🕊️ Welcome to the discussion room on International Peace and Security

This is the second chapter of the Pact for the Future that will be adopted at the Summit of the Future in September. 

The insights gathered from this consultation will contribute to the ECOSOC Youth Forum session titled: "Insights & Recommendations: The voices of Youth and Meaningful Youth Engagement in the Summit of the Future" at the ECOSOC Youth Forum (16-18 April 2024). They will also feed into the Voices of Youth Report and the global youth policy paper on Summit of the Future. This discussion room is open from March 4-22, 2024 and is moderated by Mohamed Edabbar (Global Coalition on Youth Peace and Security), Andrea Carstensen (Global Youth Caucus on SDG 16) and Daria Kosheleva (OHCHR).

  1. What should be changed in the current international framework to ensure that States are held accountable for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, in times of conflict?
  2. What can be done to ensure that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners of States in international decision-making processes?
  3. Considering the impact of conflict on refugees and forcibly displaced groups, how can young people and youth-led organisations contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of those affected by displacement?
  4. How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organised crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades?
  5. How can we use technologies, AI and analytics to enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country level?
  6. How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action?
  7. What can we do to ensure that that we prevent the increasing harm of innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict?

Comments (84)

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Hello everyone,

 

Welcome to the final week of consultations on “Young people at the Summit of the Future 2024!” Thank you so much to everyone who has already participated and to the previous moderators @Mohamed EDABBAR and @Daria Kosheleva for all of your efforts! If you haven’t already, please share this consultation with your networks so that we get as many perspectives as possible! 🌍

 

This week, I will be your moderator for “Chapter 2. International Peace & Security.” Originally from Los Angeles, I am a young peacebuilder, invisible disability advocate, and human rights activist dedicated to promoting inclusive development. More generally, I'm passionate about ensuring youth involvement in policymaking processes at every level. I am currently a MGCY GYC Member of the SDG16 GPF — in fact, some of you may recognize me from the MGCY public consultations we ran a couple months ago on YPS and SotF Zero Draft Chapter 2.

 

As a reminder, these are the questions we want to hear your thoughts on. We’ve had lots of great inputs so far (keep up the good work!) but could use more on questions 4️⃣, 5️⃣, and 7️⃣. Share your thoughts and don't forget to interact with fellow activists! :

 

1️⃣ What should be changed in the current international framework to ensure that States are held accountable for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, in times of conflict?

2️⃣ What can be done to ensure that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners of States in international decision-making processes?

 

3️⃣ Considering the impact of conflict on refugees and forcibly displaced groups, how can young people and youth-led organisations contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of those affected by displacement?

4️⃣ How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organised crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades?

5️⃣ How can we use technologies, AI and analytics to enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country level?

6️⃣ How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action?

7️⃣ What can we do to ensure that that we prevent the increasing harm of innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict?

 

Do not hesitate to get in touch with me or my colleagues if you have any questions on this platform. 

We look forward to hearing from you!

 

Majeda Al Zaydan
Majeda Al Zaydan

Hi there this is Majeda from Iraq and the USA and am an early career professional in global health.

To achieve international collaboration and partnership to effectively address transitional security challenges like organized crime human trafficking and illicit armed trade through transparency, honesty and information sharing between countries and governments and authorities then coordinate law enforcement efforts to maintain collaboration and cooperation between governments and international organizations. Adopt unify legal framework that facilitates international collaboration to address these complex security challenges more effectively.

Technologies and the recent evolution of AI can be a great tool as a detection mechanism to enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies for protecting against any conflict at both international and local levels. Such technology can be employed through the development of mathematical prediction and forecasting models that can predict the future using existing parameters which will help to identify potential conflict hotspots utilizing big data to monitor and assess conflict dynamics and analyze risk factors to prepare preventive interventions.

To protect innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in a conflict both parties who are involved in this conflict should obey follow and adhere to international humanitarian law and be held accountable for any violation disregarding their political and economic power and that could be achieved through strengthening the legal framework.

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

Hola buen día soy 

  • Jonathan de León es un guatemalteco hombre cisgénero, Joven gay, líder, proactivo, entusiasta, comprometido con la salud emocional y mental del país, leal y creador e innovador de programas y procesos de desarrollo curricular y extracurricular que impacta a niñez, adolescencia y juventud. del país con iniciativas digitales y modernas que mejoran el potencial de cada individuo. Amante de la psicología, docente y con más de 45 diplomados en diferentes temáticas que lo convierten en un amante del aprendizaje y la enseñanza. Cuenta con un posgrado en atención a niñez víctima de violencia sexual. Dirijo una organización guatemalteca (centroamericana) llamada Jolu de Guatemala la cuál funde con los ejes principales en adolescencia, juventud, comunidad LGBT+ y salud mental, con enfoque en la prevención del suicidio. Tengo 28 años, mucho gusto mi Instagram es: @Jonavoluntario
Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Hello, and welcome @Jonathan!

 

We are thrilled to have you and all the young people from over the world at our session of International Peace and Security of the Young People Voices at the Summit of the Future (SoTF2024).

Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Hello YOUth and Peacebuilders!

Here is Mohamed Edabbar, I am leading the Peace and Security Cluster at Major Group for Children and Youth (MGCY) as Policy Officer at MGCY Secretariat; and thrilled to be one of 3 co-moderates at this forum.

Over 3 weeks from 4 to 22 of March 2024, I would be co-moderating this interactive space with the amazing colleagues Daria Kosheleva from (OHCHR) and Andrea Carstensen from Global Youth Caucus on SDG 16.

Week1: I would be more than happy to read every single word of yours and discuss your insightful comments;

Week2: The amazing colleague Daria Kosheleva would be here to interact with your comments and inputs;

Week3: The dynamic colleague #Andrea will be here to co-moderate this session and reply on your comments and feedbacks.

You may respond to one or more of the 7 questions above  which is related to Chapter II of the Pact for the Future, your contribution would be highly consideration where the Pact for the Future will be adopted at the HLW of UNGA under the theme "the Summit of The Future (SoFT), in September this year.

Your expected contribution: Please feel free to respond to any one of the 7 questions above for this discussion; they are all connected to Chapter II of the Pact for the Future, which will be adopted at the Summit of The Future (SoTF) in September.

Do not hesitate to get in touch with me or my colleagues if you have any questions on this platform: 

I am also reachable at: [email protected]

I hope to read all of your contribution shortly! 

 

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

1. ¿Qué debería cambiarse en el marco internacional actual para garantizar que los Estados rindan cuentas por las violaciones del derecho internacional, incluido el derecho internacional humanitario, en tiempos de conflicto?

  • Recomiendo una actualización del mapeo de defensoras y defensores de derechos humanos por país para su debida ubicación y protección.
  • Creación o actualización de los convenios internacionales que tipifiquen y sancionen con temas económicos o participación la violación de convenios, tratados o principios de derechos humanos. 
  • Levantar un informe por país de las irregularidades que se han vivido en derechos humanos, paz y seguridad sobre lo que vive cada lugar y hacer un listado de recomendaciones. 
Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

2. ¿Qué se puede hacer para garantizar que los jóvenes tengan un asiento en el Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas como socios de pleno derecho de los Estados en los procesos internacionales de toma de decisiones?

  • Crearía un sistema de representación juvenil, por ejemplo en temas de medio ambiente están las cumbres de cambio climático locales LCOY, luego las regionales RCOY y luego las mundiales COY que pueden fortalecer la participación respaldada por medio de declaratorias de país, región y mundial sobre paz y seguridad juvenil. 
  • Promovería un consejo juvenil de seguridad que proporcione consulta al Consejo de Seguridad de Naciones Unidas en torno a la temática en mención.
  • Propondría la construcción de un programa de juventud de ONU para que se encargue del recurso financiero, administración, ejecución, trabajo colaborativo con gobiernos de cada país y expertos en la rama. 
Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Sounds amazing! It would be nice to have a Youth, Security, and Climate Agenda for Peace, Security, and Climate Agenda in the near future!

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

3. Teniendo en cuenta el impacto del conflicto en los refugiados y los grupos desplazados por la fuerza, ¿cómo pueden los jóvenes y las organizaciones lideradas por jóvenes contribuir a la promoción de los derechos y el bienestar de los afectados por el desplazamiento?

  • Pueden ser los jóvenes o las organizaciones juveniles un alto parlante (bocina o alta voz) que informe a ONU, consejo de seguridad u otro sobre la realidad de lo que acontece en cada país.
  • Sería fenomenal capacitar a jóvenes en estrategias de diálogo en resolución de conflictos, paz, seguridad, defensa de derechos, política de resolución, entre otros temas para que sean parte de mesas de resolución de conflictos comunitarios, nacionales, regionales e internacionales. 
  • Difusión de principios de derechos humanos por medio de campañas digitales. 
Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Brilliant! I like how you integrated human rights with the peace and security nexus! We truly appreciate your feedback @Jonathan!

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

4. ¿Cómo podemos fortalecer la colaboración y las asociaciones internacionales para abordar eficazmente los desafíos de seguridad transnacionales, por ejemplo, el crimen organizado, la trata de personas y el comercio ilícito de armas?

  • Con convenios más fuertes y claros sobre prohibiciones, sanciones y demás que limite la inactividad de cada gobierno.
  • Recomiendo más campañas digitales en torno a la prevención en temas de seguridad.
  • Promover el rigor en las leyes de armas nacionales y campañas de información sobre los riesgos.
  • Sanciones a gobiernos que trabajen con crimen organizado o narcotrafico.  
Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

5. ¿Cómo podemos utilizar las tecnologías, la inteligencia artificial y el análisis para mejorar los sistemas de alerta temprana y las estrategias de prevención tanto a nivel internacional como nacional?

  • Creo que estas herramientas se acoplan a mi recomendación de la creación de campañas digitales que promuevan procesos de diálogo, resolución de conflictos y paz. 
  • No comprendo a que nos referimos con sistema de alerta temprana.
Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Once again, warm thanks for your valuable contribution @Jonathan! 

The early warning system is always used for national and human-made disasters. Conflicts, armed conflicts, and wars are categorised as human-made disasters; thus, this early warning response on peace and security can help us with the early response stage. Here you can find a Practical Guide from UNDP on the EWS and hope helps.

 

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

6. Â¿Cómo podemos garantizar una participación significativa e inclusiva de los jóvenes en la prevención y resolución de conflictos, la consolidación de la paz, los procesos de paz, los procesos posteriores a los conflictos y la acción humanitaria?

  • Creo que con voluntad política podemos iniciar dicho proceso.
  • Luego una actualización de políticas, leyes y programas que obliguen al gobiernos a hacernos parte de la decisión. NADA DE JUVENTUD SIN JUVENTUD.
  • Creo que con el fortalecimiento y traspaso generacional de expertos que actualicen en algún banco o base de datos videos de información sobre los temas para capacitar a los jóvenes y tengan herramientas adecuadas. 
  • Dando el ejemplo desde ONU. 
Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

7. ¿Qué podemos hacer para garantizar que prevenimos el daño cada vez mayor a civiles inocentes y a la infraestructura civil en los conflictos?

Que pregunta tan compleja, humanidad? respeto a la vida? no lo sé. Hablar de sanciones creo que es lo mejor que se me ocurre. 

Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Glad to read from you, @Jonathan! We understand you - can you please clarify more for us what exactly you want to flag about the sanctions?

Ray
Ray

Ensuring that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully-fledged partners in international decision-making processes, particularly for those from fragile countries, requires a multi-faceted approach

1. Provide a formal platform for youth from diverse backgrounds (selected through a transparent and inclusive process), including those from fragile countries, to express their perspectives and contribute to decision-making processes

2. Include youth from fragile countries (through targeted outreach efforts, participation in peace negotiations, and engagement in special forums) in consultations, dialogues, and peacebuilding processes related to conflicts and crises affecting their regions  

3. : Provide financial and logistical support to amplify the voices of young people (who were busy trying to not to die during crises in their countries) and enable them to play a more significant role in shaping international responses to crises

Jonathan de León
Jonathan de León

Ray que importante tú aporte, en definitiva estoy de acuerdo contigo en torno a la protección y priorización que se le debe de dar a los jóvenes que día a día arriesgan su vida.

Creo que definitivamente será crucial conocer sus realidades para toma de decisiones reales.

Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

What a wonderful contribution, Ray! It would be really great to see financial support for youth peacebuilding efforts and for the YPS agenda as well.

Christina Kontomichalou
Christina Kontomichalou

6. Firstly, thank you for giving youth this platform to speak on such a critical issue. As a young person of dual heritage, I've witnessed the disconnect between decision-makers and those on the ground and how cultural experiences shape perspectives on conflict. Yet, the devastation and humanitarian consequences transcend borders. Young people are often most impacted by war and armed conflicts, yet make up less than 3% of world parliamentarians. 

My nonprofit work has repeatedly shown that young people are not just beneficiaries of policy. We're innovators, mediators, and changemakers at the forefront of peacebuilding efforts and innovation. We possess unique knowledge of local dynamics, social networks, and a strong desire for change. Accordingly, international peace processes should mandate the inclusion of youth representatives, not just as 'the future' but as active contributors in the present. The Summit of the Future should prioritize mechanisms to include youth in decision-making bodies or advisory groups in multilateral peace and security discourse.  

Furthermore, it's crucial to invest in capacity-building for youth-led organizations. They often have innovative ideas for conflict prevention and peacebuilding but lack the resources and networks to scale their impact. The UN can bridge this gap by establishing mentorship programs and providing funding specifically earmarked for youth initiatives. These ideas are essential for integrating young people's unique capacity as agents of change. I, along with youth worldwide, have numerous more insights and innovative ideas to share, and I urge the UN and its Member States to embrace us as equal partners in building a more just and peaceful future. 

ESPOIR BALANGALIZA
ESPOIR BALANGALIZA

 

  1. Bonjour ;

    Je suis Espoir Balangaliza, Ambassadeur du climat et des peuples minorités du bassin du congo ; coordonnateur du RESEAU ESPACE CLIMAT

    Je suis en Afrique RDC

    Contact ;  +243976085836

    Email : espoirbalangaliza@g.com

    er dans le cadre international actuel pour garantir que les États soient tenus responsables des violations du droit international, y compris du droit international humanitaire, en période de conflit ?
  • L’Egalite des sanction au pays
  •  Mandant rotatif  par continent au conseil permanent
  • Actualiser les cas des crimes dans les pays en conflit
  • Mise en place d’un comité  de suivi jeunesse paix et sécurité des pays en conflits au conseil permanent de nations unies
  1. Que peut-on faire pour garantir que les jeunes aient un siège au Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU en tant que partenaires à part entière des États dans les processus décisionnels internationaux ?
  • Mise en place de siège du conseil de sécurité de l’ONU de jeunes dans chaque pays
  • Mobilisation des cahiers de charge de la jeunesse sur la paix
  • Créer des réseaux locaux sécurité
  1. Compte tenu de l’impact du conflit sur les réfugiés et les groupes déplacés de force, comment les jeunes et les organisations dirigées par des jeunes peuvent-ils contribuer à la promotion des droits et du bien-être des personnes touchées par le déplacement ?

 

  • Organiser les monitorings locaux régionaux et internationaux sur le conflit dans les communautés locales
  • Mise en place  des programmes DDR  pour jeunes dans les pays
  • Organiser des dialogues inter communautaire des jeunes
  • Faires des plaidoyers
  1. Comment pouvons-nous renforcer la collaboration et les partenariats internationaux pour relever efficacement les défis de sécurité transnationaux, par exemple la criminalité organisée, la traite des êtres humains et le commerce illicite des armes ?
  • Mise en place des programmes de désarmements et de mobilisation des ex combattants
  •  Signe des pactes avec les communautés
  • Former les ambassadeurs sur la lutte criminalité
  1. Comment pouvons-nous utiliser les technologies, l’IA et l’analyse pour améliorer les systèmes d’alerte précoce et les stratégies de prévention aux niveaux international et national ?
  • Mise place des outille communications au conseil permanent local de la jeunesse
  1. Comment pouvons-nous garantir une participation significative et inclusive des jeunes à la prévention et à la résolution des conflits, à la consolidation de la paix, aux processus de paix, aux processus post-conflit et à l’action humanitaire ?
  • Mise en place des institutions qui répondent aux aspirations des jeunes populations pour un avenir plus durable
  • ’inclusion sociale, économique et politique est la clé d’une société plus pacifique.
  • éliminer la discrimination juridique et de fait à l’égard des femmes, à les inclure dans le processus
Larissa Truchan
Larissa Truchan

Hi everyone! My name is Larissa Truchan,  I am a human rights advocate, peace activist and feminist from the United States, pursing a law degree in international human rights law at Harvard Law School starting next year. I have spent the past few years after graduation engaging in human rights legal work abroad for 5+ months at a time in Jordan, Kenya, Japan, NYC, and Thailand, alongside and for those directly affected by a variety of human rights violations.

 

My responses to questions 1 and 2 are below:

 

  1. First and foremost, the United Nations Security Council must be reformed to eliminate the P5 veto. We are witnessing firsthand how my own State has politicized this veto to assist Israel in pursuing its genocidal and colonial agenda against Palestinians, resulting in the death and injury of tens of thousands of youth and children in Gaza. We must learn from the mistakes of our elders and not enter into a future in which the Security Council becomes a defunct, powerless, and political tool that addresses global conflict only when the P5 determines it is in their interests.
  2. As a youth based in NYC who had the opportunity to work with a UN-accredited NGO and receive my first UN Grounds Pass as a 23 year old, being inside the United Nations was absolutely crucial to my formation as a human rights advocate and future lawyer. I quite literally learned how the Security Council works by sitting in the Security Council gallery and watching global actors made decisions before my own eyes. Oftentimes the UN relegates youth observation and participation to outstanding “token” youth, in particular, youth who have founded organizations. While the contributions of these youth are absolutely commendable, the UN needs to be more accessible to the everyday average “youth” as well. Not all of us need to found organizations to be included in UN discussions!!! I also think the fact that virtually the only way for youth/all activists more generally to access the UN is to become affiliated with a UN accredited organization. I suggest that the UN create a category of youth, maybe a particular number per year, who can apply for UN grounds passes simply as individuals in order to attend and observe UN sessions, and participate in side events. It will be impossible for the average youth to have a seat at the Security Council and contribute to decisions unless youth are aware of how the UN and its mechanisms work, and providing access TO the UN, even if just for observation purposes, is the most effective way to achieve this.
Daria Kosheleva
Daria Kosheleva Moderator

Thank you very much for this contribution, Larissa, you have raised a very important point about the need to diversify the profile of young people involved with the UN, and the accessibility of the system for youth in general. 

Yrhen Bernard Sabanal Balinis
Yrhen Bernard Sabanal Balinis

Answer to No. 1:

The Office of the Youth in Maritime (YIMO) strongly decries the abominable attacks on ships and seafarers in high risk, war-like and conflicted areas globally. We reiterate that there is no true and lasting peace lest the humans at sea are afforded the same protection and recognition as those on land. 

The increasing unrest in the conflicted countries has devastated not only civilian lives but those of those who are working at sea especially the seafarers.

Referencing the Human Rights at Sea (HRAS) in its Geneva Declaration on Human Rights at Sea (GDHRAS) stating that "human rights apply at sea as they do on land".

Ans to No. 2:

Treat maritime as an overarching sector across the UN systems (e.g. IMO, ILO, UN Human Rights, UN SC etc) acknowledging the global impact this sector delivers regards to trade, and workforce.

As a Co-Regional Focal Point for East and South East Asia, I will be supporting the works of the UN Major Group for Children and Youth (MGCY) Humanitarian Affairs Working Group and continually advocate the maritime in its Global Action Plan and future programs vertically and horizontally. 

-Yrhen Bernard Sabanal Balinis, Director, Office of the Youth in Maritime (YIMO)

bit.ly/m/Yrhen_Bernard

Daria Kosheleva
Daria Kosheleva Moderator

Hello everyone! 

A warm welcome to those of you who just joined this consultation, and thanks to those who already contributed to the discussion!

My name is Daria Kosheleva, I work on Youth Rights with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). I will be your moderator for this second week, jointly with my amazing colleagues Mohamed EDABBAR and Andrea Carstensen. We are excited to hear your views, thoughts, and responses to the questions above. You can respond to the questions in any order (please include the question's number you are responding to in your comment).

Do not hesitate to get in touch with me or my colleagues if you have any questions on this platform. 

We are looking forward to hearing from you! 

Mohamed EDABBAR
Mohamed EDABBAR Moderator

Hello every one, again!

I want to join my incredible colleague Daria Kosheleva and echo our warm welcome for the second week. This week; she will be in charge of moderating this room and I will remain available to assist with it until this consultation ends by March 22nd.

Looking forward! 

 

LShuaib
LShuaib

Hello my names are Shuaib Farah, founder of Peace For Sustainable development East and Horn of Africa. Here's my take on the above questions and effective solutions in order to achieve sustainable peace we need to have the following reforms

 

1.Participation â€“ Take youth’s participation

and views into account in decision-making processes, from negotiation and prevention

of violence to peace agreements. 

2.Protection â€“ Ensure the protection of

young civilians’ lives and human rights, and

investigate and prosecute those responsible

for crimes perpetrated against them.

3.Prevention â€“ Support young people in

preventing violence and in promoting a culture

of tolerance and intercultural dialogue. 

4 Partnership â€“ Engage young people

during and after conflict when developing

peacebuilding strategies, along with

community actors and United Nations

bodies.

5.Disengagement and reintegration â€“ Invest

in youth affected by armed conflict through

employment opportunities, inclusive labour

policies and education promoting a culture

 

 

 

 

Lorenzo Songsare-Shevy
Lorenzo Songsare-Shevy

Hello Everyone,
my name is Lorenzo Songsare Shevy and I am the president and founder of the recently created Bates College Institute of Global Studies, a youth think tank at Bates College in Maine and serve of the board of directors of Mouthful.org an organization which seeks to empower young people from underserved communities to engage with influential people in politics and economics. I can only second the various thanks to the MGCY for allowing young people to make themselves heard through this forum. I would like to offer three points that I feel like were insufficiently addressed within the zero draft for consideration:

1. On page 12, as part as section 2 "International Peace and Security", subsection 2.5 "Emerging domains and new technologies", point 88 calls for restrictions of lethal autonomous weapons systems. I propose that this be amended with greater clarifying language, as to prevent the creation of loopholes given the ambiguity of the term "autonomous". As such I propose the formulation:

Building on progress made in multilateral negotiations, we commit to concluding without delay a legally binding instrument to prohibit lethal autonomous weapons systems that function without the application of the principle of humans in the loop (HITL) and which do not allow for human operators to disregard, override or reverse the output of such high-risk AI systems. Wholy rejecting the notion that LAWS can make war more "humane", we thus principally oppose the normalization of AI based automated processing systems as the decider of the fate of human life and decry the adoption of such systems as incompliant with the guiding principles of international law.


2.  With reference to the confluence of the increasingly sophisticated and minimally regulated field of geoengineering and escalating interstate competition over scarce basic resources having opened up novel paths for state abuse of environmental modification as a weaponized tool I propose a clause reiterating the global commitment to the use of novel geoengineering and environmental technologies for peaceful purposes only:

Emphasizing the paramount importance of employing geoengineering techniques solely for peaceful endeavors, consistent with the principles outlined in the Environmental Modification Convention (ENMOD) and the UN Charter, we urge member states to resume of regular meetings of the  Review Conferences on the ENMOD Convention to strengthen international cooperation and compliance in with regard to the exclusively peaceful use of geoengineering.

 

3.  It is undeniable that the current UNSC system is heavily biased towards the global north and lacks the permanent representation of members of the global south and youth. As such I propose:

Affirming the importance of equitable representation of all regions in the decision-making processes of the United Nations, including the Security Council, we call for the establishment of a Consultative Committee composed of Member States and youth representative of the diverse geographical regions, with the mandate to examine and propose recommendations for the reform of the Security Council, particularly with regards to the expansion of veto privileges to Global South and permanent inclusion of youth voices within the UNSC.

I hope to hear from you, get feedback and engage in productive discussion surrounding my proposals!

Abdinasir Addow
Abdinasir Addow

Hi My Name is Abdinasir Mohamed Addow  im From Somalia Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.

Mwansa Chanda
Mwansa Chanda

Hey once more again I send my love to you all. So starting with refugees as a young historian I may say we are all one looking at the movement's that took place and the displacement that happened in those day's it maybe due to( slave trade, mineral revolutions or wars e.g in africa we had what they called the mfecane were people ran away mostly from shaka then fled into other places), so with the illustration of oneness we can see that we are one but displaced geographically. So coming to the Rights I think we can base them with my illustration and support should be given to the host country because let's say am  Mr Zambia hosting people with insufficient food or resources in my house meaning my children will have a negative response to the guests so much support should be given to my family.

And with the issues of what's to be done to state's that go against the law I think inflation is good but again sometimes or in most cases only the government make these choice's so rather that imposing it on the people at large let's get to hear what the citizens say and if they are against as well it's much easier meaning  it's the mother and children fighting which will make it easy for the UN to strike in history we have a say if fights or conflict raise in a family then a stranger will take control.

Coming to crimes, I may say these cases are becoming coming common I may say but in a general aspect these are things that we should never have heard or seen on a daily basis. What's making it common? we may ask. So what I came to understand is that with hard time people's hearts become hard as well and remember we are who we are because of what we see, hear and read so my simple solution is that let's allow youths to interact with others and cross border learning other people's cultures let young Asian's, Africans, American's or European's do activities together to form that bond that's we're intermarriage comes in I guess best way of maintaining peace we leant in history is through intermarriage and most important changing what they see, hear and read Giving them a chance to realize the potential in them for change and that their dreams are still alive. And also terming what youths are seen on social media as well as giving fair opportunities some people are who they are due to some injustice and just to remind you it's easy to teach a youth compared to teaching an adult. 

Even as I am concluding, I propose for a youth UN body that will be handling youth cases. With the passion to save and inhence or alleviate fellow youths by giving equal opportunities, remember we don't want to harden man's heart but show that even if one is from ghetto, village or Hood they are loved by giving one the opportunity to see good, out there and that they are not alone but with God in heaven and the UN on earth thank you.😁

ESPOIR BALANGALIZA
ESPOIR BALANGALIZA

C'est l'ambassadeur du climat et de la paix en RDC, Espoir Balangaliza,

 

Vraiment le Nations-Unies est corrompu,

Vous êtes sans ignorer l'agression rwandais contre la RDC est l'ONU  observer,

La jeunesse est piétiner sans représentativité parmi les organisations accrédité,

Je propose Mohamed et Andrea.  Vous avez notre soutien, aller demander l'ouverture d'un tribunal pénal contre les pays en violation de droit de l'homme comme le Rwanda,

- solliciter également l'accréditation de nos organisations en tant que jeune pour venir réforme le Nations-Unies.

C'est inconcevable à cause de minerais de sacrifier la RDC, quel génération futur ??

 

J'attends l'accréditation pour venir me décharger au Nations-Unies Mohamed et Andrea,

Wajdi  Al-Qadasi
Wajdi Al-Qadasi

Hello to all of you, my dear colleagues. There are some humble interventions in order to achieve the hope that the simplest person dreams of for a decent life. Please excuse me for using Google Translate as the English language is a bit beginner...of course! Focusing on sustainable development is an essential element in promoting international peace and security. Here are some reasons why focusing on sustainable development contributes to peace and security:

 

 1. Reducing poverty and social inequality: Sustainable development focuses on providing decent jobs, education and basic services for all. This contributes to reducing levels of poverty and social inequality, and thus reduces the economic and social possibilities that lead to conflicts and unrest.

 

 2. Promoting economic stability: Sustainable development aims to promote sustainable economic growth and diversify the bases of the economy. Thus, it provides economic opportunities for individuals and communities, and reduces economic pressures that may lead to economic conflicts.

 

 3. Protecting the environment and natural resources: Sustainable development is concerned with protecting the environment and preserving natural resources for current and future generations. By maintaining ecological balance and resource sustainability, competition for scarce resources is reduced and resource-related conflicts are avoided.

 

 4. Promoting social and political stability: Sustainable development focuses on enhancing political participation and strengthening democratic governance. This contributes to creating a stable political and social environment, where the needs of the population are met and a balance is achieved between the individual and society.

 

 5. International cooperation and partnerships: Sustainable development requires strong international cooperation and partnerships between governments, non-governmental organizations and the private sector. By enhancing cooperation and sharing knowledge and resources, sustainable development can be achieved at the global level, and this contributes to promoting peace and understanding between countries.

 

 In general, sustainable development is considered a comprehensive framework that aims to achieve a balance between the economic, social and environmental dimensions, and meet the needs of the current generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. By achieving sustainable development, a sustainable and just environment can be created that contributes to international peace and security.

 

 For example, if there is a lack of food security and a lack of sustainable agricultural resources in a country, this may cause social and economic unrest and escalation of conflicts. Conversely, if sustainable development is achieved in the agricultural sector, for example, through sustainable agricultural practices and the provision of support to farmers, food security can be achieved, hunger levels reduced and social peace achieved.

 

 In general, sustainable development deals with the root causes of conflicts and disturbances by meeting people's needs, improving their quality of life and enhancing their opportunities. Therefore, focusing on sustainable development contributes to building strong foundations for long-term international peace and security.

Kino Caetano
Kino Caetano

My name is Kino Caetano, 23 years old, with a degree in International Relations and Diplomacy. I was President of the National Children's Parliament, the largest organization made up of children and adolescents in the country, and I was also President of the Joaquim Chissano University Students' Association. I am currently leading the international relations and cooperation department at the National Youth Council of Mozambique.

After carefully following the interesting responses from different colleagues, I will focus on the answer to question number 2, which deals with the participation of young people in the United Nation Security Council (UNSC). I agree with the vision of creating a youth platform (involving young people from different social backgrounds) to participate in UNSC meetings, giving ideas on how young people would like to see issues related to peace and security in the world resolved. As an addition to the idea, I think that the youth platform could differentiate itself from the many that exist and have been created contextually, situationally and occasionally by the UN, through its constitution model, where the selection of young people could be by region (favoring conflict zones) among other criteria. 

Despite the reinforcement that the idea of creating a platform has brought, I also have my own, different vision of how young people can gain access to the UNSC. One of the ways to commit the states that make up the UN to involving young people in discussions on International Peace and Security, more specifically in the UNSC, is to create a decree that binds the member states of the SC (permanent and non-permanent) to bring a number of 2/3 young people (selected by their respective countries on the basis of criteria to be defined at the level of the SC itself) to all sessions of the SC. Thus, before each session of the UNSC, there would be a preparatory session where young people would analyze the same issues that would be analyzed in the session by their leaders, producing at the end a position paper by young people. Then, at the session, the position of the young people from the preparatory session could be presented before the debate by the leaders. In this way, the course of the debate by the leaders, despite having preconceived positions most of the time, could be influenced by the positions of the young people presented at the start of the session. This model, which I propose, can be improved and can guarantee that rather than having a seat, young people can influence their leaders to make better decisions, as well as guaranteeing that as long as the current model of the SC prevails, there will be a diversification of young people in line with the rotation of non-permanent members.

ESPOIR BALANGALIZA
ESPOIR BALANGALIZA

Bonjour,

 

Je propose aux animateurs et nos représentants aux Nations-Unies  de profiter cette occasion pour centraliser les documents et informations des organismes des jeunes ici présente pour aller solliciter leur accréditation à l'ONU en tant que observateurs dans les pays fragile , 

Je reste disponible à disponibilise les documents nécessaires de notre organisation pour un volontaire représentant des jeunes à l'ONU pour l'intérêt de ma région et emplifier la voix de jeune pour nous faciliter dans ce démarche d'obtention d'accréditation.

 

En attente cher modérateur 

Espoir,

MD ARFAN SHARIF

"Impaired global security" refers to a situation where the overall stability and security of the world is compromised due to various factors such as conflict, terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, economic instability, environmental threats, epidemics and other challenges. When global security is disrupted, it means that systems and institutions designed to maintain peace and order are failing or inadequate to effectively address emerging threats.

Rihem Bchini
Rihem Bchini

To truly adress violations of international law during conflicts we must redefine "Terrorism" to include state terrorism ; acts committed by states , not just non states groups . This shift is essential because it recognizes that governments can also perpetrate violence and should be held responsible. Moreover it requires us to delve into the painful legacies of colonialism which have left deep scars and sowed seeds of injustice especially in Africa . By acknowledging these historical wounds we can develop more empathetic approaches to resolve conflicts and ensure that everyone including governments faces accountability for their actions .

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Thanks for your input Rihem. Terrorism is one of the largest threats to international peace and security, so you have raised a very important point that should be considered further

Rihem Bchini
Rihem Bchini

The use of Veto in critical international decisions poses significant ethical and justice concers  , countires devastated by conflict plead for a ceasefire to protect innocent lives yet their calls are blocked by the veto of powerful nations . This unequal and imbalance distribution of power not only silences  the voices of those most affected by conflict but also perpetuates a sense of injustice ,inequality and unfairness  on a global scale .It's essential for humanity at this step to rethink this system to ensure that every voice is heard and respected in the pursuit of peace and security worldwide .

Megi Marku
Megi Marku

I propose the adoption of a comprehensive policy framework within the Security Council that unequivocally prioritizes the protection of human lives over national interests, and strengthens global mechanisms for accountability, inclusivity, and youth participation. When it comes to prioritizing human lives, this policy should serve as a guiding principle in the council's decision making processes and to ensure that the preservation of human security remains paramount in all deliberations and actions.

I recommend strengthening the role of the International Criminal Court by encouraging all member states to ratify the Rome Statute and fully cooperate with the court's investigations and prosecutions of individuals responsible for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Security Council should actively support the ICC's mandate by referring cases to the court and providing necessary logistical and financial assistance for its operations.

In order to enhance the council's legitimacy and effectiveness I advocate for the elimination of the veto power held by the permanent members. In light of the ongoing war in Gaza we need to address the power imbalance which has often hindered timely and decisive action to prevent or mitigate humanitarian crises and violations of international law. The veto power has obstructed the Council's ability to act effectively.
We need to aim to transition towards a more equitable and democratic decision making process within the Security Council.

I propose the introduction of youth quotas mandating the inclusion of a certain percentage of youth representatives in official delegations to the Security Council and other relevant UN bodies. This will ensure that the voices of young people are systematically integrated into high-level discussions and decision making processes. Quotas could be established regionally or globally, with representation from diverse backgrounds and experiences.

It is important to guarantee the independence and autonomy of youth representatives to ensure they can freely express their own perspectives without being constrained by national interests. Independence and autonomy is key.

In addition to this I would also push for the creation of formalized youth advisory mechanisms, a Youth Advisory Board or Council that is tasked with providing advice and recommendations to the Security Council on issues related to peace, security, and sustainable development. Young leaders and activists will be able to engage directly with policymakers, share their insights and advocate for youth centered policies and initiatives.

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Thanks for this insightful contribution! Your calls for increased youth participation and representation within official delegations and international decison-making bodies especially echo the sentiments of many other youth activists and civil society groups

Daria Kosheleva
Daria Kosheleva Moderator

Dear participants,

Thanks to everyone who contributed to the discussion in the first two weeks of the consultation!

As we are entering into the third and final week of the discussion, moderated by my dear colleague Andrea Carstensen, I’m posting below the main points raised so far by the participants.

Please continue to respond to the questions, we are looking forward to your contributions!

 

Summary (1-2 weeks):

Question 1: What should be changed in the current international framework to ensure that States are held accountable for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, in times of conflict?

  • The mapping of human rights defenders by country should be updated for their due localization and protection.
  • International agreements should be developed or updated that impose sanctions for violations of conventions, treaties, or human rights principles. 
  • Reports should be developed on the situation of human rights, peace and security in each country with a set of recommendations. 
  • The UN Security Council must be reformed to eliminate the P5 veto. 
  • There should be a rotating mandate per continent in the UN Security Council.
  • Youth, Peace and Security monitoring committee should be established at the UN Security Council to monitor the situation in conflict-affected countries.
  • Humans at sea should be afforded the same protection and recognition as those on land. 
  • The maritime sector should be treated as an overarching sector across the UN systems (e.g. IMO, ILO, UN Human Rights, UN SC, etc.) acknowledging the global impact it delivers with regard to trade and workforce.

Question 2: What can be done to ensure that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners of States in international decision-making processes?

  • A multi-level system of youth representation can be developed that would strengthen youth participation in the realization of the youth, peace and security agenda at the country, regional, and global levels.
  • A UN youth program can be developed to be in charge of financial resources, administration, execution, collaborative work with the governments of each country and experts in the field.
  • Youth from fragile countries should be included (through targeted outreach efforts, participation in peace negotiations, and engagement in special forums) in consultations, dialogues, and peacebuilding processes related to conflicts and crises affecting their regions.  
  • Financial and logistical support should be provided to amplify the voices of young people from crises-affected countries and enable them to play a more significant role in shaping international responses to crises.
  • A Youth Security Council / a youth platform (involving young people from different social backgrounds) can be created that would participate in UN Security Council meetings, giving ideas on how young people would like to see issues related to peace and security in the world resolved. The selection of young people who will constitute this youth platform could be done by region (favoring conflict zones).
  • A decree can be issued, binding the member states of the Security Council (permanent and non-permanent) to bring 2/3 young people (selected by their respective countries) to all sessions of the Security Council. Before each session of the Security Council, young people will hold a preparatory session on the issue to be discussed by the Security Council, and produce a position paper, that will be presented before the debates to the Security Council members.
  • A Consultative Committee composed of Member States and youth representatives of the diverse geographical regions can be established, with the mandate to examine and propose recommendations for the reform of the Security Council, particularly with regards to the expansion of veto privileges to Global South and permanent inclusion of youth voices within the UNSC.
  • UN should be more accessible to the regular “youth”, not only to the outstanding “token” youth who have founded organizations. This can be done by establishing a quota for youth who can apply for UN grounds passes simply as individuals in order to attend and observe UN sessions, and participate in side events. 
  • UN Youth Security Council can be established in each country, and security networks can be established at the local level.

Question 3: Considering the impact of conflict on refugees and forcibly displaced groups, how can young people and youth-led organisations contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of those affected by displacement?

  • Young people or youth organizations can be a loudspeaker that informs the UN, Security Council, and other stakeholders about the reality of what is happening in each country.
  • Young people can be trained in dialogue strategies in conflict resolution, peace, security, defense of rights, political processes, etc., so that they can be part of the community, national, regional, and international conflict resolution efforts.
  • Human rights principles can be disseminated through digital campaigns.
  • Monitoring of conflict situations should be conducted at the local, regional and international levels.
  • Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs targeting young people should be implemented.
  • Inter-community youth dialogues can be organized.
  • Young people can do advocacy work to promote the rights of displaced persons.
  • Financial support should be provided to countries and communities which receive and assist refugees.

Question 4: How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organised crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades

  • Stronger and clearer agreements should be developed to sanction the inactivity of each government.
  • More digital campaigns should be developed around the prevention of security risks.
  • National gun laws should be tightened and information campaigns on the risks associated with gun use should be developed.
  • Sanctions should be imposed on governments that work with organized crime or drug trafficking.
  • DDR programs should be implemented targeting ex-combatants.
  • Pacts can be signed with communities.
  • Ambassadors should be trained in the fight against crime.
  • Stakeholders should focus on sustainable development as an essential element in promoting international peace and security.

Question 5: How can we use technologies, AI and analytics to enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country level?

  • Digital campaigns can be developed to promote dialogue, conflict resolution and peace processes.
  • Digital communication tools can support the work of the local youth councils.

Question 6: How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action?

  • Policies, laws, and programs should be updated forcing governments to make youth part of the decision-making processes.
  • A database can be created by experts with the materials allowing to train young people and equip them with adequate tools to participate in decision-making processes related to peace and security.
  • The UN should set an example of the meaningful engagement of young people in the decision-making processes.
  • International peace processes should mandate the inclusion of youth representatives, not just as 'the future' but as active contributors in the present.
  • The Summit of the Future should prioritize mechanisms to include youth in decision-making bodies or advisory groups in multilateral peace and security discourse.  
  • it's crucial to invest in capacity-building for youth-led organizations. The UN can bridge this gap by establishing mentorship programs and providing funding specifically earmarked for youth initiatives.
  • Institutions should better respond to the aspirations of young populations for a more sustainable future.
  • Social, economic and political inclusion is the key to a more peaceful society.
  • Legal and de facto discrimination against women should be eliminated to include them in the peace-related processes.
  • Cross-border exchanges between young people should be facilitated to allow them to learn about other cultures, thus promoting tolerance, peace and social cohesion.

Question 7: What can we do to ensure that that we prevent the increasing harm of innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict?

  • Sanctions should be applied to States that violate international humanitarian law in times of conflict.
  • In the Pact for the Future, States should commit to concluding a legally binding instrument to prohibit lethal autonomous weapons systems that function without the application of the principle of humans in the loop (HITL) and which do not allow for human operators to disregard, override or reverse the output of such high-risk AI systems.
  • In the Pact for the Future, States should emphasize the paramount importance of employing geoengineering techniques solely for peaceful endeavors.

 

Irfan Pullani
Irfan Pullani

Great conversations going on! I am a young international lawyer working to resolve the decades old Kashmir conflict in South Asia. 

I have few suggestions on questions 4,5 & 7

4️⃣ Strengthening International Collaboration to Address Transnational Security Challenges:

  • Multilateral Cooperation: Encourage countries to collaborate through regional and international frameworks, such as Interpol, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and the Global Counterterrorism Forum, to share intelligence, coordinate operations, and develop joint strategies to combat organized crime, human trafficking, and illicit arms trade.
  • Capacity Building: Provide technical assistance, training, and resources to countries, particularly those with limited capacities, to enhance their law enforcement capabilities, border security, and judicial systems to effectively combat transnational security threats.
  • Public-Private Partnerships: Foster collaboration between governments, law enforcement agencies, international organizations, civil society, and private sector entities to disrupt criminal networks, dismantle trafficking routes, and prevent the proliferation of illicit weapons through initiatives like the Santa Marta Group and the Blue Heart Campaign.
  • Information Sharing: Establish mechanisms for sharing timely and actionable intelligence, including financial transactions, travel patterns, and communication networks, to identify and disrupt criminal activities across borders while ensuring compliance with data protection and privacy regulations.

5️⃣ Using Technologies, AI, and Analytics for Early Warning Systems and Prevention Strategies:

  • Data Collection and Analysis: Utilize advanced data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to process large volumes of structured and unstructured data from various sources, including social media, satellite imagery, and sensor networks, to identify patterns, trends, and anomalies indicative of potential security threats.
  • Predictive Modeling: Develop predictive models and risk assessment tools that leverage historical data, geographical information, and socio-economic indicators to forecast emerging security risks and prioritize preventive interventions at both international and country levels.
  • Early Warning Systems: Establish integrated early warning systems that combine technological capabilities with human expertise to detect and alert stakeholders to potential security threats, including conflicts, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, and public health emergencies, facilitating timely response and mitigation efforts.
  • Information Sharing Platforms: Enhance information sharing and collaboration among relevant stakeholders, including governments, international organizations, academia, and civil society, through secure and interoperable platforms that facilitate real-time communication, data exchange, and collaborative decision-making in response to emerging security challenges.

7️⃣ Preventing Harm to Innocent Civilians and Civilian Infrastructure in Conflict:

  • Adherence to International Law: Reinforce adherence to international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights principles by all parties to armed conflicts, including states, non-state armed groups, and international actors, to protect civilians and civilian objects from deliberate attacks, indiscriminate violence, and unlawful targeting.
  • Accountability Mechanisms: Strengthen accountability mechanisms, including national and international legal frameworks, truth commissions, and transitional justice processes, to ensure justice for victims of violations of IHL and human rights abuses committed during armed conflicts, deterring future violations and promoting reconciliation and peacebuilding.
  • Civilian Protection Measures: Implement concrete measures to enhance the protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict zones, including the establishment of safe zones, humanitarian corridors, and demilitarized areas, as well as the provision of humanitarian assistance, medical care, and psychosocial support to affected populations.
  • Conflict Prevention and Diplomacy: Invest in conflict prevention efforts, diplomatic negotiations, and mediation processes to address underlying grievances, resolve disputes, and prevent the escalation of conflicts into full-scale armed violence, thereby reducing the risk of harm to innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure.
Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Welcome and thank you for these comprehensive suggestions Irfan! It would be nice to see increased data collection and sharing to inform security threat management

Sofiia Pyshnieva
Sofiia Pyshnieva

Thank you for sharing your perspective! For me some of the suggestions are staying a bit abstract. Do you have any working examples on "Reinforce adherence to international humanitarian law (IHL) or investment in conflict prevention (from any country)? 

Irfan Pullani
Irfan Pullani

Thank you for pointing out!
The only general example that comes to my mind is the work of ICRC and International Criminal Court. Another theoretical mode could be the 'National Periodic Reporting on IHL Compliance' proposed in a study on the Work of ICRC and Swiss Govt. Here's the link.

About investment in conflict prevention, there's an address from the then acting chief at Barcelona Forum some years ago, quoting five country-level examples and a reference to the visiting missions of the UNSC. 

Sofiia Pyshnieva
Sofiia Pyshnieva

Irfan Pullani fantastic! I will read this through, it will be useful for my own growth and orientation in these topics:) 

Have a wonderful week!

Karangah
Karangah

Hello. My name is Wanjiru Karangah from Kenya. I will contribute to question 5.

Technologies, AI, and analytics present endless opportunities to bolster early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country levels. Through sophisticated data analysis, AI algorithms can sift through vast datasets from diverse sources to detect patterns and trends indicative of impending crises, whether natural disasters, disease outbreaks, or humanitarian emergencies. Predictive modeling, fueled by AI, enables decision-makers to forecast the likelihood and severity of future events, empowering proactive resource allocation and intervention planning. Real-time monitoring, aided by technology, allows for immediate detection of critical indicators and rapid response to emerging risks. Machine learning algorithms assess risk factors and vulnerabilities, guiding policymakers in prioritizing prevention efforts and optimizing resource allocation. Satellite imagery and geospatial analysis offer invaluable insights into environmental changes and population movements, enhancing early warning systems for disasters and conflicts. Decision support systems, powered by AI, aid in evaluating intervention strategies and coordinating cross-border collaboration. Continuous monitoring and evaluation, facilitated by AI and analytics, ensure adaptive improvement of early warning systems over time. By harnessing these technologies, early warning systems and prevention strategies can be fortified, fostering resilience and saving lives on a global scale.

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Very interesting Karangah! I love how you have suggested integrating existing EWS and prevention strategies with modern technological advancements like AI to improve them!

Alina Kozytska
Alina Kozytska

Hello, I would like to share my project, which is about forcibly displaced groups.
In September 2020, the Youth Council of the city of Mariupol was created for the first time, which included 35 people in equal proportions in three age groups: 14-18 years (12 people), 19-25 years (12 people) and 26-35 years (11 persons). These are representatives of youth public organizations, representatives of higher educational institutions (1 representative per 1,000 students), vocational and technical lyceums and schools and general educational institutions, young entrepreneurs, young parents.
The Rada carried out its activities effectively for 1.5 years, while they were able to work before the beginning of the full-scale invasion of Russia. Mariupol, a city on the front line, which for 8 years lived with shots, attacks, constant inspections, etc. Despite this, the city has developed very rapidly over the past 5 years, becoming modern and attractive to tourists. Unfortunately, everything was taken from us, the city was destroyed, people were killed. The people of Mariupol have always been strong and indomitable, which they are showing now. The city's youth, who managed to get out of the hell of the Russian occupation, were waiting for one more test - how to finish their studies, where to find a job, what to live for. We didn't have to wait long for a decision - I'Mariupol centers opened.
Mariupol centers are created inside the country through the "Ya Mariupol" centers. It is more than about supporting each other, it is about unity and the desire not only to keep Mariupol as it was, but also to give it a future. To date, 17 centers have already been created in the following cities: Zaporizhzhia, Dnipro, Vinnytsia, Kropyvnytskyi, Kyiv, Khmelnytskyi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kalush, Odesa, Lviv, Kryvyi Rih, Ternopil, Cherkasy. 11,898 young people aged 14-35 are registered on their database (mostly in Kyiv (3,838 people), Dnipro (2,738 people) and Zaporizhzhia (1,138 people), women - 6,418, people - 5,480).
Our city is an example of cohesion and dynamic development. Mariupol is a city for youth and implementation of ideas. It was to Mariupol that young people from the temporarily occupied territory came most often, so our young people sought to show that it is in Ukraine that young people can find shelter, development and well-being. Together with the youth, we created all the conditions for the youth to make the right choice and stay in their home country. Now this question sounds acute and timely.
The Youth Council decided to reformat its work and work with our youth throughout Ukraine. Support her in the cities where they are now. The work of the "I'Mariupol.Youth" direction will be organized according to the basic structure, but will be adjusted according to the requests of the youth.
Therefore, "I'Mariupol.Youth" is a project to support the youth of Mariupol and the Mariupol district, which will help them integrate into new cities and communities. Develop, realize your potential, which will be aimed at rebuilding Mariupol, taking into account the interests and proposals that will make it comfortable and promising for young people.
The goal is to support the youth of Mariupol and the Mariupol district in other cities of Ukraine after post-traumatic stress disorder and to promote the integration of IDP youth into community life.
Task: promote the unity of Mariupol youth throughout the country and the world;provide psychological and adaptive assistance and reveal creative potential; to form the future cadres of the restored Ukrainian Mariupol.
Despite the fact that there was a full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation, the Youth Council hopes to return young people to their native Ukrainian Mariupol and provide them with all kinds of support all this time. 
https://mssg.me/y375g 

Sofiia Pyshnieva
Sofiia Pyshnieva

Alina, thank you so much for your story! It is a great example of how young people and youth-led organisations contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of those affected by displacement. I wish you luck in your work!

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Like Sofiia Pyshnieva said, thank you so much for sharing your experiences. Your work highlights the resilience of young people and how local initiatives spread and have a huge impact 

Sofiia Pyshnieva
Sofiia Pyshnieva

6. How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes, and humanitarian action

I was reading Alina's answer (above) and decided to share with you the experience I obtained during my 2023 year working in Ukraine for the UNDP project "Civil Society and Youth Support". I won't talk about conflict prevention, as this privilege was taken away from us by Russia, launching the full-scale invasion of Ukraine in 2022. But what I can share is the experience on how to ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of young men and women in conflict resolution, post-conflict processes (recovery), and humanitarian action. 

There is a great study case on how the Ukrainian youth population self-organized in a variety of movements, initiatives, and non-governmental organizations to arrange a quick humanitarian response and join humanitarian action. One effective tool for how youth is involved in those discussions (and decision-making) is the creation of youth councils within the Ministries and local self-governmental bodies. There are now more than 400 youth councils in Ukraine. The Youth Council is a youth "voice" tool that gives young people the opportunity to be heard. This is a consultative and advisory body formed by local self-government bodies from youth representatives for consultation, development and implementation of youth policy on the ground.

From my experience, they are incredibly active platforms where young people come together, brainstorm how they can address the issue, organize their suggestions into the form of recommendations/project proposals, and then these young people would go to government bodies (or other INGO, local NGO, foundations) and communicate with decision-makers on how they can be involved in different questions. Youth councils are tackling questions of arranging humanitarian aid provision, evacuation of animals and people from frontline or border regions, reintegration of IDP into communities, mental support of victims of war - so many others! Moreover, they will be active in the future in all other questions on post-conflict recovery, peacebuilding, and the rest. 

Of course, to organize an effective functioning youth council there is a need of proper education courses (training) on how to be an effective youth council and additional training for governmental employees and bodies on why they need a youth council :). Youth should learn how to advocate needs of youth, authority has to be informed how youth is strengthening their work. But it is a functioning tool to use for any country at any time.

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Thank you so much for your input. It is inspiring to hear of how successful YPS co-production and cooperation between young people and other stakeholders can meaningfully impact decision-making at every level

Anmol Maggon
Anmol Maggon
  1. How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organised crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades?

The strengthening of international collaboration and partnerships would require the enhancement of anti-terrorism strategies that encourage the development of patterns to prevent people from becoming radicalised. This will help ensure that people don’t become victims of false propaganda and harm the public and their lives.

States in particular have undertaken counterproductive measures against transnational security challenges and worked on sanctioning them through organisations like the UN. Domestically, states have developed mechanisms wherein economic opportunities like employment, better living standards and government assistance is provided to the underdeveloped people. States have bilaterally and multilaterally adapted strategies of espionage and intelligence collaboration to deter terrorist activities and work together to eradicate radical actors who encourage this behaviour.

To further these efforts, states need to bring in regional organisations, for instance the ASEAN or the AU, to coordinate efforts against terrorist threats and activities. This would help them provide their inputs due to their experience from radical activities they have been exposed to and can obtain support from the international community to work for a peaceful world.


 

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Welcome Anmol! Thank you for highlighting the transnational cooperation needed to increase policy coherence of anti-terrorism initiatives, including at the regional level 

Ruth Nawakwi
Ruth Nawakwi

Iam Ruth Nawakwi from Zambia 🇿🇲 

UNESCO-IICBA Youth4Peace Ambassador. 

Founder of Inclusive Education for Sustainable Development IESD.  Giving comments 

  1. To ensure states are held accountable for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, in times of conflict, the current international framework should be strengthened through mechanisms such as robust investigative bodies, clear enforcement mechanisms, and avenues for international legal recourse. Additionally, there should be increased cooperation among states, international organizations, and civil society to monitor and address violations effectively.

  2. Youth can have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners in international decision-making processes by advocating for their representation through initiatives like the Youth, Peace and Security agenda. This could involve creating a designated youth advisory council or incorporating youth representatives within existing delegations to provide diverse perspectives and insights on security issues.

  3. Young people and youth-led organizations can contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of refugees and forcibly displaced groups by engaging in advocacy, providing humanitarian aid, fostering community support networks, and empowering displaced individuals through education and skill-building initiatives. Additionally, they can amplify the voices of affected communities and advocate for policies that prioritize their protection and inclusion.

  4. Strengthening international collaboration and partnerships to address transnational security challenges such as organized crime, human trafficking, and illicit arms trades requires coordinated efforts among governments, international organizations, civil society, and the private sector. This could involve sharing intelligence, enhancing law enforcement cooperation, implementing targeted sanctions, and promoting legal frameworks that facilitate cross-border cooperation.

  5. Technologies, AI, and analytics can enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country levels by leveraging data analysis, predictive modeling, and real-time monitoring to identify potential conflicts or security threats. This includes developing algorithms to analyze social media trends, satellite imagery for monitoring conflict zones, and machine learning algorithms to detect patterns indicative of impending violence.

  6. Meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes, and humanitarian action can be ensured by creating dedicated platforms and mechanisms for youth engagement, providing training and capacity-building opportunities, facilitating intergenerational dialogue, and mainstreaming youth perspectives into decision-making processes at all levels.

  7. To prevent the increasing harm to innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict, efforts should focus on strengthening adherence to international humanitarian law, enhancing accountability mechanisms for violations, increasing civilian protection measures, promoting conflict resolution and mediation, investing in conflict prevention initiatives, and fostering dialogue and cooperation among conflicting parties to minimize the impact of hostilities on civilians.

In the case of my Country Zambia 🇿🇲

Peace is at the center of all Zambian citizens. Find tme to read through the attached Report on Youth4Peace UNESCO-IICBA project we conducted in Zambian Universities and Colleges in three Provinces Lusaka, Southern and the Copperbelt Province.

 
Yosuke Nagai
Yosuke Nagai

Many thanks for your facilitation! I am Yosuke Nagai of Accept International, working for the rehabilitation and reintegration of disengaged combatants, for example, in Somalia, Yemen, Kenya, and Indonesia.

As we strive for meaningful and inclusive youth participation in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, and post-conflict processes, it's imperative to recognize the diverse spectrum of youth, including youth associated with non-state armed groups (YANSAG). Their experiences, perspectives, and agency are invaluable assets for achieving sustainable peace.

Engaging and empowering YANSAG is not only a matter of social justice but also a pragmatic approach to conflict resolution. By involving them in peace processes and facilitating their disengagement from armed groups, we tap into a crucial demographic with the potential to catalyze positive change. In fact, most of people who are fighting are youth. I believe that all youth have limitless potential, and of course they are same. If we can change them together to be an agent of peace, surely we can change the world. 

In addition, under the framework of Sustaining Peace, prioritizing the inclusion and empowerment of YANSAG is paramount. It not only fosters a more comprehensive approach to conflict prevention but also addresses the root causes of violence. In short, actions to them will be critical in prevention, too. 

I sincerely hope we can put youth associated with non-state armed groups in global youth engagement and empowerment policy too for the better future. They are waiting us. 

FYI
About YANSAG, please kindly check the attached my research paper too at Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. 

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Excellent point about harnessing the experiences and perspectives of youth in post-conflict processes to stop cycles of violence — young people, including young children, are often recruited as combatants and are often actively involved in armed conflicts 

Annika Maurer
Annika Maurer

Thank you for collecting youth insights!

With extensive experience working with youth and intercultural/intergenerational dialogue, most recently organising a participatory youth workshop with the UNESCO MGIEP to gather youth voices on their new strategic program, I would like to add my thoughts on youth engagement:

2️⃣ What can be done to ensure that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners of States in international decision-making processes?

  • Visibility and power to the youth advisory board: Many youth advisory boards exist but often only do lip service. Youth representatives should be invited to speak in important meetings and on resolution so that decision makers can take their interests directly into account when voting.
  • Visa and travel have to be made more accessible for youth from conflict areas to travel to speak to global forums.
  • It is understandable that not every political leader can know about all contexts at all time, therefore it should become common practice to have advisors from all interest groups (youth, women, indigenous leaders, religious representatives, any minority relevant to the context...) to remind of the diversity of society and the different needs of every group to support coming to a holistic decision.

6️⃣ How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action?

  • It is important to involve youth in the programming and strategy making phase, not only in the implementation. Experts can draft the programs, but before the finalization and decision youth representatives from all sides of the conflict and socio-economic backgrounds should be asked to give their feedback on the program and whether it addresses their needs.
  • There are many programs done for youth as youth as a target group, but not with youth. When youth feel ownership of the program and feel heard, they are more likely to participate and to promote it. Before launching a program it is therefore important to already connect with youth leaders of the target group and ask for their input on the feasibility of the program.
Irfan Pullani
Irfan Pullani

Dear all, Thank you so much for all your valuable insights on this thread. I was personally able to learn a lot of perspectives and understand global youth ideas. 

Let's keep in touch and continue the discussions and learn from each other about contributing to the realization of Sustainable Development Goals. My LinkedIn is:  www.linkedin.com/in/pullanii

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Yes, this is a great idea. Please feel free to use this consultation as an opportunity to network and create lasting partnerships! 

Yi Kang
Yi Kang

Hi everyone, I am Yi Kang Choo, youth activist and meaningful youth engagement advocate originally from Malaysia. Thanks again for creating this platform to gather our ideas on the very important topic.

re 4️⃣ How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organised crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades? - here's some of my thoughts:

On top of stronger mutual partnerships, alliances and dialogues/law enforcements between countries - state parties or regional bodies should also focus on some of the root problems towards the increase of some of the transnational security challenges mentioned above - with corruption and weak enforcement on public power/defence and security authorities being one of the key enablers of the problems. 

Thus, to truly acknowledge corruption as a threat towards national and even international security should be the first step - alongside the systemic and effective integration of anti-corruption policies/strategies across countries/regional bodies/partnerships. This proper and strategic acknowledgement of corruption as a security threat have often taken a back seat when policy makers looked security challenges/issues - but they are actually underlying enablers for criminal activities/non state extremist groups and will further enhance distrust and erode confidence of people on public bodies that should be protecting them.

As young people, most of us would not like to see a world with an ever expanding military expenditure and hostile foreign policies in our countries - but more on stronger integrity, checks and balances, and ways that we can rely on (safely) to keep our governments accountable, and ensure that we (our countries) are not victims of corruption/lost of integrity.

Andrea Carstensen
Andrea Carstensen Moderator

Dear participants,

Thanks to everyone who contributed to this discussion over the past three weeks! Your thoughts and experiences will be a valuable asset in realizing the full potential of  the upcoming Summit of the Future and its Pact for the Future. 

As this consultation comes to a close, I am adding this week’s inputs to the wonderful summary that @Daria Kosheleva created so that you can review the main points raised so far by the participants.

Please continue to add any final contributions and to build connections with other peacebuilders — once again we thank you all for your time and effort. Additionally, many thanks to my fellow moderators @Daria Kosheleva and @Mohamed Edabbar for helping this discussion to have been so successful!  

 

Summary (Weeks 1-3, additions from Week 3 added in bold):

1️⃣ What should be changed in the current international framework to ensure that States are held accountable for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, in times of conflict?

  • The mapping of human rights defenders by country should be updated for their due localization and protection.
  • International agreements should be developed or updated that impose sanctions for violations of conventions, treaties, or human rights principles. 
  • Reports should be developed on the situation of human rights, peace and security in each country with a set of recommendations. 
  • The UN Security Council must be reformed to eliminate the P5 veto. 
  • There should be a rotating mandate per continent in the UN Security Council.
  • Youth, Peace and Security monitoring committee should be established at the UN Security Council to monitor the situation in conflict-affected countries.
  • Humans at sea should be afforded the same protection and recognition as those on land. 
  • The maritime sector should be treated as an overarching sector across the UN systems (e.g. IMO, ILO, UN Human Rights, UN SC, etc.) acknowledging the global impact it delivers with regard to trade and workforce.
  • The role of the ICC should be strengthened by encouraging all states to ratify the Rome Statute

2️⃣ What can be done to ensure that youth have a seat at the UN Security Council as fully fledged partners of States in international decision-making processes?

  • A multi-level system of youth representation can be developed that would strengthen youth participation in the realization of the youth, peace and security agenda at the country, regional, and global levels.
  • A UN youth program can be developed to be in charge of financial resources, administration, execution, collaborative work with the governments of each country and experts in the field.
  • Youth from fragile countries should be included (through targeted outreach efforts, participation in peace negotiations, and engagement in special forums) in consultations, dialogues, and peacebuilding processes related to conflicts and crises affecting their regions.  
  • Financial, visa, and other logistical support should be provided to amplify the voices of young people from crises-affected countries and enable them to play a more significant role in shaping international responses to crises.
  • A Youth Security Council / a youth platform (involving young people from different social backgrounds) can be created that would participate in UN Security Council meetings, giving ideas on how young people would like to see issues related to peace and security in the world resolved. The selection of young people who will constitute this youth platform could be done by region (favoring conflict zones).
  • A decree can be issued, binding the member states of the Security Council (permanent and non-permanent) to bring 2/3 young people (selected by their respective countries) to all sessions of the Security Council. Before each session of the Security Council, young people will hold a preparatory session on the issue to be discussed by the Security Council, and produce a position paper to be presented before the debates to the Security Council members.
  • A Consultative Committee composed of Member States and youth representatives of the diverse geographical regions can be established, with the mandate to examine and propose recommendations for the reform of the Security Council, particularly with regards to the expansion of veto privileges to Global South and permanent inclusion of youth voices within the UNSC.
  • UN should increase youth ownership of initiatives aimed at youth and be more accessible to the regular “youth”, not only to the outstanding “token” youth who have founded organizations. This can be done by establishing a quota for youth who can apply for UN grounds passes simply as individuals in order to attend and observe UN sessions, and participate in side events. 
  • UN Youth Security Council can be established in each country, and security networks can be established at the local level.
  • Ensure that every delegation has a dedicated youth representative

3️⃣ Considering the impact of conflict on refugees and forcibly displaced groups, how can young people and youth-led organizations contribute to the promotion of the rights and well-being of those affected by displacement?

  • Young people or youth organizations can be a loudspeaker that informs the UN, Security Council, and other stakeholders about the reality of what is happening in each country.
  • Young people can be trained in dialogue strategies in conflict resolution, peace, security, defense of rights, political processes, etc., so that they can be part of the community, national, regional, and international conflict resolution efforts.
  • Human rights principles can be disseminated through digital campaigns.
  • Monitoring of conflict situations should be conducted at the local, regional and international levels.
  • Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs targeting young people should be implemented.
  • Inter-community youth dialogues can be organized.
  • Young people can do advocacy work to promote the rights and needs of displaced persons and affected communities on the ground
  • Financial support should be provided to countries and communities which receive and assist refugees.
  • Municipal governance and youth councils should actively engage internally displaced youth who move into the area
  • Increase IDP-representation in youth councils and advisory councils within national, regional, and local government bodies, particularly those involved with (but not limited to) humanitarian aid provision, evacuation efforts, mental health, development, education, etc. 

4️⃣ How can we strengthen international collaboration and partnerships to effectively address transnational security challenges e.g. organized crimes, human trafficking and illicit arm trades

  • Stronger and clearer agreements should be developed to sanction the inactivity of each government.
  • More digital campaigns should be developed around the prevention of security risks.
  • National gun laws should be tightened and information campaigns on the risks associated with gun use should be developed.
  • Sanctions should be imposed on governments that work with organized crime or drug trafficking.
  • DDR programs should be implemented targeting ex-combatants.
  • Pacts can be signed with communities.
  • Ambassadors should be trained in the fight against crime.
  • Stakeholders should focus on sustainable development as an essential element in promoting international peace and security.
  • Provide increased capacity building training and resources to states with limited law enforcement capabilities in order to better contain transnational security threats
  • Increase multilateral and transnational data collection and sharing programs and platforms
  • Increase investment in deradicalization programs that address the root causes of violence as well as in preventing mis- and disinformation that exacerbate grievances
  • Increase transnational cooperation and policy coherence of anti-terrorism initiatives, especially by integrating regional organizations’ efforts

5️⃣ How can we use technologies, AI and analytics to enhance early warning systems and prevention strategies at both international and country level?

  • Digital campaigns can be developed to promote dialogue, conflict resolution and peace processes.
  • Digital communication tools can support the work of the local youth councils.
  • Increase use of advanced data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms
  • Increase multilateral and transnational data collection and sharing programs 
  • Incorporate whole-of-society approaches into information sharing, real-time communication, and data collection that is usually reserved for government actors
  • Increase use of predictive models and risk assessment tools, including in existing EWS, to proactively identify threats and allocate resources
  • Incorporate advanced AI algorithms, machine learning, and decision support systems for continuous monitoring and feedback of ongoing conflicts and mitigation efforts

6️⃣ How can we ensure meaningful and inclusive participation of youth in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, peace processes, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action?

  • Policies, laws, and programs should be updated forcing governments to make youth part of the decision-making processes.
  • A database can be created by experts with the materials allowing to train young people and equip them with adequate tools to participate in decision-making processes related to peace and security.
  • The UN should set an example of the meaningful engagement of young people in the decision-making processes.
  • International peace processes should mandate the inclusion of youth representatives, not just as 'the future' but as active contributors in the present.
  • The Summit of the Future should prioritize mechanisms to include youth in decision-making bodies or advisory groups in multilateral peace and security discourse.  
  • it's crucial to invest in capacity-building for youth-led organizations. The UN can bridge this gap by establishing mentorship programs and providing funding specifically earmarked for youth initiatives.
  • Institutions should better respond to the aspirations of young populations for a more sustainable future.
  • Social, economic and political inclusion is the key to a more peaceful society.
  • Legal and de facto discrimination against women should be eliminated to include them in the peace-related processes.
  • Cross-border exchanges between young people should be facilitated to allow them to learn about other cultures, thus promoting tolerance, peace and social cohesion.
  • Move away from the current model of “token” youth bodies with little say in decision making to ones that meaningfully participate in meetings, discussions, and voting decisions at all levels
  • Establish youth as diverse decision support systems and policy advisors for leaders
  • Increase youth engagement in policy design, programming, and review as opposed to only including them during the implementation phase
  • Increase capacity building, training and education, and ongoing support for youths who want to establish youth councils

7️⃣ What can we do to ensure that that we prevent the increasing harm of innocent civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict?

  • Sanctions should be applied to States that violate international humanitarian law in times of conflict.
  • In the Pact for the Future, States should commit to concluding a legally binding instrument to prohibit lethal autonomous weapons systems that function without the application of the principle of humans in the loop (HITL) and which do not allow for human operators to disregard, override or reverse the output of such high-risk AI systems.
  • In the Pact for the Future, States should emphasize the paramount importance of employing geoengineering techniques solely for peaceful endeavors.
  • Strengthen accountability mechanisms at all levels (e.g., legal frameworks, truth commissions, transitional justice processes, etc.) to provide legal recourse for all victims of conflict and human rights violations
  • Implement concrete measures to enhance the protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure in conflict zones (e.g., establishment of safe zones, humanitarian corridors, demilitarized areas, etc.)
  • Increase investment in preventive diplomacy to stop conflicts before they start and/or escalate

 

 

Ani
Ani

I strongly believe that young people can play a crucial role in advocating for social cohesion and peace to promoting initiatives for promoting the rights and well-being of vulnerable groups. Youth-led organizations can assist those in need by contributing to the communities through education and training, raising awareness about the challenges faced, disseminate the information through their channels, facilitating community integration and social cohesion .

Abdinasir Addow
Abdinasir Addow

Preventing erroneous detentions and wrongful convictions should be a priority of the criminal justice system. But, how much do we know about unjust imprisonment and wrongful convictions in Latin America? How many innocent people are languishing in prison for crimes that they did not commit? What programs exist to review wrongful convictions and erroneous detention? What public policies have states designed to address what leads to the imprisonment of innocent people?

 

The truth is that in the region we know very little about this problem and lack research that analyzes the cause of wrongful imprisonment. Additionally, we do not have institutional programs that prevent wrongful convictions or review cases of innocent people who are incarcerated.

 

But, one country in the region is leading the way on how address this problem, and is creating mechanisms to confront it. The Public Defense Office in Chile has developed a project to identify innocent people in prisons and systematizes information about the causes of unfair deprivation of liberty. To date, it has identified and analyzed around 40 cases. This cases indicate that there are five main reasons that cause this justice system failure: mis-identification of the suspect in 35% of the cases, false testimony in 28%, poor conduct of state agencies (in particular police and prosecutors) in 23%, flawed expert witness testimony, and false confessions and poor defense make up the remaining 1%.

 

Additionally, the Chilean Public Defense Office is developing strategies to improve the criminal justice system and avoid unfair deprivation of liberty. Other countries are beginning to recognize the problem of innocent people in prisons and consolidate innocence projects as well. For example, in Colombia, a university has undertaken a project to identify cases of unfair imprisonment, and has found that mis-identification of the suspect due to impersonation is the most common reason for false imprisonment. Other countries in the world are also beginning to recognize this problem and develop innocence projects as a way to address it.

Sofiia Pyshnieva
Sofiia Pyshnieva

Thank you for wrapping up the week! Indeed, fantastic stories and ideas from young men and women from so many countries. Can't wait to join the online discussions on ECOSOC Youth Forum and Summit of the Future ^_^