Welcome to the joint discussion on the joint and complementary contribution to reaching the SDGs, including leaving no one behind.

Please answer any of the below questions (including the question numbers in your response). Feel free to introduce yourself if you wish. We look forward to hearing from you.
 

 

  1. What key lessons have emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic in reaching the SDGs through interagency collaboration and joint work, especially in terms of reducing vulnerabilities and leaving no one behind?
     
  2. How do you see the role of UN agencies evolving in order to reach the SDGs and tackle challenges posed by multidimensional poverty by leaving no one behind?
     
  3. What would enable UN agencies to contribute more effectively to transformational change and better leverage key partners to catalyze change and achieve the global development goals?
     
    1. Please specify which stakeholders and partners in your opinion should be prioritized and the various ways they could be better engaged: multilateral organizations, governments, civil society, private sector, foundations, young people, etc.
       
    2. Please specify how UN agencies can address external constraints and challenges that could potentially hinder progress in the next 10 years.
       

 

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Comments (16)

Natia Cherkezishvili Moderator

Dear contributors,

Welcome to the discussion on Joint and complementary contribution to reaching the SDGs, including leaving no one behind. 

As we know the SDGs landmark agreement provide a framework for action, the capacity to use them to deliver results at the national level depends on various factors, including political mobilization, the allocation of adequate resources and the implementation of effective policies and programmes. Accelerated and concerted support to achieve the SDG-s is gaining momentum, at the same time, we have witnessed that COVID- 19 pandemic had a major impact on those gains. Countries around the world battle the pandemic and its multi-dimensional impacts, social and health impacts are different for men and women requiring provision of dedicated support.  As the year 2030 is just over a decade away, accelerated actions taken today will pave the way to achieve the SDG-s.

The universal nature of the 2030 Agenda responds to the common and interconnected challenges faced by all countries, while the commitment to leaving no one behind seeks to reach the most disadvantaged by building solidarity between them and those who are better-off. Leaving no one behind is a matter of social justice and critical to creating inclusive societies and sustainable economic trajectories.

UN Development System has been supporting governments to achieve gender responsive implementation of the SDG-s with the focus on furthest left behind.

We would welcome your views and suggestions on joint and complementary contribution to reaching the SDG-s including leaving no one behind.

Claudia Vinay Moderator

Dear contributors,

Welcome to week one of this joint global consultation. Looking forward to a lively discussion on how we can best work together for achieving the SDGs and Leave No One Behind (LNOB). The impact of the pandemic and related socio-economic slowdown are likely to set back hard-won development progress. For the first time since it started being calculated in 1990, the Human Development Index will regress. Furthermore, the pandemic is threatening the achievement of the principle of Leave No One Behind. Now more than ever we need to join forces if we are to overcome this shock and achieve the goals and targets that have been set for 2030.

 

Very much looking forward to your contributions!

Geovani Rosas Sandoval

Cordial saludo a todos.

Considero que este es un importante espacio para contribuir, desde nuestras miradas, conocimiento y experiencia, a la construcción colectiva del Plan estratégico 2022 – 2015 de las agencias de la Naciones Unidas.

He seleccionado el grupo de Contribución conjunta y complementaria para alcanzar los ODS, incluido no dejar a nadie atrás, para realizar mis aportes, por mi afinidad con temas de planeación, entre otros, y el conocimiento y experiencia con gobiernos locales, organizaciones y programas de cooperación.

En primer lugar, considero que hay relevantes avances en materia de apropiación de los ODS y por parte de las autoridades y gobiernos nacionales y en lograr que éstos se constituyan en un mandato nacional, al cual están obligados todos los gobiernos locales. La agenda 2030 es garante de este compromiso, los planes de desarrollo nacionales así lo reflejan también; esto indica que hay lineamientos definidos y claridad en la obligatoriedad de su cumplimiento, lo cual es un avance significativo como ya lo he referido.

Sin embargo, es importante destacar que el logro de los 17 ODS no puede ser sólo responsabilidad de los gobiernos, tanto nacionales como locales; se requiere un proceso de apropiación y popularización de los ODS, para que se conviertan en un estilo de vida de cada persona. Desde mi experiencia como consultora para diversos instrumentos de planeación, veo que es posible que los ODS se encuentren atrapados en un lenguaje un poco técnico que en ocasiones, no es comprendido y digerido por los mismos funcionarios de las administraciones locales; puede sorprender, pero muchos secretarios de despacho y funcionarios en general de municipios, no tiene claridad y conocimiento de los ODS y menos aún, comprensión de la capacidad de éstos de convertirse en un factor o medio para lograr el bienestar de su población.

Sobre los entes territoriales, vale mencionar que si bien existe una obligatoriedad en adoptar en sus planes de desarrollo territorial (PDT) los ODS, en la mayoría de casos, por lo menos en el departamento en el cual resido, esta obligación parecer se asume cumplida con el hecho de referir o incluir un párrafo en los planes de desarrollo que relaciona los 17 objetivos. No obstante, no se aprecia en el PDT una articulación y alineación juiciosa con los indicadores de los ODS, por ejemplo, situación que permitiría un monitoreo y seguimiento más efectivo, tanto para el DNP; el conocer los indicadores puede llevar por camino más acertado al momento de alinear sus metas e indicadores con los ODS.

En este mismo sentido, las comunidades, organizaciones locales y población en general, tienen un débil conocimiento y claridad de los ODS, en algunos casos puede ser casi nulo. En otros casos, reconocen haber escuchado mencionarlos; y otros reconocen la importancia de referirlos para participar en algunas convocatorias de proyectos. Sobre este aspecto, considero importante reconocer que el logro de los ODS no debe ser responsabilidad única y exclusiva de los gobiernos, nacional y locales; esta apuesta debe ser un compromiso de todos, ya que es la única manera de obtener logros importantes y de garantizar un aporte importante para cada objetivo y cada indicador; además, porque los ODS pueden estar están relacionados con actividades de la vida diaria de las personas, de las empresas, de las organizaciones. Es menester reconocer también, que algunas iniciativas de carácter privado pueden contribuir en alguna manera al logro de los ODS, y éstas pueden no necesariamente estar incluidas como prioridad en los Planes de desarrollo; es importante entonces definir rutas y mecanismos para reconocerlas como contribuciones al logro de los ODS.

Mis comentarios de la realidad local, sólo tiene un fin: poner en descubierto la necesidad de realizar un análisis actual del estado de los ODS a nivel local y a partir de ahí, definir las estrategias de divulgación, apropiación, medición y monitoreo durante la década restante, para detectar aquellas brechas en las cuales se requiera mayores esfuerzos y hacerlos a tiempo para procurar los mejores resultados en el 2030. Considero de gran importancia el seguimiento a nivel territorial, ya las metas nacionales a final son la suma de las de sus entes territoriales; esta también es una forma de garantizar que nadie se queda atrás, ya que entre entes territoriales es posible que se vean las diferencias y las brechas o rezagos.

Es importante también referir, que la pandemia de la Covid 19 va a tener un impacto negativo en el logro de los ODS, y en todas las metas de los gobiernos en general, y un cambio inesperado en las prioridades de los gobiernos. La pobreza a nivel mundial, luego de la pandemia, es posible que presente un comportamiento negativo; las acciones en materia de salud seguramente se van a enfocar también en temas de gestión del riesgo, ya que ninguna nación estaba preparada para un problema de salud de esta magnitud; en fin, los cambios serán notorios. Pero no por ello todo es negativo, por ejemplo, si la lectura y percepción es de incremento en las cifras de pobreza, puede ser una oportunidad para desde ya generar espacios con los gobiernos de cada país, a fin de revisar y rediseñar las estrategias de combate contra la pobreza y recuperar de forma rápida el rumbo; el uso de las tecnologías de las información y las comunicaciones debe ser un elemento clave en este rediseño, a nivel de asistencia técnica digital con pequeños productores rurales, por ejemplo.

En el actual momento hay que tratar de convertir el problema de salud de la pandemia, en una oportunidad valiosa para rediseñar las estrategias de pobreza y lograr, retomar el rumbo en corto tiempo y de forma rápida. Es indiscutible que algunos ODS pueden rezagarse, y para ello es necesario el monitoreo permanente, con el propósito de determinar en donde se debe realizar mayores esfuerzos; pero también es cierto que la pandemia ha generado y generará acciones en materia de salud y TICs, por ejemplo, no consideradas antes, situación que podemos considerar como una oportunidad, en la pospandemia. 

Cordialmente,

Geovani Rosas Sandoval

Genevieve Boutin Moderator

Geovani, 

I very much appreciate you pointing out the need for localized analysis, recognizing where there is progress, and mitigating as much as possible the regression that could be experienced as a result of COVID. 

Thanks for your contribution,

Genevieve (moderator)

Henia Dakkak

COVID-19 is a threat to achieving SDGs and UN needs to be risk informed and plan accordingly. Unless we take such risks into consideration in our planning and be better prepared we will not progress in achieving the 2030 agenda. 

Genevieve Boutin Moderator

Absolutely agree - the systems at family, community, decentralized and national levels - whether public or private - must become more resilient to shocks. A very important message for the whole UN system. 

 

Lene Aggernaes

It is very clear that in order to reach the SDGs, we need more joint work and collaboration among the four agencies, but also beyond. We must enhance our collective efforts building on each our comparative advantage, in order to make the idea of a ‘one UN’ that is behind the UNSDCFs truly work on the ground. In protracted crises in particular, there is a need to intensify efforts to bridge humanitarian, development and peace work – within our agencies and among UN agencies and wider stakeholders. Preparedness, conflict sensitivity and prevention, resilience strengthening, addressing root causes with a focus on local ownership and capacities and support of peace-building are key words in the nexus approach that should guide our work in these contexts. The OECD DAC Recommendation on the Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus to which the majority of our donors are adherents as well as UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA among others, provides helpful principles for carrying out the nexus approach, which should be the guiding framework for the development of our strategic plans. Donors should be made key partners in facilitating a strengthened nexus approach, not least supporting collective outcomes on the ground. On our part, as adherent agencies, UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA must showcase that we are strengthening our collaboration on the ground to reduce needs and vulnerabilities and building back better.

Natia Cherkezishvili Moderator

Dear Lene,

Thank you for your contribution to the discussion. Indeed, for the accelerated achievement of SDGs there is a need for concerted efforts and enhancing complementarity and joint work based on comparative advantage of UN Agencies. The  strategic planning process provides this opportunity.  Fully agree that this will also support countries in building back better, while paying emphasis and providing targeted support to those groups that are left behind. It will be interesting to learn more on your vision and linkages of humanitarian – development-peace nexus and its contribution to achieving 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development.

Rachel_Scott

Lene raises some excellent points about how UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA (and WFP and IOM - all five are adherents to the DAC Recommendation on the HDP Nexus) can work more closely together, across the humanitarian-development-peace nexus. Indeed, in an increasingly fragile world, we must prioritise work to tackle fragility and crises: given that all three agencies are present before, during and after crises we can engage in prevention, addressing the drivers of fragility, and leading the response and recovery from crises and shocks.  In addition, rather than seeing fragile contexts and crises as anomalies, the three organisations should see these situations as opportunities for rethinking development. Programming needs to be targeted at the highest risks and must be at scale and coherent – fragile contexts are no places for business as usual.

Our external and internal consultations towards UNDP's new Framework for Development Solutions in Crises have highlighted the following issues as key in fragile contexts, to leave no one behind and work towards sustainable peace in this decade for action. None of these things can be achieved by one agency alone - we will need to work together, and with others especially civil society and the donor community, to deliver solutions to these very wicked problems:

Broken social contract: Fragile contexts are not delivering hope and the prospect of better lives. UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA can play a key role: ensuring that conflict sensitivity drives programme design; reinforcing social cohesion, accountability and state-society relations; building institutional capacity for mediation and dialogue; delivering quick wins; and using digital solutions to help build trust. This will create dilemmas: how to work with governments that are not perceived as legitimate, when and where to engage with civil society, when to focus at national level and when to go local, how to promote citizen engagement – and how to deal with protests and social unrest.

Growing inequality poses a challenge to Agenda 2030 and human development. Recovering the losses caused by Covid-19 will be difficult in fragile contexts, especially for women and the most vulnerable. Programming should aggressively target the poorest of the poor and the socio-economic consequences of Covid-19, with a stronger focus on gender equality and women’s empowerment.

Youth: Youth bear the brunt of fragility, with limited access to education – especially for girls, and exacerbated by COVID-19 school closures – limiting the ability to gain the skills and knowledge required for productive lives. Youth are more likely to be under- or un-employed, or in the informal sector, and the lack of decent work is a key factor in migration decisions. Youth are also left out of social cohesion schemes and are at risk of recruitment into crime or armed groups, and trafficking.

Fragile cities: By 2030, 48% of people in fragile contexts are expected to live in cities. Urban dynamics, especially rapid unregulated urbanisation, change how fragility is experienced - including population growth, inequality, segregation, informal settlements, and ethnical and political tensions; and can lead to violence, increased disaster risk and ungovernable spaces. Organized crime and state repression can become intertwined. Responses will also require rethinking the role of private and social sectors.

Thinking and working politically: Delivering results in fragile contexts is inherently political. UNDP is well placed to play a political role and as the bridge between the political and the technical to support the other agencies, however there are risks – e.g. being too closely associated with one political party, or one party to the conflict. UNDP will need to set out clearer guidance on organisational “cover” for engaging politically, especially given the context post UN reform.

Governance deficit: A targeted approach to governance in fragile contexts may be required, including (i) how to build and not substitute capacity in low-capacity fragile contexts, and how to be strategically patient especially when key civil service posts are purged post-elections, and where there are no budget allocations for salaries, (ii) how to work with governments that have limited domestic credibility, (iii) how to decide when to work locally vs nationally, and (iv) alternative models to deliver quality services while capacity is being built.

Economic stability: A functioning economy provides the means for a stable and sustainable future. These three agencies, particularly UNDP, can support with capacity, at the meso and micro level: public financial management, fighting corruption and increasing accountability, paying salaries, supporting resource mobilisation (taxes etc), and greening, decentralising, formalising and expanding the economy.

Transborder and regional trends, e.g. pollution, water management, migration, trafficking and crime can have a significant impact on fragility. From the Horn of Africa, to the Sahel, to the Northern Triangle (Central America), the three organisations can leverage our regional presence, experience and knowledge to target, analyse and address these regional and transborder drivers of fragility. Border districts and cross border programmes are already part of our toolkit; this good work could be expanded.

Climate change and natural resources degradation are major drivers of fragility, and can lead to migration, violence, and conflict. Extreme events are becoming more frequent and impact more contexts. We are uniquely placed to understand and respond to the complex, multi-dimensional effects of climate change, from governance of natural resources, to preparedness, adaptation and recovery, and across the nexus of climate change, security and sustaining peace.

Digitalisation. In an increasingly digitalised world, leaving no one behind can benefit from the digital revolution, including in fragile and crisis contexts. This could include harnessing the richness of social media, better use of satellite technology, and mobile data, and appropriate technology solutions adapted to fragile contexts. In addition, we could claim a bigger role in the digital space by investing more in analysing our own data, rather than relying on third party analysis.

Crisis recovery: UNDP is well positioned to anchor post-crisis recovery efforts in support of governments and societies, building on our experience, partnerships on post-shock assessments, durable solutions, and HDP nexus approaches. This should build on our partnerships with humanitarian actors and on the excellent work also being done by UNICEF and UNFPA across the HDP nexus - we should always be working on these wicked problems together.... no one actor can provide an effective solution alone. 

There is excellent regular dialogue already between UNFPA, IOM, UNICEF, WFP and UNDP, both on practical approaches to the HDP Nexus and on global policy, and great forums for positive interaction with donors, through the DAC Recommendation on the HDP Nexus.  It will be important to prioritise and create greater visibility for these joined up approaches to the HDP nexus in the upcoming strategic plans. 

Godha Bapuji

Civil Society Organisations and grassroots work must be initiated, encouraged, and collaborated with. The UN has produced many vital resolutions but these do not typically find a place on the everyday dining table where mindsets are being shaped. These are not seen at schools and universities. So in my experience working at the grassroots level I would suggest that we expand strategies to engage more broadly and easily with  stakeholders bottom up. This is where change can begin. We must act with urgency and agility of a 21st organization but with the wisdom of 19th organisation. 

Geovani Rosas Sandoval

Totalmente de acuerdo, creo que hay que bajar ese lenguaje de los ODS, hacerlo más comprensible y construir alianzas de abajo hacia arriba. Es muy importante la articulación entre las Agencias de la Naciones Unidas, y creo que es algo que se debe mejorar sin duda alguna, pero más allá es indispensable lograr aliados en el territorio, en la base con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil y fortalecer las capacidades de los gobiernos locales. 

Para contribuir a la discusión, por ejemplo, considero importante comentar que el pasado 2 de enero se divulgó de forma amplia en los medios de comunicación en Colombia, la expedición de un acto administrativo del Ministerio del ambiente, mediante la cual se insta a todos los colombianos a utilizar bolsas de diferente color para la separación de las basuras domésticas; sin embargo, esta publicidad en ninguna parte indica que con esta acción contribuimos al logro de los ODS y los ciudadanos del común nunca van a saber que cada uno separando desde casa puede contribuir a ello. Estas acciones de apropiación y divulgación creo que son necesarias, para no quedarnos en un lenguaje elevado y técnico que la gente del común a veces no comprende.         

Dan Perell

Thanks to everyone for the views already expressed. One lesson that COVID-19 has unfortunately demonstrated is that even in the context of dire circumstances and common threats, effective action can be undermined by organizational disunity and rivalry. Beneficial collaboration among UN agencies will therefore require that explicit and conscious measures be taken to counteract the sometimes inherent tendencies towards competition (for funding, information, agenda-setting, and the like). Those qualities which we have seen so effective in the field--values of solidarity, mutual support, and perhaps even sacrifice on behalf of others--will need to be applied to the agencies’ own functioning and relationships. It should also be noted that some of these operational elements, such as certain aspects of budgeting, unfold at levels above the agencies themselves, and it will fall to the Secretariat itself to foster an operational environment reflecting one common movement forward and not a loose collection of disconnected entities.     

In the work of achieving the SDGs, and particularly alleviating multidimensional poverty, a key partner is the local communities themselves, including those with limited financial resources. Material wealth is often equated, in practice, with greater capacity in general. Extreme poverty of course imposes numerous limitations, and must be eradicated on both pragmatic and moral grounds. Yet financial capacity is *not* synonymous with the human capacity needed to advance constructive social transformation. There is no guarantee, for example, that those living in affluence take any active role in the betterment of humankind. Conversely, the efforts that those who are materially impoverished to assist their communities are certainly not without significance or impact. A key area of learning, then, must be how policies and programs can be implemented in ways that recognize the capacity of all populations to contribute to the advancement of humanity. How can UN agencies go about their work in ways that recognize around them a world filled with billions of protagonists of constructive change? How, in practical terms, will efforts under such a paradigm differ from those undertaken when the generality of humanity was seen primarily through the lens of deprivation and need? These are questions that demand deep and honest consideration.

Solome Zemene

UN Agencies come with diverse mandates putting the UN Development System in a unique position to respond to the multifaceted nature of the pandemic in an integrated fashion. The UN’s wealth of experience on humanitarian and emergency preparedness, response and recovery is a strong factor to take into consideration and to be adequately explored to the COVID 19 response. The global initiatives on humanitarian, health and socio-economic response are platforms to address the vast array of issues resulting from the pandemic. The socio-economic response plans and the UN wide effort for gender integration is an aspect to build on facilitating national response. Linkages of such response to the SDGs is an aspect that should continue to be encouraged as it would allow to respond to the pandemic and work towards long-term development plans simultaneously.

While urgency of the response to COVID 19 is recognized, streamlined approaches to setting a common situation and vulnerability analysis; relevance and quality of priorities identified; optimal use of limited resources; improved coordination of efforts especially on the UN’s approach towards donors are areas that need more work. Rapid monitoring of progress with few key agreed indicators and a very light lessons learned exercise will facilitate continuous learning and improved response. Investment on innovative approaches and private sector engagement are a priority to address funding constraints. The UN should also be open to active engagement and partnerships with other stakeholders such as Civil Society for an impactful response.  

Bethany Brown

This has been a rich discussion, and I'm so glad to see so much discussion of the inclusion of community perspectives. (Thanks Godha's and Dan!) This is particularly relevant for the inclusion of persons with disabilities, whose participation in public life is a core tenet of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (the CRPD).

It also serves as a guide for the implementation of the SDGs by providing a rights perspective to the inclusion of persons with disabilities, in the pursuit to ‘leave no one behind’. With the CRPD, states parties undertake to “ensure that persons with disabilities can effectively and fully participate in political and public life on an equal basis with others,” actively promoting an environment in which persons with disabilities can participate (Link here, Article 29).

This requires outreach to, and engagement with organizations of persons with disabilities, and prioritization. Persons with disabilities and their representative organizations must be included in planning and prioritization for the SDG’s.

Such participatory consultation is already a part of the “full and effective implementation” of the Quadrennial comprehensive policy review of operational activities for development of the United Nations system (Link here), and its call for implementation of the UN Disability Inclusion Strategy (UNDIS) (Link here).

The report of the SG on UNDIS shows that at baseline, the UN system has much room to improve (Link here). If participating agencies want their work to leave no one behind, implementing the already-established UNDIS is an organic way to ensure that agencies’ internal work and programmes do not leave persons with disabilities behind.

As I mentioned in another discussion, persons with disabilities, like many of those furthest behind, may not yet be included in official data and statistics. Without that, basic poverty measures for persons with disabilities, much less multidimensional ones, are hard to discern.

In the absence of national or official data, or as a compliment to it, persons with disabilities should be included in grassroots community data. The Disability data Advocacy toolkit (Link here) offers examples of citizen-generated data and the Leave No One Behind data platform. The platform’s goal is to make SDG implementation more inclusive and accountable towards those who are furthest behind in society.

I'd echo Solome's call for the UN to be open to civil society. We know that the SDG’s cannot be reached without the active participation of persons with disabilities and their representative organizations.

Thomas Bannister

Thank you for the opportunity to comment. Id just like to build on what others have said in this discussion and across the consultation, to very briefly raise the importance of engaging with volunteering, volunteerism and volunteer groups to LNOB.

Over the past year, the pandemic has highlighted how quickly LNOB gains can be lost. However, it has also shown how people everywhere - through volunteering - have played an essential role in supporting the most marginalized and vulnerable. Going forward, the UN can consider how it can build on these lessons to support civic engagement, community participation and bottom-up self-organizing in ways that build ownership and help those furthest behind. As long as it reflects the values that underpin the SDGs, volunteering can be integrated into efforts to tackle widening inequalities and build ownership. This doesn’t just mean engaging volunteers to extend essential services to the most marginalized. It also means supporting volunteering to address aspirations gaps, encourage social mobility and help those furthest behind recognize their own self-worth. For example, UNV has introduced new volunteering opportunities at the community level and in refugee groups, and has also been working with UNDP, UNHCR and the Government of Serbia on promoting the social inclusion of Roma youth through volunteering. Another example is UNICEF's work in Jordan on the National Youth Volunteering and Engagement Movement to reach vulnerable youth, or in Nicaragua, which strengthened its capacity to rapidly identify community needs and community-based solutions to child rights issues during the COVID-19 pandemic

As others have noted in the consultation, supporting volunteering to promote LNOB should also go beyond creating targeted schemes or organization-based opportunities to addressing the 70% of global volunteering that is done by informal volunteers. These volunteers are often essential to the day to day running of communities but are rarely considered or supported by development actors. Here there is great potential to tackle some of the root causes of inequalities that hold back SDG progress but we really need new evidence and innovative models that take into account the costs and benefits of informal volunteering to help us determine how we can support, encourage or reform informal volunteering practices. A relevant example that comes to mind (an estimated 60% of informal volunteering is done by women) is the really interesting work done by UNFPA with their ‘School for Husbands’ Initiative in Niger.

UNV has been exploring these themes over the past few years, and if you are interested you could have a look at the following;

Thanks!

 

Emilie Filmer Wilson Moderator

Dear Colleagues,

 

As we are reaching the end of this discussion, I would like to bring to the fore two critical questions that we see as key enablers for our joint efforts to address the principle of LNOB:

1. What tools/methodologies are being used to assess who is left behind? One of the challenges many COs face is that there are a lot of groups that are left behind- how to prioritise? how to distinguish between who is left behind and who is the furthest behind and therefore should be a priority of our programme? 

2. Data has been identified as a key obstacle and enabler for efforts to LNOB. We see with COVID, a challenge has been the lack of data on certain groups which makes it hard to identify how they are being impacted by the pandemic. How have agencies, together or separately found ways to address the data gap, particularly in the context of COVID?

 

It would be great to hear any last reflectsions from experiences of colleagues on these two questions.

with thanks,

Emilie


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