This issue of JAIDS contains the new UNAIDS analysis of HIV infections among key populations. 

The key messages are:

More than half (55%) of all new HIV infections in 2022 occurred among people from key populations and their sex partners. This represents an increase from 2010 when the estimated proportion was 44%. 

New HIV infections declined by 35% between 2010 and 2022 in the overall 15–49-year-old population, but only by 11% among key populations and sex partners. 

Absolute annual numbers of new infections increased for some key populations, most notably among men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs. 

Stark inequalities continue to exist in the risk of acquiring HIV.

8x   greater for sex workers

22x greater for men who have sex with men

19x greater for transgender women

14x greater for people who inject drugs

Regions where the HIV epidemic primarily impacts key populations have shown no progress in reducing new HIV infections among people 15-49 years.

The full analysis and other related articles can be found here: January 1, 2024 - Volume 95 - Issue 1S : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (



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