This policy brief assesses the emerging responses to the prolific spread of disinformation associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of freedom of expression challenges. It is the companion brief to Disinfodemic: Deciphering COVID-19 disinformation which described the themes, formats and types of responses to what the World Health Organisation (WHO) has called a “massive infodemic”.

The term adopted in this research to describe the falsehoods fuelling the pandemic and its impacts is disinfodemic - because of the huge ‘viral load’ of potentially deadly disinformation that is described by the UN Secretary General as a poison, and humanity’s other “enemy” in this crisis.

In publishing this policy brief, UNESCO seeks to cast light on the challenges and opportunities associated with the urgent need to ‘flatten the curve’ of the disinfodemic, and to offer possible options for action.

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