Discussion
11 Oct - 8 Nov 2021

Engagement with the Youth and Women of the Sahel

Thank you for joining the Sahel conversations. Please note that the discussion room will be open and run from October 11th. In the meantime, please watch the short introduction on the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS) and familiarize yourself with the platform.

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Welcome to the discussion room

From the context of your country, kindly provide your comments and remarks on the following questions:

  1. What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?
     
  2. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel? 
     
  3. How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel? 
     
  4. How can youth, women and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel? 

 

Note that UNISS six priority areas are:

six priority areasLine

 

Comments (195)

Giovanie Biha Moderator

My fellow Sisters and Brothers of the Sahel,

I am very pleased and quite enthusiastic in moderating WEEK 2 of the “Voices from the Sahel – Conversations, Visions and Solutions” where Sahelian youth and women themselves are at the center stage of the conversations to find a sustainable way forward to solving the many challenges in the region. I am taking over my colleague Mar Dieye, who has moderated the first week of these conversations, and he set the bar quite high! In addition, the lively, thoughtful and innovative ideas that emerged from this first week discussions are planting the seeds for a renewed and transformative partnership with the people of the Sahel.

I am Giovanie Biha, a child of Burundi, a country between Central and East Africa that is not part of the Sahel but that shares many of its features/realities at the political, socio-economic and cultural levels, so I can relate! Most of my career at the United Nations in the field is the West Africa and Sahel region, which also gives me another reason for being quite invested in the ascent of the region and its youth towards a greater and brighter future. I am a Sahelian at heart!

I recently joined as Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS – EN, FR), a special political mission based in Dakar with the overall responsibility for fostering peace and preventing conflicts in the sub-region. We support countries and regional institutions in West Africa and the Sahel in their efforts to address multiple challenges related to peace and security.

I wanted to take the time to explain a bit the mission so that you get an idea of what we do and to understand where I intend to go with you during this week. Development is indeed quite important but without sustainable peace and security, development will not strive. And there is no more denying that women and youth are the conduit to sustaining peace.

We know that women and youth are essential to identifying durable and inclusive political solutions that can lead to sustainable peace. Through our good offices and advocacy, we promote the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on Women Peace and Security (EN, FR) as well as UN Security Council Resolution 2250 (2015) on Youth Peace and Security (EN, FR), and subsequent resolutions. Thus, we are working towards the large participation of women and youth in all peace processes and conflict prevention and resolution efforts as well as in decision-making bodies and platforms. Much has been achieved thus far and many mechanisms have been put in place but we, as the people, are still not getting there.

My Dear young Sahelians, Dear colleagues,

I followed keenly last week’s discussions and saw the readiness and agility in the Youth to transform this region. So many excellent ideas to tap-from and leverage. Indeed, if there is any better time to have direct engagement with the people of the Sahel, it is now. If there are any particular population groups to directly exchange with, it is you – the young people and women of the Sahel. I strongly believe that this Consultation is not a one-off. The spirit demonstrated already in WEEK ONE by you all, shows that we need more of such open and frank discussions.

Now let’s discuss, let’s talk, let’s voice our concerns on these very instructive themes of the Conversation:

  1. What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?  Here, I want you to demonstrate pragmatics, tell us why the UN should prioritize the particular priority and how?
  2. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel? Here, tell us about strategies?
  3. How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel? Here, illustrate with best practices in your respective communities. What models, can you recommend to the UN?
  4. How can youth, women, and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience, and peacebuilding in the Sahel? Tell us in practical terms the type of partnership you wish to see between your country government and youths. Give us examples of existing partnerships as well.

I leave it up to you to share your views while keeping in mind the Peace-Security-Development nexus that we cannot bypass. The floor is given to you! Please don’t miss this opportunity.

I look forward to reading you and being enlightened with your refreshing ideas!

Giovanie

Ashu Hailshamy

Dear DSRSG, 

Thank you for the great message and for recognizing the important role of young people and women in transforming this great region. We, the young people and women of this region are ever ready to engage in discussions that focus on the future, such as this one. We are ready and able to change the negative narrative shown to the world about the Sahel. The first place to start, is recognition of the important role we can play, which you rightly did. The second, will be actualizing the recognition. For example, what does it mean to listen to the voices of young people from the Sahel? What does it mean to the Governments of the region and to the United Nations system.

How will/can the United Nations transform these excellent contributions into visible/tangible action points such that in a few years to come, the young people & women who made the contributions in this forum, can/will feel satisfied that indeed, their voices in October 2021, helped to formulate, change and transformed certain key areas of concern in the region - Sahel.

Thank you

Ashu

Giovanie Biha Moderator

Cher Ashu Hailshamy,
Tu as posé des questions très pertinentes . Comment s’assurer que toutes les contributions seront effectivement prises en compte dans nos programmes, nos partenariats sur le Sahel , etc .. 
Quelques suggestions : (a) Que cette plateforme ne soit pas limitée à ces échanges d’un mois, mais qu’elle puisse continuer d’une façon ou d’une autre pour rendre compte des actions qui ont été prises, qu’elle devienne une plateforme élargie qui touche beaucoup de jeunes et femmes du Sahel ; (b) que les nouvelles idées et propositions faites soient prises en compte dans la stratégie intégrée des Nations Unies pour le Sahel; (c) que ces échanges soient également partagés sur d’autres réseaux des acteurs  et partenaires opérant au Sahel afin qu’ils puissent nourrir les autres stratégies sur le Sahel .


Je souhaite également que les jeunes et femmes du Sahel puissent partager leurs idées sur cette question essentielle .
Giovanie

Ashu Hailshamy

Merci beaucoup Cher DSRSG Giovanie Biha pour votre réponse.

Marie YAP -NJENG II

Quelles priorités du Plan Sahel des Nations Unies sont les plus pertinentes dans votre contexte et pourquoi,

Je voudrais encore une fois de plus  m’excuser pour une raison de santé advenue au moment où je m’y attendais le moins, alors que j’étais déjà intégrée dans le groupe. Cela dit, et pour répondre à la première question je dirai que les questions de paix et de sécurité sont d’une priorité certaine en ce moment  pour le Cameroun qui fait face à de nombreuses menaces de ce point de vue.

Effet la nébuleuse de la secte Boko Haram sévit au Nord jusqu’à la frontière avec le Nigéria voisin, et à l’Est jusqu’à la frontière avec la Centrafrique.  Tout ceci entraine d’énorme  pertes sur le plan humain, économique et social, entrainant des flux énormes de refugié(e)s.  Tout ceci entraine les violences basées sur le genre, l’école pour les jeunes est au ralenti…

En outre le la guerre entre les groupes séparatistes du Nord-Ouest (limitrophe avec le Nigéria, donc Sahel en quelque sorte)  et Sud – Ouest (NOSO) Cameroun partie des revendications corporatistes depuis bientôt 4 ans fait des ravages avec des tueries.  Les pertes en vies humaines se comptent par milliers, aussi bien du côté civil que forces de défense de sécurité camerounaise. Les infrastructures sont détruites, l’économie est en nette  régression, la gouvernance à tout point de vue prend un coup… Donc à mon avis la priorité pour le Cameroun de de régler ces questions qui me semblent importantes.

 

Je voudrais encore une fois de plus  m’excuser pour une raison de santé advenue au moment où je m’y attendais le moins, alors que j’étais déjà intégrée dans le groupe. Cela dit, et pour répondre à la première question je dirai que les questions de paix et de sécurité sont d’une priorité certaine en ce moment  pour le Cameroun qui fait face à de nombreuses menaces de ce point de vue.

Effet la nébuleuse de la secte Boko Haram sévit au Nord jusqu’à la frontière avec le Nigéria voisin, et à l’Est jusqu’à la frontière avec la Centrafrique.  Tout ceci entraine d’énorme  pertes sur le plan humain, économique et social, entrainant des flux énormes de refugié(e)s.  Tout ceci entraine les violences basées sur le genre, l’école pour les jeunes est au ralenti…

En outre le la guerre entre les groupes séparatistes du Nord-Ouest (limitrophe avec le Nigéria, donc Sahel en quelque sorte)  et Sud – Ouest (NOSO) Cameroun partie des revendications corporatistes depuis bientôt 4 ans fait des ravages avec des tueries.  Les pertes en vies humaines se comptent par milliers, aussi bien du côté civil que forces de défense de sécurité camerounaise. Les infrastructures sont détruites, l’économie est en nette  régression, la gouvernance à tout point de vue prend un coup… Donc à mon avis la priorité pour le Cameroun de de régler ces questions qui me semblent importantes.

 

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Dear Youth and Women of the Sahel,

         Welcome to this first ever Conversation between the United Nations and peoples of the Sahel on this platform.

         I am Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, United Nations Special Coordinator for the Development in the Sahel with the responsibility of coordinating the UN’s development agenda according to the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel and its Support Plan. I am a Sahelian too, and as a child of the Sahel, I feel particularly concerned by the vast challenges we are confronted with as a people.

         Yet, the challenges we face as Sahelians are not insurmountable. Even though some are natural as it pertains to the unique geographic location of the region, a vast majority of the problems are man-made. Man-made problems are solvable, but require extreme commitment and dedication, from all. As such, we have to think about these challenges and find pragmatic ways to solve them. One of the ways of doing this, is through dialogue – direct conversations with the people of the Sahel, including with the most energetic, - the youth and women of the region.

         It is therefore with great pleasure that I am happy to inform you that I will be with you all this week to directly engage with you in this conversation. Jointly we would explore the opportunities and the challenges of development in the Sahel. It is on this basis, that I now officially launch this discussions, ‘Voices of the Sahel Conversations, Visions and Solutions’ and invite you to start responding to the four questions post on the Dashboard.

         Please, feel free to respond in any language of your choice (French or English). This platform will automatically translate it. 

         Dear Friends, this Conversation is about the Sahel and the Sahelians. So let’s talk, let’s be frank and innovative, push the boundaries a little bit, think out of the box and come up with our suggestions on how to build the Sahel collectively for the present and the next generations.

         I shall be responding to your views/reactions/comments and feedback. I look forward to a stimulating, interesting and exciting conversations on these topics.


Warmest regards,
Mar

 

Samuel Adunreke

Dear Sir @Mar DIEYE, Thank you for this meaningful engagement. It is an opportunity for stakeholders to bore mind on the prospects to the development of the Sahel. 

As a Sahelian, we have an ultimate focus and target to Sustainable Development and Regional Integration of the Sahelian region.

Primary in the areas of Focus of The Sahel on Climate Action, Renewable Energy, women participation our region needs Transformational leadership that engenders a multi-stakeholder framework by adapting locally led solutions to addressing the challenges in the Sahel. However it is imperative that a peaceful coexistence of people from the Sahel be kept paramount and above all discussions yet as the low hanging fruit where every other meaningful thought processeses or dialogue can take its front. Hence the need for proper orientation.

Looking forward to meaningful engagement from experts and colleagues

Ahmed Abdulkadir

Hello everyone,

Greetings from Northeastern Nigeria. My name is Abdulkadir Ahmed, I am the team lead of Team MUDA that created a blended online and offline community learning platform for young boys and girls from marginalized communities across NorthEastern Nigeria to access basic foundational skills as well as life skills for them to build resilience, be productive and active economic agents.

 I am super excited to be here and also have the opportunity to voice out my perspective on pressing issues impacting the Northeastern Nigeria and by extension the Sahel Region.

Can we achieve Sustainable development without Education? for me the answer is definitely NO. In Nigeria the statistics shows that over 10million young people between the ages of 14-24 are not in any form of school and without necessary skills required for them productive and active economic agents.

This gives rooms for violence to thrive as violent extremist easily recruit vulnerable youth into theirs ideology, a threat to achieving a peaceful sahel and when there is no peace we cannot achieve meaningful and sustainable development.

Young people and women must be empowered with access to relevant and quality education in ways that best work for them for them to be able to build resilience and contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel.

And this can be achieved when they we digitally connected, digitally literate and have access to electricity.

Unusa Karimu Esq.

Thank you Mr. Moderator for the brilliant opening speech, I must say this project  is a wonderful initiative and huge mile stone for the Sahel Region. We now know there is someone somewhere not only sharing in our problems but effectively looking for solutions to the issues affecting our region.

Dear people of the Sahel Region let us standup tall and in a united voice accept this wonderful initiative and support it by actively participating in the one month dialogue and exchanges and beyond.

My name is Unusa Karimu; a lawyer and Human Rights advocate. I’m from the pastoralists communities just like all other communities that have suffered with severity from the issues like conflict, drought, unemployment, under education, adverse effect of climate change, cross border conflict just to name a few. I welcome this project as a timely and appropriate initiative with numerous expectations.

My expectations are diverse and many just like the many issues affecting the region. First of all I expect that at end of this dialogue, interaction or conversation we shall be able to identified all the issues affecting the region and catalogue them in a single document with proposed solutions from us the affected persons/communities.

I also expect effective participation in the ongoing dialogue and collaboration from all the stakeholders, communities and resource persons/leaders in the course of addressing the issues identified and making the Sahel region a place to be.

I expect that at the end of this conversation we the representatives of the communities have a clear understanding of the UNISS program, its vision and mission. The role we are expected to play and how to effectively play the role.

I equally expect that the project shall take an all-inclusive formula in all the phases of implementation. This shall guarantee access to all the places and to communities in the region that badly need the project.

I expect that there shall be capacity building for community leaders and stakeholders who shall be in the field during the implementation of the project. Building their capacity is important for resource management, monitoring and effective participation in all the phases of the project.

We also expect to have a Sahel forum meeting annually where we can exchange ideas and experiences from the field.

I expect that if there are employment opportunities; fellowships/ research and studies during the implementation of the phases of the project in the field; people from the region should be considered as way for them to work for their communities that they know better than all.

I expect that a need assessment be done particularly on the issues affecting women and the girl child in the region as the most vulnerable in the communities and address them as a special aspect within the project.

I expect our youths to grab this opportunity and effectively participate in the project and build a future for them through education, vocational training and business.

I expect that Sahel goes green by the end of the program which shall be the most beautiful dream ever to be realized.

I also expect that the project shall accompany us in building strong local organizations that take over when the funders and others must have gone.

My last point is an expectation and a plea to all the governments of the Sahel region to support the project and the people of Sahel.

Thank you Sahel it is the time to work for you!

Unusa Karimu

Board Chairperson

MBOSCUDA Cameroon

Ashu Hailshamy

Dear Special Coordinator, Dear friends of the Sahel,

       I must say, It is indeed a great pleasure for me to be part of this conversations on the Sahel.

         My name is Ashu Hailshamy from Cameroon, I am a Lawyer and currently, I work for the Office of the Special Coordinator for Development in the Sahel (OSCS) as Program Officer. Often times, in articulating ways of solving the problems of youth and women at local, national and global stage, we are rarely consulted about such discussions, irrespective of the fact that decisions affect our lives. It is on this basis that I particularly find this maiden conversations between the United Nations and us (youth and women) of the Sahel fascinating as it seeks to hear our voices as young people.

        It is good to see that, the UN has invited us to directly engage with us. I am positive that  our voices and contributions during this period as young Sahelians, will significantly contribute to building a more developed, peaceful and prosperous Sahel.

Thank you.

Ashu

 

Elodie Atsou

Hello, my name is Ms. Elodie Atsou. I work for the Office of the Special Coordinator for Development in the Sahel!

As a youth and a young woman, I am happy to know that our voices actually count at the decision-making table, because any decision made for youth without youth is against the youth. This is my belief.

It is within this premise that I recently led the latest UNISS Newsletter of the Office (The Griot – No.3) that highlights the transformative actions of youth in the Sahel; available here in French : https://unis-sahel.org/2021/08/10/read-in-french/ and English : https://unis-sahel.org/2021/08/10/read-in-english

Who else is better than us to talk about what we want?

So let's take this opportunity to be heard. Let’s utilize this opportunity to anchor our voices.

Looking forward to reading from you all.

Isha S. JOBE

This is very well put dear Elodie: 'any decision made for youth without youth is against the youth' and I second that. So it is up to us to make our voices count as the UN has opened up at the highest level to hear what we have to say directly! 

Teslem Meissa

hello sir, before i start responding, i would like to thank you for this great opportunity that represents an opened door to a bright future, where everyone will be heard and will benefit from others speechs.

I am Teslem Meissa, from Mauritania, student at Nouakchott's University doing Master in economic analyses, and fouder of saha café "coffe made by date's kernel".

Being from a country known for its wealth in ressource, a country full of various economic ressources such as "fish, gold, iron, date...ect), yet still import its need from exterior, import some product made by its raw material. 

it's therefore the context of social economy is the most relevant to my context, seeing the countries of Sahel cooperated, associated, and coolaborated  for the solidarity and social utility, because it's all what Sahel needs to be independant economicly, crate its own wealth by having a part of international Market. since each country of Sahel has a valuable ressource, imagine just how our economy wil be if all those ressources are associated and well managed for a purpose "develloping Sahel".

when will we see sahel united as one ? not devided each one of them working for itself. when will we undersand that together we stand, and devided we fall? 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Teslem

Greetings!

by founding the Saha Cafe, you showed that with innovation and determination we can transform any challenge into an opportunity !

well, listening to you  gave me an inspiration.

when we organize the Sahel  Youth Annual Meeting , as suggested by most of you , we can also organize a " trade fair" to show case innovative products by young sahelian like you !!!!

Best & keep it up. Mar.

 

Teslem Meissa

Mar DIEYE 

indeed, african youth are creators and innovators they just miss the encouragment and the opportunity to expose their dids. hope that this conversation will help us, espacially women to reveals ourselves, stop closing on ourselves, and being shy. it's time to show how women can contribute in the economic devellopment of a coutry.

Ramatu Abdu

Teslem Meissa 

Very important to engage Youths in the Sahel they are the leaders of Tommorow and holds the future

Jean Providence

Let's spread the word to all Sahelian youth and women!

To the Office of the Special Coordinator, we are grateful to see key stakeholders voicing their perspectives for impact in the Sahel region.

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Dear Unusa

Your  opening remarks are fabulous !!!!!!

in fact you are showing us the way forward!!!!

You truly embody my expectations of the " can do " and " will do" attitude of the Sahelians.

I buy your very  practical propositions ;

A  Sahel  Annual Forum

An all inclusive formula in implementing the UNISS

Cooperation of the Sahel Countries: United we will stand !!!!!! and we will conquer !!!

Cheers! and we will continue this conversation

Mar.

 

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Dear Ashu

i like the energy & drive U R infusing in these conversations

Mar

Ashu Hailshamy

Thank you very much Chief. The Sahel really needs the unique energy of the youth and women to propel meaningful development and prosperity in the region. With the steady leadership and guidance from our seniors, we are sure to transform the Sahel to be the Sahel of our dreams

Nwanne

This is the start of a conversation to hear directly from the youth, women and people of the Sahel! What is the Sahel of your dreams? How can young people and women contribute to shaping the Sahel that we all want and desire. Let your voice be heard. Contribute to the shaping of the future of the Sahel. Join in the conversation. Your voice is powerful!

Dominique Kabeya

Bonjour à tous et toutes,

Excellente initiative qui va à coup sûr permettre aux forces vives du Sahel d’échanger autour des enjeux et défis du développement de la région, ainsi proposer les pistes idoines des solutions. Aussi, ces échanges interviennent à un moment où le rôle de la jeunesse entant qu’acteur et moteur et du développement n’est plus à démontrer, comme l’a attesté le récent sommet Afrique - France. Je promets de revenir avec plus de propositions et réflexions au cours de cette semaine. Attendez-vous à plus de provocations de ma part.

Merci une fois de plus pour les initiateurs de ce forum et plateforme de conversations.   

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Teslem

i like and second your clarion call :

 

" when will we see sahel united as one ? not devided each one of them working for itself. when will we undersand that together we stand, and devided we fall? "

i agree with yiu & Unusa.

 

Mar

 

Mounina Ba

Mounina Ba, je suis femme du Sahel travaillant pour le Bureau du Coordonnateur Spécial pour le Développement au Sahel.

Les jeunes constituent un potentiel de développement énorme. De fait, une inclusion significative des jeunes est essentielle pour atteindre les objectifs de développement durable. Cependant, les praticiens du développement sont souvent confrontés à cette tâche difficile :

Comment intégrer les jeunes dans les programmes, les instruments et les activités quotidiennes pour passer de la politique à la pratique.

Profitez-vous les jeunes de cette plateforme de discussion pour vous faire entendre et ressortir des idées transformatrices du Sahel.

Ramatu Abdu

Thank You moderator

I am Ramatu Abdu the coordinator of the Association for the welfare of women and indigenous people ASOWWIP.Am a teacher by profession and a PhD Fellow.I work with women and for the Rights of Women.

The engagement of Sahelian Women is very very important especially Peace Processes at all level.Women are medium of peace and are mother's sisters wives aunt etc.Women are very peaceful and can be very good mediators of conflicts in Peace perspectives.

Also a Genuine Dialogue which involve 2 conflicting parties is very very necessary in Peace processes.This is bringing the 2 parties on the table with international organizations as mediators will go a long way to end conflicts in the Sahel.

Womens engagement in income generating activities and access to education is a great step to Development and sustainability.This is also going to pave a way for women voices to be heard

 

Women engagement in agriculture especially farming and rearing of cattles with innovative methods which  will protect the environment and raise revenues to the women will reduce Gender Based violence in communities

 

 

 

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

The UN in the Sahel has started with this Virtual Table where voices of young people and women are and should be heard. Keep the momentum!. Thank you Ramatu

Hawa TRAORE

Hello everyone, it is a pleasure for me to take part of this  high-level debate and an honor to have Mr. Dièye as moderator of this theme that deeply affects young people and women in the Sahel.

Hawa TRAORE

First i 'd like to introduce myself , I'm Hawa TRAORE, working as Program Executive Assistant focused on program coordination, fund raising and inter-partnership coordination.

 

As far as the 1st question  is concerned : 

 

For me, the most relevant priority of UN plan for Sahel is : Promoting inclusive and equitable growth and increasing access to basic quality services. Why :

 

As you surely know,  Africa is experiencing higher economic growth levels and well-being over the years, but insecurity, growing inequalities in different aspects of life, natural and human-made disasters persist in many parts of the continent.

 

Nelson Mandela, shortly after becoming the first democratically elected president of South Africa, spoke to both his countrymen and women—indeed, for Africans everywhere—when he declared, “We must work together to ensure the equitable distribution of wealth, opportunity and power in our society.” This statement illustrates the need to link peace-building with social inclusion, balanced power relations, the fight against all forms of discrimination, and the promotion of regional solidarity and integration.

 

So, the most relevant solution is to  create new social contract to address the gaps and to reinforce social protection to touch the middle classes.

 

Jean Providence

Hawa, I like your perspective, very rich.
I am trying to figure out how to put your ideas into actions. Would you please explain what you mean by social contracts and how these can be translated into pragmatic interventions to solve issues in the Sahel?

Thank you so much

Hawa TRAORE

Jean Providence 

Thanks a lot Jean for your comment and your reply.

By social contract, I mean the commitment of governments to their populations in terms of social support in the field of Basic Social Services (Health, Education) and other related services

Hawa TRAORE

It is also applied from population towards the government by respecting the payment of fiscal charges and other taxes so that the governments are able to ensure the minimum service in terms of Basic Social Services to its population.

Hawa TRAORE

According to the 2nd question :  How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel?

We must first strengthen the security and economic resilience of young people and women.

We know that violent extremism is largely fueled by exclusion, lack of opportunity, human rights violations and lack of trust in state authorities, including in the security forces. People without income or education join extremist groups faster than others.

Ashu Hailshamy

I could not agree more, Hawa. On point.

Well said!

True, when people are excluded, they feel left behind. And that is why the guiding principle of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is ensuring that whilst we deploy a plethora of actions to implement the Goals, we should at every material moment ensure that No One is Left Behind - LNoB. This is Key.

Gauging from that it will mean that the best way to ensure that young people and women contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel is to ensure that they are not left behind. Development actors including Governments must provide resourceful opportunities for them, that can keep them away from extremism. This is the only way out. Here, to the aspect of inclusive growth comes in. Eradicating inequalities.

Thus, accelerating youth and women empowerment as required under the United Nations Support Plan and UNISS is key. Acceleration and upscaling is the duty of us all, the UN, the people of the Sahel and every stakeholder - LNoB.

The Sahel is our home and we must strive relentlessly to make it an ideal place for ourselves, our children and the next generations. 

Cheers!

Ashu

Yasmine Chaitou

Hello from Nouakchott, Mauritania! 

It's a honor to take part of this great and big conversation. Thank you Mr Mar Dieye for this powerful opening speech.

My name is Yasmine Chaitou. I work as a Communication Specialist for the Resident Coordinator Office in Mauritania. As a young mauritanian woman, I am passionate about youth issues and opportunities, women empowerment and socio economic development of my country.

Since 2015 I dedicate a large part of my free time to supporting and mentoring young men and women in Mauritania, through the Young Chamber of Commerce of Mauritania. 

I love to hear the aspirations of the youth, filled with hope, opportunity and desire to make things happen. 

        For me this conversation is an excellent opportunities to raise the voice of all Sahelian who dream about a strong, peaceful and innovative region by sharing their experiences and challenges. It is an excellent way to discuss of the Sahel we want to see and live in! 

I hope this conversation will help the youth to build together their own story by addressing solutions and ideas. I hope this will help us to collaborate closely and to start a new vision of our mission and role in our country and the region. 

I excepted this conversation to be the first step of a strong and inclusive Sahelian Dream Team to grow and to be the future leaders and a growth driver of our countries. 

Let's do this together!

Warm regards.

Yasmine.

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Merci Yasmine

Et tu l'as si bien dit !  " cette conversation aidera les jeunes à construire ensemble leur propre histoire en abordant des solutions et des idées."

C'est sa raison d' etre .

C'est votre espace. C'est notre espace. Seules notre imagination, notre creativite , notre audace , pourraient limiter nos ambitions et leur realisation ! 

A nos marques donc !

Mar.

 

MOUSSA DIOUF

It's a honor to take part of this great and big conversation. Thank you Mr Mar Dieye for this powerful opening speech.

thank you Elodie Atsu for the  opportunity 

my name is Moussa Diouf From Senegal

I am 31 years old.  Am an entrepreneur,  dynamic, full of charisma and  very passionate. Am the founder and Ceo of Agro-Expert Farming. 

Agroexpert farming is an agricultural company specializing in the production and marketing of fruits and vegetables. Agroexpert helps young people to create their own agricultural business by training them in production and management techniques. At the end of the training, young people are able to set up an agricultural business and earn income. We have trained more than 10,000 young people since 2018 with 60% of young people who have already created their own business. Agroexpert strongly contribute to job creation for the youth in Senegal but also is  a major contributor towards achieving the food self-sufficiency in our country.

I am also  working at United-Purpose a british NGO as project manager "Innovation in Soil and Irrigation management for promoting climate resilience amonsgt women's farmers".  

Actually my work at United-Purpose is to build farmers’ resilience to climate change by increasing their ability to implement climate-smart soil management practices, and increase communities’ awareness about climate change and their ability to adopt climate-smart practices. I do this via two outputs : Training and mentoring for farmers to adopt climate smart soil management practices, Communication campaign to raise public awareness of climate change.

 

 

 

Hawa TRAORE

Thanks Moussa for sharing and congratulations , this is an example that can inspire other countries..

my organization is thinking about a program that aims to support the government in strengthening the  resilience of young people and women through the conservation and sustainable use of land and all ecosystems in order to '' improve the livelihoods of small farmers or agro-pastoral communities through the improvement of their know-how. through this program, actions to strengthen the capacities of communities to enable them to sustainably manage natural resources and be more resilient in the face of the adverse effects of climate change can be designed.

Anne Fouchard

Dear Moussa,

 

You are right, Sahel is a land of innovation with many assets that should be more broadly exploited.

MOUSSA DIOUF

ma contribution pour les deux premières questions 

  1. what priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?

Pour moi la priorité des Nations Unis dans le sahel doit être la lutte contre le changement climatique qui s’impose comme un tueur en série dans toute la région.

Le changement climatique accroit la vulnérabilité des familles pendant la période de soudure. Avec des ressources naturelles limitées et un climat très variable, caractérisé par des températures élevées la plupart de l'année et des pluies erratiques, certains pays peinent à assurer la sécurité alimentaire.

Les Nation Unis doivent aider les populations du Sahel a être  résilient face aux catastrophes naturelles ou les communautés locales puissent non seulement se remettre des crises mais mieux résister aux futurs chocs. Aider les  communautés du Sahel a vivre  de leur activité agricoles. Pratiquer une  agriculture non seulement productive, mais aussi qui sera extrêmement performante d’un point de vue environnemental pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire dans la région.

  1. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel? 
     

 Au Sahel, les personnes âgées de moins de 25 ans représentent près de 65% de la population totale, ce qui en fait l’une des régions les plus jeunes au monde.

Ceci doit être une opportunité pouvant à terme garantir la stabilité et la prospérité dans le Sahel.

Nous, jeunes, devons aujourd'hui plus que ne jamais être, non pas simples spectateurs, mais acteurs de notre temps. Le climat actuel ne permet plus de s'adonner à des querelles inutiles. Nous devons chacun agir afin de redresser nos pays et le rendre encore plus fort, afin de pouvoir faire face aux nouveaux enjeux qui s'annoncent et construire notre avenir.

Les jeunes  doivent contribuer au développement du  Sahel par la création  d’entreprises, les jeunes doivent  exiger aux  États un environnement sain pour faire des affaires. Cette jeunesse doit cesser de courir derrière la fonction publique, elle doit créer  des emplois!

Elle doit se former davantage, elle doit créer des communautés fortes et organisées dans tous les secteurs d’activités. Elle doit se soutenir et être empathique. Elle doit s’engager dans le social, la politique (la politique saine et vertueuse), investir dans l’agriculture, l’élevage et le numérique.

Anne Fouchard

Cher Moussa,

 

D'accord avec vous encore ! Nous allons organiser un débat avec des jeunes du Sahel sur le changement climatique. Ce serait bien que vous y assistiez ! Nous vous enverrons plus d'infos lors de la "semaine UNICEF" avec Marie-Pierre Poirier..

Samuel Adunreke

Good evening Sahelians.

 

My name is Samuel Adunreke,. Am a Development Enthusiast and The CEO/Executive Director of Innovea Hubs and Innovea Development Foundation from Nigeria.

 

Our areas of focus as an organization perfectly aligns with the objectives of the UNISS.

 

Our priorities for youth and women empowerment are strategic and cross bending in mature as we considerably adopt practices and solutions including policies actions and advocacies to promote inclusion, help the Sahel region transition better in the climate neutrality roadmap to 2050. As a result we work in a multi stakeholder environment that brings the views of all into light. https://developmet.innovea.one/ 

 

 

Samuel Adunreke

The reveal problems are not far reaching as we understand that critical areas of Locally led adaptations and farmer resilience building is so porta t for advancing Agricultural development in the midst of climate crisis and inconsistent climatic Patterson. This calls for the improvement of the access to technologies and affordable solutions targeted at promoting sustainable Agriculture. This we achieve through our newly inaugurated Green Growth Hub and as contributors to promoting the UN Food Systems and CCAFS, nutritional value can better help promote health lives and reduce mortality due to starvation and diseases associated with starvation. Hence the need to also diversify inclusion of the small holders in social safety nets coverage can not be over emphasized. This calls for manpower development and capacity development of both youth and women.

 

The needs to promote inclusive energy access in cities and rural communities call for a sustainable plan to address the over dependence on fossil based energy, minimizing the demand for fossil based energy and mandate a call for the right to clean and sustainable Environment. Through this action, bio based energy, fuel cells and uptaje of Renewable Energy can growth in demand..

Nature based solutions are also one of the most prominent areas of actions where efforts should be concentrated to improve natural resources and ecosystem services. While addressing all of the above we must have addressed invariably also the critical components of the UNISS in perspective.

Providing decent jobs for youth is a practical approach to reducing the risks for crime and for promoting economic growth and equity. Through sustainable financing of business ecosystems, youths can better also find expressions as Enterpreneurs to add values to themselves and their host communities at large whilst they remain custodians of local economies.

 

The role of Government and policy makers in all of these is leadership and their ethical guidance and support to embrace social change 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

tx Samuel & Moussa for yiur great perspectves & practical suggestions.

mar

Mariam Aliyu

My name Is Mariam Aliyu, working in Northeast Nigeria. I completely agree with your submissions and I also think we can put more efforts towards awareness amongst the lawmakers to understand the rights we are talking about.  Some of them don’t know where to start from most times.  There is a need to strengthen community based women led structures as well to start locally and Gradually ascend to global. 

Jean Providence

Great perspective Mariam. Thank you. 


If I may ask all Mariam and other colleagues in these discussions: How would you propose this awareness amongst lawmakers be carried out? In practical terms and innovatively, how would you design and strengthen these community-based women-led structures?  

Mariam Aliyu

Jean Providence  community based approach to Awareness raising includes; using jingles,  radio programs targeting core rights messaging and thee need for inclusive development, through groups and already existing structures in the community; like the community dialogue forums, community leaders forums, VSLA groups,  women leaders groups, established peer clubs in schools, through CSOs, CBOs within the community, we can even establish community listener groups equipped with radios just to raise awareness amongst their peers, In my organization named LETSAI, this is our strategy in all field locations we work. We also developed an information booth, to enable better learning and information sharing at community level. I believe and support every motion which talks about strengthening community structures to disseminate SMART learning approach, and listed above are innovative approaches. 

Mariam Aliyu

 I also propose the awareness be carried out  amongst law makers through learning workshops etc, using experiential and adult learning approach. Where practical examples will be shown to them in the class room. 
 

Another innovative method is selection of champions from the community to further Conduct this training instead of organizations doing it with their staffs.  The idea is using one  stone  to kill two birds, How; the community person who was trained, further disseminate the knowledge to others in clear and easy terms.  Starting with the Law makers, while the NGO organizing this activity just monitors the events. It is also sustainable seeing that we use community based approach. We will also need to ensure that It’s inclusive of all persons. 

I hope I answered  your questions @jean providence 

THANK YOU 

Mariam Aliyu (LETSAI) 

Hawa TRAORE

It has been proven that the underlying causes of the armed conflicts and struggle for the control of resources and international terrorism across the region include social and political exclusion, lack of economic opportunities and unemployment, high level of poverty, poor governance, poor resource management, etc.

Hawa TRAORE

The contrast between the visible wealth of elites and the daily misery of most ordinary people makes the disparities seem unjust, driving popular anger and contributing to protest and rebellion.

Hawa TRAORE

if actions are taken to reduce these social inequalities and give the same opportunities to the people, a big step will be taken towards the resolution of conflicts in the Sahel region

ISIDORE KAHOUI

Bonjour à tous, c’est un plaisir pour moi de participer à ce débat de haut niveau et un honneur d’avoir M. DIEYE comme modérateur de ce thème qui touche profondément les jeunes et les femmes du Sahel.

Nous avons besoin des hommes de vision comme lui pour impulser les initiatives dormantes. Oui votre Nomination a donné une tournure dans la mise en oeuvre de la Stratégie UNISS. En peu de temps, le chemin parcouru n'est négligeable et les perspectives sont bonnes. Cette initiative de donner l'opportunité aux jeunes hommes et femmes de la région aiderait à mieux aller sur les leviers du changement de la théorie.

Ishmael Dodoo

Thank you Mar for such inspiring leadership and enthusiasm. I almost feel like it’s an enrollment into true patriotism which embodies what the Sahelian is all about. Incredible resilience and can do spirit to turn things around. As Ghanaian and almost an enrolled citizen of the Sahel, I definitely feel the optimism of the indefatigable youth to transforming the Sahel. In this conversation I am looking forward to the many innovative ways Sahelian youth are adopting or wishes to adopt to transform the fortunes of the Sahel for peace and prosperity. I also want to hear about their view of the kinds of leadership needed to spear head their dreams. Finally to hear about the powerful ways the youth are gearing up to lead the charge towards the noble causes of transformation of the Sahel region. And lastly, how the UN and partners can help to support their invaluable efforts.

My name is Ish Nii Dodoo

ISIDORE KAHOUI

Je sui Isidore Kahoui, économiste au Bureau du Coordonnateur Résident du Système des Nations Unies au Mali, Point focal de UNISS pour faire la liaison entre le Bureau du coordonnateur Spécial et l'Equipe de pays du Mali. En tant que ressortissant de la Région Ouest Africaine, je participe pour partager les bonnes expériences pratiques que j'ai vues ailleurs, qui pourront être adaptées dans le contexte des pays Saheliens. 

Saidou KANAMBAYE

Je m'appelle Saidou KANAMBAYE, je suis du Mali et chargé de programme d'éducation à l'UNESCO. Je prends ici la parole en tant que fils du sahel qui voit son environnement de vie se détériorer de jour en jour.

Tout d'abord, je voudrai commencer par remercier le Coordonnateur spécial des NU pour le sahel pour ses remarques liminaires et pour avoir planter le décor.

En effet, le sahel est confronté à plusieurs défis qui semble à première vue difficile à surmonter : défis de bonne gouvernance, sécuritaire, changement climatique, de non inclusion des jeunes dans les prises de décision qui les concernent (dans des pays où les jeunes peuvent représenter jusqu'à 70% de la population), etc. Ces défis peuvent être surmonter si les sahéliens se parlent, conçoivent leurs propres solutions aux problèmes qu'ils rencontrent, si leur voix sont écoutées dans les prises de décisions à tous les niveaux.  

Cette discussion est donc venue à point nommé pour écouter ces voix. Ici donc, je commencerai à décrire ceux qui me semblent être prioritaires pour relever les défis au Sahel :

  • La croissance inclusive : la pauvreté, mère de tous les maux au sahel doit être combattue en s’assurant que les richesses créées dans nos pays bénéficient à toutes les couches sociales de nos sociétés. Comme le montre d’ailleurs plusieurs études, le manque de perspectives économiques poussent les démunis, notamment auprès de la population jeune, à s’allier avec les forces extrémistes en recherche de leur pitance. Les Nations Unies doivent donc appuyer les Etats à mieux allouer les ressources pour les services sociaux de base et la création d’un environnement propice aux initiatives privées créatrices d'emploi. Cette croissance inclusive ne se fera pas sans une bonne gouvernance des affaires publiques et la lutte contre le fléau qu’est devenu la corruption.
  • La seconde prioritaire me semble être les actions que les Nations Unies doivent mener pour le climat. Nous voyons que la désertification, le manque d’eau, le manque de points de pâturage ou de terre cultivable, les inondations, etc… engendrent les conflits communautaires, les conflits entre éleveurs et agriculteurs, les mouvements de population. Les Nations doivent appuyer des actions pouvant renforcer la résilience des populations affectées et promouvoir les initiatives locales pour la préservation de la nature.  
    - Autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes : les jeunes représentent plus de 60% de la population sahélienne. Le sahel de demain ne se fera donc pas sans autonomie des femmes et des jeunes. La prévention des conflits que nous appelons de tous nos vœux ne se fera pas non plus sans une jeunesse et de femme capable de se prendre en charge et responsable de leur destin.
  • La dernière priorité que je citerai, qui n’est pas le dernier problème, est la prévention des conflits et le maintien de la paix. Ces instabilités sont finalement des résultantes de mauvaises gouvernances, de la pauvreté, de manque de perspectives économiques, etc. Aussi dans cette prévention, Les NU doivent promouvoir les dialogues entre pays, entre communautés, entre génération.

En ce qui concerne la contribution des jeunes, y compris des femmes à un sahel apaisé, elle se passera par leur inclusion dans les prises de décision qui leur concerne, la reconnaissance de leur droit plein et en entier, notamment des femmes à l’éducation, à la santé, à l’emploi, à la participation au développement de leur pays, de leur communauté.  Cette contribution se fera aussi en leur donnant plus la parole, en promouvant leur initiative dans les secteurs divers de développement.

Cristina

I am Cristina and work as coordinator of UNODC Sahel Programme. I have a great passion for the Sahel, which definitely helps with my job. The priorities relevant to my job are peace and security, and cross border cooperation.

When talking about youth and women, the first question that comes to my mind is why are they always presented as one menu or a combo? In most restaurant, they would give you the disabled people as dessert! and victims for starters!

Unfortunately these  groups do have something very strong in common: they are the forgotten, they don't have decision power making...or, at least, not much. Not in the household, not in the society. And in our presentations? Lucky if they get the last slide. And of course, women need to share with children, youth, disabled and victims. Sometimes women are the victims full stop. No diversity in the menu.  

If we want to change the narrative in the Sahel, let's give an identity to youth, an identity and role to women, which are not necessarily the same. I would not insist for it to be the first slide. But at least not the last!

Unusa Karimu Esq.

In engaging women and youth we need entry points  because some of our communities are very close. My suggestion is that we strengthen local organizations base in the communities and use them as the entry points. 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

dear all

please note that the conversations  are simultaneously in 104 languages !

.....Swahili, Yoruba, Igbo, French, uzbekh, English ......Hausa ....Zulu ....Latin ....

Mar.

 

Mapaya Souleymane

Bonsoir,

Je suis Mapaya Souleymane, Camerounais et Président de l’organisation Action de Solidarité pour les Droits Humains et la Démocratie (ASDHD)

Pour ma part, je pense qu’il faut des perspectives/stratégies   solides qui permettent le renforcement des capacités  des acteurs prenants  (c'est à dire les cibles eux mêmes femmes et jeunes, les collectivités et les organisations) pour envisager le développement et de changement social au niveau local et régional . Cela doit basé sur leur capacité à assurer, sans discrimination, l’accès des femmes et des jeunes  aux ressources, aux droits ainsi que aux opportunités.

 

 

Ashu Hailshamy

Dear Mapaya, I totally subscribe to your articulations. Indeed, women and youth need capacity strengthening which can better equip them to confront the challenges of our time. The principles of equality and non-discrimination should always be factored in when awarding opportunities and resources for young people as well as women. This is paramount.

Bigambia

Hello,

I am very happy to be part of this conversation and and really impressed by the amount of inputs shared by each one. 

I am Bigambia Bitimi Charles Lebon, junior monitoring and evaluation consultant and PhD student in substainable development.

Problems we all face are global but they need local solutions. So what come repeatedly over as a question is how can bring youth and women in Sahel to actively participate in the sustainable development of our society ?! 

What are strategies and you plans actions to be implemented to push forward youth and women in Sahel to continuously bring up solutions ?!

Also, it's urgent to lay out more the problem of management in Sahel, identify the urgent problem that reduces the growth  sahel . How can many sahel country recover from the pandemic ?!.

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Hello Bigambia, in addition to your great perspective that 'problems we all face are global but they need local solutions', you rightly raise questions which the United Nations would like to see answered by youth and women. Please unpack these questions raised and brainstorm on possible solutions.

djeumegued pascal

Je suis Pascal Djeumegued, animateur régional de la plateforme forces de défense et de sécurité et organisation de la société civile à l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Par rapport aux différentes questions posées, je vais répondre de manière transversale. Voici mes points de vue :

  • Il faut d’abord s’attaquer aux causes profondes de l’insécurité à savoir la pauvreté (misère, intellectuelle, morale) et la mal gouvernance. La paix et la sécurité s’en suivra d’elle-même.
  • Les jeunes et les femmes doivent être d’abord outillés pour une conscience bien formée. Puis ils pourront s’engager sur tous les axes de la vie.
  • Il faudra penser un développement local, pensé à la base ; pas importé. Il faut proposer un programme qui met en valeur le travail des jeunes ou des femmes. Je m’oppose aux dons ou à l’aide. La crise sécuritaire a développé auprès de plusieurs jeunes et femmes, l’esprit d’assistanat car habitués à recevoir des dons…cette réalité a re-plongé la Région dans le sous-développement.
  • L’ONU et l’Etat doivent encourager des financements directs aux bénéficiaires tout en mettant sur pied un mécanisme dur de contrôle, de suivi et accompagnement. L’Etat peut mettre sur pied des structures qui offrent l’emploi à la jeunesse (usine etc). L’université de Maroua pourra être d’une grande aide dans pareille réflexion et proposition.
  • Pour la consolidation de la paix, il faudra que l’Etat et la société civile veillent sur l’importance de la prise en compte des droits de l’homme dans les mesures sécuritaires de lutte contre le terrorisme. Un accent peut aussi être porté sur le rétablissement de la confiance entre population et son armée (police inclue) à travers les activités de dialogue civilo-militaire.
  • Dans la Région de l’Extrême-Nord, il y a urgence à re-penser le DDR et créer urgemment un centre pour l’accueil des ex-combattants. Il faudra penser aux ex-associés présents au sein de la communauté et qui n’ont pas d’emploi fixe. Sans emploi, les jeunes ont exposés au recrutement alléchant de boko haram et de certains réseaux de criminalité.
Mar DIEYE Moderator

Thanks a lot, Pascal. We like so much the points you have raised. What is your advise on how best to tackle the root causes of insecurity and poor governance in the Sahel, what actionable recommendations or solutions would you propose? Could you propose other actions for each point you have raised.

Ahunna Eziakonwa Moderator

Adding my voice to our dear moderator and Special Coordinator Mar Dieye - and to many already registered on this platform - what a powerful space to share ideas that can transform the Sahel. My name is Ahunna Eziakonwa, UNDP Director for Africa. I look forward to engaging on topics that matter to the region. I encourage young Sahelian girls to join the conversation. We want to hear what you have to say about the conditions that shape your lives and your ideas on how we can contribute to creating opportunities for youths in the Sahel. 

SAWALDA Samuel

Hello and thank you Mr. Special coordinator for launching these conversations. 

I am Samuel SAWALDA, currently serving as Communication Officer for UNFPA Regional Coordination Hub for the Lake Chad Basin. It is a mechanism set up by UNFPA Regional Bureau for West and Central Africa to contribute in the harnessing of the demographic dividend and the promotion of socio-economic resilience in localities surrounding Lake Chad in Far North Cameroon, South of Chad, South East of Niger and Nigeria. Worthy to note is that all of those areas are located in the Sahel. 

As a son of the Sahel and working in the Sahel, I feel the urgency to address the challenges of this part of the globe; challenges which are unique.

For now, the Sahel remains one of the areas furthest left behind in the world. But, those challenges, be they natural or man-made, are not insurmountable. 

Looking forward to taking part in this engaging debate!

Regards !

SATEU RODRIGUE

Bonjour à tous et merci pour cette initiave. Je suis SATEU RODRIGUE du Cameroun, Coordinateur National de YOUthkmer Volunteers for SDGs la plateforme des Organisations de jeunesse Camerounaise œuvrant pour le développement communautaire et l'atteinte des ODD.

Le Sahel fait face aujourd'hui à nombreux challenges d'une part dû à sa richesse. Malgré tout les potentiels dont nous disposons nous restons encore à la traine. 

J'ai la ferme conviction que nous pouvons charger les choses et que ça ne dépend que nous Sahélien

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Great thinking Rodrigue, as a young person and a leader from the Sahel, please propose actions to address those challenges noted, for development of the Sahel. Kudos! Great insights!

GOURO Tahirou

Monsieur Mar et tous les autres collègues de Office of the Special Coordinator for Development in the Sahel (OSCS).

Félicitations pour cette excellente initiative qui permettra aux voix sahéliennes de guider le travail du système des Nations Unies dans la région du Sahel.

Le Sahel regorge de jeunes dont le potentiel est le moteur de la prospérité de la région.

Je voudrai proposer de saisir les opportunités que nous offre la ZLECAf (Zone de Libre Echange Continentale Africaine) pour stimuler ce potentiel.

Ce qui, à coup sur, permettra la création d'emplois et contribuera à la lutte contre l'insécurité au Sahel.

Merci.

Tahirou

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Thanks Tahirou. You have mentioned the African Continental Free Trade Area, this is a great resource for the continent, and Sahel in particular. Now, how and in what aspects of the AfCFTA can youth and women contribute the most? Can you proffer/propose some implementable actions.

HawaSidibé

Bonjour à tous et merci pour cette initiative, je suis Hawa Sidibé Mauritanienne et Coordinatrice de Projet "l'innovation Digitale en Agriculture pour l'Inclusion Economique et l'Emploi Rural des Jeunes en Mauritanie" au Bureau Pays de la FAO.

Renforcer les compétences entrepreneuriales des jeunes du sahel dans le developpement des filières porteuses en agriculture à travers la facilitation de l'accés à la formation, aux financements et aux marchés contribuent à l'insertion économique et sociale des jeunes.

Au plaisir de participer aux échanges.

Merci

Ramatu Abdu

Bring the youths to the table when decisions are made.involve the youths and women in decision making and give them key positions in the community to enable them raise their voices This will be a great step towards Peace building and development

Mar DIEYE Moderator

The UN in the Sahel has started with this Virtual Table where voices of young people and women are and should be heard. Keep the momentum!. Thank you Ramatu

Ramatu Abdu

Women and Girls should also be empowered and educated and more works should be done to eradicate Gender based violence especially early and for forced marriages in the Sahel

Women should be allowed to vote and participate in politics and decision making.The should be equal participation of all gender and increase percentage of women and youths to occupy government positions so as to take certain decisions

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Well said, Ramatu. Totally agree with you. More work should be done to eradicate Gender-Based Violence. Please, share your fresh perspectives/proposals with all on how to eradicate Gender-Based Violence,

This is a must: women should be allowed to vote and participate in politics and decision making. But the question is “Allowed by who and how?” In practice, how should women and girls play their role to address issues affecting them including equal participation and decision-making? Please, go ahead and propose actions.

Hawa TRAORE

Totally agree with Ramatu,

 

to have high level contribution of women and yound, they have to be well educated and empowered, once this step is reached, UN and young people can together following these three steps :

 

1. Planning : design of program, they can help collect information used to plan the program

2. Devlivery : be implementation partners, they can take part in implementing a program or one of its outcome

3. Monitoring and Evaluation of programs :  youth can help collect information on the progress, results and/or effectiveness of the initiative

SAWALDA Samuel

Young people constitute the majority of all countries in the Sahel. Those below 25 are in the surrounding of 70 % be it in the Central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger) or in the Lake Chad Basin (Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria). ,

Likewise, the population growth rate therein is the highest in the world. 

investing in those two categories (Youths/Women and Girls) is a critical prerequisite to achieve the desired change in the Sahel. 

to get to that, the voices and perspectives of the people in the Sahel must be taken into consideration. 

Real, meaningful and sustainable development in the Sahel will come about on that condition. 

Their uniqueness must be considered!!!

Anne Fouchard

Right Samuel, youth is not only the future, but also the present and the solutions, that is why they must be regarded as agents of change. They need to be considered not as beneficiaries but as active agents of change: they know their problems better than anyone else, and should thus be active citizens. We must build with them, and for them.

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Totally in agreement, investing in Youths, Women and Girls is a critical prerequisite to achieve the desired change in the Sahel. Any proposals to translate these good ideas into actions are welcome. Keep reflecting and sharing with the United Nations on how best to invest in youth and women.

Bigambia

Mar DIEYE To invest on young peoples, Girls and women, we UNDP need to create or continue to develop incentives on gender equality.

Support strategies to youth with innovative social business ideas  that bring up solutions for the Sahel community.

Change the behavioural attitudes of many young peoples with the daily evolvement of the world.

 

 

Bigambia

I totally agree with you @Sawalda Samuel. Also i think time has come where young sahelian have to make their voice heared.

 

Also the UNDP must promote entrepreneurship in sahel countries which is going to make many youth independent and contributing in leveraging the economic growth of Sahel.

Nwanne

Hello and good morning and welcome to Day 2 of the first week of the Voices from the Sahel; Conversations, Visions and Solutions! So great to note that many of the participants took the discussion beyond this platform and into the social media space! Way to go! Let's keep this going.

I have always thought of the Sahel from a perspective of a glass half full instead of a glass half empty; a place that hosts the largest aquifer in the world! Imagine the gazillions of water sitting under the soils, rocks and sands of the Sahel! Can you imagine the endless possibilities of what this resource means as pertains to development? Could someone think of a way and means of extraction that could spurn industries and create jobs? is it possible that when this resource is unlocked, the perennial issue of Sahel's aridness can become history? Could the Sahel even become an exporter of water? Not being a hydrologist, still I can imagine, endless possibilities! Why is this not the narrative of the Sahel? What can be done to showcase the opportunities that abound in the Sahel? 

Let's share thoughts, ideas and many more facts about the Sahel and its development potential. 

Farida Boubé Dobi

Hi Nwanne,

I'm extremely happy to read your comment.

I would like to say, for someone claiming not to be in the field, you are well informed.

The Sahel zone is indeed very rich in groundwater resources. One recent scientific paper from MacDonald and al, 2021 was classifying the Sahel as one of the zones with the highest groundwater storage in Africa.

The questions about 'unlocking' these water resources or even the possibility to export them are very important. But I think for now that we should focus on studying our groundwater resources potential, understand the functioning of the aquifer systems and then quantify the resources. Only with such keys, we can create sustainable projects regarding those resources. I believe it is the only sustainable way to achieve the 'WATER FOR ALL' in Sahel countries.

Looking forward to discussing the topic.

Jean Providence

Farida Boubé Dobi Nwanne beautifully said and on the point. Thank you both. What would then be the next steps or actions after identifying and quantifying the water resources? I am interested in hearing more about HERE ARE WATERS IN THE SAHEL, THEN WHAT AND HOW? 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Summary of Day-1 Conversations

Dear Friends,

Thank you for the excellent participation in yesterday's conversations. I should say without hesitation that your contributions were thoughtful, insightful, and ingenious. Your rich contributions have been an eye opener to the reality of our region - the Sahel. They are invaluable in guiding and informing the United Nations interventions in the Sahel.

Just from Day of our interaction, the United Nations immensely appreciate your open and frank conversations channeled through your comments and views to illuminate the topics/themes under discussion. The recurring theme across various views is about the “can do” and “will do” spirit. And, yes, collectively, we all can do it. And in the words of Teslem Meissa, ‘we need to unite’ in order to succeed.

Kudos to you ALL!

Below are some of illustrative voices resonated throughout Day 1:

·       Africa is experiencing higher economic growth levels and well-being over the years, but insecurity, growing inequalities in different aspects of life, natural and human-made disasters persist in many parts of the continent. (Hawa Traore)

·       Agro-expert farming, specializing in the production and marketing of fruits and vegetables, helps young people to create their own agricultural business by training them in production and management techniques. We have trained more than 10,000 young people since 2018 with 60% of young people having created their own business. A success story shared by Moussa Diouf

·       Aspirations of the youth, filled with hope, opportunity, and desire to make things happen. An opportunity to raise the voice of all Sahelian who dream about a strong, peaceful, and innovative region by sharing their experiences and challenges. Build together their own story by addressing solutions and ideas for a strong and inclusive Sahelian Dream Team to grow and to be the future leaders and a growth driver of our countries. (Yasmine Chaitou)

·       Build farmers’ resilience to climate change by increasing their ability to implement climate-smart soil management practices and increase communities’ awareness about climate change and their ability to adopt climate-smart practices. (Moussa Diouf)

·       Climate action, renewable energy, women participation our region needs Transformational Leadership that engenders a multi-stakeholder framework by adapting locally led solutions to addressing the challenges in the Sahel. (Samuel Adunreke)

·       Create a framework for dialogue and understanding of UNISS; build the capacity of community leaders and stakeholders who will be implementing UN interventions; organize annual Sahel Fora, where stakeholders can exchange ideas and experiences (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       Rebuild the social contract to address the gaps and to reinforce social protection to touch the middle class. (Hawa Traore)

·       Evaluate the needs, especially on issues affecting women and girls, and undertake remedial, greener, and more sustainable interventions within UN support plan. (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       In engaging women and youth, we need entry points because some of our communities are very much closed. Strengthen local organizations based in the communities to serve as the entry points. Youths to grab this opportunity and effectively participate in the project and build a future for them through education, vocational training, and green business. (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       Inclusive growth: poverty, the mother of all evils in the Sahel, must be fought by ensuring that the wealth created in our countries benefits all social layers of our societies. (Saidou Kanambaye)

·       Link peacebuilding with social inclusion, balanced power relations, the fight against all forms of discrimination, and the promotion of regional solidarity and integration. (Hawa Traore)

·       Peaceful coexistence of people from the Sahel be kept paramount and above all discussions yet as the low hanging fruit where every other meaningful thought processes or dialogue can take its front. (Samuel Adunreke)

·       Promote inclusive energy access in cities and rural communities, call for a sustainable plan to address the overdependence on fossil-based energy, a call for the right to clean and sustainable environment. (Samuel Adunreke)

·       Put more efforts towards awareness amongst lawmakers to understand [youth and women] rights. There is a need to strengthen community-based women-led structures. (Mariam Aliyu)

·       Strengthen the security and economic resilience of young people and women: Violent extremism is largely fueled by exclusion, lack of opportunity, human rights violations, and lack of trust in state authorities, including in the security forces. People without income or education join extremist groups faster than others. (Hawa Traore)

·       The contrast between the visible wealth of elites and the daily misery of most ordinary people […] drives popular anger and contributes to protest and rebellion. If actions are taken to reduce these social inequalities and give the same opportunities to the people, a big step will be taken towards the resolution of conflicts in the Sahel region. (Hawa Traore

·       The engagement of Sahelian Women is very important especially Peace Processes at all level. Women are medium of peace and are mothers, sisters, wives, aunt, etc. Women are very peaceful and can be very good mediators of conflicts in Peace perspectives. (Ramatu Abdu)

·       The most relevant priority of UN plan for Sahel is: Promoting inclusive and equitable growth and increasing access to basic quality services. (Hawa Traore)

·       The priority of the UN in the Sahel must be the fight against climate change, which is emerging as a serial killer throughout the region. (Moussa Diouf)

·       The resources in the Sahel countries such as Mauritania should be innovatively utilized to benefit the communities. Voice from a start-up founder, a great model to many young Sahelian entrepreneurs. (Teslem Meissa)

·       The Sahel is faced with several challenges which at first glance seem difficult to overcome [but …] these challenges can be overcome if Sahelians talk to each other, devise their own solutions to the problems they encounter if their voices are listened to in decision-making at all levels. (Saidou Kanambaye)

·       Through sustainable financing of business ecosystems, youths can better find expressions as Entrepreneurs to add values to themselves and their host communities at large whilst they remain custodians of local economies. (Samuel Adunreke)

·       To change the narrative in the Sahel, let's give an identity to youth, an identity and role to women, which are not necessarily the same. ‘I would not insist for it to be the first slide. But at least not the last !’ (Cristina)

·       Underlying causes of the armed conflicts and struggle for the control of resources and international terrorism across the region include social and political exclusion, lack of economic opportunities and unemployment, high level of poverty, poor governance, poor resource management, etc. (Hawa Traore

·       We see that desertification, lack of water, lack of pasture points or arable land, floods, etc ... generate community conflicts, conflicts between herders and farmers, population movements. Nations must support climate actions that can strengthen the resilience of affected populations and promote local initiatives for the preservation of nature. (Saidou Kanambaye)

·       Women engagement in agriculture especially farming and rearing of cattle with innovative methods will protect the environment and raise revenues to reduce Gender-Based violence in communities (Ramatu Abdu)

·       Young people must contribute to the development of the Sahel through the creation of businesses, demand from States a healthy environment for doing business, stop running behind the public service, create jobs! (Moussa Diouf)

·       Really, Dear Friends, I should say, I recognize all of your contributions and applaud you all who took time and shared experiences, ideas, and inspirations on Day 1:

·       Cristina

·       Hawa TRAORE 

·       Ishmael Dodoo

·       ISIDORE KAHOUI

·       Mariam Aliyu

·       Moussa Diouf 

·       Ramatu Abdu

·       Saidou KANAMBAYE 

·       Samuel Adunreke 

·       Teslem Meissa 

·       Unusa Karimu Esq.

·       Yasmine Chaitou

·       Mapaya Souleymane

·       Nwanne Vwede-Obahor

·       Dominique Kabeya

·       Mounina Ba

·       Elodie Atsou

·       Jean Providence

·       Ashu Hailshamy

To all these participants, while we (UN) thank you and expect more inputs/contributions from you, we also challenge you to spread the message, we need to hear more voices from your colleagues, your networks in the Sahel. We will be happy to see you on Day 2 till the last day actively participating, bringing onboard new ideas, voices, and perspectives to keep the ball rolling. Spread the news - share the conversation widely and get friends, colleagues and acquaintances join the discussions.

         As a reminder, the topics under discussion are:

1.       What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?

2.       How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel?

3.       How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel?

4.       How can youth, women, and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel?

Think about it, examine and question different thoughts, but most importantly make your voice heard! This is our conversation; us, You and the United Nations.

Please note that the conversations  are simultaneously in 104 languages ! Fascinating! .....Swahili, Yoruba, Igbo, French, uzbekh, English ......Hausa ....Zulu ....Latin ....

Cheers, and welcome to Day 2.

Mar.

 

 

 

Haby Sow Traoré

Bonjour au groupe,

Je suis Haby Sow Traoré du Bureau de l'ONUDI à Bamako.

Dans les pays du sahel, l'accent à mon vis devra être mis de plus en plus sur le développement industriel inclusif et durable.

Cela veut dire que les actions devront viser l'atteinte d'un niveau d'industrialisation de plus en plus élevé, qui dépend beaucoup de la volonté politique des pays, la participation de tous, notamment des femmes et des jeunes pour des richesse partagées, et la prise en compte de la dimension environnement.

Tijan Kuyateh

Empowering youth and women to become key actors in sustaining peace and development in my country context is paramount. Youth constitute over 60% of the country’s population. They are faced with a lot of challenges including inclusive  participating in decision making, governance and national development programs. UNSP and UNISS should focus more on this priority area for The Gambia. As an organization we continue to work with a lot of UN agencies in these areas mentioned but more efforts are still needed to curb the challenges brought by the ever increasing youth population. 

Ashu Hailshamy

Hello Tijan, How are you.

Indeed, you hit the nail on the head. Straight to the point.

I wholly concur with your inputs 'Empowering youth and women to become key actors in sustaining peace and development.

Oh Yes my brother this is "paramount."

The demographic coverage of young people in any country should serve as an advantage to the country's hope for development and progress. Young people should be given the chance, and this can only come through empowerment, ensuring the eradication of blockades on the paths of the decision making process.

In The Gambia for example, I know and have seen several industrious people youths and women who make great strides for the country and make the country proud. This means, the have a whole lot more to offer if given the deserved opportunity to.

If any country in the Sahel desires true development, peace and prosperity, then it must ensure that its youths and women are at the decision making table and that they, should not remain hand clappers, because young people and women are intelligent, vibrant, resilient, courageous with excellent ideas. Young People are the Present and the Future of countries. In fact that is why the United Nations Integrated Strategy and its UN Support Plan clearly identify Women and Youth Empowerment as a core component/Priority of the UNSP. (UNSP - Priority 6).  

Anne Fouchard

Je vous invite à lire cette tribune signée de Alioune Fall, Président du conseil scientifique du Cirad et président du conseil d’administration du Forum pour la recherche agricole en Afrique et Elisabeth Claverie de Saint Martin,PDG du Cirad, sur l'agro-écologie en Afrique, parue dans le magazine Jeune Afrique.

 

Unusa Karimu Esq.

What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?

In my opinion resolving conflict in the region should be top of the priorities. Conflict is like a nursery for many other issues affecting the region. In conflict there shall be no development, no education or it badly affect education either because schools cannot operate in conflict hotspots or youth of school going age are likely to be those use in the conflict.

Conflict increases the miseries of the communities; rapes, kidnapping for ransoms and wanton killings are growing in geometric progression. In conflict fundamental human rights are violated. The vulnerable in normal time (women and youth) become most vulnerable.

Conflict is very contagious; if conflict is not quickly resolve in State A it is very likely that State B shall also be engulfed by conflict.  The Sahel region is now a conflict hotspot in Africa and the question is what shall we do to change the narrative? I think it is my responsibility, it is your responsibility and it is our responsibility. IS THE ANYONE MISSING in the 3 most important persons ME, YOU, and OURS for a start? If the answer is in the negative, I challenge all of us to get to work. Let us start now by bringing our proposals in this forum for consideration. If we work with a united voice we can reduce conflict in the Sahel to the barest minimum and it is possible if we all agree on it let start to work on it now not tomorrow!

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Fantastic, you raised a big issue worth addressing urgently in the Sahel: the conflicts. As you said it is the responsibility of all. In practice, how and what do you think the United Nations should do differently to tackle conflicts for the development in the Sahel?

SATEU RODRIGUE

D'après l’indice démographique, la jeunesse constitue les 80% de la population du Sahel alors il est plus que nécessaires de que cette jeunesse soit sensibilisée et formée sur l’agriculture et la transformation et  le développement des chaines de valeurs autour de l’agriculture. Ainsi on aura une jeunesse autonome moins manipulable et qui constituera un grand potentiel de l’essor économique du Sahel.

 

Ashu Hailshamy

Rodrigue, super interesting. Tell us more. How can the United Nations motivate youth to enthusiastically join agriculture and transform its value-chain?

FATOUMATA CHERIF
  1. Quelles priorités du Plan Sahel des Nations Unies sont les plus pertinentes dans votre contexte et pourquoi ?

Bonjour Monsieur le Coordonnateur d’UNISS, Chers Membres du Forum,

Ce dialogue vient à point nommé. A une période où notre région subie des changements politiques et institutionnels, une période où l’insécurité règne, une période où les jeunes continuent à mourir dans le désert et la méditerranée. L’on se demande ce qui ne va pas dans notre région. Pourquoi les jeunes fuient -ils cette si riche région comme l’arbre à manguier dans un village dont les fruits sont défendus.

A ces questions, même si les réponses restent difficiles à trouver, il est des raisons qui freinent l’épanouissement de notre région.

-Le non-respect des textes juridiques : La volonté des Présidents de modifier la constitution afin de s’imposer pour un autre mandat, met  nombreux des pays en crise. Ainsi, au lieu de parler de développement, nous subissons plutôt des crises électorales et post-électorales. Conséquences : Nous assistons à des coups d’Etat. Une situation qui met le pays en retard.

-L’exploitation des ressources naturelles : Les sociétés minières s’installent partout en détruisant notre environnement sans impact réel sur les conditions de vies des populations. Ces dernières ne sont, non seulement pas réhabilitées, mais perdent leurs revenus car les paysans vivent de leurs terres qui sont malheureusement accaparés.

-Des services de santé précaire : Les populations n’ont pas de couverture sanitaire, les hôpitaux publics ne fournissent pas de services de qualité, les populations sont obligées de se rendre dans des cliniques, qui, à leur tour, monétise la santé sans réelle respect du serment d’Hippocrate.

-La prolifération des polluants, l’insalubrité, le manque d’eau, d’électricité sont d’autres freins qui poussent les populations à manifester dans les rues.

Comme priorités dans mon contexte, il s’agira de mettre en place un mécanisme qui permettent aux citoyens de faire de la veille des services publics, restaurer la démocratie, faciliter l’accès des jeunes et des femmes aux financements afin qu’ils créent des entreprises notamment dans l’agrobusiness et les énergies renouvelables. Tout cela ne peut aboutir sans une paix durable.  

Fatoumata Chérif

Guinée (Afrique de l'Ouest)

FATOUMATA CHERIF

2.Comment les jeunes, y compris les femmes, peuvent-ils contribuer à un Sahel apaisé et prospère ? 

Pour un Sahel apaisé et prospère, les jeunes doivent s’impliquer dans la gouvernance, faire du monitoring des services publics, prendre connaissance des lois pour leur permettre de veiller à leur application. Les femmes doivent oser la politique afin qu’elles soient représentatives à la table de décision, au niveau local, législatif et exécutif.

Outre ces aspects, les jeunes doivent collaborer pour mettre ensemble leur génie créatif, créer des GIE, catégoriser leurs centres d’intérêts pour agir en bloc. Ainsi, ils pourront concurrencer les entreprises étrangères qui remportent la plupart des marchés locaux faute d’entreprises locales qui en ont les compétences (financières, logistiques…), les compétences humaines étant elles existantes. 

Fatoumata Chérif

Guinée (Afrique de l'Ouest)

FATOUMATA CHERIF

3.Comment l'ONU et les jeunes peuvent-ils travailler ensemble pour changer le discours négatif sur le Sahel ? 

Les jeunes peuvent changer le narratif du Sahel en mettant en avant leurs initiatives. Il en existe d’inspirantes. Derrière tout le tableau noir, existent bel et bien des côtés positifs à explorer.

La biodiversité est extraordinaire, le climat est tropical, les aliments sont frais et délicieux, la nature nous gâte. De ces merveilles, on peut en tirer plein de chose.

Pour illustration, la promotion de l’écotourisme, le tourisme solidaire, l’agroécologie, l’artisanat, la gastronomie, le patrimoine…sont des secteurs qui peuvent attirer des regards nouveaux sur notre région riche en diversité.  Le numérique peut aider les jeunes à communiquer sur ces points attrayants, promouvoir la région, partager des succès stories.

De ces petites histoires racontées, pourront naitre des projets, des investissements. Ces communications à impact positif, permettront à la diaspora, d’avoir des idées de Business, à des mécènes de savoir qu’il existe des domaines qu’ils peuvent explorer, et aux jeunes de savoir que les pays qu’ils fuient, sont des destinations prisées par les touristes. Cela les poussera à apprécier les ressources existantes.

L'ONU et ses partenaires pourraient contribuer à accompagner les initiatives de jeunes à travers la vulgarisation, le financement, la formation, l'accompagnement. 

Fatoumata Chérif

Guinée (West Africa)
 

Teslem Meissa

hello everyone, thank you all for your beneficial contribution. by your comments you've provided the answer of the second question "how can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel?" those brillant ideas prove the openess of youth to the world, their ability to communicate, exchange, and to bring new ideas to a community.

going from this principe, youth including women can contribute to a peacefull Sahel by :

  • Creating an environment of peace and brotherhood (where they are Collaborate together against drugs, and all kinds of violence) 
  • pose an equal community (where there is no discrimination,  every one gets his right)
  • promoting peace by (writing blogs and articles about it, posting it on social media, and creating art in the theme of peace )

they can also contribute to a prosperous Sahel by:

  • Organizing a community project (clean up, plant a garden)
  • producing localy alternatives for imported products
  • geting rid of immigration (invest and work in Sahel).

i believe that youth including women, can do more than the cited points, they are able to make a difference, change a mentality, and replace the old one by new opened one. i believe also that youth have a big vision to the future by their invention, creation, and innovation. i believe that they have the will, insist, diligence and the high capacity to pass any obstacle they might face, to push any cloosed door in their faces, and to strongly fight povrety, which's lead by uneployement, by creating new jobs opportunities to themselves then involving other youth with them.

let's just imagine that every young is owing his or her project no matter how big or small it is. don't you think that this project will one daye open a door to an other jobless young?. either they work with you, or open the same project. this is what i call "opportunitys' creation" that youth are daily making uncounsciously.

ADEK BASSEY

Glad to be here, just want to be sure on how to add my comments

Jean Providence

Hi Adek, glad you are here. Under each participant's comments or inputs including the Moderator's, find a small tab for "reply" or "likes", when you click on 'reply' a small window will open and you will be able to comment, contribute, adding media or images. The floor is yours now!

Mar DIEYE Moderator

                           

                       Summary of Day-2 Conversations

Dear Sahelians and partners working in and for the Development of the Sahel,

           Today again you were at the grand rendezvous, sharing rich and innovative ideas. Interesting points have been raised. Thank you all. Here are some of what you opined

Ø  On awareness of youth and women rights among lawmakers: how to achieve such undertaking innovatively? Mariam Aliyu proposed some actions:

·       Setting up behavior change radio programming and listening groups

·       Establishing community dialogue forum

·       Conducting learning workshops with experiential and adult learning approaches

·       Capacity building and training designed and conducted by community champions, not by organizations and their staff

Ø  Capacity building of stakeholders, particularly women and youth, to access resources, rights and opportunities (Mapaya Souleymane)

Ø  Drawing from his Cameroonian context, (djeumegued pascal) has insightful suggestions:

·       Address the root causes of insecurity, namely poverty (intellectual and moral misery) and poor governance and then peace and security will follow by itself.

·       Local development is home-grown, not imported: highlight the work of young people or women. The security crisis has developed in many young people and women, the spirit of dependence because they are used to receiving donations ... this reality has plunged the region back into underdevelopment.

·       The UN and the Sahel States must encourage direct financing while setting up reliable control, monitoring, and support mechanisms. The State can set up structures that offer employment to the youth (factories, etc.).

·       Ensure human rights are considered in security measures to fight terrorism. Emphasis can also be placed on restoring trust between the population and its army (including the police) through civil-military dialogues.

·       Rethink DDR and urgently create a center for the reception of ex-combatants. It is necessary to think about the ex-combatants present in the community who do not have a permanent job. Without employment, young people are exposed to the tempting recruitment of Boko Haram and certain criminal networks.

Ø  Taking advantage of the opportunities offered by the African Continental Free Trade Area to stimulate job creation and contribute to the fight against insecurity in the Sahel (GOURO Tahirou)

Ø  Prioritize the resilience of young people and women through the conservation and sustainable use of land and all ecosystems in order to ''improve the livelihoods of small farmers or agropastoral communities through the improvement of their know-how”. Through this program, design actions to strengthen the capacities of communities to enable them to sustainably manage natural resources and be more resilient in the face of the adverse effects of climate change ( Hawa TRAORE )

Ø  The Sahel, a glass half full instead of a glass half empty, a place that hosts the largest aquifer in the world! Imagine the gazillions of waters sitting under the soils, rocks and sands of the Sahel! That’s the perspective (Nwanne Vwede-Obahor)  shared on Day 2. Raising the bar higher, she rhetorically asked young people and women to think out of the box: Can you imagine the endless possibilities of what the Sahelian resource means as pertains to development? Could someone think of a way and means of extraction that could spurn industries and create jobs? Is it possible that when this resource is unlocked, the perennial issue of Sahel's aridness can become history? Could the Sahel even become an exporter of water? Not being a hydrologist, still I can imagine, endless possibilities! Why is this not the narrative of the Sahel? What can be done to showcase the opportunities that abound in the Sahel?

o   All discussants are called upon to rethink and share out-of-the-box ideas to these interrogations raised above.

Ø  Achieve an increasingly high level of industrialization, which depends a lot on the political will of the countries, the participation of all, especially women and young people for shared wealth, and taking into account the environmental dimension ( Haby Sow Traoré )

Ø  Empowering youth and women to become key actors in sustaining peace and development. They are faced with a lot of challenges including inclusive participation in decision making governance and national development programs. The UN should focus more on this priority area for The Gambia. More efforts are still needed to curb the challenges brought by the ever-increasing youth population ( Tijan Kuyateh )

Ø  On agroecology in Africa, Anne Fouchard invited participants to draw lessons and actions from the article published in Jeune Afrique magazine where issues related to “the sustainability and diversity of food systems, the management of health - according to a One Health approach, natural and cultivated bio-diversities, water and inequalities in agriculture, the attractiveness of rural jobs with the development of digital agriculture as well as the need to better finance African agronomic research systems” was highlighted

Ø  In the course of the day, in my role as the Moderator and UN Special Coordinator for the Development in the Sahel, I asked young people and women to come up with practical actions, solution-oriented proposals. Have you got a chance to see my responses to your contributions as well as my additional questions?

o   The floor is yours Bigambia ; djeumegued pascal ; SATEU RODRIGUE ; GOURO Tahirou ; Ramatu Abdu ; SAWALDA Samuel and others.

We hope to see you and more colleagues on Day 3. We bet more people would benefit from these discussions and conversations if you share with your social and professional networks.

Thank you for your time and for everything you do and intend to do for the Sahel region.

Moderator

Mar Dieye

Haby Sow Traoré

Youth entrepreneurship should be a priority in Sahel. It is the key for decent jobs creation, shared prosperity and access to social services for a better life.

Abubakar Sadiq Muazu

Young people can contribute effectively in the process peaceful and prosperous sahel in many ways, This include the process of building capacities and engaging both youths and women in the table of decision making. 

Ashu Hailshamy

Hello Abubakar, I agree with you. Tell us more. Capacity building in what and how? Share your viewpoints.

MOUSSA DIOUF

The year 2020 was the warmest ever measured to date for the global ocean, the last five years the warmest five-year period, the last decade the warmest decade ever recorded according to Naza.

I really bileve that that complex problems of today's world can be solved by involving young people in decision making process; 

 

As a young we must be among the leaders who are working to adress the challenge of climate change.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anne Fouchard
  1. The West Africa’s Sahel is one of the poorest and most environmentally degraded region in the world, and is considered one of the world’s most vulnerable regions to climate change, as temperature increases are projected to be 1.5 times higher than in the rest of the world (reach 3-6° C).
Marie YAP -NJENG II

Anne Fouchard 

Bonsoir chère Anne ,

je pense à mon vis que les problèmes des zones sahélienne sont quasiment identiques, et c'est la manière ou les stratégies pour les adresser(solutions ) qui peuvent différer d'un pays à l'autre, compte tenu de la diversité culturelle.

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Fantastic and great suggestion. Thank you, Moussa.

Apart from common ways of reaching young leaders, how and what do you think the United Nations can do differently or innovatively to reach and convert these young people into transformational leaders?

MOUSSA DIOUF

we  must organize a summit in the Sahel that will gather young leader to talk about the devevolpment of sahel 

that will be a   networking, and learning about youth empowerment, sharing experiences and different perspectives.

it will be an opportnuty for others to hear from other young leaders  how they are thinking about climate change.

A lot of the world’s largest challenges like climate change  can not be faced alone.   The  Summit can  help young people to gain an academic and practical experience like  networking with peers and professionals.

Lucia Michelini

Dear Moussa,

thank you for your comment. Events like this should be supported and encouraged. 
Young people have a lot to say, and also to teach.

I agree with what you say, good practices are often there, they just need to be spread and replicated.

Lucia

Anne Fouchard

Yes, we must help an equal dialogue between young people, experts, political stakeholders on issues such as climate change in the Sahel, so that young people are not considered as victims but as part of the solutions.

Mar DIEYE Moderator

I am elated we are having these discussions and conversations, attracting young and visionary minds from the Sahel. The passion is beyond compare. The passion underlying these discussions reminds me of a very insightful video by Ernesto Sirolli: Want to help someone? Shut up and listen! The UN Integrated Strategy in the Sahel (UNISS) superbly espouses, or at least intends to spearhead, this perspective. "The passion that the person has for her[his] own growth is the most important thing." Worth watching.

Here is the gist or my personal reading of the story which I would like to share with you: 

  • No imported solutions will impactfully nor sustainably solve local issues. Over to you young people and women of the Sahel, you are in the driving seat!
  • Development partners keen on impact will not talk to you, rather they will listen to you. Glad the UN have opened the platform to listen to and collect the voices from the Sahel to inform interventions
  • One project planned to grow tomatoes to feed people, but succeeded in growing tomatoes to feed hippos. Contextual factors and voices are key drivers of development impact, or at least important clues about whether one is in the desired direction

Imagine the impactful and multifaceted ideas from these discussions! Information is power, as they say, and never allow anyone to miss out on these conversations. Who knows? As some of you are agents of change, we expect more others to be agents of change in the communities. 

The floor is open and let's seize the opportunity to amplify voices from the Sahel. As the African proverb says, ‘if you want to go fast, go alone, but if you want to go far, go together’. So reach out to your circle and even beyond and let us together raise and amplify the voices of the Sahel.

Thank you once again

The Moderator

Mar Dieye

 

Fatoumata Diarra

Mes salutations respectueuses à tous.

Pour la première question, la situation des femmes et des jeunes ainsi que la justice et  sécurité sont les priorités les plus urgentes au Niger particulièrement.

Concernant les femmes, lorsqu'elles entreprennent beaucoup d'hommes font semblant de les soutenir mais arrivé au niveau de la concrétisation du projet de la femme, on voit une réticence de ces mêmes hommes qui la soutenaient au début prétextant qu'elle est femme, sa femme est au côté de son mari et de ses enfants uniquement et non dans le monde du travail.

Quant aux jeunes je les encourage à entreprendre cela veut dire à se lever eux même faire les petits travaux dont beaucoup se moquent mais que grâce à ces petits travaux ils ne tendent la main à personne. Que les jeunes comprennent qu'il n'y a pas de sous-métiers.

Question sécurité : c'est aux compatriotes d'assurer leur sécurité, ceci dit pas besoin d'attendre une intervention militaire étrangère, nos militaires le peuvent eux mêmes pourvu que chacun y mette du sien y compris les citoyens auxquels ils assurent leur sécurité.

Sur le plan justice : c'est simplement que la population soit éduquée à l'honnêteté, ça suffit largement pour une bonne justice.

 

DIARRA SÉKOU-OUMAROU Fatoumata

Ashu Hailshamy

Thank you Fatoumata, you have raised important points and made some great suggestions. Our Sahel expects a lot from us!

Nwanne

Today on Day 3, we delve a little back into history. You know what they say; you have to know where you are from to help you know where you are going! I will even add to help you know what you are capable of! Sahel is replete with history, and one the of the fascinating ones is that of Mansa Musa! The 'wealthiest individual' ever in the world they say!  Though they add, there is no accurate way to quantify his wealth. That's ok, I will believe the epithet any day. A pioneer, a warrior king, a builder of centers of excellence such etc. Did you know Mansa Musa built the famous Sankore Madrssah (University of Sankore)and staffed with jurists, astronomers and mathematicians? By the end of Mansa Musa's reign, the Sankoré University had been converted into a fully staffed University with the largest collections of books in Africa since the Library of Alexandria (close to the Sahel). The Sankoré University was capable of housing 25,000 students and had one of the largest libraries in the world with roughly 1,000,000 manuscripts.

Education still remains the gateway today to a Sahel of endless possibilities. Education and development foster and spur each other, delivering to its recipients a life lived in fulfillment and dignity. That life is possible for the youth of the Sahel, who knowing the stock from whence they are hewn, know that what once was, could become! 

Ashu Hailshamy

Hmmmm.....!!!! This is breathtaking. What a read.!

Mansa Kankan Musa - Ruler of the Great Mali Empire, founded by Sundiata Keita. To even think that these achievements were made within 25 years (1312 - 1337) the period of his reign as  King, gives me great hope about the potentials of the Sahel and what can be achieved by young people, and the leaders of the Sahelian countries. Many have even argued that Literature originated from Timbuktu. This is in the Sahel - Sahel's identity, its cultural hallmark. This only goes to show how blessed this region is. All that is needed is to collectively unpack its immense potentials.

Marie YAP -NJENG II

Bonsoir  à vous,

je suis Marie YAP - NJENG II

je m'excuse d'intégrer la discussion un peu en retard , mais c'est du aux contraintes professionnelles . Nous sommes donc désormais ensemble .

Merci

 

Betga Ordy

Hi everyone. I am Betga Ordy from Think Tank CEIDES in Cameroon. Sorry for joining the conversation so late. 

Thanks to those who already raised very interesting and relevant points. I will be happy to share my own ideas with you soon.

Marthe Wandou

Good morning dear all. I'm Marthe Wandou from ALDEPA Far North Cameroon. Thank you for this exchange platform which is a good opportunity for us to build peace as a joined reflection process.

Marthe Wandou

Please I had technical problem to joint as anytime I try it is denied. What is please the proccess to contribute? 

Thanks for sharing the summary of what is said on day 2 and thanks to contributors. What is the next step please? Should I fait for a question or a next notification to start contributing?

I'm ready to join the group

Ashu Hailshamy

Hello Marthe. Good Morning. Welcome to the Sahel Conversations Platform.

You've joined the conversation, already. And you have already started participating by sending in two comments.

So what you have to do now, is proceed and start providing your inputs/feedback to the below questions which are the themes for this conversation. Also feel free to provide feedback to the comments and contributions made by other participants. The Moderator for this week - the UN Special Coordinator for Development in the Sahel, Mr. Abdoulaye Mar DIEYE will be providing feedback to the salient issues you will raise as when necessary. Welcome to this great consultation forum and excited to start reading your great great ideas.

_____________________________________________________________________

From the context of your country, kindly provide your comments and remarks on the following questions:

  1. What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?
     
  2. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel? 
     
  3. How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel? 
     
  4. How can youth, women and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel? 

Cheers.

Ashu

Vandi FACHE

Bonjour à toutes et à tous.

Je me réjouis de participer à ces échanges pour la paix et la prospérité dans le Sahel en emboîtant le pas à ceux qui m’ont devancé dont je salue d’ailleurs les idées et l’engouement pour cet exercice.

Je suis Vandi FACHE.

Je travaille comme bénévole au centre Afrique Espoir à Maroua (Extrême-Nord du Cameroun) pour l’accompagnement socioprofessionnel des jeunes diplômés de l’université et des grandes écoles de cette ville et le renforcement de leur leadership dans les affaires publiques en général et dans les questions de paix et de sécurité en particulier. Mais pour gagner ma vie je travaille comme consultant et entrepreneur agropastoral.

Dans le contexte du Cameroun, c’est le renforcement de la participation des femmes et des jeunes au processus de paix et de développement qui me semble prioritaire pour plusieurs raisons.

Pour ce qui est surtout des jeunes, leur proportion (près de 8 personnes sur 10 est âgé de 35 ans ou moins au Cameroun) dans la population du Cameroun justifie cela. Mais aujourd’hui, ce potentiel n’est pas suffisamment mobilisé dans les politiques publiques de recherche de la paix et du développement ; pis encore, les jeunes sont souvent perçus plutôt comme une menace pour la paix, la sécurité et le développement. Pourtant, investir sur cette catégorie permet de capitaliser leur énergie, leur capacité d’innovation et leur volonté de réussir qui n’attend que le coup de pouce pour s’éclore et irriguer les 5 autres priorités d’UNISS.

Les jeunes comme les femmes contribuent déjà à la paix et à la prospérité dans le Sahel et peuvent davantage le faire en faisant valoir leur vision du sahel et en améliorant leur propre condition de vie.

Les jeunes portent et agissent pour un sahel paisible et prospère au-delà des frontières de leur pays d’origine. À travers leur mobilisation au niveau de chaque pays, l’interaction avec les jeunes d’autres pays, ils peuvent être les vecteurs de paix et du développement pour le Sahel.

Avec l’ONU qui a déjà développé un cadre juridique, politique et stratégie (Résolutions 2250 et 1325 ; la Stratégie régionale de stabilisation…) d’espoir au sahel et qui donne aux jeunes et aux femmes un cadre d’action et de discours positifs sur cette sous-région. Ce cadre juridico-politique et stratégie qui doit s’adapter à chaque pays offre une opportunité d’action conjointes de l’ONU et des Etats avec les jeunes pour la paix et le développement durable dans le Sahel à conditions qu’ils « prennent les jeunes au sérieux » (comme aiment bien dire ces jeunes eux-mêmes) et ne se limitent pas aux actions spectaculaires et sporadiques.

Pour ce faire, tout en impliquant de bout en bout, l’ONU, les Etats du Sahel et d’autres partenaires devraient concentrer leurs efforts sur trois axes stratégiques pour une action avec les jeunes pour un Sahel apaisé et prospère :

  • Renforcer le partenariat stratégique au service du leadership des jeunes dans le processus de consolidation de la paix et de développement durable ;
  • Développer des opportunités d’institutionnalisation de la prise en compte durable des jeunes dans les processus de paix et de développement durable ;
  • Promouvoir la professionnalisation, l’emploi et les entreprises des jeunes ;
  • Développer les échanges entre les jeunes des différents pays du Sahel pour partager et promouvoir leur vision d’un Sahel prospère et paisible.

Pour ce qui est de l’autonomisation économique (qui, me semble-t-il, est un préalable à la disposition des jeunes à travailler pour la paix et contribuer à la prospérité du Sahel) des jeunes, le tout n’est pas de les « aider » même si cela peut être nécessaire mais c’est d’abord de les préparer suffisamment par une formation assez professionnelle et de créer un cadre de liberté d’entreprendre qui leur permettent de mener avec succès leurs activités. Aujourd’hui au Cameroun, les jeunes entrepreneurs sont confrontés à une législation des affaires trop rigides qui nourrit un système de corruption qui ne permet pas la prospérité. Par ailleurs, il y a très peu de mécanisme facilitant l’accès des jeunes aux crédits, aux intrants et aux moyens de production, y compris le foncier qui n’est pourtant pas rare dans un pays comme le Cameroun. Résultat, les jeunes, malgré leur volonté d’entreprendre, se trouvent bloqués et condamnés au chômage avec le risque de leur exposition à l’enrôlement dans des groupes violents comme Boko Haram menace pour la paix. UNFPA a produit un guide de prise en compte des jeunes dans les questions de paix et de sécurité à l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun qui donne plus de détails sur un tel engagement.

Plusieurs initiatives (UNISS et aussi la plateforme, portée par UNFPA, de capture du dividende démographique dans le bassin du lac Tchad avec un pilier sur les jeunes et un sue les femmes portés respectivement par le Cameroun et le Tchad) sont en cours, mais il est essentiel qu’elles soient concrètes et accessibles aux femmes et aux jeunes et qu’ils puissent effectivement y jouer un rôle.

Samuel Adunreke

In endearing development in the Sahel through engagement of youths, women, UN agencies and multilateral partners, We considered a high degree of impact on transmitting the transparency models through the green growth Hub of Innovea Development Foundation and solutions proffered to addressing need based issues related to safe agricultural practices in Nigeria, Sahel and the Sub Saharan Africa 

Samuel Adunreke

Good morning Esteemed Coordinator, participants, and Sahelians.

 

I would like to know how this conversation is designed so I don't post haphazardly are we meeting at a particular time?

Elodie Atsou

hello happy to answer you.

No there is no time. The conversation is open for one month, you can come at any time and add your contributions

Here are the 4 main questions around which the conversation is focuced:

  1. What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?
     
  2. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel? 
     
  3. How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel? 
     
  4. How can youth, women and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel? 

To answer or contribute to a question, please list the question and add your contribution

Example: Question 1 :What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?......then add your contributions.

You can also give your opinion under a comment through the "Reply" tab I hope this helped you.

I look forward to reading your contibutions

Hawa TRAORE

Good morning all, glad to join again , this morning

i would like to add to my proposition on question 2  on how can the UN and Young people work together to change the negative narrative on the sahel.

i've said that they have to be well educated and empowered, once this step is reached, UN and young people can together following these three steps :

1. Planning : design of program, they can help collect information used to plan the program

2. Devlivery : be implementation partners, they can take part in implementing a program or one of its outcome

3. Monitoring and Evaluation of programs :  youth can help collect information on the progress, results and/or effectiveness of the initiative

But to be well educated, we  need Pan-African cooperation in the field of training. in fact, the development of partnerships and the strengthening of the capacities of higher education.

In addition to that,  young people must serve as communication channels through a good use of social media to talk about (1) the resources of their country (2) good practices in terms of development, resilience ...

 

Hawa TRAORE

many young people from the Sahel countries have developed projects to fight unemployment, desertification and food insecurity using the resources specific to their countries.

It would be good to promote these young people by offering them exchange platforms that will allow them to make themselves known and develop their activities.

The United Nations can lobby their governments and at the same time endow them with the means to be able to help these young people

Mar DIEYE Moderator

                  Summary of Day-3 Conversations

 

Hello Friends of the Sahel,

Day 3 was another good day of hearing like-minded ideas that resonate within our spirit of working and delivering for the Sahel. Thank you.

You have spoken your mind, as illustrated below, and we have listened and will keep listening to you.

·       Annual youth climate action summit for the Sahel: organize a summit in the Sahel that will gather young leaders to talk about the development of Sahel; which will also double as a networking and learning event about youth empowerment, sharing of experiences and different perspectives; an opportunity for others to hear from other young leaders how they are thinking about climate change (Moussa Diouf)

·       Can we achieve Sustainable development without Education? A BIG NO is the answer. Consider a blended online and offline community learning platform for young boys and girls from marginalized communities across North-Eastern Nigeria to access basic foundational skills as well as life skills for them to build resilience, be productive and active economic agents (Ahmed Abdulkadir)

·       Conflict increases the miseries of the communities: rapes, kidnapping for ransoms and wanton killings are growing in geometric progression. In conflicts, fundamental human rights are violated. The vulnerable in normal time (women and youth) become most vulnerable. Conflict is very contagious; if conflict is not quickly resolved in State A it is very likely that State B shall also be engulfed by conflict.  The Sahel region is now a conflict hotspot in Africa and the question is what shall we do to change the narrative? (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       Equal dialogue between young people, experts, political stakeholders on issues such as climate change in the Sahel, so that young people are not considered as victims but as part of the solutions.

·       For a peaceful and prosperous Sahel, young people must get involved in governance, monitor public services, become aware of the laws to enable them to ensure their application. Women must dare to take up politics so that they are represented at the decision-making table, at the local, legislative and executive levels (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       It is my responsibility; it is your responsibility; it is our responsibility. IS THERE ANYONE MISSING in the 3 most important persons ME, YOU, and US for a start? If the answer is in the negative, I challenge all of us to get to work. Let us start now by bringing our proposals in this forum for consideration. If we work with a united voice we can reduce conflict in the Sahel to the barest minimum and it is possible if we all agree on it let start to work on it now not tomorrow (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       Lack of necessary skills that would make young people productive and active economic actors gives rooms for violence to thrive as violent extremist easily recruit vulnerable youth into their ideology, a threat to achieving a peaceful Sahel and when there is no peace we cannot achieve meaningful and sustainable development (Ahmed Abdulkadir).

·       Leveraging demographic dividend:  sensitize and train youths on and in agriculture for the transformation of its value chain to make them autonomous less manipulatable and contribute to economic development of the Sahel (SATEU RODRIGUE)

·       Leveraging water resources: 'unlocking' these water resources in the Sahel or even the possibility to export them are very important. Now focus on studying our groundwater resources potential, understand the functioning of the aquifer systems and then quantify the resources. Only with such keys, we can create sustainable projects regarding those resources. I believe it is the only sustainable way to achieve the 'WATER FOR ALL' in Sahel countries. (Farida Boubé Dobi)

·       Non-compliance with legal texts: The will of some Presidents to modify the constitution in order to impose themselves for another term, puts many countries in crisis. So, instead of talking about development, we rather experience electoral and post-electoral crises. Consequences: We are witnessing coups d'état. A situation that puts the country behind. (FATOUMATA CHERIF)

·       Peaceful Sahel: Creating an environment of peace and brotherhood and sisterhood united against drugs, and all kinds of violence; building capacities of young people and women for active participation in decision-making; establish equal and equitable communities and dialogues; promoting peace by (writing blogs and articles about it, posting it on social media, and creating art in the theme of peace) (Teslem Meissa; Abubakar Sadiq Muazu; Moussa Diouf; Anne Fouchard)

·       Precarious health services: The populations have no health coverage, the public hospitals do not provide quality services, the populations are forced to go to clinics, which, in turn, monetize health without real respect for the Hippocratic Oath (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       Promote entrepreneurship in sahel countries which is going to make many youth independent and contributing in leveraging the economic growth of the Sahel. (Bigambia)

·       Prosperous Sahel: Organizing a community project (clean up, plant a garden); producing localy alternatives for imported products; getting rid of immigration (invest and work in Sahel). (Teslem Meissa)

·       Resolving conflict in the region should be top of the priorities. Conflict is like a nursery for many other issues affecting the region. In conflict there shall be no development, no education or it badly affect education either because schools cannot operate in conflict hotspots or youth of school going age are likely to be those use in the conflict. (Unusa Karimu Esq.)

·       Security questions: it is up to compatriots to ensure their security, that said, no need to wait for a foreign military intervention, our soldiers can do it themselves as long as everyone does their part, including the citizens to whom they ensure their security (Fatoumata Diarra).

·       The exploitation of natural resources: Mining companies are setting up everywhere destroying our environment with no real impact on the living conditions of populations. The latter are not only not rehabilitated, but lose their income because the peasants live off their land which is unfortunately monopolized (FATOUMATA CHERIF)

·       The proliferation of pollutants, insalubrity, lack of water and electricity are other brakes that push people to demonstrate in the streets (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       The promotion of ecotourism, solidarity tourism, agroecology, crafts, gastronomy, heritage… are sectors that can attract new eyes to our region rich in diversity. Digital technology can help young people to communicate on these attractive points, promote the region, share success stories (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       Walk the talk and talk the walk: Concerning women, many men pretend to support women but arrived at the level of the realization of the project for women, we see a reluctance of these same men. (Fatoumata Diarra)

·       Young people and women must be empowered with access to relevant and quality education in ways that best work for them for them to be able to build resilience and contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel (Ahmed Abdulkadir).

·       Young people can change the narrative of the Sahel by highlighting their initiatives. There are inspiring ones. Behind the whole blackboard, there are indeed positive sides to explore (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       Young people must collaborate to bring together their creative genius, create GIEs, categorize their areas of interest in order to act as a whole. Thus, they will be able to compete with foreign companies which win most of the local markets for lack of local companies which have the skills (financial, logistics, etc.), human skills being existing (FATOUMATA CHERIF).

·       Youth entrepreneurship should be a priority in Sahel. It is the key for decent jobs creation, shared prosperity and access to social services for a better life. (Haby Sow Traoré)

Last but not the least of all my collection of the voices on Day 3 include this breathtaking verbatim account from the contributor Nwanne who shared an inspiring read. Don’t miss the spirit behind the text:

You know what they say, you have to know where you are from to help you know where you are going! I will even add to help you know what you are capable of! Sahel is replete with history, and one of the fascinating ones is that of Mansa Musa! The 'wealthiest individual' ever in the world they say!  Though they add, there is no accurate way to quantify his wealth. That's ok, I will believe the epithet any day. A pioneer, a warrior king, a builder of centers of excellence. Did you know Mansa Musa built the famous Sankore Madrasah (University of Sankore) and staffed with jurists, astronomers and mathematicians? By the end of Mansa Musa's reign, the Sankoré University had been converted into a fully staffed University with the largest collections of books in Africa since the Library of Alexandria (close to the Sahel). The Sankoré University was capable of housing 25,000 students and had one of the largest libraries in the world with roughly 1,000,000 manuscripts.

Education still remains the gateway today to a Sahel of endless possibilities. Education and development foster and spur each other, delivering to its recipients a life lived in fulfillment and dignity. That life is possible for the youth of the Sahel, who knowing the stock from whence they are hewn, know that what once was, could become!”

In summary, what we are hearing and learning is that

o   No imported solutions will impactfully nor sustainably solve local issues. Over to you young people and women of the Sahel, you are in the driving seat!

o   Development partners keen on impact will not talk to you, rather they will listen to you. Glad the UN have opened the platform to listen to and collect the voices from the Sahel to inform interventions

o   One project planned to grow tomatoes to feed people but succeeded in growing tomatoes to feed hippos. Contextual factors and voices are key drivers of development impact, or at least important clues about whether one is in the desired direction.

We immensely thank you and looking forward to hearing more on the questions under discussions:

1.     What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?

2.     How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel?

3.     How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel?

4.     How can youth, women, and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel?

On to Day 4

 

Cheers!

Mar

 

 

 

 

 

Haby Sow Traoré

Il est nécessaire de mettre l'accent sur la prévention des conflits dans le Sahel à partir d'une analyse approfondie de ses racines/causes.

Aussi, dans les zones de conflit, la mise en oeuvre de projets intégrés élaborés sur la base du nexus Humanitaire-Développement-Paix semble être une stratégie à privilégier pour une meilleure gestion des conflits et leurs impacts et l'atteinte d'une paix et d'un développement socio-économique durables dans ces zones.

 

baro

Comment l’ONU et les jeunes peuvent-ils travailler ensemble pour changer le récit négatif sur le Sahel ?

Dans son commentaire du jour 2, Monsieur le Modérateur a souligné l'importance de l'écoute.

Au moment du lancement des ODD, CINU Dakar avait initié une caravane composée de jeunes animateurs radio qui enregistraient des émissions, notamment en Puular, Sereer et Diola dans les localités les plus reculées du Sénégal. Le concept étant « les jeunes parlent aux jeunes ».

Dans un village du Nord du pays, les jeunes ont exprimé le désir d’avoir des loisirs. L’urgence, selon eux résidait dans l’aménagement d’un stade pour y jouer au football. Comment réagirions-nous si nos propres enfants formulaient une telle requête ? S’ils n’avaient jamais vu un stade (hormis sur des photos ou à la télévision) ?

Ecouter c’est aussi comprendre et placer les priorités de communication sur un narratif qui renvoie au bonheur universel. Nous avons la mission de nous mettre au même niveau et de disputer des matchs de football avec eux. Pas sûr que nous gagnions cette partie, physique ! Cependant nous avons un match à gagner : renvoyer les images d’un Sahel de toutes les opportunités y compris celle de la vie qui forme des hommes et des femmes accomplies.

Je vous invite à écouter en images les messages des artistes du Sahel.  C’est une production d’OCHA :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YnfHw_jpdo8

 

 

 

 

 

Ramatu Abdu

Women and Youths should be part of peace processes with engagement from the grass roots to higher levels.

Women and Youths should be engage in entrepreneurial skills.

Encourage social cohesion and Peaceful co existence

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anne Fouchard

Greta Thunberg mocks world leaders’ words at Youth4Climate on the 28th September 2021

"We cannot let any longer political leaders decide what hope is. Hope is not passive. Hope is not blah blah blah. Hope is telling the truth. Hope is taking actions. And hope always comes from the people."

 

MOUSSA DIOUF

Mar Dieye 

Today young people in Sahel  want to and already contribute to the resilience of their communities, proposing innovative solutions, driving social progress and inspiring political change . They are also agents of change, mobilizing to advance the Sustainable Development Goals to improve the lives of people and the health of the planet.

United Nation should Provide young people  with the necessary skills and opportunities they need to reach their potential,

young people can be a driving force for supporting development and contributing to peace and security.

Youth-led organizations need to be encouraged and empowered to participate in translating the 2030 Agenda into local, national and regional policy.

They play a significant role in the implementation, monitoring and review of the Agenda as well as in holding governments accountable. With political commitment and adequate resources, young people have the potential to make the most effective transformation of the world into a better place for all.

Nwanne

The Trans Sharan trade extended from the 8th century until the early 17th century. The route extended between sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa. While existing from prehistoric times, at the peak of trade which was conducted by caravans of camels an according to Ibn Battuta, the explorer who accompanied one of the caravans, the average size per caravan was 1,000 camels, but some caravans were as large as 12,000. The travel involved, required rigorous and  prospective planning. For example, the caravans would be guided by highly-paid Berbers, who knew the desert and could ensure safe passage. Runners would be sent ahead to oases so that water could be shipped out to the caravan when it was still several days away, as the caravans could not easily carry enough with them to make the full journey. Eventually different factors led to the decline of the Trans Saharan Trade.

But did you know that there is a present day Trans Sharan Trade route? The African Union and African Development Bank support the Trans-Sahara Highway from Algiers to Lagos via Tamanrasset which aims to stimulate trans-Saharan trade. The route is paved except for a 120 mi (200 km) section in northern Niger. Equally three other highways across the Sahara are proposed. 

In addition there is now in existence the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) which will guarantee free movement of goods and services, which will hopefully be followed by the ratification of protocols on Free movement of persons! It is possible that African YOUTHS- youths from the Sahel included will not only trade, exchange services but also be able to move freely about in the continent. How are Sahelian youths preparing themselves to take advantage of the opportunities that will come out of these processes? 

They say there is nothing new under the sun. Better believe them! 

Anne Fouchard

It is so good to read great refreshing stories as this one, they remind us of the foundations that resisted all shocks to connect human beings.

Arsène

Bonsoir. Très ravi de participer à la réflexion. Je pense sincèrement que le développement de notre continent en général et de la zone du Sahel pour ce qui concerne les jeunes et les femmes dépend en grande partie de l'éducation. Éducation entendu ici non pas comme l'acquisition des savoirs savants, mais comme une acquisition des savoirs faire et des savoirs être à même de faciliter une adaptation et une intégration harmonieuse dans la société.

Arsène

Bonsoir. Très ravi de participer à la réflexion. Je pense sincèrement que le développement de notre continent en général et de la zone du Sahel pour ce qui concerne les jeunes et les femmes dépend en grande partie de l'éducation. Éducation entendu ici non pas comme l'acquisition des savoirs savants, mais comme une acquisition des savoirs faire et des savoirs être à même de faciliter une adaptation et une intégration harmonieuse dans la société.

MOUSSA DIOUF

I think the cop 26 is an unique opportunity for us to be heard 

why not to participate in the cop-26 it will be an important opportunity also to talk directly to the United Nations about the Sahel issues on climate change 

and we can learn about other young leaders experiences like greta thumberg experience during the summit 

that we enable us to better know how to organize our own summit in Afica 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Larissa Tuayo

Bonjour Monsieur le Modérateur et merci pour l opportunité que vous nous donnez, a nous jeune et femmes du Sahel pour nous exprimer et de faire entendre nos voix pour le développement de notre Sahel. C est une initiative que je félicite grandement. 

Je suis Larissa Tuayo, je suis une jeune fille du Sahel, d origine camerounaise. Je suis jeune volontaire au PNUD en charge du Verdissement de ses bureaux au Cameroun (Greening thé Office). Je Tiens à rappeler que la mise en œuvre de ce projet a eu beaucoup d impacts positifs sur les staffs, en ce sens où, après les séances de sensibilisation sur l utilisation durable et raisonnable des ressources du bureau (Lumière, eau, dechets), l adoption des bonnes pratiques, le passage aux LED et aux lampadaires/projecteur solaires du bureau, Le passage de la salle des machines du bureau a l énergie solaire photovoltaïque, et vue tous les économies que cela a engendrées (environ 100 000Fcfa en moins chaque mois sur les factures d électricité), ont décidé de rendre Vert leur propre domicile. ET même au niveau micro, cela a beaucoup impacter le entourage direct de nos bureaux.

Larissa Tuayo

Alors, en ce qui concerne les différentes questions :

1. Je pense que toutes les priorités du plan Sahel des Nations unies sont toutes pertinentes dans notre contexte. Car le Sahel fais face aux difficultés qui touche tous les domaines d intervention du PSNU.et les résolutions doivent se faire en Synergie pour que les impacts soient plus visible.

2. Nous avons ( je parles en tant que femme et jeune du Sahel) un rôle indispensable à jouer pour contribuer à un Sahel pacifique et prospère. Le Sahel est terre d Avenir et d opportunités. Tout d'abord, nous devons prendre conscience des Valeurs et des capacités que nous ppocedons.Nous devons cesser de compter a tous prix tout attendre du gouvernement car nous sommes capables d entreprendre et saisir les opportunités qui s offrent à nous. Nous devons cultiver l esprit de tolérance et du vivre ensemble avec nos vis à vis.

Benoit THIERRY

Salutations a tous et felicitations pour cette initiative !

En effet le Sahel est une terre d'histoire ancienne et promise a un grand futur. Dans les 20 et 30 prochaines années tout va se transformer dans la region: la population va doubler, entrainer un afflux de jeunes innovants et dynamiques. Par ailleurs il faudra nourrir les nouvelles populations ce qui donnera des opportunités de production agricole importante. La production de nourriture devra etre multipliée par 3 ou 4, et devra se diversifier pour s'adapter aux nouveau modes alimentaires tant en agriculture, elevage que maraichage.

L'agriculture est un metier remunerateur, si elle est realisée avec des pratiques productives et ecologiques. le nombre de jeunes agri-preneurs en Afrique se compte par millions qui avec de petites exploitations agricoles developpent des filieres hautement remuneratrices.

Il faudra maintenant que les gouvernements assurent l'etat de droit et la securite dans toutes ces zones afin que la jeunesse productive puisse exercer ses activités economiques en toute quiétude.

Ceci demande des unions locales, nationales et internationales pour travailler tous ense;ble.

Bonne chance a tous !

Anne Fouchard

Merci pour cette perspective étayée!

Ousmane

Bonjour à vous a propos de la première question la priorité du plan sahel des nation unies la plus pertinentes est celle de Cross Border Cooperation parcequ'elle nous aide maintenant à aller plus loin, en articulant plus étroitement encore nos efforts avec les impératifs de lutte contre les groupes armés, de renforcement des forces de sécurité nationales et de déploiement des Etats sur l’ensemble des territoires. Face à des terroristes prêts à jouer la stratégie du chaos, les acteurs de la sécurité, des services publics, de l’humanitaire et du développement doivent agir main dans la main pour construire, ensemble, un Sahel de paix et de stabilité.

2. D'une manière générale, le projet continuera à investir dans des activités qui ciblent les adolescentes et leurs communautés afin d'améliorer les compétences psychosociales et les connaissances des jeunes filles en matière de santé sexuelle et reproductive, de les maintenir à l'école et d'élargir leurs perspectives économiques. Il s'agira également de créer un environnement favorable à l'autonomisation sociale et économique des filles en conjuguant les lois et normes réglementaires, religieuses et coutumières, et notamment en insistant sur la prévention et une meilleure réponse aux violences à l'égard des femmes. Les investissements permettront également de faciliter l'accès à des médicaments essentiels, y compris en ce qui concerne la délivrance de moyens de contraception au niveau communautaire, et de renforcer la capacité des sages-femmes à intervenir auprès des femmes et des adolescentes dans les zones rurales.Toutefois, en raison des mariages d’enfants, des grossesses précoces et fréquentes et des abandons scolaires prématurés, les filles, de même que leurs futurs enfants, sont exposés à un risque accru de problèmes de santé et une diminution importante de leur accès à l'éducation et de leurs perspectives de revenus à l’âge adulte

3. Les ressources nécessaires pour parvenir à un

développement durable et à la pérennisation de la

paix au Sahel dépassent les capacités des institutions

publiques nationales et régionales. La communauté

internationale, y compris les gouvernements, les acteurs

régionaux, les institutions financières internationales et les

milieux d’affaires, doivent déployer des efforts considérables

pour créer des opportunités grâce aux investissements.

Seront nécessaires: des approches mixtes galvanisées par des

partenariats public-privé, la facilitation de biens publics par la

fiscalité, la dette publique et l’aide publique au développement ;

la mobilisation des investissements du secteur privé ; 

4. Les femmes les hommes et le gouvernement peuvent s'associer dans les domaine de la résilience du développement et de la consolidation de la paix à travers le travail sur la résilience du sahel qui nous invite à élargir notre regard, de nous déporter des seules zones en crise, et de valoriser les atouts de la région tout en agissant sur ses faiblesses ! S’appuyer sur les atouts pour mieux agir sur les faiblesses : c’est tout l’enjeu d’une approche globale incluant la prévention La résilience va de pair avec l’accès de la population aux services de base, comme les infrastructures de santé, la fourniture d’eau potable… Si les États ne sont pas en mesure de fournir ces services, les citoyens perdent confiance dans les institutions étatiques. Et cela en fait un terrain fertile pour les conflits, l’absence de services de base devient une simple question de survie. Il est essentiel de soutenir les autorités locales responsables dans la fourniture des services de base, mais également pour qu’elles impliquent la population locale dans les décisions politiques, et qu’elles s’attaquent aux conflits potentiels avant qu’ils ne s’aggravent. 

Larissa Tuayo

3.Nous sommes sur la bonne voie, cette plateforme d échange entre les Jeunes et l'ONU est une excellente initiative qui permettra de prendre de grande résolution, et mon souhait le plus cher est que cela perdure, car, nous nous devons de changer l'image négative du Sahel en une image positive par des actions concrètes et durable, car le Sahel a besoin d une nouvelle image qui lui convienne. En plus des plateformes d échange, l' ONU devrait aider le Sahel a relancer son secteur industriel, cela permettra de résoudre le problème de chômage des jeunes.

DIALLO Alpha Mamoudou

Bonjour chers tous. Je suis DIALLO Alpha Mamoudou, Directeur des Programmes et Chargé du Partenariat d'une ONG de jeunes nommée Ouvrir Les Horizons existant en République de Guinée. Merci pour cette belle initiative qui donne encore l'opportunité aux jeunes du Sahel de s'exprimer sur des questions exogènes et endogènes de la région.

Pour un Sahel prospère, il faut des programmes plus efficaces et adaptés pour les jeunes et les femmes en termes de création de la richesse. Il faut alors nécessairement mettre un accent particulier sur l'éducation, la formation technique et professionnelle et la recherche scientifique. Les sahéliens doivent pouvoir surtout se retrouver autour des conférences, colloques, forums pour faire l'analyse situationelle, partager les expériences/bonnes pratiques et proposer des solutions individuelles et collectives pour aller de l' avant. Les rencontres sur les thématiques de développement doivent changer de connotation. Nous avons besoin des rencontres de production, d'action et de suivi. Un point essentiel de ce processus est aussi l'accès aux nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication. Les géants du numérique doivent investir davantage au Sahel en vue de franchir ce cap.

Pour un Sahel apaisé, un accent particulier doit être mis sur la limitation des mandats, la lutte contre le chômage des jeunes/femme, une justice forte et équitable, l'accroissement des programmes d'éducation et d'engagement civique, le suivi des actions des services publiques donc la lutte contre la corruption.

Enfin, la solution aux multiples problèmes du Sahel est simple à résoudre, il faut peu de paroles, plus de patriotisme, plus d'actions, plus de contrôle et plus d'argent.

Samuel Adunreke

Good morning Sahelians!

 

Happy to be here today. Hoping for a meaningful engagement

Benoit THIERRY

Suite a mon precedent post, voici quelques liens vers des etudes de cas prospective sur l'agriculture du Sahel, avec des documents par pays.

https://www.weconnectfarmers.com/simagri  

Bonne lecture

et en detail - d'autres pays suivront sous peu.

  1. Le futur de l’agriculture au Cap-Vert : 2030 – 2063  | Télécharger
  2.  The future of agriculture in the Gambia : 2030 – 2063  |  Télécharger
  3.  Le futur de l’agriculture en Guinée : 2030 – 2063  |  Télécharger
  4.  Le futur de l’agriculture en Guinée Bissau : 2030 – 2063  | Télécharger
  5.  Le futur de l’agriculture au Mali : 2030 – 2063  | Télécharger 
  6.  Le futur de l’agriculture en Mauritanie : 2030 – 2063  |  Télécharger
  7.  Le futur de l’agriculture au Sénégal : 2030 – 2063  |  Télécharger

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

                          Summary of Day-4 Conversations

Let’s get ready to finish Week 1 in beauty. Have you invited your closest colleagues or friends to these conversations? Empower them with these powerful ideas and voices.

Your voices were echoed and heard on Day 4, reiterating some of the previous views or expressing fresh outlooks:

·       “Young people talk to young people”: When the SDGs were launched, CINU Dakar had initiated a caravan made up of young radio hosts who recorded broadcasts, particularly in Puular, Sereer and Diola in the most remote localities of Senegal. Listening is also understanding and prioritizing as per the narratives of young people (Baro)

·       Create exchange and learning platforms for young people to market and develop their activities. Young people from the Sahel countries are developing projects to fight unemployment, desertification and food insecurity using the resources specific to their countries. (Hawa Traoré)

·       Cross-fertilization and integration of Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus interventions in conflict zones for a better understanding of conflicts and their impact on the achievement of sustainable peace and socio-economic development: Prevent conflicts in the Sahel based on an analysis of the roots/causes; Implemented in conflict zones, integrated projects based on the Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus (Haby Sow Traoré).

·       Economic empowerment as a prerequisite for young people to work for peace and contribute to the prosperity of the Sahel, it is not about “help” them even if it may be necessary, but first of all it is to prepare them through professional training and to create a framework of entrepreneurial freedom (Vandi FACHE)

·       Education as the prerequisite: development of our continent in general and of the Sahel zone with regard to young people and women largely depends on education, not the acquisition of scholarly knowledge, but the acquisition of know-how and knowledge to be able to facilitate adaptation and harmonious integration into society (Arsène).

·       Empowered, young people can work with the United Nations in (i) designing projects and programs with youth involvement in data collection and conceptualization of the interventions; (ii) program implementation; (iii) program monitoring and evaluation: youth can help gather information about the progress, outcomes, and/or effectiveness of the initiative. (Hawa Traoré)

·       For a peaceful and prosperous Sahel: (i) strengthen the strategic partnership at the service of youth leadership; (ii) develop opportunities for institutionalizing the sustainable inclusion of young people and women in all peace processes at all levels; (iii) promote professionalization, employment and businesses for young people; (iv) develop exchanges between young people from different Sahel countries to share and promote their vision (Vandi FACHE; Ramatu Abdu)

·       Greening Offices and Homes, a project that had a lot of positive impacts on the staff in UNDP Office in Cameroon to the extent that, after the awareness sessions and saving around 100,000 CFA francs less each month on electricity bills), staff have decided to make their own home Green. (Larissa Tuayo). Worth scaling up across Sahel and other African countries.

·       Minimize overdependency upon the governments: stop relying at all costs to expect everything from the government because we are able to undertake and seize the opportunities that are offered to us (Larissa Tuayo).

·       Pan-African partnerships in training, development, and capacity building in higher education. (Hawa Traoré) leading to entrepreneurial skills (Ramatu Abdu).

·       Provide young people with the necessary skills and opportunities they need to reach their potential: young people in Sahel want to and already contribute to the resilience of their communities, proposing innovative solutions, driving social progress and inspiring political change. They are also agents of change, mobilizing to advance the Sustainable Development Goals to improve the lives of people and the health of the planet (Moussa Diouf)

·       Rigid business legislation feeds a system of corruption that does not allow prosperity. Young people, despite their entrepreneurial will, find themselves blocked and condemned to unemployment with the risk of enlistment in violent groups like Boko Haram, a threat to peace (Vandi FACHE

·       Show images of a Sahel of all opportunities, including that of life that forms accomplished men and women: Baro invites other young people to listen to the messages of artists from the Sahel from this OCHA production. In life things are meant to change, let’s ensure they change positively.

·       Strengthening the participation of women and young people in the peace and development process that seems to me to be a priority for young people act beyond the borders of their country of origin. Through their mobilization at the level of each country, the interaction with young people from other countries, they can be the vectors of peace and development (Vandi FACHE)

·       Transparency models through the green growth Hub of Innovea Development Foundation and solutions proffered to addressing need-based issues related to safe agricultural practices in Nigeria, Sahel and the Sub-Saharan Africa (Samuel Adunreke)

·       Trans-Saharan trade existed in the past involving caravans of camels according to Ibn Battuta, the explorer who accompanied one of the caravans, the average size per caravan was 1,000 camels, but some caravans were as large as 12,000. The travel required rigorous and prospective planning. Despite the decline, it is high time to revive all that effectively worked. The African Continental Free Trade Area is meant to guarantee free movement of goods and services. African YOUTHS - youths from the Sahel included - will not only trade, exchange services but also be able to move freely about in the continent. How are Sahelian youths preparing themselves to take advantage of the opportunities that will come out of these processes? (Nwanne)

·       Use communication channels, social media to talk about Sahel resources; good practices in terms of development, resilience; provide youth platforms for exchange; the United Nations should lobby governments through the United Nations (Hawa Traoré)

·       Youth4Climate and Climate4Youth: "We cannot let any longer political leaders decide what hope is. Hope is not passive. Hope is not blah blah blah. Hope is telling the truth. Hope is taking actions. And hope always comes from the people." Anne Fouchard citing Greta Thunberg

·       Youth-led organizations need to be encouraged and empowered to participate in translating the 2030 Agenda into local, national and regional policies, implementing, monitoring and reviewing the Agenda 2030 as well as holding governments accountable. With political commitment and adequate resources, young people have the potential to make the world a better place for all (Moussa Diouf).

Off to Day 5!

Your Week-1 Moderator

Mar Dieye

Lucia Michelini

Dear Benoit,

thank you very much for these very useful reports. 

Lucia

Benoit THIERRY

I invite you to have a look at the joint Regional Sahel programme SD3C, implemented in 6 countries with G5Sahel, FAO, IFAD and WFP and which started activities recently (2021-2026),

Under the UNISS and G5 umbrella, Sd3C is adressing 3 key challenges of the region : covid, conflict and climate change and aim at scaling up successfull activities in the field, mostly on crossborder areas.

More info at : https://www.ifad.org/fr/web/operations/regions/wca/sahel

Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Programme-conjoint-Sahel-SD3C-105864315179069

LinkedIn : https://www.linkedin.com/company/programme-conjoint-sahel-sd3c

Instagram : https://www.instagram.com/sd3c_sahel/

Twitter : https://twitter.com/SD3C_Sahel

Nwanne

Waoh! In a blink of an eye, we are already at the end of the first week of discussion on this exciting conversation! Which by the way is just the beginning as through out this month and beyond to the first weeks of November, this conversation continues. Lined up are a trio of formidable women who have taken the Sahel into their heart, providing services for all in their respective offices. Lets continue to hang heads together, as the solution of the Sahel lies within its many opportunities. As Mandela said, its said to be impossible until its done! The youth of the Sahel are capable of lifting Sahel to greater heights, join in and tell us how! Aluta continua!!!

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Sahelian youth and women,

Day in, day out, through these conversations, we hear your voices, life-changing stories and dreams. Do you know why some projects, activities, or businesses fail? Believe me, when you conceptualize and plan your project or business around traditional, outdated, decontextualized, and de-passionated approaches, the likelihood of failure is high. We at the United Nations in the Sahel believe in different perspectives and, you proved you are a fountain of great ideas.

  • Our collective strength is you, the young people women of the Sahel, not the development processes. We do not mind much what theories say, we mind what works and is transformational, we mind dearly what you can do.
  • Our collective itinerary is iterative, not linear - finding solutions by searching all around. Drawing from historical sources (remember the Sahelian virtues and values) to inform the present modus operandi and prepare for the future.
  • Today is yours, make sure your present informs your future. Each daily gesture, knowingly or unknowingly, is a milestone leading somewhere.
  • Never give up. What is critically most important is what you and you alone are committed to achieve in life.    
  • Follow and embrace your dreams, wake up and chase your dreams to make them a reality. “You have got to find what you love … to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work” Steve Jobs. A golden opportunity for you, don’t settle for routines.

What else? We need to hear more ideas that can change life, change the living conditions in the Sahel. Don’t settle for less. Come all, invite more and join our excellent Week-2 Moderator, Ms. Giovanie Biha. I will be participating next week, not moderating!

Your Week-1 Moderator.

Mar

Mar DIEYE Moderator

And thanks Thierry for the great comments; and for the most valuable documentation !

Mar.

Ahmed Abdulkadir

Thank you Dieye for the great work you did.

Another way for us to foster peace is by countering Violent Extremism in local and uninformed communities who are easily pulled towards the ideology.

A great communication tool can be used to reach this target audience as many times the medium of the messaging is not accessible to them either because of language or platform used.

A more universal medium of messaging that would work is the use of images e.g Animated images that provide an Alternative perspective to pressing issues of terror, climate change, education and many more.

This model has been initiated in my community and is having lasting impact bringing the change we want to see. Young people are now learning on how to create animated images to reach out to locals in marginalized communities.

The UN can support us to scale this idea to other Sehalian communities for a broader impact. 

 

 

Ramatu Abdu

Youths of the Sahel stand up for your rights, lead developmental projects in your communities and raise your voices

ADEK BASSEY


Dear Sir @Mar DIEYE, Thank you for giving we the young people the opportunity to be heard and share our own diverse ideas, indeed this is what the young people crave for, which are :
•    Opportunity to feel among systems that hear them and accept their contributions aimed towards solving identified problems that affect them
•    An opportunity to be involved in decision making, designing, planning and implementing programs aimed towards preventing, reducing and completely putting an end to problems. 
My name is Adek Bassey a youth development programmer, for 14 years now right from my teenage age, I have been engaging and working with young people towards being change agents in addressing issues related to their basic needs and fundamental human rights to achieve their full potentials. And today we have our change agents working and making impact in three States in Nigeria (Cross River State, Akwa-Ibom State and Adamawa State) which are under the South-South and North- East region of Nigeria). We currently established the first adolescent and youth safe space centre that is run and managed by young people in Adamawa State.  
BELOW ARE MY RESPONSES TO THIS WEEK QUESTIONS:
1.    In my own context, the most UN Sahel plan are Inclusion growth, women and youth and prevention and sustaining peace.  Because in Nigeria, there is a low practice of inclusion of young people, women and youths in being part of systems , decisions or actions aimed towards addressing issues that affect them due to societal belief, power, capacity and status stereotype. How will there be growth, ownership and sustainability of positive outcomes if there is less involvement, inclusion of the category of people it is designed for? How will there be growth , prevention of peace and sustainability when it is only the same people with capacities that is been used and involved over a long period of time because of an assumption of saying the system cannot involve people with low capacity, technical skills and resources. How will there be inclusion of growth when there is too much struggle for young people, youths to be heard or supported to fully reach and maximize their potentials? 

2.    How  young people, including women,  can contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel is when majority (emphasis on a good percentage ) of them are involved , empowered and supported with non-discriminatory or judgmental systems to function towards driving peace building among their peers.  For quick results and outcome it us advisable to use same target beneficiary as the key role implementation player it leads to ownership and high engagement as well as taking peacebuilding actions. 

3.     UN and young people can work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel through UN, directly and involving a high percentage of young people to design and implement planned programs aimed towards changing the mapped out identified sahel narratives. 

4.    How  youth, women and governments  can partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel is for youth led and women led organizations working in the areas of development, resilience and peace building to design a theory of change and project activities aimed towards one goal and outcome. 

         We are not disputing the fact that most of these things mentioned are not already in practice, but my emphasis is on the percentage(%) shou;d be increased. 

 

Mar DIEYE Moderator

i really  agree with  you  Ahmed, Ramatu & Adek

i wanted to add my voice  as a "young " sahelian and suggest we "sahelize", more our public policies; and for me , one of the most powerful policy tool we have in a country is the " national budget". i would recommend that budget processes be open to the citizens and communities so that they can voice their " social preferences" ; including precisely " investing heavily  and systematically on " youth & women agency". i.e. seeing youth and women not only as " beneficiaries of development  policies" but as driving agents ( and  evaluators ) of those policies ( in addition to the work of national parliaments))

 

FATOUMATA CHERIF

4.Comment les jeunes, les femmes et les gouvernements peuvent-ils s'associer dans les domaines du développement, de la résilience et de la consolidation de la paix au Sahel ? 

Les Gouvernements doivent s’inscrire dans la dynamique de l’OPENGOV (Gouvernement Ouvert). Cela facilitera la transparence, l’accès aux données, la reddition des comptes, le dialogue entre Gouvernants et Gouvernés.

Les principales raisons qui poussent les populations à la révolte, sont souvent dûes au manque de communication de la part des structures étatiques. Pour illustration, lorsqu’il n’y a pas d’informations sur la fourniture des infrastructures sociales de base comme l’eau et l’électricité, cela conduit à des réactions. Mais lorsque les raisons de l’interruption sont évoquées, il y’aura moins de dégâts. Comme pour dire que les citoyens doivent être des partenaires dans la conduite des programmes.

L’accent doit également être mis sur la décentralisation pour que les réalités des communautés rurales soient intégrées dans les politiques de développement. Cela en tenant compte des couches vulnérables.

L’autre point très important est que les lois doivent être traduites dans les langues locales. Comment les populations pourront-elles respectées les lois sans comprendre les tenants et les aboutissants ? Comment les Gouvernants pourront-ils sanctionner si eux-mêmes n’ont pas eu d’approche de vulgarisation des lois, politiques et autres décisions prises au niveau exécutif ?

Pour mieux impliquer les jeunes et les femmes, il faudrait donc une approche transversale. Faire en sorte de rétablir la confiance, promouvoir l’inclusion, prendre en compte les revendications des citoyens et les transformer en projets dont l’exécution se fera avec l’implication de ces mêmes populations. Il est également impératif pour les jeunes et les femmes d’intégrer les instances de décision : Partis politiques, Assemblée, Ministères…

A travers ces différentes approches, les jeunes et les femmes pourront contribuer à la stabilité de leurs pays et être des sentinelles de la paix.

Fatoumata Chérif

Guinée

Mohammed bello

Women and youth inclusion and participation in government will help bring desire change. This group are the affected set so they know where shoes pinches. A campaign or petitions driven to encourage the legislative arms of government to enact laws that will increase numbers of women and  youth participating in electioneering should encourage and promoted at all levels of government. Youth themselves need to be available in other exploit this opportunities. 

Mohammed bello

Also, women and young people can contribute meaningfully to peace and progress of Sahel when gainful employed. When youth and women have means of livelihoods, peace and prosperity reigns. Therefore, our government should make a concerted effort to provide an enabling environment for small businesses to thrive for women and young people to explore. Focus should also be on job creation to absorb skilled youth. Soft loans without stringent measure or collateral should be accessible by willing women and youth. Girls child enrollment in school should encourage. Through this most of the problem will be solved. 

Fara NDIAYE

L’heure de la JEUNESSE a sonné !

L’Afrique subsaharienne ne peut plus se faire sans la JEUNESSE !

La JEUNESSE réclame une parité générationnelle dans les instances et sphères de prises de décisions : Un Homme, Une Femme, Un JEUNE Homme, Une JEUNE Femme !

Les Gouvernements avec les jeunes et par les jeunes !

Les Assemblées Nationales avec les jeunes et par les jeunes !

Les Collectivités Territoriales avec les jeunes et par les jeunes !

Les agences, directions et projets dédiés aux jeunes gérés par les jeunes, pour les jeunes et avec les jeunes !

Il urge la tenue des ASSISES NATIONALE de la JEUNESSE !

 

« Tout ce qui est fait pour moi, sans moi, est fait contre moi », disaient Gandhi et Nelson Mandela. En Afrique subsaharienne, la JEUNESSE souffre d’une sous-représentation ou quasi inexistence de présence dans les instances de décisions. Alors une meilleure participation des jeunes à toutes les échelles et sphères de prise de décision permettrait d’entendre la voix et les besoins des jeunes. Ce qui pourrait garantir une meilleure prise en compte de leurs préoccupations dans les politiques les concernant en terme d’accès aux financements, au foncier, à l’emploi, à la formation entres autres.

 

De plus en plus des voix s’élèvent pour constater les limites des politiques publiques destinées à la jeunesse, lorsqu’elles sont entreprises sans concertation avec les jeunes. La participation des jeunes dans les instances de prises de décisions est pourtant inscrite dans la Charte Africaine de la Jeunesse ratifiée par le Sénégal en 2006. A cet effet, il faudrait percevoir la JEUNESSE comme étant un partenaire à impliquer dans la réflexion, la conception, l’élaboration, la mise en œuvre, le suivi et l’évaluation des projets les concernant, plutôt qu’une cible qui subit des politiques qui ne prennent pas réellement en compte les préoccupations et opinions majeures des jeunes.

 

Au Sénégal, selon une étude de l’agence nationale de la statistique et de la démographie (ANSD), la moyenne d’âge au Sénégal est de 22,7 ans et plus de 65% de la population ont moins de 35 ans. Une étude menée par ENDA Lead Afrique de l’ouest à l’issue des élections législatives de 2017 cherchait à mesurer la part de jeunes dans l’hémicycle. Dans cette enquête, les jeunes désignent les personnes de 15 à 35 ans.

Sur les 165 personnes siégeant à l’assemblée nationale sénégalaise, seules 4 avaient moins de 35 en 2017 à l’issue des législatives et la moyenne d’âge de l’assemblée était de 54 ans, soit plus de 30 ans de plus que la moyenne d’âge du Sénégal. A l’échelle du continent africain, la moyenne d’âge est de 19 ans pour un âge moyen de 63 pour les dirigeants politiques. Les jeunes souffrent donc d’un déficit de représentation dans les instances politiques alors qu’ils et elles sont majoritaires dans les pays africains et cela contribue à accentuer les conflits générationnels et à miner la confiance des jeunes en la démocratie.

 

Dans le domaine politique, les conflits générationnels opposent bien souvent les gérontocrates - c’est-à-dire les personnes partisanes d’un système politique dominé par les personnes âgées - et les plus jeunes. Les gérontocrates, d’un côté, justifient le maintien au pouvoir des personnes âgées par l’avantage d’expérience dont elles bénéficient. Les jeunes, de l’autre, mettent en avant le fait qu’ils et elles sont plus proches et plus connectées à la société actuelle et donc plus à même de connaître et comprendre ses aspirations.

 

Par conséquent, la place des jeunes dans la vie publique est donc d’importance capitale dans les actions à mener pour parvenir au bien commun. Si les jeunes sont bien représentés dans la vie publique, ils auraient permis d’entendre ses revendications. La faible place des jeunes dans la vie publique au Sénégal est due aux pesanteurs sociaux qui leur sont défavorables et à une persistance du système patriarcal qui les maintient bien souvent dans la sphère privée et domestique. Un essor de la place des jeunes dans la vie publique est essentiel pour favoriser le leadership et l’autonomisation des jeunes.

 

Ainsi, la gouvernance inclusive peut s’appliquer à tous les domaines où il y a un exercice de pouvoir, notamment les domaines qui ne sont pas purement politiques. Une gouvernance qui inclut les plus marginalisés, est une gouvernance plus à même de répondre aux besoins et défis posés à l’ensemble des membres de la communauté.

 

Samuel Adunreke

 

As part of our objectives www.development.innovea.one

To Promote Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Development and Cross continental human capital development through Sustainable Economy, Healthcare, Education, Energy, Digital Innovation, Human Rights, Climate Action and cross cutting development among making Sustainable Development Actionable.

 To promote Social Impact Initiatives and social good for all through strengthening interconnected democratic and diplomatic structures for promoting justice, equity and peace globally.

 Reawakening consciousness for good conscience, strong character in leadership and civic participation in Nationalities and International Affairs.

 To promote technology, innovation and Cyber natives with Digital Rights.

 To promote Entrepreneurship Development with a focus on Girl Child, Youths and Women for economic and cultural emancipation

 

 

PROMOTING INCLUSION

            Rights based approach

            Digital Inclusion

            Financial Inclusion

            Indigenous Peoples’ voices

 

EQUITY

            For equitable economic growth investments must be tailored along the path of sustainability through accurate and transparent data to reveal the true state of inequalities among populations in both urban and rural communities.

In other to achieve these there must be a balanced and optimal in line with the World Sustainable Development Report

For the sake of stability there should be limitations to irregular migrations so as to prevent capital flights and brain drain which in most cases are the factors for underdevelopment in many underdeveloped countries. Hence Regional Governments can begin to align their policies on Education, Migration and Knowledge

Technology and the Digital Transformation

Technology inclusion for the purpose of equitable digital transformation can accelerate the attainment of The Sustainable Development and reduce illiteracy and poverty drastically. The role E-Commerce plays in the promotion of trade cannot be overemphasized as it improved productivity and market access Hence most marginalized communities have a benchmark for proper internet governance to ensure most marginalized communities are reached with modern information and communications technology infrastructure, devices to access basic services like communications, education and skills for the digital age. Further to ensure the security monitoring, and maintenance of such infrastructures; strict governance like the Internet Governance, Cyber security, among other key regulatory approach can be adopted to ensure proper significant progress is made in the digital transformation journey.

Science Technology, and Innovation

We hosted a roundtable on Nigeria at the UN General Assembly Science Summit on the need to promote science, Technology and Innovation towards achieving the UNSGS2030 Goals and various targets. We believe digital rights and inclusions, access to affordable technology and innovations and innovative tools are parts of the fundamental rights to development. This our Executive Director also presented to the textual suggestion to the UN Human Rights office in Geneva

Decent Jobs for Youth

Thanks to the Generation Unlimited Initiative of the United Nations which is considered a timely intervention to support youth and engage them in decent jobs across the globe. YouthForesight is jointly hosted by the Global Initiative on Decent Job for Youth (DJY) and Generation Unlmited, which Innovea Hubs as an Organization keyed into two years ago. It is a one stop shop providing curated tools, publications and databases and resources to support evidence based action for supporting young people’s education, upskill and employment as well as entrepreneurship engagement.  The ITCILO framework on Jobs and UNICEF’s Framework on GenU Nigeria was launched earlier this year.

Last year, Innovea Hubs Digital Accelerator Program was launched (https://innovea.one/ https://bit.ly/InnoveaHubs ), whilst others Renewable Energy Accelerator Dig-A-Thon ( https://bit.ly-digathon ) was also launched to support enterprises and youth led businesses in the areas of ICT, Renewable Energy Technologies as well as enhance youth workplace productivity.

CLIMATE ACTION

Food Systems and farmer resilience building are part of our initiatives to ensure climate resilient practices are engaged for promoting inclusion and Climate Resilient Food System approach in combating hunger and promoting healthier food practices. Under the Climate Adaptive Farm Labs proposed to the Adaptation Funs and The UNFCC Climate Technology Center and Network. . Samuel Adunreke represented the UNFCCC Youths Constituency at the TEC 22 meeting of the CTCN and equally proposed several group best practices. We are helping promoting local rural women farmer resilience and targeted 100 farmer cooperative in the Sahel through the Climate Adaptive Farm Labs which seeks to adopt new technology and practices in food systems, smart irrigation. This was presented at the final of the CBA Drgon’s Den in 2020 hosted by CARE, IIED and other partners.

We also presented the smart irrigations to several global initiatives to adopt farm based and community based adaptation for supporting local resilience to climate change. This we also monitor through our Innovea Energy Climate Simulabs tools in partnerships with several global partners for monitoring and this can be adopted in the Sahel most importantly for the Great Green Wall initiative

 

RENEWABLE ENERGY

            Equitable just transition we believe has an important role to play in achieving the UN SDGs and reaching the Half degree target as included in the Paris Agreement. We have been dedicated to promoting renewable energy globally and through various platforms and initiatives like the Global Women Energy Transition Network, Compacts on 24/7 Carbon Free Energy, Youth SDG7 Constituency of The UNMGCY as well as contributing to the Global Status Report of the REN21 Renewable Energy Policy Network initiative on just transition among countries. We were part of the 11th Assembly of The International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA as Delegations and various international Energy Forum.

SECURITY

The world security concerns are becoming more pronounced and various privileged human rights are being violated based on assaults of various forms

            Gender based Violence

            Domestic Violence

            Rape Concerns

Hence the need for continuous campaigns against the various inhuman treatment and human rights violations.

To this end Samuel Adunreke was appointed World Youth Organization in the Year 2020 as a Global Youth Peace Ambassador

 

CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION

Promoting cross-border and regional cooperation for stability and development in the North-South cooperation plan is a fail safe way to ease and accelerate the attainment of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals UNSDGs.

Essentially, many factors are considered as priority areas for cross border cooperation which includes

Cross Border Security Control

Cross Border Trade and Economic Facilitation

Regional Government and Diplomatic Relations

Land, Air and Maritime Transportation

and Culture and Tourism Promotion

All of the above unequivocally promotes The synergies between countries in the Global North and their Global South Counterparts in ensuring that most of the goals and targets are adequately meeting record time; Hence allowing for share.

 

Terrorisms/Financing Terrorism and Anti Money Laundering

The UN Charter on The disarmament is a framework that calls on countries to adopt a framework for combating money laundering. If this is achieved across board women and youths would better benefit from proceeds recovered from economic crimes and monies for development would be retargeted such initiatives.

 

The UN Charter on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through Science and Innovation and Revisiting global anti-money laundering regulatory framework.

Science and Innovation can be enhanced towards the successful achievement of the UN SDGs. However, for this to be a successful endeavor, there are other parameters to be considered and put in place. One of such is looking at the international regulatory framework on money laundering and terrorist financing developed and employed by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The FATF was created by the G7 Nations in 1989 to tackle some regulatory constraints being faced in respect to issues on narcotic drugs proliferation of arms and tax evasion which was perpetuated through the laundering of criminal proceeds. This was also seen to have an impact on terrorist financing. The advancement of science and technology however revealed that sovereign nations were gradually converging into global villages with borderless boundaries which implied for instance, that an upset in the financial or economic system in America could indirectly affect people in Africa, The Sahel and SSA. Financial crime such as money laundering and other crimes such as terrorist financing became borderless hence leading to crime surge became imminent in many Nations. Governments in the Sahel region can adopt proper and stiff regulatory environments and sanctions are put in place where necessary for defaulters and make developing economies part of the epoch-making FATF Framework through suitable standard of monitoring financial flows and ensure monies targeted at Sustainable Development are fit for purpose to avoid vacuum in development strides.

Cross Border Crimes

            Trafficking in Persons: The prohibition acts against trafficking in persons is a mandate for all Governments at all level in the Sahel Region to comply by. This we can ascertain that the need to put countermeasures and criminalize the acts beyond trials calls for the proper sanctions through imprisonment terms, sentences and prosecution of persons involved in financing child labor, sex trafficking of girls and women,

As a result of our engagement with The UNODC and Traffick Analysis Hub during the 2020/2021 DataJam events by Fundacion Pasos Libres. We presented a solution “Innovea Trackicking” which is a digital initiative that provides data driven intelligence o information to guard against practices of sex traffickers, and such that perpetuate cross border criminal trafficking arts like child military, organ harvest and women trafficking. This solution is widely and globally recommended especially for us in Protecting Women and Children in the Sahel against trafficking

Nwanne

Hello Samuel! The work your organisation is doing is incredible. I checked out your website and it shows a lot of promise. Can you send to me some details of the work you have done at any of your hubs? My email address is; nvwede-obahor@undp.org

I am very interested in the Ag tech, Green Jobs and Digital skills etc.  

Giovanie Biha Moderator

I am glad we have young people like you Samuel. As a peace and development practitioner, would you unpack the security concerns and how they can be addressed from a youth perspective? I do subscribe to campaigning against all forms of violence and human rights violation, any fresh perspective on how to campaign differently, effectively for change and impact? I am all ears, looking forward to innovative ideas from youth like you!

Samuel Adunreke

All of these can be achieved through effective collaboration for promoting inter-regional and cross border cooperation to support THE SIX MAJOR OBJECTIVES ON THE UNISS and help women and children achieve the best in cooperation with the United Nations, This without doubt would help reduce cross border crimes, inequalities and work for a more prosperous and progressive Sahel

Samuel Adunreke

Good morning Sahelians.  wish us a productive week ahead

Nwanne

Indeed Good morning Samuel et al!!! Hope everyone's week will be more than successful and fruitful

Madiou Bah

Hello I am Madiou Bah from Guinea Conakry West Africa. I am realy happy to be part of this dialogue 

Ramatu Abdu

The engagement of traditional rulers and religious leaders in discussions to eradicate socio cultural norms in the community that affects women especially the rights to inheritance rights to education of women Widow hood rites land ownership and also rights to decision making will go a long way to boast the morals of women,and increase their participation which will lead to  women empowerment in the sahel

Giovanie Biha Moderator

You are exactly right, thanks Ramatu. These traditional rulers and religious leaders are influential at community levels. How do we engage them for change for the better? Any strategies for more success in this move?

Ramatu Abdu

The women and youths are the most vulnerable in the Sahel engaging them in income generating activities, agriculture Education(creation of vocational schools technical schools and proffesional universities in this area will lead to a lot of development and reduce Violence.Creation of Youth Peace Clubs in schools for students to Know the importance of peace and the early warning signs which leads to violence

Giovanie Biha Moderator

Indeed. Youth Peace Clubs. I think we need these clubs in all villages, communities as well as in all schools. Ramatu, how to design these clubs in terms of their operations, management, and sustainability? In your view, who would be key actors to manage these clubs to make them operational and effective?

Nwanne

The late Kofi Annan, former SG of the UN said and I quote ' There cannot be development without peace and security, there cannot peace and security without development and there cannot be neither of the two without respect for human rights' . Waoh! Giving women and youths their place in the pantheon of efforts to ensure peace and security is without doubt affirming respect for their human right - the right to participation in the affairs determining their lives, present and future, whether it be political, social or economic. Therefore understanding the fact that development cannot happen in a vacumn, it can only take root and solidify in an environment that allows for peace and security to reign and for that to happen, all persons ability to contribute and benefit from such a state must be acknowledged, harnessed and used for the benefit of all, That time has come for the Sahel. It needs to acknowledge the voice and employ the effort and ability of all, including youth and women in building a society that allows for peace to reign as this is a pre-requiste for development to happen. Hearing, listening and harnessing the agency of youth and women is vita for the Sahel in all ramifications.

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Voices from the Sahel: Conversations, Visions & Solutions

Week-1 Summary

If asked in a few words what came out of Week-1 conversations, the word cloud below, encapsulating the gist and salient points from the voices, would be the answer.

Voices

Week One, with its most innovative views and visions from young people and women, has paved the way for the development trajectory the United Nations in the Sahel have embarked on, not for a week but for a month and beyond, gathering voices to inform UN interventions in the Sahel. As earlier pointed out, the linearity does not work all the time, we believe in iterative and looping approaches that connect the dots, answering questions and proposing remedies. The discussions, ideas, and further interrogations encapsulated in the set of four questions are inerasable from the passionate spirit underlying each and everything young people and women do and cherish.

Find below a summary of the preliminary results from Week-1 discussions by question:

Question 1. What priorities of the UN Sahel Plan are the most relevant to your context and why?

·       Green business: Climate action, renewable energy, women’s participation within a multi-stakeholder framework by adapting locally led solutions to addressing the challenges in the Sahel.

·       Remedial, greener, and more sustainable interventions: Farming and rearing of cattle with innovative methods; achieve 'Water for All' in the Sahel countries

·       Resilience of young people and women through the conservation and sustainable use of land and all ecosystems to ''improve the livelihoods of small farmers or agropastoral communities”.

·       Climate actions including annual youth climate action summit for the Sahel, to strengthen the resilience of affected populations and promote local initiatives for the preservation of nature

·       Poverty, the source of all evils in the Sahel, must be fought by ensuring that the wealth created in our countries benefits all segments of the population 

·       Economic empowerment, employment and entrepreneurship of young people and women, including job creation through opportunities offered by the African Continental Free Trade Area

·       Promote inclusive, green energy access in cities and rural communities

·       Address the root causes of insecurity, namely poverty, poor governance, and climate change, including respect for human rights in all security measures to fight terrorism

·       Basic services in health, education, and other social sectors, including blended online /offline learning platforms for young boys and girls in marginalized communities

Question 2. How can young people, including women, contribute to a peaceful and prosperous Sahel?

·       Social contract to address the gaps and to reinforce social protection to reach all segments of the population, with young people involved in governance, monitoring public services, restoring trust between the population, authorities, and the army (including the police)

·       Capacity development of local organizations: strengthen local organizations based in the communities to serve as the entry points to open up the closed communities to build a future for them through education, vocational training and green business

·       Awareness-raising amongst the lawmakers to understand and cater for youth and women rights

·       Active participation: Allow “Young people talk to young people” in their own language; women must dare to take up politics at the local, legislative and executive levels; create community projects (clean up, planting gardens)

·       Strategic partnership for youth leadership in matters affecting them and their communities

·       Institutionalizing the sustainable inclusion of young people and women in all peace processes 

·       Direct financing through reliable control, monitoring, and support mechanisms. The UN and States can set up structures that unleash entrepreneurial potential and offer employment to the youth and women

 

Question 3. How can the UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel?

·       To change the narrative in the Sahel, let's give an identity to youth, an identity and role to women

·       Awareness of youth and women rights among lawmakers

·       Setting up behavior change radio programming and listening groups

·       Establishing community dialogue fora

·       Conducting learning workshops with experiential and adult learning approaches

·       Capacity building and training designed and conducted by community-based champions

·       Leveraging demographic dividend:  sensitize and train youths to make them autonomous less manipulatable and contribute to economic development of the Sahel

·       The promotion of ecotourism, solidarity tourism, agroecology, crafts, gastronomy, heritage, etc

·       Create exchange and learning platforms for young people to market and develop their activities.

·       Show images of a Sahel of all opportunities, including lives of accomplished men and women

·       Use communication channels, social media to talk about Sahel resources, good practices in terms of development, resilience

·       Local development is home-grown, not imported: highlight the work of young people or women.

 

Question 4. How can youth, women, and governments partner in the areas of development, resilience and peacebuilding in the Sahel?

·       Equal dialogue between young people, experts, political stakeholders on issues in the Sahel

·       Build together their own story by finding solutions and ideas for a Sahelian Dream

·       Create a framework for dialogue and understanding of UNISS

·       Build the capacity of community leaders and stakeholders

·       Organize annual Sahel Fora, where stakeholders can exchange ideas and experiences

·       Strengthen local organizations based in the communities to serve as the entry points.

·       Strengthen community-based women-led structures

·       The engagement of Sahelian Women in Peace Processes at all levels.

·       Listen to Sahelians voices in decision-making at all levels.

·       Capacity building, particularly for women and youth, to access rights and opportunities

·       Empowering youth and women to become key actors in sustaining peace and development

·       Fight the proliferation of pollutants, insalubrity, desertification

final recap

Crosscutting reasons underlying voices, actions, ideas, and views put forward by discussants in the Sahel voices are multifaceted:

·       Youth are the present and the future of the Sahel: nothing sustainable can be built without their active participation in the design and implementation

·       Desertification, lack of water, lack of pasture or arable land, floods, etc. generate community conflicts, population movements including illegal migration affecting youth and women.

·       Linking peacebuilding with social inclusion, governance, and development interventions: cross-fertilization and integration of Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus in conflict zones for a better understanding of conflicts and their impact on peace and socio-economic development

·       Economic empowerment of young people, with their active and productive participation in socio-economic development, they are less likely to be recruited in armed groups

·       Rethinking the strategies about the unemployed ex-combatants present in the community: without employment, young people are exposed to being recruited (again) into criminal networks

·       Innovation for greener, more inclusive economy for peaceful and prosperous Sahel including innovative approaches to strengthen and improve basic services (health and education)

The UN team will continue these consultations and expects many more voices of the youth and women from the Sahel in Week 2 of these discussions. The focus of the discussions will be the guiding questions, with more voices expected on HOW-questions.

Kindly join the second moderator, our sister and colleague Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General Giovanie Biha of the United Nations Office for West Africa and Sahel (UNOWAS) as she brings to the questions the perspective of peace and security in the new week!

Your Week-1 Moderator

Mar Dieye

 

Jean Providence

Thanks so much Giovanie Biha for leading the Sahelian discussions in Week 2. Your rich experience and love for peace will help gather voices for the United Nations to shape and rethink peace, security, and development interventions in their intertwined and interdependent nature.

This week reminds of me a great African author, Wole Soyinka, who once said “You cannot live a normal existence if you haven't taken care of a problem that affects your life and affects the lives of others, values that you hold which in fact define your very existence.” Problems should be addressed from individual and collective angles. The efforts of the United Nations in the Sahel to collect voices and views is a huge step away from what Chimamanda calls the danger of a single story. If time, watch it, it is worth your time. Many voices and views reflect the pluralistic world we live in.

This reminds me of a student who once argued with her supervisor that there is no winter back in her home country. She instead said, back home it is either a sunny or rainy season or a combination of both. No winter. The supervisor was angry and almost about to disqualify the student as unworthy of her time. From her perspective she could not understand a master’s level student without basic knowledge about the weather or seasons of the year. Another professor who happened to have travelled to the country where the student came from stepped in. The professor confirmed there is no winter in that country. Information from three people (i.e., the student, her supervisor, and the professor) were triangulated for unbiased understanding. No one can understand your contexts, your communities better than you. It is your story. The student shared a reality that challenged her supervisor’s single story. 

Young people and women from the Sahel have real-life experiences and understanding which, shaped by time-evolving realities, give them various vocal ranges: soprano, alto, tenor, bass, and other voices. It is the complementarity of the various voices that beautiful, impactful melodies are created. With multiple viewpoints and voices from Sahelian youth and women, fit-for-purpose interventions can be designed to cater for peace-security-development nexus.

Bring more stories and voices, the United Nations in the Sahel are listening.

Giovanie Biha Moderator

@JeanProvidence - J’ai vraiment aimé ce concept de Chimamanda “ the danger of a single story” ; d’une certaine façon il s'applique au récit actuel et la perspective que le monde a du Sahel, pas très reluisante et positive.  Merci pour tous les participants qui montrent qu’il y a un autre Sahel de gagnants, d’innovation, de jeunes et femmes engagés et qui osent des solutions novatrices et courageuses! Continuons à les écouter et à ouvrir toutes les portes pour que ces voix soient entendues !

Giovanie Biha Moderator

WEEK 2 - Summary of Day-1 Conversations

These discussions got the week off to a strong start with inspiring and ingenious ideas on, inter alia, ways to foster peace in the Sahel and to increase the participation of women and youth in decision-making bodies.

As your Moderator for Week 2, I warmly thank all those who are participating to these conversations and encourage them to invite their fellow friends and peers to register and express their views. Your voices count and we need to hear more from you! The United Nations believe that the future of the Sahel shall be shaped by its people.

Below, key points of your contributions:

Countering Violent Extremism in local and uninformed communities as a way for Sahelians to foster peace @AhmedAbdulkadir

  • Youth Peace Clubs: Creation of Youth Peace Clubs in schools for students to Know the importance of peace and the early warning signs which leads to violence” @RamatuAbdu
  • Audience-specific communication tools: “A more universal medium of messaging that would work is the use of images e.g. Animated images that provide an Alternative perspective to pressing issues of terror, climate change, education and many more. This model has been initiated in my community and is having lasting impact bringing the change we want to see. Young people are now learning on how to create animated images to reach out to locals in marginalized communities.”  @AhmedAbdulkadir

This question of communication is also mentioned by @FatoumataCherif who said that “the main reasons that push populations to revolt are often due to the lack of communication”. Laws, for instance, should be translated into local languages.

  • Inclusive decision making and active participation: @AdekBassey raised the need to involve young men and women in decision making, designing, planning and implementing programs. She addressed the following questions:

“How will there be growth, ownership and sustainability of positive outcomes if there is less involvement, inclusion of the category of people it is designed for?”

“How will there be inclusion of growth when there is too much struggle for young people, youths to be heard or supported to fully reach and maximize their potentials?”

  • Change the negative narrative on the Sahel: @Adek also suggested that “UN and young people work together to change the negative narrative on the Sahel through UN, directly and involving a high percentage of young people to design and implement planned programs aimed towards changing the mapped out identified Sahel narratives.”
  • A transversal approach to involve young people and women: To better involve young people and women, a transversal approach is therefore needed. Make sure to restore confidence, promote inclusion, take into account the demands of citizens and transform them into projects whose execution will be carried out with the involvement of these same populations.” @FatoumataCherif
  • Peace and gainful employment: women and young people can contribute meaningfully to peace and progress of Sahel when gainful employed. When youth and women have means of livelihoods, peace and prosperity reigns. Therefore, our government should make a concerted effort to provide an enabling environment for small businesses to thrive for women and young people to explore. Focus should also be on job creation to absorb skilled youth. Soft loans without stringent measure or collateral should be accessible by willing women and youth. Girls child enrollment in school should encourage. Through this most of the problem will be solved.” @MohamedBello
  • Women and youth empowerment: “The women and youths are the most vulnerable in the Sahel engaging them in income generating activities, agriculture Education (creation of vocational schools, technical schools and professional universities in this area will lead to a lot of development and reduce Violence. @RamatuAbdu
  • The role of traditional and religious leaders in women empowerment: “The engagement of traditional rulers and religious leaders in discussions to eradicate socio cultural norms in the community that affects women especially the rights to inheritance rights to education of women Widow hood rites land ownership and also rights to decision making will go a long way to boast the morals of women, and increase their participation which will lead to women empowerment in the Sahel” @RamatuAbdu

Let's us keep up the momentum!

Your Week-2 Moderator

Giovanie

Mar DIEYE Moderator

Friends

I was just just conversing with my daughter , around  breakfast, on these conversations . She told me the following , which i wanted to chair.

1. Young people want and are for : aspiration - hope- inspiration-

2. and they are looking for catalyst to support their drive.

3. they want to move fast. they are for action. not for rethoric.

4. they work with peer pressure i.e. they will emulate good examples , practices successes.

5. they are inspired & driven by videos, music, films, fashion, images, stories, social media

6. they are fed by inspiring continuous  story telling by other successful youth.

7. they want messages of success

i thought i would share her perspectives; as she is young sahelian !

Mar.

 

 

Giovanie Biha Moderator

Sahelian youth and women,

Greetings again!

Voices which will unstoppably reverberate into the future are heard today, tomorrow, throughout this week and in the weeks to come. Don’t miss out these ongoing discussions and exchanges.

Some of us were in school when the teacher was the center, the master, passing knowledge to the tabula rasa (blank slate) schooling children seated in front of him or her. Imagine Blank Slates where the teacher would write and inculcate knowledge and skills! Evidence and time have proved teachers and the pedagogy of that time to be wrong. Teachers are facilitators of learning.

Curiosity, creativity, innovation, and imagination are to a great extent inhibited by imposing how-to knowledge and scenarios not only to schoolchildren but also to communities which have inherent and natural ways of handling issues in their particular contexts. The same applies to peacebuilding and development: development actors are facilitators, not solution-makers.

Welcome to the world of learner-centered methodologies. Let’s put it this way: welcome to the youth and women-centered peacebuilding and development. Here we are calling upon you. The floor is open for you and generations to come.

In your view, how effectively and differently would you want the United Nations to connect peace and development? How innovatively to engage community structures in peace-security-development nexus?

I am actively listening, and will echo and amplify your voices for wider reach.

Week-2 Moderator

Giovanie

Modibo TOURE

Je voudrais profiter de l'opportunité pour saluer cette initiative qui vise à faire entendre la voix des jeunes sahéliens. Tout d'abord je partage la pertinence des 6 domaines de priorités de UNISS Plan. Un sahel en paix et prospère ne peut se bâtir sans les jeunes y compris les femmes. Ce faisant les jeunes et les femmes doivent prendre confiance en leurs capacités intrinsèques, croire en un futur meilleur pour le Sahel, s'informer et chercher à comprendre les enjeux de paix et développement, s'organiser  et s'exprimer à chaque fois que l'occasion leur sera offerte. Les NU et les jeunes doivent échanger au niveau de cadres existants ou à créer, instaurer des sessions de formation et mettre en place des plateformes comme celle-ci. Les jeunes, les femmes et les Gouvernements doivent se concerter. Au Mali les cadres existent comme le Conseil National des Jeunes, le forum de la Société Civile. Les gouvernements doivent renforcer les projets d'emploi et de professionnalisation des jeunes et en faire des priorités nationales, mettre en place des fonds d'appui à l'entreprenariat des jeunes avec des conditions adaptées à leurs capacités et faciliter l'accès aux financements des banques et autres institutions financières. L'Etat doit multiplier les actions de sensibilisation et de formation civique des jeunes et montrer toute l'attention accordée au fait que l'avenir se fera avec et par eux. Les langues locales sont à privilégier dans ce dialogue à instaurer.

Giovanie Biha Moderator

 

Excellente intervention, Modibo ! Les structures et cadres existent dans certains pays comme le Mali, cela constitue une fondation indispensable, je suis de cet avis. Mais comment opérationnaliser ces structures et cadres pour atteindre des résultats escomptés et avoir l’impact sur le quotidien et l’avenir de nos frères et sœurs au Sahel?

A votre avis,

  • comment les gouvernements doivent-ils procéder en pratique pour créer les emplois et donner des opportunités aux jeunes et femmes?
  • comment faire comprendre aux jeunes les enjeux de paix et leur association avec le  développement durable ? Et le rôle des femmes ?
  • quelles approches proposeriez-vous pour lier paix et développement de façon durable ?
  • comment faire les jeunes et les femmes participer aux dialogues de façon plus efficace, et non pas toujours organiser des réunions ou forums dont les résultats tardent à se matérialiser ?

Nous recherchons des approches innovantes pour se débarrasser de tout ce qui s’avère infructueux.

Je reste à l’écoute.

Modibo TOURE

Par ailleurs dans ce dialogue et implication des jeunes sahéliens et des femmes il convient d'accorder une attention particulière au développement des zones rurales dont les jeunes nourrissent les villes mais qui ne bénéficient que faiblement de la redistribution des ressources de développement. Améliorer l'accès des jeunes ruraux sahéliens au services sociaux de base, protéger leur environnement et améliorer leur cadre de vie, leur donner la parole en les consultant systématiquement pour tout ce qui touche à la promotion de leurs communautés permettra de faire d'eux des acteurs majeurs de la cohésion sociale, de la stabilité et de la paix dans leurs communautés respectives. Le Sahel est à la croisée des chemins objet de toutes sortes d'attentions, d'enjeux, de conflits et crises. Il convient de s'unir et mettre les jeunes au devant de la scène en particulier les ruraux la frange de la population la plus nombreuses des pays en développement du Sahel.  

Modibo TOURE

Le Mali a mis en place une Agence pour l'emploi des jeunes (APEJ) qui forme les jeunes et les aide à financer leurs propositions de projets. Mais encore les jeunes ruraux ne sont que faiblement bénéficiaires de cet appui et tous les besoins sont loins d'être couverts. C'est pourquoi les PTF apportent leurs contribution. On peut notre les Projets FIER appuyé par le FIDA, les projets création d'emploi et formation à la vie de la FAO  travers les Juniors Farmers Fields and Life schools (JFFLS)..   Les efforts de l'Etat ne suffisent pas et il faut promouvoir ou inciter l'implication des privés à travers des Partenariats Public-Privé gagnant-gagnant. Lorsque les cadres juridiques existent les privés investissent dans les domaines Agricoles et les centres de formation pratiques agricoles.  Mais il convient de faire connaître ces initiatives en utilisant les canaux utiles (radios, télé, réseaux sociaux.....). Les Foires sur l'emploi des jeunes et développement permettent de découvrir les porteurs de projets tout en les mettant en relation avec des sponsors ou investisseurs potentiels.

Pour bâtir le développement durable il faut créer les conditions d'une paix durable qui ne s'acquiert que si l'Etat est en mesure de garantir les conditions d'une sécurité (alimentaire et nutritionnelle, contre toutes formes de banditisme et de conflits (pour l'exploitation des ressources naturelles, ) durable et sans faille sur l'ensemble de son territoire. Le gap de développement entre les villes et les campagnes doit être réduit au maximum. Nous devons parvenir à une situation du "Mieux et bon vivre à la campagne qu'en ville". Instaurer des mécanismes d'incitation des citadins à investir dans leurs localités d'origine et à garder les contacts. Les jeunes sahéliens ont besoin surtout en milieu rural de notre attention comme nos enfants dans nos foyers.

Oumar Kane

Il faudrait également valoriser les ressources locales comme moyen de création des emplois (agriculture, élevage et la forêt ou ce qui en reste). Des petites unités de fabrication, de transformation du lait (en fromage), le miel naturel, les petites diguettes de retenue d'eau, etc. ... ont un impact considérable sur la vie des communautés locales et coutent, certainement beaucoup moins chers que les opérations militaires au Sahel.

Dans certaines zones du Sahel, il n’y a simplement rien à faire pour s'occuper en dehors de 3-4 mois de saison hivernale. Ainsi, les jeunes deviennent la proie facile à l'immigration, du terrorisme et de la drogue. Aussi, chaque communauté au Sahel a forgé dans son parcours historique des mécanismes de régulation et de résolution des conflits, il s'avèrerait utile de revisiter ces instruments et ces pactes de paix qui sont issus des cultures et des identités locales. Oui, ensemble, nous pouvons changer la situation actuelle. L'Etat doit refléter la diversité culturelle, sociale et religieuse du pays. La captation de l'Etat par une communauté est aussi l'une des causes des conflits. L'Etat central et jacobin à la Bonaparte’ n'est plus la meilleure forme de gouvernance publique. Je suggerai de mettre en place des unites conjointes transfrontalieres avec une composition diversifiee. Ceci pourrait ameliorer la paix, le commerce et la stabilite au niveau des zones frontalieres.  Il yá longtemps, il existait des marches hebdomadaires dans les zones frontalieres au Sahel, pourrait-on les rehabiliter afin de renforcer le lien social transfonatlier et promouvoir le commerce et donc la creation des emlpois, surtout pour les femmes et les jeunes. 

 

Giovanie Biha Moderator

Cher Oumar,

Tu fais très bien ressortir la centralité des systèmes de gouvernance centralisés, hérités de la colonisation , dans les défis du Sahel . A cet égard, je propose de lire une ancienne tribune qui a été publiée en Avril 2018 dans Le journal le Monde , intitulé «  nous voulons un pacte girondin entre l’Etat et nos territoires »  15 présidents de régions en France , de droite comme de gauche ont, je cite «  appelé le président à tourner la page du  Jacobinisme et à s’appuyer sur les territoires pour transformer la France au lieu de laisser l’Etat décider seul » . J’ai senti une âme « de girondin » dans tes commentaires.

Cedi dit, tes propositions ouvrent des voies de réflexion plus approfondies pour le pilier gouvernance de la Stratégie des Nations Unies pour le Sahel.  Chers collègues en charge de ce pilier stratégique, la balle est dans votre camp !

Sur la question de la gestion des frontières et la cohabitation des communautés transfrontalières, notamment dans les zones qui font face à l’insécurité et l’instabilité ; il est vrai que des pratiques ancestrales d’échanges, de circulation de biens et personnes ont existé et qu’elles ont favorisé la cohabitation pacifique des communautés. La question est de savoir, comment les réhabiliter dans des zones en proie aux conflits ? Est- ce que ces pratiques sont intégrées dans les programmes des Nations Unies , des gouvernements et de leurs partenaires dans les régions frontalières, notamment des bassins du lac Tchad ou du Liptako Gourma ? Avec l’adoption des Etats de la région de l’Accord sur la zone de Libre-Echange continentale (ZLECA) , les initiatives transfrontalières devraient normalement fleurir et permettre aux populations de mieux vivre. Mais n’oublions pas aussi que la pandémie du Covid a fortement affecté les activités transfrontalières, et notamment les femmes qui vivaient du commerce transfrontalier.

Pour terminer, je suis d’accord qu’on ne doit pas attendre la ZLECA pour relancer ces initiatives transfrontalières. Elles sont a la portée des autorités locales.

Samuel Adunreke

@Giovani Biha, Fellow Sahelians, Excellencies, I acknowledge your immense contributions in these few days.

 

To add up to what is being said. There are without doubt numerous challenges we are faced with in Africa and some of these challenges are contributory to peace and security concerns. They might not be directly as a result of terrorism or transborder crimes, but they arise as a result of lack of character in leadership and negligence to the plights of citizens in the Sahel.

Until we achieve security by addressing some of these challenges like food insecurities, climate justice, human rights through equitable delivery of development plans, then we would have more youths engaging in criminalities and all other social vices.

 

The way forward:

It is important like many had suggested earlier that periodically there should be a form of citizenship engagement and/or forum where the Leaders are directly engaged with the led. 

When the common citizens of the Sahel sits on the same roundtable to address and challenge their leaders and hold them accountable to why they haven't taken certain decisions and why they took some?

The issues of transparency and accountability in Governance had lingered long enough in Africa and this is why most times the innocent African citizens are being sold out in some forms of modern slavery to the western world.

 

Addressing Trade:

Proper trade Governance frameworks addressing major issues like transparency and equity is necessary to advance all Economies in the Sahel and to entrench economic growth whilst stimulating development as there is no growth without development.

The need to adopt new practices in regional trade by leveraging modern infrastructures and technological solutions that promote transparency, security and address risks in the value chains is paramount. Hence a call to decision makers and major players in the AfCFTA to seeing and addressing multiple issues bothering on Energy Trade facilitation, Agriculture processing zones and export promotion to improve North-South Partnerships that truly are the levers of this sector is critical. Hence we suggest a regular roundtable and colloquium that would address all of these concerns through the AUDA-NEPAD , PRID and other relevant programs in the Sahel  for a prosperous and peaceful sahek

Samuel Adunreke

The need to build resilience through The programs and six objectives of the UNISS requires consistent multi stakeholder and multilateral partnerships that would entrench suitability and a participatory process where youths, women and girls are prioritized.

All of these actions aligning to the AU 2063 Agenda  requires multiple efforts and dialogues to keep track of progress and appraisals. The Africa peer review mechanisms has also shown that the progress can be appraised when we have Travers to meet and we set clear goals to be reached.

In essence all practical suggestions should've on people-centered development where the right to development is promoted and where all true Sahelians can be dignified in their day to day lives. From the Humanitarian context, monitoring and evaluation of social interventions is important to be able to quantifiably and qualitatively  justify the efforts of into human capital development. We  hereby suggest that the UN in Partnership with the AU Commision works towards A Sahel Trust Fund to address a major challenge of financing development in the region. Finally on issues of security, there should be a regional mandate for Peacebuilding where sister nations can promote peaceful coexistence through tourism and culture exchange. Everything doesn't have to be business only.

Sandiour

Bonjour Mme Giovanie Biha, représente spéciale adjoint de l'Unowas, modératrice de la semaine,

Bonjour chers frères et sœurs Sahéliens.

Je m'appelle Sandiour Gaye. Je suis sénégalais âgé de 30 ans, titulaire d'un Master en sciences politiques et relations internationales. Après un passage au Ministère des Affaires étrangères et des sénégalais de l'extérieur à la Direction des organisations internationales et de la mondialisation, j'ai été attaché diplomatique au Bureau Cirid Dakar, avant d'être par la suite, le responsable exécutif, dont ma mission vient de finir.

Étant donné que je viens d'intégrer la plateforme, après suggestion de M. Ashu Hailshamy que je remercie au passage, j'ai pris le temps de lire pour comprendre l'objectif de ce forum d'idées et d'échanges.

D'emblée permettez-moi de vous féliciter pour cette initiative novatrice visant à faire entendre la voix des jeunes et des femmes.

Par ailleurs, je dis enfin; enfin on donne la parole aux femmes et aux jeunes pour qu'ils puissent choisir et décider pour eux-mêmes sur les sujets qui les concernent. En effet, c'est qu'à même paradoxale, nonobstant, qu'ils demeurent les plus touchés par la crise latente au Sahel, les jeunes et les femmes sont pour la plupart absents des espaces de décisions essentiels pour identifier des solutions politiques durables et inclusives qui peuvent conduire à une paix durable de la région.

Pour répondre à la première question posée, il faut d'abord souligner la pertinence des 6 domaines stratégiques prioritaires du Plan sahel des Nations Unies. Ils sont tous importants et interdépendants, d'où la complexité de choisir. Néanmoins, je pense que l'Onu doit donner une priorité particulière à la "prévention et maintien de la paix", à "l'action climatique" et à "l'autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes".

Pour la première citée, elle est fondamentale et constitue une des fonctions même de l'Onu. Celle-ci, ne peux atteindre ses objectifs au Sahel sans une bonne politique de prévention et maintien de la paix. Mais encore, dans ce contexte particulier, sans la paix et la sécurité, il ne peut y avoir développement. Ce dernièr est inhérent à la paix et à la sécurité. Des lors, il faudrait renforcer les politiques déjà existantes, mais surtout prendre en considération les nouvelles politiques proposées par les jeunes et les femmes au cours de ces conversations. 

Pour ce qui est de l'action climatique, aujourd'hui on ne peux parler de développement durable sans prendre en compte l'action climatique. Dans le contexte du sahel, elle est plus que importante dans la mesure où, cette région est aride et subit au quotidien les conséquences du réchauffement climatique. Celui-ci annihile en effet considérablement les efforts de développement au Sahel. Outre le réchauffement climatique, il faut aussi souligner que la raréfaction des précipitations ajouté à l'avancée du désert constituent des freins au développement, causant des conséquences déplorables à l'agriculture et à l'élevage, les deux principales activités économiques des populations de la région. 

Des lors, il faudrait renforcer la sensibilisation, mais surtout par des actions concrètes promouvoir des campagnes de reboisement pour lutter contre la désertification. Il faut se fixer comme objectif, implanter 100 millions d'arbres dans l'espace du sahel.

En fin pour l'autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes. Pour moi, elle constitue l'épine dorsal des 6 domaines prioritaires. En effet, des études ont permis de montrer que la pauvreté est un des terreaux fertiles de l'extrémisme violent au Sahel. Les terroristes étant des entrepreneurs qui recrutent des jeunes en situation de précarité, il est plus qu'urgent de couper cette chaîne de recrutement en lutter contre la pauvreté. Ainsi, l'autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes est une des solutions à ce problème. Mais il faudrait les accompagner durant tout un processus.

2) Les jeunes, y compris les femmes peuvent contribuer à un sahel apaisé et prospère en devenant acteurs de la paix et du développement et non spectateurs. Dans ce sens je propose à l'Onu, Un Haut Conseil de la Jeunesse et des Femmes pour la paix et le Développement au Sahel. Il servira de cadre d'expression pratique regroupant des jeunes et des femmes sahéliens avec un programme bien étudié qui sera axé sur le développement et la  prévention des conflits à travers l'éducation et le dialogue intérreligieux. 

3) l'Onu et les jeunes travaillent déjà ensemble. Au Sénégal des cadres existent. On peut  citer le Conseil National de la jeunesse en guise d'exemple. Ce mode de gouvernance existe d'ailleurs dans beaucoup de pays sahéliens. Mais elle ne donne pas satisfaction à mon avis. En effet ces instances sont gangrenées par la politique politicienne et souvent le Président du conseil est issu du parti au pauvoir (exemple du Sénégal). C'est pour cela qu'il faut changer de paradigmes en mettant en place un cadre régional qui va regrouper des jeunes et des femmes de la région, mais surtout donner à celui-ci les moyens de sa politique. Il faut aussi rappeler qu'il existe au niveau de l'Unowas un Groupe de Travail Femmes, jeunes, paix et sécurité en Afrique de l'ouest et au Sahel. Cependant, il faudrait le renforcer en lui donnant plus de moyens afin de mieux répondre aux défis sur le terrain. 

Restons au pays de la téranga, pour dire que ce pays est assez particulier. C'est le seul pays du sahel qui n'a jamais connu de conflit ethniques religieuses ou de coup d'Etat. Plusieurs facteurs l'expliquent. Ce qui fait qu'on recommande à l'Onu le modèle Sénégalais de coexistence pacifique des ethnies et des religions pour une meilleure résilience face au terrorisme. 

4) Avant toutes choses ce qui manque en Afrique c'est l'écoute. Donner la parole aux jeunes et aux femmes. Les jeunes ne sont pas écoutés. C'est le lieu encore une fois de saluer cette initiative visant à donner la parole aux jeunes et aux femmes. Des partenariats existent entre l'Etat sénégalais et les jeunes. On peut citer, la Der, le fongip, le fonsis, le prodac, le Conseil national de la jeunesse etc. Aujourd'hui la Der et le Prodac sont des exemples de partenariats réussis. La délégation d'entreprenariat rapide (Der) consiste à financer les projets des jeunes. Le Programme des domaines agricoles communautaires est aussi un excellent programme de développement pour lutter conte le chômage et la pauvreté des jeunes et des femmes, mais surtout leurs autonomisation. 

 


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