate change.

Reading the previous comments, I`m once again convinced of the importance of implementing SDG 13 in the educational program, although my country is not prone to climate change.

Young people's understanding of the need to switch to alternative energy sources, the introduction of energy-efficient and energy-saving technologies in public and private buildings, etc. is a way not only to implement SDG 13 but also to energy independence. Therefore, climate education of children, in particular rural youth, will become a priority of the Center.

In addition, the work of the Center will include components of gender equality and social inclusion of children with special needs.

 

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear Anastasia,

thank you very much for your great insights regarding the Youth Climate Center. I would be super interested to learn more about the process of setting up the center. Who was involved and what were helpful stakeholders for establishing the center? In what way were young people involved and what barriers did they/you face?

I am very much looking forward to hearing more about the Youth Climate Center in Chernihiv!

Anastasia

Dear Felix,  thanks for your question

Our Center is very young, as only a month has passed since the beginning of the project. The process of establishing the Center involves local authorities, regional departments of education and ecology, NGOs from all over Ukraine, higher and secondary educational institutions, nature reserve institutions, community representatives and many other participants. Such a wide range of stakeholders will ensure the sustainability and efficiency of the Center and minimize the possibility of barriers to the establishment and operation of the Center.

The priority task of the Center is to empower rural youth, in addition, the Center will involve the parents of these children, encourage them to create favorable conditions for the development of environmental culture and environmental responsibility in preschool children.

 

I will be happy to inform you about the results of the Center's work and successes.

Angelica Shamerina

Thank you very much Anastasia. I think this experience illustrates the importance of dedicating funding to youth empowerment. That seed funding creates space for the civil society to set up centers like these and ensure that young people have information and knowledge needed for participation in political process at all levels. 

 

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear Anastasia,

I thanks you for your insights here. Wow, that sounds like a great but probably complex process. I also agree with Angelica, that funding is key to move youth into a more institutionalized sphere.  It would be great to hear about the Center's work in the future!

John Leo Algo

Good day ladies and gentlemen,

To respond to the first question,

Through my organizations, I am primarily involved in climate change education, just transition to renewables, divestment from fossil fuels, promoting energy efficiency, nature-based solutions for resilience-building, and climate justice. For the past six years, I have been working on these fields in a full-time capacity as an environment researcher, climate campaigner and lobbyist, and a citizen journalist.

To me, the biggest challenge involves effectively communicating climate and environmental issues to different sectors beyond their traditional understanding of these issues, which has largely revolved around solid waste management, deforestation, and biodiversity protection. While these problems must be urgently tackled as well, there is a need to expand their interests beyond these issues so that we can collectively address the growing complexities observed with the climate crisis, environmental degradation, and associated social injustices.

To respond to the second question,

In the Philippine context, I am currently contributing to just and ambitious climate action through pushing for the phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons, which has significant co-benefits for reducing global warming and enhancing energy efficiency. Through our partnership with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, our organization was the NGO primarily involved with popularizing HFC phasedown to local industries and other non-government stakeholders. We also campaigned for its inclusion in the Philippine strategy for climate action at regional platforms, such as the Asia-Pacific Climate Week. I am proud that with our intervention, HFC phasedown will be a mitigation option under the country’s second NDC to be submitted this year.

Another issue I am currently involved when it comes to advancing climate action is institutionalizing climate change education in the Philippines. While there are many efforts for educating different sectors about this issue in the country, efforts for mandatory climate change education in the formal schooling environment only recently began. Our organization is currently involved in developing modules to be used by the Department of Education in integrating climate change into primary and secondary school curricula in the country. We are also developing a Laudato Si’-based school framework integrating climate and environmental principles not only in curriculum, but also in the operations of schools and universities. We are also in dialogues with the focal point for ACE in the Philippines to develop a National ACE Strategy, as well as include ACE in the country’s second NDC.  

To respond to the third question,

From my experience, it is difficult to be involved in policy-making processes at the international level. In the UN climate conferences, it is difficult for youth and most civil society representatives to have meaningful interactions with the Philippine delegation in recent years due to internal politics and the directives of the current political leadership. It can also be difficult to be familiar with multilateral structures and decision-making processes, especially when you lack the connections to be able to participate.

To respond to the fifth question,

I think knowledge-sharing is important so more young people can be aware of the available spaces for being engaged in the NDC enhancement process, and climate action in general. Consolidating available technical and financial resources among the youth within their countries and forming networks for collaborating on activities such as creative campaigning and lobbying for legislation with more stringent targets can help the youth overcome some of the challenges in influencing the process.

To respond to the sixth question,

The participation of the youth in processes within the UN system, especially those pertaining to the enhancement and implementation of NDCs in the region, needs to be strengthened. More youth delegates from the Global South must be mandated to participate during the annual UN climate change conferences, prioritizing those representing vulnerable and marginalized communities. Adequate support must be given to these delegates so that they can provide assistance in monitoring key outcomes of the weeks-long negotiations and attending side events that can help enhance their knowledge on key issues, as well as reporting on the outcomes that help shape the local and regional narrative of climate-related issues in their respective areas.

National government agencies should develop youth mentorship programs and strengthen existing platforms (e.g., Local Conferences of Youth) to educate and empower youth leaders about meaningful participation at the multilateral level. This would also help develop the next generation of negotiators, following in the footsteps of the men and women who have been integral to the past 25 global climate change negotiations, including the development of the Paris Agreement.

National governments must strengthen their collaborations with non-government stakeholders as a means of providing more support for the development of their youth delegations as future climate leaders. For instance, given the frequently-cited lack of adequate financial and technical resources, the Philippine government needs to create partnerships and strengthen existing ones with civil society organizations, businesses through corporate social responsibility, and multilateral fund-granting institutions, to create programs and projects designed to further capacitate the youth in addressing climate change issues within their schools, work places, and communities.

Given the challenges of recovering from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, national strategies may integrate co-benefits in climate change mitigation and adaptation into recovery plans. Such plans and actions may also be considered as contributing to attaining the targets under the UN Sustainable Development Goals, most notably on poverty reduction, food security, and peace and justice. Yet given the high stakes and urgency of future climate-related events, no matter the scale, embracing the “whole-of-society” approach in dealing with climate change impacts is a necessity that vulnerable countries cannot afford to delay or ignore.

It is also important to institutionalize more mechanisms for the youth to be involved in climate change-related research and development processes. In this day and age, it is necessary to strengthen science-based approaches towards every step of the climate action process, from local and global stocktaking of data and information needed for assessing vulnerabilities to climate risks to monitoring, reporting, and validating progress in the implementation of related policies and programs. This would allow countries, especially those at highest risk to the climate crisis, to fill in the gaps in regional and local climate change impacts, which have prevented effective planning and actions to be conducted by many vulnerable communities, as noted in previous IPCC and national reports. Such engagement allows for the training and development of more experts to be involved in the UNFCCC processes, especially in conducting more accurate and efficient global stocktaking, and implementing and enhancing NDCs in the next few decades.

National governments must also devise mechanisms for addressing generational and gender divides on understanding climate-related risks and opportunities. This is integral in tailoring information and initiatives on climate-related impacts and responses in ways suitable to these different perceptions, given the highly-localized impacts. Doing so does not only lead to likely reduced risks through an inclusive participatory goal centered on youth activities, but also produces long-term co-benefits such as educational and developmental learning and the potential for coherent and collaborative approaches to tackling climate and disaster-related risks, from the household scale up to the national or international level.

For the eighth question, I am not quite as to what specifically you are looking for as responses in terms of methods and tools. I'll be more than happy to answer once I get the clarification.

Thank you and have a nice day.

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear John,

many thanks for your very thorough and thoughtful answers! It is great to read your perspectives based on your involvement in so many different spheres. Wonderful that you were able to bring in an HFC phase-down as a mitigation option into the NDC.

I am very much convinced that there must be sufficient funding to prepare youth delegations as future climate leaders. What are your perspectives on how to engage non-governmental stakeholders to provide part of this funding? How do you think youth delegates could mitigate the influence of such non-governmental stakeholders on the outcomes of negotiations?

Regarding your question: Question eight refers to any tools you have used so far when engaging with youth on climate action or with your own NGO. This can be working principles such as Theory U or great websites or books that helped you engage individually or collectively in climate action.

 

Francis Oluoch

Answered with respect to My Experience in Wangchieng, Homabay where sand harvesting and charcoal burning are the booming business.

QUESTION ONE: I am currently implementing SDG 4 in my community. The youths in the area do not know about Sustainable Development Goals. Through capacity building, environmental conservation education, I hope that in 6 months time the community will implement the SDG13 Action plan that we are developing together as a community.


QUESTION TWO: Most in my community had a myth that the climatic conditions do not lead to Poverty. We managed to create a link between poverty and the climate. In Kenya and the rest of Africa the solution should not be just planting trees but why the climate is important to economies. I opine that implementing SDG9 programs in rural areas without a combination of SDG13+4 is disaster and injustice to the vision of the SDGs. We will end up creating problems while solving one.

QUESTION THREE: I have had difficulty in capacity building and resource mobilization as accessing environmental policymakers in the local and national government. The red tape bureaucracy makes it difficult to access resources. International implementers of  SDGs and more specifically SDG13 in Kenya are mainly in the capital city thus making them less accessible to rural youths which in turn locks them out of information and program aimed at SGD13.

Question FOUR: Climate activism needs resources in terms of information and finances. As stated above access to Government and International agencies concerned with the implementation of SDG13 has been difficult. Due to the lack of Quality Education in my community, it is hard to advocate for clean energy, sustainable environmental practices or adoption of Climate Action Plan. My recommendation would be to decentralize the agencies activities to the rural areas where industrialization and modernization are taking place. With Quality education of the people in rural areas Climate Action plans can be adopted and implemented.
 

Question Five: Establishment of Resource centres is critical to young people self-organizing. Through youth Community-Based Organization and resource centres, the communities voice can be heard by politicians and leaders tasked with the NDC enhancement process and creation climate action plan. The young people views must be heard as critical stakeholders in the implementation of SDG13.

Question Six: Vulnerable and Marginalized youth must be given a seat on the Climate Action Train. They must be empowered through education and sensitization. Most implementors of SDG13 use outsider to implement climate programs in Marginalized areas and rural community. The UN must create more slots for the vulnerable and marginalized youth in their SDGs activities. The Verification and monitoring of organizations tasked Empowering to implement SDG13 should be a must so as to ensure that the Vulnerable and Marginalized groups are incorporated and part of the programs and activities. The government must give capital incentives to youths businesses tasked with SDG13 implementation. Most importantly EDUCATION of the youths to ensure developers and implementors of climate action plans are on the same page.


QUESTION SEVEN: Tokenism by stakeholders is real and a big problem to SDGs. For example, UNEP conferences on climate rarely reflect the view and aspirations of the youth. The sampling youths selected to populate the meetings or activities are given seats but not voices, you will have; ministerial session, technical sessions and general session but never youth sessions in climate conferences. True Adoption of  SDG4+5+10+17 tenets to implementation of SDGs.


 

 

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear Francis!

Thank you so much for your insights! Your perspectives from Wangchieng are very valuable. As you explain, many resources are going towards projects in the capital cities, which makes it even harder to push for climate action in rural areas. Are there any strategies you can recommend to divert such funding so it also reaches youth (e.g. for Education or community-centers) in rural areas? I am also very interested to hear from you about strategies to deal with the red tape bureaucracy and the gap between politicians and youth willing to engage in climate action?

Francis Oluoch

[~94276] Resources towards climate projects must be shared to rural areas where now urbanization is catching up. To ensure climate action resources reach the rural areas, there must be a funding formula that ensures that rural areas get their take of Climate Action resources. Financial and Capacity building support to the establishment of community centres is critical and UN Agencies must engage these centres directly this ensures that the Climate Action plan is not diluted downstream. As a Youth resource centre, we have pressure groups to reduce the relationship bottlenecks with government and political institutions. Through the pressure groups, we hold Public barazas(meetings) where the local administration are mandated to attend to represent the government and give feedback to/from the government on environmental issues raised.

Claudia Zárate Castañeda

Hola a todos y todas!

Pregunta 1: Desde aproximadamente un año vengo participando en iniciativas climáticas en la organización Jóvenes Peruanos frente al Cambio Climático, con base en Lima, Perú. Inicié participando en un proyecto llamado “Suyay” (“esperanza” en quechua), con el cuál pude co-diseñar una propuesta de política pública ambiental para el municipio donde vivo para incentivar los hábitos sostenibles en los vecinos. Posterior a ello, impulso junto al colectivo iniciativas para la institucionalización de la representación juvenil en la Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático (espacio de participación formal oficial para sociedad civil), la ratificación del Acuerdo de Escazú, aportes a la construcción de políticas climáticas como Plan Nacional de Adaptación de Perú, la plataforma Huella de Carbono Perú; capacitación y educación en negociaciones climáticas, entre otros.

Pregunta 2: Hablando a nombre del Colectivo al que pertenezco, es particularmente un orgullo poder haber sido parte de la organización juvenil que dio aportes a la Ley Marco de Cambio Climático y su Reglamento, y gracias a ello logró incluir el enfoque intergeneracional como un principio transversal para la gestión climática. De la misma forma, en la actualidad venimos impulsando con mucho orgullo aportes al NAP para asegurar los fundamentos de la equidad social intergeneracional a través del enfoque en la vulnerabilidad y oportunidades de desarrollo de las juventudes como actores fundamentales en la adaptación sea tomado en cuenta en la gestión climática del Perú.

Pregunta 3: Es más complicado participar y ser tomados en cuenta cuando de brindar aportes técnicos se trata, ya que percibimos que aún se observa a los jóvenes como actores inexpertos cuya potencialidad sólo recae en la movilización y confrontación (en muchos casos).


Pregunta 5: Buscando articular las agendas comunes entre organizaciones que actúan en espacios y temas similares. Además, buscar “desclimatizar” la acción climática, en el sentido que las acciones de implementación de las NDC puedan asociarse más fácilmente a las agendas de salud, educación, tecnología, derechos humanos, economía, para buscar aliados en cada tema.

Pregunta 6: Llegar a través de herramientas con enfoque intercultural y basado en las formas de vida en la que están acostumbrados. Entender su idiosincrasia, sus dificultades y aspiraciones para brindar opciones atractivas y asequibles; que no los ponga en conflicto con los roles asumidos en su comunidad local. 

Pregunta 7: Evitar degenerar o migrar una iniciativa de formativa y participación equitativa a una instrumentalización de la buena voluntad y entusiasmo que tienen los jóvenes, en la generación de programas de voluntariado. Muchas veces la línea se vuelve delgada y es común que instituciones tanto no gubernamentales como del gobierno planteen programas de voluntariado que no tengan un propósito formativo específico para el/la joven (insertarlo en el mercado laboral, bridar herramientas de liderazgo o emprendimiento), sino se queden únicamente en las activaciones puntuales sin un contexto o fondo detrás, ni un seguimiento post-programa del voluntario para evaluar el verdadero impacto de su iniciativa.

Felix Nasser Moderator

Dear Claudia,

thanks a lot you for your contribution and insights from your work in Peru. This reads like a very holistic and thoughtful approach to climate action Lima/Peru. It would be great to hear more about how you managed to push for social and intergenerational equity (with a focus on vulnerability and opportunities for youth) within the NPA. What are some of the lessons learned? What could you recommend youth in other places that want to implement such fundamental principles in governmental climate plans?

 

Melissa Ingaruca Moderator

Estimada Claudia,

Muchas gracias por tus valiosos aportes en representación de JPCC. Quería consultarte 2 cosas. 1. Cual es la visión que tienen como colectivo, o la tuya personal, sobre cómo debería ser la participación juvenil en la Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático? y cómo se dio el proceso para lograr institucionalizar la participación en este espacio?

2. Podrías también compartir cuál fue el proceso que siguieron para dar aportes a la Ley Marco de CC (¿fueron espacios organizados por el gobierno, ustedes crearon las oportunidades, cuál fue su experiencia?). Y en relación a esto, que significa que el enfoque intergeneracional como un principio transversal para la gestión climática, esté incluido en la Ley Marco? En qué se reflejaría la aplicación de este principio (si podrías dar ejemplos)? 

 

Quedo atenta a ti, 

Claudia Zárate Castañeda

Estimado Felix Nasser, con respecto a tu pregunta: Actualmente estamos trabajando en fundamentar dichos aportes al NAP, pero parten desde los 3 enfoques que afortunadamente han sido considerados como transversales en el planteamiento de la política nacional: igualdad de género, intercultural e intergeneracional. Hemos buscado información jurídica/legal sobre políticas que abordan el desarrollo de la juventud e información bibliográfica sobre la vulnerabilidad asociada a los jóvenes, esto con el fin de fundamentar las secciones del NAP en las que encontramos oportunidades de mejora. Pero sin duda, nos hemos percatado de la limitada evidencia que existe sobre la vulnerabilidad diferenciada de los jóvenes, los factores que la acentúan de acuerdo a las realidades socio-culturales y las metodologías óptimas para abordar el desarrollo de capacidades enfocado en los jóvenes. Por lo cual sugerimos que se impulse la investigación.

Pierina Egúsquiza

[~93630] , que tal sobre tu consulta de la estrategia que seguimos desde JPCC en el proceso de aportes de la Ley y Reglamento de Cambio Climático he relizado un post lineas abajo que talvez pueda ayudar a absolver las dudas planteadas.

 

Saludos cordiales

 

María Angelica Villasante Moderator

Hello everyone! Hola con todas y todos!

My name is Maria and I´ll be helping with the moderation this week. I´m a youth climate - environmental activist, IWRM specialist working in Andean ecosystems and rural nature based solutions (NbS) for water security. I have more than 6 years of experience in youth capacity building and incidence for climate and environmental governance at international, national and local level. I´m also an active member of the Peruvian Youth against Climate Change colective. 

So ready to read all from you, your experiences and the discussions we´re already having. 

Anubhavi Tiwari

Hello I'm Anubhavi and very passionate about making a change even as an individual. I'm tired of watching documentaries and especially meeting sustainability professionals, aware of current scenarios and implementing zero changes in their daily life. It's all about talks and nothing has changed in reality except a few exceptions; so, as an individual- I'm more careful about my water and food consumption, I've started planting trees in wastelands (and flowering plants for insects at home) and creating birdhouses to revitalise the dwindling population of endangered species (starting with birds). I'm 27 and this is just a start, as I'll continue to explore how to contribute to the environment in addition to the same in my profession. 

Jerico Fiestas Flores

Hi everyone!

Here are my opinions based on my experiences as volunteer in Techo para mi Pais (Some years ago) and Jóvenes Peruanos frente al Cambio Climático (currently), both in Peru.

Question 5: In my opinion, having a good multi-year plan and being a formal institution (or being part of one) can help youth organizations gain trusted. I know this is not an easy task as most of them are volunteers and is hard to start this process. I believe that this could help not only climate action, but youth organizations in general, so the government could make alliances with business schools and other formal organizations so they can teach new groups how to formalize and do good planning. This will also allow them to systematize their experiences and create easier bridges to approach to different agencies responsible of the NDC. Is also important to create spaces to communicate with other organizations and aim for common goals when possible.

Question 6: Creating and promoting theses spaces are not enough, the opportunity cost of being part of these meetings might be to high for vulnerable youth groups. Is important to create incentives and show that they not only will contribute to reduce emissions, but also that during these spaces they might get opportunities to scape poverty or obtain help to treat any problem they might have (mental, addictions). This could be achieved by doing participation clinics, where help is also offered in a secure space. Here they can also contribute with their point of view about climate change. This should be a multisectoral effort, but could help increase the participations of marginalized.

Question 7: Paying for participation would be a bad practice because it might create biases in their responses (pro the stakeholder that paid). Another bad practice would be to only inform about the impacts of policies and not create tools that help youth organizations enforce the commitments done by the policy maker or other stakeholder. Also, patronise young people or making feel that they don't have enough experience can have negative impacts in their suggestions. Is important to respect every participant and be open to what they might bring to the table. Also, the stakeholder should acknowledge the youth's cultural values in order to avoid imposing their vision and/or language. Approaching communities without going through their own stablished channels can have negative impacts in the communities' dynamics after the stakeholder leaves.

María Angelica Villasante Moderator

Thanks so much Jerico. Indeed, its really hard ,maybe even harder, on the global south. Agree with you about comunicating  to younger generations our experiences (what did go well, what did go wrong? . Do you any have experience on that? 

About your answer to question 7, Agree, but also think that  activism should be paid. Could governments have resources for activist organizations, would be a good idea? What do you think? 

Jerico Fiestas Flores

María Angelica Villasante, thanks for the questions! I agree, the situation in the global south to formalize and sistematize experiences could be harder. Something that I thinks is working more and more is keep in touch with the "older members" or those who are not in the young group anymore (>30 or >35) and value their experiences, but more importantly, learn from their failures and lack of knowledge when they started the organization or the events. Is also important that the old members can also shrare their achievements and put them in a document so they can be access in the future.

Different circuntances make old members just detach from the organization ( beiing older, after getting a demaning job, having family, etc) and they don't do much to keep in touch, so is a shared responsability for both generations to make a good transition. Something else that should be avoided is not to make the organization depend on only one person, this leaves it very vulnerable when that person decides to move on and can take time for it to recover. Is important to distribute the power and efforts (to reduce the burn out in that only person). Some of the organizations I saw when I was young (er) had this issue and now they have disappear or are not as active as they used to be.

Should activism be paid? Well that's a tough question, first where will the resources come from, even in pre Covid budget destined to any type of activism was super limited or even inexistence. I guess that an alternative (or the least the government could do) is to cover transport and meals when necessary. Is an interesting discussion on whether paying a volunteer takes out the "volunteer" part and transform it to a job, but I agree that in some situations could improve the outcomes.

Another option could be to pay in other terms, like courses, discounts or even a list to have more oportunities in the public sector, but this can also create perverse incentive and signalling problems (who is really there because they care and what to see a change, would these affect their performance?). If we are pragmatic as long as we see a result then it would be ok, but if want to actually give opportunities to the ones that are more willing to help then we design a good selection process.

Finally, when I was in the University volunteer was kinda mandatory (you needed 2 credits from this activities to graduate) and although you saw people without any interest in the cause they were helping, some (or maybe few) changed their minds and got pretty involved in the topic. This, in my opinion, is a pretty good outcome as otherwise these people wouldn't know about Climate Change, poverty, hunger or other issues. If design properly this could be a policy supported by the Education Sector.

 

Estefania Cortez

¡Hola a todos! Me llamo Estefanía Cortez y soy abogada especialista en Derecho Ambiental y de los Recursos Naturales (Perú). Me gustaría compartir con ustedes algunos pensamientos e ideas de mi trabajo dentro de Jóvenes Peruanos contra el Cambio Climático (JPCC), así como de mi investigación individual.

P2: ¿De qué temas y cuestiones se siente particularmente orgulloso de haber abordado para contribuir a una acción climática justa y ambiciosa, ya que de otra manera no habrían sido planteados o incluidos por otros actores? Actualmente, vengo participando activamente del recojo y sistematización de aportes al Plan Nacional de Adaptación al Cambio Climático de Perú (NAP). Como tal, dicho instrumento normativo resulta crucial para un país como el nuestro, en donde - debido a nuestras limitaciones tecnológicas y de diversificación de actividades económicas - nuestra mejor opción es apuntar a un fuerte componente de adaptación en todos los sectores. Particularmente, creo que los aportes más relevantes que pretendemos llevar adelante en este proceso - y previamente a la aprobación del NAP - es la inclusión de la evaluación de riesgos e impactos de la Salud Mental en temas relacionados al cambio climático ("ecoansiedad"), así como de la gestión de la Innovación, Investigación y Tecnología para efectos del monitoreo y fiscalización de nuestros avances.

P3: ¿En qué ámbitos, niveles y fases de elaboración de políticas ha resultado más difícil para usted participar? ¿Por qué? Creo que a nivel nacional - e inclusive internacional - se subestima la capacidad e interés de la juventud en participar de los procesos normativos y de elaboración de políticas. Las ganas de la juventud de involucrarse en la acción y no solamente a nivel de comentarios o sugerencias es una de las principales barreras identificadas. En ese sentido, creo que si bien la participación está abierta a todos los grupos sociales con principal atención a los denominados "grupos vulnerables" no se ha logrado aterrizar la inclusión de dicha participación de manera real, limitando su accionar únicamente a la discusión de normativas o consultas públicas, sin proveer una plataforma legal para que seamos los jóvenes los principales vigilantes de su cumplimiento.

P4: ¿Ha sido difícil/problemático para usted involucrarse en el activismo climático? ¿Por qué? ¿Puedes ofrecer recomendaciones para asegurar una mejor experiencia juvenil en el activismo? Si bien mi participación en el activismo juvenil es reciente (poco más de 1 año), pude reconocer casi de inmediato que la falta de representación juvenil legítima era una barrera que limitaba la conversación horizontal con actores estatales clave. Nuestro compromiso por cambiar las cosas y por mantener viva la discusión sobre el cambio climático se alimenta por como se visualiza el sector de jóvenes en la sociedad, y de nuestro alcance para ser escuchados. Creo que es una tarea pendiente poder apostar por una fórmula que intente agrupar a los jóvenes bajo colectivos organizados y reconocidos a nivel nacional para mantener abierta la búsqueda de soluciones a la problemática del cambio climático.

María Angelica Villasante Moderator

Thanks so much Estefania! In relation to your answer P4, who do you think could facilitate this youth integration? The national, sub-national government? or the youth themselves, recognizing our financial limitations? 

Nadine Clopton
  1. In which arenas/fields of climate action have you been involved, and what was your experience? What has worked, and what has not? I have been serving as an NGO Youth Representative at the UN for the last five years on behalf of an Australian NGO called Caring and Living As Neighbours (CLAN). Last year, I was elected to serve as a Director on the Global NGO Executive Committee, the first young person to serve in this capacity as a liaison between the UN and NGOs affiliated with UN DGC. My work on the Executive Committee has been devoted to amplifying Indigenous and youth voices, maximizing inclusion of NGOs without much visibility in NYC.  Specific to climate action, I co-authored and founded the Global Youth Climate Action Declaration (GYCAD) and now lead the Core Team. The GYCAD is a set of 77 key climate policy action items co-created, defined, and refined by young climate activists from around the globe. The intention of the GYCAD is to serve both as a knowledge platform & as a climate policy toolkit that empowers people to make climate action a tangible reality in their home communities. The GYCAD Core Team is currently in the midst of organizing the Localizing Climate Justice Conference alongside the former Mayor of Salt Lake City, which will take place on September 25th and 26th. Preregistration and conference details can be found at GYCAD.ORG/LCJC . The conference will convene global Mayors, youth climate activists, sustainability experts, and other key stakeholders in order to spotlight innovative local actions addressing climate justice from around the globe and to encourage discourse between youth and policymakers on climate. I'd like to extend an invitation to all of you to join us for the conference and collaborate for the climate! Outside of my UN engagement, I just completed my Masters degree in Environmental Policy as a Presidential Scholar at Lehigh University.           
  2. What topics and issues do you feel particularly proud you have addressed to contribute to just and ambitious climate action, since these would otherwise not have been raised or included by other actors? I am proud to have catalyzed the Global Youth Climate Action Declaration. The GYCAD was first drafted during the first ever UN Youth Climate Summit in 2019 by a group of global youth united in their call for meaningful & specific policy action to address climate change. There was no formal outcome document to capture the collective youth policy demands on climate, so the GYCAD was initially created by climate activist attendees to serve as an independently crafted outcome document for the convening in the absence of a formal outcome document and subsequently spread like wildfire throughout global youth climate advocacy channels for further input. In a whirlwind of 48 hours, hundreds of young people had provided their input, an editorial team had been established, and a first draft approval process was well underway. Following the initial version of the GYCAD, the newly established Core Team embarked on a 3 month global consultative revision process where in-person dialogues & online events held space for further input to the document across multiple continents from climate experts and youth activists. Our goal is to continue this revision process on an annual basis in order to continue the platform’s relevance & utility to those looking to be part of the climate policy discourse. I am enormously proud to share that this document is an inclusive living document, open to revisions and further evolution. This can be thought of as a sort of youth Paris Agreement or Green New Deal as it is the first instance of young people coming together from around the globe to voice specific policy demands. The GYCAD is committed to climate action that is just, equitable, and sustainable... emphasizing that oftentimes, climate action can be negligent of justice implications.

     
  3. Which arenas, levels and policy-making phases have proven to be more difficult for you to participate in? Why? The national arena has proven most difficult, perhaps because I live in the US and for the past 4 years, climate action has been held hostage by lack of good governance. In general though, as someone who has spent a decent bit of time in the UN system for my age, I have found it increasingly difficult to get national actors in a room with climate activists. I have attended the UN General Assembly multiple times, 71st World Health Assembly, a myriad of High-Level Political Forums, High-level Meetings, Commission on the Status of Women, and a myriad of countless other UN events. What I have found to be frustrating is that outside of a panelist from a UN Mission here and there, the spaces at these convenings that are accessible to civil society have mostly been devoid of policy makers. If Civil Society, inclusive of youth, is being given a proverbial seat at the table, it is certainly not the same table that decision-makers are sitting at. This has been my greatest frustration and my largest motivator to catalyze the LCJC which will put policymakers, youth activists, and sustainability experts together at the table on key areas for impact.                                                                       
  4. Has it been hard / problematic for you to engage in climate activism? Why? Can you offer recommendations to ensure better youth experiences in activism? Often, it can be overwhelming to know where to start with climate activism. The space feels so large and nebulous, yet there are some key groups such as YOUNGO and UNEP MGCY that really anchor young people together. If I had to make one strong recommendation, it would be to enhance platforms for collaboration and coordination between activists/Civil Society on a visualized platform. I have had this vision for a "social good media" for quite a while and would love to chat more about this with UNDP to see if we could actualize it. Also, enhanced streams for funding of youth climate activism. For many of us in the climate activism space, we are doing this out of passion for the cause and spend 20+ hours a week on our advocacy work. If there were more funding streams for young people who are making headway on climate justice, our efforts would be much more sustainable and concentrated. Youth climate activism is enormously powerful and effective, however it often is infeasible for those who cannot afford to devote time to unpaid work. In many cases, young people do the same (if not more) work than paid organizers, yet are more often than not unpaid unless they really advocate for themselves. 
  5. (How) can young people themselves better self-organise to ensure that their voices, experiences, expertise, and ideas are heard in the NDC enhancement process/ climate action? When you find out, let me know! Kidding aside, younger generations are inherently collaborative and innovative. I think moreso than a question of how young people can better self-organize, it is a question of how the receiving end (nation states) can better posit themselves to actually hear and value the voice of young people. Additionally, a potent means of ensuring their voices are heard could be transcending the silo of climate action and relating planetary wellbeing to all facets of governance. Often, I find that it is only the Ministries or government agencies that have a direct influence on climate policy that are even conscious of the specifics of climate action. If young people can adopt an intersectional approach to climate action that ties climate to all other facets of governance and approaches policymakers accordingly, I believe our requests for climate justice will become much more tangible to those in power across sectors.
  6. Especially looking at vulnerable and the most marginalized youth groups, how would you recommend governments, UN agencies and your own organisation ensure the meaningful participation of these groups? Some of the most marginalized groups in our world are not represented by national narratives. It is by transcending national participation and ensuring community participation that we are truly able to capture the voices of those who are typically marginalized by systems of power and made vulnerable within the societal context. Particularly in the context of nations established through colonialism, it is imperative to ensure that Indigenous communities are actively part of any policy decision-making processes and are still recognized as traditional stewards of the land. For vulnerable and underrepresented populations, it is of utmost importance that policymakers consider these groups as stakeholders when making decisions that will inevitably impact the communities they serve. Additionally, we must develop systems of participation for these communities when the national party is not interested in allowing the voices of these marginalized communities to be heard or part of national discourse. For In reference to climate action, not all climate actions are just. So it is important to ensure that when advocating for or developing climate reform that we ask ourselves key questions about "where is power concentrated? Where is it not? Who is impacted positively by this shift in policy? Who is impacted negatively? Is anyone left out entirely?". Most importantly, the best way to engage marginalized populations is to listen, to ask questions about their lived experiences, and to act upon their recommendations.
     
  7. What are some of the approaches/activities you would recommend stakeholders at global, regional or national/local levels avoid when trying to meaningfully involve youth (e.g. tokenism, overlooking intersectionality)? Provide specific examples. Tokenism is one of the worst offenders. It implies that youth are at the table simply due to age while being negligent of the fact that many youth are, in fact, experts in their field. That being said, the best way to guarantee generational equity is to look at existing leadership structures and ask "how to better include young people in actual decision-making processes?". At national/local, regional, and global levels, it is imperative to ensure that advisory boards and legislative bodies are mindful to include young people in their discourse-- remembering that the term "youth"  applies to many young professionals in addition to students. 
     
  8. What methods and tools have proven to be helpful to enhance your active participation and activism in climate action? Honestly, since COVID-19 hit, it has been much easier to engage people around the globe because we all have become reliant on cyberspace for our activism work rather than being tethered to physical conference spaces (which typically limits who is able to participate). Discussion forums like this are a great way of understanding the various perspectives and contexts on the ground for so many individuals and serves as a great way to connect with fellow activists around the globe. Thank you for holding space for us on this platform!     The Global Youth Climate Action Declaration (GYCAD) has been a really helpful tool for myself and other young people looking to actively participate in climate action. I would recommend anyone to check it out! It was created with the intention of coalescing the youth perspective on climate action into a tangible policy toolkit and knowledge empowerment platform that young people can take to their legislators and say "these are the specific policies we'd like to implement in our community... beyond nebulous climate action!". I have called my own legislators and had a candid conversation about some of these policies in our community. Which leads me to share my absolute favorite guidelines for social participation... Yale Professor Susan Clark's "Social Context Mapping". This has been THE MOST helpful thing for me in bringing climate action into a local context and strategically planning how to make implementation feasible. 10/10 would recommend reading her work.
  9. Would you like to discuss any additional issues in a more in-depth interview? Yes, absolutely. I am happy to assist in whatever capacities are needed.

 

Thank you for taking the time to read this! Please let us know if you would like to get involved in the Localizing Climate Justice Conference on September 25th & 26th! Registration and details can be found at http://gycad.org/LCJC/. I've attached the flyer and concept note! We are still accepting requests for co-sponsorship & speakers.

Pierina Egúsquiza

Sobre la Pregunta 2: ¿Qué temas y cuestiones te sientes especialmente orgulloso de haber abordado para contribuir a una acción climática justa y ambiciosa, ya que de otro modo no hubieran sido planteados o incluidos por otros actores?

Buenas tardes, mi nombre es Pierina Egúsquiza Cerrón, soy una abogada peruana especializada en derecho ambiental y desde mi experiencia a través de las acciones de incidencia que vengo realizando con la organización a la que pertenezco desde su creación en el 2016, Colectivo Jóvenes Peruanos frente al Cambio Climático - JPCC, un hito importante para nosotros ha sido la inclusión del enfoque intergeneracional en la Ley Marco sobre cambio climático - Ley N ° 30754 aprobado por el Congreso de la República del Perú en el año 2018 donde nos involucramos activamente a través del Equipo de Incidencia Nacional realizando aportes a través de informes técnicos - legales que resaltaron la alta vulnerabilidad de los jóvenes frente al cambio climático y propuestas normativas para la inclusión de la participación juvenil en la gestión climática.

El Enfoque Intergeneracional que normativamente se ha definido como  "Las decisiones y acciones tomadas por las generaciones actuales corresponden a las futuras generaciones pueden tener derecho a vidas seguras y saludables en un entorno ambiental sostenible de no menor calidad al de la generación actual" , ha permitido que en las políticas públicas climáticas que se elaboren se considere también el impacto a los jóvenes y las generaciones futuras y por ende permite que se garantice la participación de jóvenes y adolescentes. 

Asimismo, como parte de nuestra estrategia se tuvieron reuniones con asesores de congresistas, pronunciamientos y reuniones de coordinación con otras organizaciones de la sociedad civil (ONGs, Pueblos Indígenas, Sindicatos, etc) y participación como observadores de debates de la Comisión del Congreso encargada de elaborar el dictamen del proyecto de Ley de cambio climático.

Otro hito importante para nosotros ha sido que en la etapa de elaboración y proceso participativo del Reglamento de la Ley Marco sobre Cambio Climático, aprobada en el 2019 con Decreto Supremo Nº 013-2019-MINAM, solicitamos a través de oficios cursado al Ministerio del Ambiente que se realice un diálogo exclusivo con juventudes para que se incorporen sus aportes al referido instrumento normativo. Al respecto, y aunque este diálogo no fue un diálogo nacional con todas las juventudes representativas de las diferentes regiones del Perú -puesto que sólo participaron 100 jóvenes y sobre todo de la capital de Lima- consideramos fue un primer gran paso para el acercamiento de las juventudes con el Ministerio del Ambiente en la formulación de políticas climáticas.

Posterior a ello, y gracias a que diferentes organizaciones juveniles comenzaron a involucrarse cada ves más en el proceso del reglamento de la ley marco de cambio climático, JPCC solicitó durante todo el proceso participativo del referido reglamento y a través de Cartas cursadas al Ministerio del Ambiente que se incorpore una representante de las juventudes en la Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático, Comisión creada desde el año 1993 y reactivada en el 2009, que es un espacio de articulación entre el estado y la sociedad civil (Academia, ONGs, Pueblos Indígenas, sector privado ) para realizar seguimiento a los compromisos climáticos del país y la CMNUCC y proponer políticas climáticas. Ante este pedido y con la presión de otros colectivos juveniles e individuos el Ministerio del Ambiente viene realizando desde el año 2019 un proceso de diálogo con las juventudes a través de la creación de un Grupo Impulsor de Jóvenes para que estos elaboren una hoja de ruta para la implementación de la representación juvenil en la Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático. 

Sin duda alguna considero que ninguna de estas acciones que les he relatado hubiera sido posible sin el impulso y conocimiento que desde JPCC hemos adquirido con el pasar de los años y es que en su momento cuando nos planteamos esta ruta de incidencia político-normativa no vimos que el actor "juventudes" haya sido incluido en ninguna de las políticas climáticas Ley y Reglamento de Cambio Climático o en la formulación de las NDC, puesto que los jóvenes hemos sido vistos por el Estado peruano como benefactores de sus políticas mas no actores clave en la etapa de formulación e implementación de las mismas y por ello muchas de sus políticas adolecen de conocer en realidad las necesidades, percepciones y diferentes visiones de las juventudes del país. 

Asimismo, vimos también que no existían las condiciones habilitantes para incluir nuestra participación ni aportes y por ello decidimos tomar acción utilizando los canales institucionales y formales, así como también la articulación con otros actores de la sociedad civil y poco a poco poner en la agenda pública del Ministerio del Ambiente la necesidad de articulación con las juventudes diversas que existen en el Perú , y por supuesto considero también que un factor que ha apoyado mucho a promover la participación de las juventudes es sin duda la creación del Movimiento Fridays For Future y su repercursión en nuestro país con Viernes por el Futuro Perú puesto que no es merito de una sola organización juvenil la promoción de la voz de las juventudes sino el despertar y accionar de varios individuos y organizaciones juveniles que han estado trabajando y alzando su voz en diferentes espacios ambientales y/o climáticos desde tiempo atrás como Tierra Activa, RUA PERU, Red Interquorum entre otras más.

A todas ellas ya cada joven en el mundo que participa o se inicia en la gestión climática de su país muchas gracias !! la lucha continúa !! 

Saludos 

 

Beatriz Reyes

P1: Soy egresada de la Primera Academia para jóvenes lideres sobre cambio climático en Panamá, posterior a esta capacitación los jóvenes nos mantenemos unidos y hemos creado una organización de la sociedad civil. Este tipo de capacitación nos ha servido como base para emprender una profesión consiente del cambio climático y que esta accionando para lograr los objetivos del Acuerdo de Paris. Hoy en día, somo los jóvenes los que estamos educando en a la sociedad sobre cambio climático.  No hemos logrado participar en los procesos en materia de cambio climático.

P2: en Panamá los jóvenes lideramos y comunicamos un articulo constitucional sobre cambio climático que se logro incluir y aceptar sin modificación de los gobernantes en el paquete de reformas constitucionales de nuestro país. Esta fue una propuesta de la sociedad civil, de jóvenes profesionales, que nadie en esas mesas había pensado en proponer.

P3: Planificación o ideas base, siempre se nos considera solos en las consultas publicas cuando ya está todo elabora y donde pocas veces se hacen modificaciones.

P5: si, deben hacerlo. Primero deben capacitarse en temas de cambio climático. Esto es deber de las partes como se establece en el articulo 12 del Acuerdo de Paris, existe acceso a la información técnica pero no una educación o capacitación como tal. Luego de estar capacitados deben estar muy bien organizados y deben saber comunicar el tema. No es solo hacer un activismo es realmente contribuir a la lucha, apoyar en investigación científica, proyectos de mitigación o adaptación, publicación en redes sociales con  contenido oficial del tema.


Please log in or sign up to comment.