Discussion
29 Jun - 20 Jul 2021

Better nutrition for all

SparkBlue • 22 June 2021

Welcome to our discussion on Action Track 1

Image for Action Track 1How do we ensure safe and nutritious food for all?

All people, at all times, should have access to safe and nutritious food. This means working to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition so that all people are well-nourished and healthy. And to ensure safe and nutritious food for all, we need coordinated actions.

Look at some of the actionable solutions that the UNFSS Action Track process and youth have proposed.

  1. Increase productivity for smallholder farmers
  2. Support farmers to produce healthy food.
  3. Decrease hunger among smallholder farmers by investing in soil health.
  4. Democratize precision agriculture technologies so that farmers can grow enough food for their families.
  5. Ensure that people have the right awareness, and knowledge about nutritious food to grow and consume.
  6. Generate demand for healthy and sustainable food
  7. Scale up biofortified crops
  8. Put farmers’ access to crop diversity first in seed policy and practice.
  9. Improve and vernacularize women’s land rights

Find additional information in the UNFSS Community Platform.

 

After reading these propositions, let us know what you think, what you can do, and what support is needed to bring the changes you aspire to obtain! You can answer one or all the following questions, using any means you prefer – write a comment, share a picture, compose a song or a poem, or send us a short video:

  1. Is there anything we have missed or that can complement these propositions?
     
  2. What concrete actions are you, your youth organization, or your community ready to take to ensure safe and nutritious food for all?
     
  3. How do you think Governments and other stakeholders can support youth in achieving the actions identified?
     
  4. Supposing there were coalitions formed around any of these, which one would you be interested to join?

Comments (18)

Rojina Kafle

1. Provide smallholder farmers access to innovation in agriculture and technologies.

2. I can contribute to educate farmers about Soil Health, Raise awareness on healthy and sustainable food, Bridge the gap between scientific innovation and farming communities.

3. Government can support youth by granting financial support to youth organizations for research and campaign, providing youth space to give opinions on the decision-making process

4. all

Abhishek Khadka

The micronutrient deficiency is high in the PL Women age group. Iron and folate rich foods as well as food supplement are to be taken in those periods which in long run can reduce Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), reduce stunting etc. 

a. Accessible and affordable nutritious diets to PL Women.

b. Iron and folate supplements should be available and affordable cost. 

c. Tele-consultation to PL Women on before and after the delivery. 

d. Identify the nutritious foods calendar for PL Women that are produced locally and imported. 

e. Scale up the fortified foods production (not only biofortified) like oil, flour, milk etc. 

f. Promote the traditional foods of individual countries and  do more research if necessary and document it. 

g. Subsidies especially tax and bank interest should be given to youths & LGBTQ who are starting up with traditional, indigenous foods. 

Daniel Mahadzir

1. Empower local farmers to build a better and more sustainable farms by investing in capacity building in term of farming practices, microfinancing and technology adoption.

2. Build smaller, community-specific farms that address local demand of fruits and vegetables, hence contribute to the national food security. Cost of local food production can be equal to those in large farms (economic of scale ratio).

3. Equip youth and younger generation with the interest to be part of agriculture industry. Make farming sexy again!

4. Invest in future-proofing farmers by integrating technology such as GPS, blockchain, IoT, renewables energy and vertical solutions to make farm more sustainable and able to support national food security agenda.

Selma bichbich

- Provide farmers with access to all the needed tools at a better price for a better outcome!

- Open the contribution to everyone to cooperate and engage, not to forget the knowledge of the indigenous people that can be used for better food safety and for fighting climate change.

- The government can be helpful if they do provide youth with the needed funding for the implementation of brilliant ideas, and by opening the floor to everyone who wants to make a change no matter what zero experience they had, what matters is the will and the desire to make things get better

- Yes, me too probably all of them!

Emma R
  1. It is not only important to generate demand for healthy and nutrition food but we also have to make sure this food is accessible and affordable for all, including in remote areas, lower income areas and categories, and that people understand labelling on food to be able to choose the most nutritious and healthy products. 
     
  2. Democratising food banks and alternative donation systems like solidarity fridges is an important action we can easily take as part of the community. But it is also important to promote these organisations and how to contribute to them more. Working with retailers and producers to use unsold or "ugly" products that would otherwise go to waste is also an important step to make nutritious and healthy food accessible to all. 
     
  3. at local level, governments should spread awareness about local initiatives to buy food from producers as well as to save food from waste, and to donate food. They should also subsidise farmers, food producers and ngos to repurpose food that is not fit for retail. 
     
  4. Would be happy to join a coalition linked to soil health as well as one on awareness regarding nutritious and healthy food
Ida Stromso

These input come from the "Indigenous Youth Global Declaration on Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems" issued during the Global Indigenous Youth Forum 2021:

1/3. We recommend that Member States and the UN Food Systems Summit Secretariat consider Indigenous Peoples’ food systems a game-changing solution in themselves, for their unique characteristics and holistic nature, as well as the lessons to be learned by the rest of the world from our food systems.

1/3. We call upon Member States, to ensure that Indigenous Youth are granted access to our lands and territories in order to protect and uphold our cultural rights and carry forward our food systems.

1/3. We ask Governments and funders to commit to investing in infrastructure and capacity building for and by Indigenous Peoples’ communities to build accredited processing centres for foods, community gardens/growing areas for traditional foods, and connecting to composting, recycling systems and networks to reduce waste.

1/3. We ask member states to put into place enforcement mechanisms upholding and protecting Indigenous Peoples’ cultural rights to sustain connection to our food systems.

1/3. We ask member states to ensure interculturality in school feeding programs to avoid increasing malnutrition amongst Indigenous youth, as well as to ensure their continued connection to their food systems.

2. We are ready to maintain, revitalize and protect our connection to our territories and traditional knowledge systems, and also adapt our lifestyles by incorporating and revitalizing traditional culture with sustainable technology to capture, communicate, and safeguard traditional knowledge, practices and heritage, including knowledge related to Indigenous Peoples’ foods. 
 

2. We are ready to learn our stories, traditions and cultures and continue our Indigenous identity and food systems. Based on Indigenous Peoples’ customary law, access to benefit sharing, and free prior informed consent, we could share these stories, cultures, and lessons in solidarity to develop truly democratic societies. 

Echai Bruno

1. The need to provide farmers in rural areas with improved Quality farm inputs like seeds, environmentally friendly fertilizers, etc and also to educate them on the need to produce Quality food with limited dégradation of the food production ecosystem, undertaking farming as a business and so on

Also thé need to encourage organic farming

2. Sensitize local farmers on the use of irrigation and drainage practices in the production of food items like tomatoes in seasons with less pest so as to minimise the use of pesticides. 

Also, sensitize farmers not to pollute water sources with pesticides and plastic bags

Encourage youths to engage in agriculture

3. Thé government\civil society organisations Can 

- provide incentives for local farmers to engage in food production

- reduce tax on small farmers organisations

- increase tax on unhealthy food and farm inputs

- Encourage the consumption of home made food

- provide food préservation facilities

- Encourage youths to engage in agriculture by creating community agric schools, making Land available, startup capital, encourage youths to form farmers organisations etc

4. All

Lisanne van Oosterhoud

Is there anything we have missed or that can complement these propositions?

  • Increase productivity for smallholder farmers, but also make them less accountable if productivity is not possible because of external problems (i.e. weather). By increasing productivity for farmers, the pressure to use unsustainable methods to reach this productivity might also increase. For instance look for new business models which allow farmers to experiment and to take more risks then to continue doing what they already know how to. Concrete: making the land part of the community and the farmer a worker for the community (exmples: https://aardpeer.nl/https://landvanons.nl/https://www.herenboeren.nl/)
  • Generate demand for healthy and sustainable food and make sure it is affordable and accessible for people with lower income. 
  • Put farmers’ access to crop diversity first in seed policy and practice and improve their legal voice in advocating for better seed rights. Seeds that cannot be used again should be banned or the bags should come with a warning. Introduce community seed banks that provide farmers with access to proper seeding material. 
  • Improve food and lifestyle education in health related studies. They can explain people about the imprtance of healthy food from another perspective. Currently, in general only 4% of the medical study curriculum is related to food and lifestyle.
  • Make tools to buy directly from a farmer, telling their story, such as: https://www.rechtstreex.nl/ or https://lekkernassuh.org/ 

What concrete actions are you, your youth organization, or your community ready to take to ensure safe and nutritious food for all?

 Starting a youth network in which we educate, motivate, and excite primary school and high school children about the importance of beauty of the food system and nature.

Scale up local food systems with new business models. 

How do you think Governments and other stakeholders can support youth in achieving the actions identified? The government can:
- reduce tax on healthy/local food and increase tax on sugar
- Ban meat or unhealhty food related price incentives
- Make farming and cooking class mandatory at schools (also high school)
- Engage youth in educational land experiments (for instance with robotics)
- Create a student competition  on complicated question comparable to the iGEM competition in which students build on projects of previous students. They can complement eachother and build on previous knowledge from other students. 
- Create more living/city labs within specified areas: locations within a city where specific small interventions can be tested and monitored, fr instance the effects of improving the food environment.
- Experiment more with food councils consisting of organizations, initiatives, citizens etc involved or interested in the food system (transition).
- Governments should be more open to collaborate with great initiatives that have the potential to scale up but are limited because of policy of lack of awareness. Each government should have a team of expert initiative scouts that search specifically for best practices in specified themes that can be scaled up. These initiatives can be seen as pieces of the future that are still struggling to find their way in the current liniear or market way of thinking. 
 

Supposing there were coalitions formed around any of these, which one would you be interested to join?

All are interesting.

Juliette Tronchon

Hello everyone! 

Thanks for organizing this consultation.

I would like to bring some complementary answers to your propositions thanks to the article my colleague Raphael Podselver wrote for Perspectives of UNEP (https://proveg.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Perspective-2020-NOV-D2.pdf):

Excessive consumption of unhealthy food has an extremely high indirect economic cost for our health systems. Besides health problems, we also still need to address hunger and malnutrition. The last SOFI Report said that we are currently off-track from achieving SDG2 (zero hunger) if we do not change our current consumption patterns. 

However, countries in the Global South are not yet consuming as much unhealthy food (meat, processed foods, etc.) as in the Global North. But a rise in their consumption of such products is to be expected in the years to come. National governments, international institutions, and investors should explore further the potential of plant-centered diets with alternative protein sources and less processed foods or other unhealthy foods. Incorporating plant-based dietary diversification would indeed help tackle undernutrition and achieve SDG2. 

Moreover, we need to address zoonotic diseases and their pandemic. In a report, ProVeg International investigated the connection between our food systems and the spread of zoonotic diseases. It is very crucial that we address this issue to have safe and resilient food systems. 

We need to change our dietary habits, governments need to adopt dietary guidelines to enable safe and nutritious food for all.

Thank you!


 

Laurence Jeangros

The following comment is made on behalf of our youth-led group "Bites of Transfoodmation", in which we have created a vision for the food systems we want in the future in this manifesto.

  1. First, in our group,  we discussed the central role of redirecting subsidies in order to move towards the true cost of food, which refers to the internalisation of environmental, social, welfare and health costs. Eventually, we should tend towards reflecting the true value of food which would encompass both the true cost and the cultural and social value of food.  In this sense, it is crucial that information on externalities are strengthened and shared in a transparent manner to consumers, eventually through the price. Second, we also believe that diversity should be applied at all stages of the chain in order to make the system more resilient and equal. Third, we believe that new technologies (digitalisation,..) provide the opportunity of linking consumers and producers by breaking down the cognitive/cultural wall that is often found between rural and urban areas. Fourth, we believe that innovations and traditions should cross-fertilize each other in order to keep the positive and healthy sides of both.
  2. Our group commits, among others, to advocate by sharing knowledge, eventually leading to the true cost and the true value of food, and affordability for all. 
  3. First, governments should not only provide space for youth to express their voice but also allow them to take leadership by putting them in decision-making positions, in order to build and maintain a resilient and intergenerational decision support system. Second, given the systemic nature of food systems, governments should work in a coordinated manner across sectors, ministries, countries, regions and levels to ensure that the transformation of food systems happens systemically. The principle of subsidiarity should be applied in a fair manner, based on equitable policies and regulations. This means that problems are resolved at their closest level possible. In a food systems perspective, this would also mean a redefinition of trade that would be based on the principle of the true cost of food (fairness) and what is needed in any community ( not based on distorted price or trade agreements), leading to exchange of goods when needed to reach a healthy diet. Lastly, we demand governments to promote marketing for healthy food only. 
  4. Members of our group could be interested in participating in all of the propositions. In particular, the following propositions are the most in line with our discussions: ensuring people to have the right awareness (5), generating demand for healthy and sustainable food (6), and putting farmers’ access to crop diversity first in seed policy and practice (8).
Samba Diallo

1- Mon commentaire portera sur la solution 9 : Améliorer et vernaculariser le droit foncier des femmes. 

les inégalités de genre sur l'accès au foncier a toujours été problématique dans plusieurs pays africains. Le problème ne se limite pas qu'à l'accès au foncier mais également l'accès aux semences et aux financements pour les femmes. plusieurs réglementations dans les pays africains offrent cette possibilité aux femmes de pouvoir accéder au foncier mais le problème c'est l'application de ces réglementations. Nous avons l'application des règles traditionnelles qui l'emportent quant il s'agit d'accès au foncier. C'est la où le bas blesse et dont des solutions doivent être apportés. Ainsi, ce qu'il faut c'est de sensibiliser les femmes rurales de leurs droits d'accès au foncier et aux financements. Faire développer les mentalités et faire comprendre que la tradition est bien mais que donner l'accès aux femmes au foncier et au financements c'est assurer la sécurité alimentaire et l'autosuffisance  alimentaire. 

2- Je parle au nom de note plateforme KEKA Young innovative leaders for resilient agriculture. Ce plateforme a pour but d'intégrer les jeunes du monde entier dans les processus de réflexion sur la résilience de l'agriculture. Donner l'opportunité de représenter leurs solutions, leurs idées exceptionnelles et de les promouvoir à l'échelle internationale. Contribuer à l'élimination de la faim, à la transformation du système alimentaire et à l'agriculture durable. Nous avons pour but également de forger des partenariats puissants pour créer des opportunités de travail pour les jeunes. 

3- Ce que les gouvernements et parties prenantes peuvent faire c'est veiller à ce que les lois foncières soit appliquées et que les réformes foncières aboutissent pour les pays africains qui ont fait des reformes. 

Zakiya Lake

1. 

  • Have farmer graze livestock instead of industrialising them so that livestock can be more nutritious and have less fat and sodium content.
  • Make multicropping more of the norm.
  • Use less to no pesticides which will improve soil health. 
  • Encourage small household or communal gardens.
  • Do seasonal harvesting so that crops are not over harvested and wasted. If a crop is not in season it shouldn't be forces to bare fruits.
  • Have smaller communal shops instead of large franchise shops, this will give persons better access to food and also make the food cheaper.
  • Have neighbourhood compost bins which can be given to farmers once it has turned into soil, reducing organic waste in landfills.

2. I can buy more produce from my local farm and my youth group can host meetings and classes in school which will properly educate the community and other students on what true nutrition is.

3. Government and other stakeholders can;

  • Stop subsidising corn and meat and invest in farmers who multicrop and graze livestock.
  • Healthy food can be made cheaper.
  • Limit fast food advertising in all formers.
  • Remove the stereotype that agriculture is a job for people who are less than.

4. If coalitions were formed I would be more than happy to join.

NB: I think the idea of biofortified food is more of a risk because native crops could be lost in the process and there is no guarantee that these biofortified food will be more nutritious. Everyone may not have access to these biofortified foods or be able to afford them because the process of labour to get these crop persons will put a price on.

Trent McKnight

Education is critical improving nutrition.  Action Track 4 highlights School-Based Agricultural Education (SBAE) as a means to improve livelihoods for women, smallholder farmers and youth.  However, SBAE can also reduce hunger and improve access to more nutritious food through the education of better nutrition and agricultural practices.  

By combining nutritional and agricultural education, students can learn how to grow and eat healthier food.  As early adopters and change agents, youth can take these healthier ideas into their home and community.  

SBAE requires government support through Ministries of Education and Agriculture.  President Kenyatta formally launched 4-K, Kenya's SBAE program, Kenya's SBAE program, last month.  More countries should follow Kenya's leadership.

Other organizations, such as the Future Farmers of America4-H Korea, and 4-H Liberia, are among the many SBAE organizations with historic government partnerships.  

My organization has launched The Movement for School-Based Agricultural Education -- a movement intended to bring together youth organizations, donors and agriculture groups interested in creating an enabling environment for SBAE.  

If we are going to actually improve nutrition, we must focus on behavioral change starting at a young age.  By reaching youth where they live and learn, SBAE can do that!

Anonymous

My suggestions here is to make the solutions even more pointed:

1. Make it mandatory that nutrition education is taught in schools--it can be part of homeroom education

2. Equip community health workers and primary care doctors with nutrition information as a primary solution to address health problems

3. To promote the transition to regenerative farming, governments should commit to buy the produce from these farms while farmers are learning how to improve their harvest and operations.

4. Food provided during relief operations should be in line with nutrition guidelines and source locally as much as possible (Governments, NGOs, and civil society should move towards cooked meals made from produce available locally, if applicable, and away from supplying low-nutrient canned goods and instant noodles)  

5. Invest in seed innovation and diversity to adapt to the current planetary environment 

 

Mateusz Ciasnocha

Food fortification should be driven naturally by developing soil health through the development of regenerative agriculture practices.

This is precisely what we do at the Farm of Francesco (more information here and here), as well as the European Carbon Farmers.

Steven Bentley

Creting "meats and other edible meat with stemcells might be more cost efficent now... key goal would be to utalize profits and put back into R&D to make better quality organs.... ie food. 

KOUYO ELISABETH KETURAH

BETTER NUTRITION FOR ALL!! 

A utopia when referring to current statistics on malnutrition and food insecurity or a noble achievable goal?

1- Is there anything we have missed or that can complement these propositions?

- To ensure better nutritious food for all, it is necessary to know the nutritious foods and their usefulness for the body.

- Training should start at an early age by incorporating nutrition education in toddlers. #child nutrition

- Develop the concept of territorialized food systems by promoting nutritious local dishes for consumption States must act to integrate the right to food (confers on all the right to be well nourished in a healthy and sufficient way according to food preferences to lead a healthy and active life) in the constitution of the countries to make laws promoting and promoting nutritional dishes.

- Regulate the marketing of agricultural products, dishes imported with little nutritional value must be taxed more heavily to discourage and limit consumption Nutrition starts with production, we have to find alternatives to dangerous pesticides. 

- Train and finance local start-ups for the manufacture of organic inputs that respect the environment and do not affect the nutritional quality of products.

- Take climate change into account, carry out assessment studies on the localized effects of climate change depending on the country to know the impact on the nutritional aspect. What cultures will we promote for the benefit of another ?

2- What concrete actions are you, your youth organization, or your community ready to take to ensure safe and nutritious food for all?
- KEKA platform young innovation leaders for resilient agriculture. - Founder of this platform, we firmly believe that in the solutions to be found for better nutrition, young people have their say because they are endowed with a critical mind and innovative ideas.

- This platform is mainly of legal basis, it is about examining the deficiencies in the legislative systems of the countries in order to propose reforms for better nutrition and sustainable food security. - This platform will offer a vast space for discussion to young people around the world on agricultural issues specific to their countries of origin.

-Our team of volunteers is made up of different countries: Ivory Coast, Uganda, Senegal, Mali, South Africa, India, Nigeria.

-We focus on topical issues: how to use groundwater sustainably to support food security; the regulation of biofuels and food security in Côte d'Ivoire; the inclusion of women in the groundnut sector in Senegal for sustainable production.

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/groups/12539751

web site under construction: https://www.kekaagri.com/

3-How do you think Governments and other stakeholders can support youth in achieving the actions identified?

- Governments should partner with youth organizations or networks to gather innovative ideas to put in place mechanisms to ensure nutrition for all.

- For example with the KEKA platform, a government seeking solutions to an important theme in agriculture could work with us. - We will be able to launch consultations on our platform in order to regain the maximum citizen participation of young people in the country concerned and put them at the heart of the advancement of public decisions on nutrition.

4- Supposing there were coalitions formed around any of these, which one would you be interested to join?

Our platform will be interested in joining all coalitions because for us there is an intrinsic link between each one. To achieve nutrition for all, we must work together with all these points.