1) Understanding Integration

What is your understanding of a framework that facilitates integrated approaches to mainstreaming DRR and CCA into development? What are the benefits and/or drawbacks of an integrated DRR-CCA mainstreaming framework? How can an integrated approach build upon ongoing separate DRR and CCA mainstreaming efforts? 

2) Current Experiences

What are your experiences with existing mainstreaming frameworks, guidelines or toolkits for DRR and/or CCA?  What existing resources have been helpful? How have you applied these? What are their strength or shortcomings? What are the mainstreaming challenges you are facing?

3) User Expectations and Needs

What are your expectations for an integrated DRR and CCA mainstreaming framework? How can we ensure a user-friendly, practical and readily implementable framework? How can it overcome existing mainstreaming challenges?

29 Mar 2016 - 15 Apr 2016

Comments (16)

Mitchell Gold

Understanding Intregration:   as an educator in the field of peace education which later was named global education we have learned how to integrate all program content through a process involving lateral thinking concepts afforded by the use of the term developed by Edward de Bono.   This one word  PO is very helpful in deteriminging relevance of information being integrated.   We have also found that it is extremely important to distill the information before integration.  This process which we have available as a designed Matrix enables a wholistic perspective to be the outputs.   This procress assists in devloping common International Language in the execution of same and we highly recommend that the UNDP communicate with the ISO 26000 Group and find out from the ISO Group where the UNGC is in its process of promoting the ISO 26000.


Current experiences are rather confounding - we note that there is an agency pretending to be the go to UN Agency - and it is not "yet"  in fact we are of the thought that this current process is another tactical delay from appointing an Agency to take responsibility for the SDG's - but that is merely an uneducated opinion - just looking at feedback from the  www.unsdsn.org

We are also of the opinion that the World Happiness Report is being published prematurely.


It is our expectation that using our wholistic models using the following filters: economics, ethics, energy, and health filtered through the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual aspects of the human being will go a long way to establish a behvioural measuring tool without equal in the world.  


The mainstreaming challenges that we will not be able to overcome is the existing use of the United Nations Resident Coordinator position.    We were there when the position was originally designed, but unfortunately the UNDP  has used the UNRC position already and there are many UNRC's already appointed - that need to be retrained to propoerly intregrate and implement social change mechanisms.

our models can be used throughout the UN system with ease of delivery and at huge cost saving benfits.

We have attached a rough draft of the simple analysis required to move the 17 SDG's either up to 20 if you add the ones that are missing, or our Basic 12 Sector model that covers the whole system. - covering the three left out of the SDG's - namely The Arts,  Science, and Spirituality


We attach other detailed structures that need to be put into a digital AP  as soon as possible to develop a value chain program that will minimize costs and establish new areas for analysis not currently being addressed in the foolish design of the Happinness Report - which we also attach for your reference..


David & Mitzu Grubbs

In the Philippines we need all the ideas and suggestions we can get. We are looking to setup teams to work in these areas but are looking for ways to minimize things like flooding by eliminating garbage in all the streets.

Diana Harutyunyan

The integrated approach for DRR and CRM is logical and important for consolidation of human and financial resources.

The DRR Platform established in Armenia in the course of implementation of Hyogo National   Plan allowed UNDP to create appropriate momentum for integration of CRM concerns.  The cooperation, joint actions   and exchange of information between DRR and CC teams in UNDP Armenia allowed to build appropriate recognition on national level and inclusion of CRM issues in the Sendai National Action Plan currently under development in Armenia.

The risks of climate change are most evident for agriculture sector with negative consequences for wellbeing of rural population, impoverishment, migration and child health, all this are not directly recognized as disaster but it is underling reason of vulnerability and reduced resilience potential. In that context recognition of importance for converging efforts of development community with mandate of assisting countries prone to disasters and climate change impacts in developing risk reduction policy and enhancing national capacity. The key challenge now is to help communities to transfer the ideas to actions.

Diana Harutyunyan

The integrated approach for DRR and CRM is logical and important for consolidation of human and financial resources.

The DRR Platform established in Armenia in the course of implementation of Hyogo National   Plan allowed UNDP to create appropriate momentum for integration of CRM concerns.  The cooperation, joint actions   and exchange of information between DRR and CC teams in UNDP Armenia allowed to build appropriate recognition on national level and inclusion of CRM issues in the Sendai National Action Plan currently under development in Armenia.

The risks of climate change are most evident for agriculture sector with negative consequences for wellbeing of rural population, impoverishment, migration and child health, all this are not directly recognized as disaster but it is underling reason of vulnerability and reduced resilience potential. In that context recognition of importance for converging efforts of development community with mandate of assisting countries prone to disasters and climate change impacts in developing risk reduction policy and enhancing national capacity. The key challenge now is to help communities to transfer the ideas to actions.

Nidhi Nagabhatla

Integrated approaches hold good potential as a management framework. The conceptual work in this topic is vast and not effectively translated into action or practice as of uncertainties, assumptions and priorities that surface out in specific sectors (climate adaptation, disasters, human resources, natural resources, risk……) & related interventions.  Quite central to building an integrated understanding is the critical need for a common language and common action frameworks (that can serve as guiding documents and not necessarily as blue prints). For example, when we talk about CCA-it may encapsulate handling disaster situations, however that element of emergency preparedness is not clear and certainly not a priority. In summary the time dimension is large, sometimes unclear. In DRR strategies, dimension of time bound action and responses are defined with some clarity. Overall in theory, DRR is factored in CCA generic framework. Handling overlaps  yet holding priorities is an important aspect of integrated solutions.  

Everson Ndlovu

Current Experiences

The DRR framework in Zimbabwe is housed in the Ministry of Local Government, while the Climate Change Office is located in the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate. Already one realises coordination challenges across ministries, conflicting policy frameworks from one department of government to another. For example, while  the Ministry Of Agriculture might want to promote irrigation as a way of climate change adaptation, the power department is in another ministry  to drive water to sites. Many an irrigation are in a state of derilict as a result, simple because there is no energy or the Agriculture Ministry cannot afford energy costs. While the Climate Change Office would want improved coordination (which is ideal) one wonders as to the political will to ensure climate change is mainstreamed across all developmental goals and intitiatives across the total spectrum. While thee is need to invest in institutional capacity in Zimbabwe, there is also the need to create independent institutions (away from the arms of ministries) that multi-stakeholder oriented, run on the lines of parastatals or commissions with the full manadate to ensure compliance actross department with holistic policy frameworks that cut across entities. The frameworks should be informed from the grassroots(increased community paticipation), increase use of  local kowledge blocks. Climare or DRR coomunication needs attention (institutional capacity building), there are still areas, and these are ususlly vulnerable areas, where communities cannot access national radio and TV signals (early warning communication is already compromised) and resilience undermined. Where signals can be received, the cost of these communication gadgets is way above the reach of local communities who should be consumminmg the communication messages. Given the resource constraints poor governments face, there is need for UN agencies and other [artners to consider institutional capacity building a priority in enhancing coordibnated frameworks.

Naomi Tobita

I am not sure if my experience in my Japanese home city, Yokohama (a suburb of Tokyo and the largest port in Japan), is relevant elsewhere. But one thing clear in the city about the policy for DRR and climate change adaptation is, critical significance of civic engagement from the planning phase. In the fast-paced modern life in Japan, often bureaucrats in the city office come from elsewhere who inevitably lacks knowledge of local situation, be it geographical detail or human dynamics in the community. They are very smart to draw a plan based on the latest academic or otherwise discipline, and could allow houses to be built on a former swamp, or near seemingly innocent stream. In the 2011 earthquake, the family who recently bought their home in such places observed their houses sank in the mud with liquefaction. These days we experience numerous tiny but freak torrential rains that cause flash floods and kill 20- or 30-something (recently moved) fathers whose house received landslide due to a sudden flood in the hill. The locals, especially senior citizens who may not have a college degree but spend their entire life in the same community, shake their heads and say “Didn’t they know that place has been ‘checked’ traditionally?” “Didn’t they know how to manage the forest/stream near their home?” People have the critically important knowledge of the place, and prepare in the most reasonable way to protect ourselves. One of the most successful environmental management policy in Yokohama, called Yokohama Green Up Plan, is strongly civil society driven. The volunteers regularly engage in Most Significant Change M&E to achieve the safe and biodiversity-enhancing results for the community we have lived for centuries. The coordination among local players could be difficult sometimes even for Green Up Plan but in the end it is the quickest to get the things done. Yokohama’s deforestation has slowed its pace from annual -47ha till 2008 (average) to -12ha in 2013, and the improvement continues.    

Kishan Khoday

     In the Arab region one see first-hand how converging climate change and disaster risks are reshaping the landscape for conflict, migration and development. The region is experiencing one of the most dramatic periods of change in its history - with an escalation of conflict, a dramatic resurgence of poverty and emergence of twenty million refugees and internally displaced persons, with climate and disaster risks one of the important root causes of the ongoing crisis in the region.

          In the years preceding the onset of the Arab uprisings, from 2006 to 2011, the region suffered one of its worst droughts on record, contributing to famine in some areas, widespread loss of millions of farm-based livelihoods in places like Iraq, Somalia, Syria and Yemen, and contributing to the displacement of millions across the region. Beyond an isolated event, recent scientific evidence now also shows that the region may be in the midst of a broader multi-decadal climate-induced mega-drought, equal in strength only to the historic droughts that shook the Middle East 1000 years ago.

       To develop capacities in the region to manage converging climate and disaster risks, UNDP is now leading support for design and launch a new Climate Risk Nexus Initiative (2016-2020) to build more resilience-based approaches to development in the region. An initiative with the League of Arab States (LAS), the Arab Water Council, World Food Programme and the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, it seeks to develop integrated approaches to achieving the Arab Action Plan on Climate Change and the Arab Strategy on DRR. As a new flagship UN inter-agency initiative, it also supports partners to find integrated approaches to achieve SDG 13, the Paris climate agreement and the Sendai DRR framework.

      After expected endorsement of the initiative by the LAS Economic and Social Council, activities will commence under four main areas of work: (i) science and data for decision-making, (ii) tools and technology for risk-informed development; (iii) local leadership and capacity development for integrated CC-DRR approaches; and (iv) new integrated strategies and policies for managing risks and building resilience-based approached to development. Regards UNDP actions in the region, four areas in focus:  

Risk governance: managing climate change and disasters in an integrated manner requires leaders to understand converging nature of risks in decision-making processes. This includes regional and local capacities for integrated risk assessments, methodologies and tools that support new risk-informed models of development. An initial focus of UNDP support is on building risk governance at the city level, with a new Arab cities resilience report developed with regional partners to map converging climate and disaster risks, as basis for more targeted local capacity development activities.  

Climate and disaster induced displacement: For rural farmers and fishermen, more severe droughts and rising sea levels affect livelihoods and are an existential threat triggering forced migration within countries, and beyond. UNDP supports local capacity development initiatives across the region to address the root causes of climate and disaster induced displacement, including preventive measures through climate adaptation in agriculture and irrigation systems, expanding early warning systems for climate and disaster risks, and developing capacity to expand the use social protection systems such as climate-indexed insurance.

Resource insecurity: As climate and disaster impacts expand, natural assets (such as land and water) and ecosystem services (such as agricultural productivity) have become more fragile. This is exacerbating social vulnerability and conflict, including stresses for the co-management of transboundary water in an already water-scare region. UNDP supports development and implementation a new regional action plans and capacities for co-management, including for shared groundwater resources. Resource developments must factor in climate and disaster risks, and transboundary agreements made flexible to ensure countries can cooperate in an era of growing climate and disasters impacts.

Resilient recovery: Most conflict-affected countries in the region are also climate and disaster risk hotspots, with communities hosting refugees and IDPs also suffering from water-scarcity and more frequent and severe droughts. Given the protracted nature of conflict in the region, climate and disaster risks must be factored into both immediate and long-term recovery and reconstruction efforts. This includes UNDP support for immediate recovery such as use of solar solutions to meet basic needs of refugee host communities, and mainstreaming climate and disaster risks into the longer-term recovery agenda to make new water infrastructure and agriculture livelihoods resilient to future climate and disaster scenarios.



Kishan Khoday

Team Leader in the Arab Region

Climate Change, DRR and Resilience

UNDP Regional Hub for Arab States

Ashwini Sathnur

Question 1:-

Mainstreaming efforts lead to the implementation of the Inclusive Development ideology. It aims to achieve 100% participation which involves specially - abled, the disaster - struck persons, temporarily disabled persons and also the disaster - prone individuals. Climate change could impact the health of individuals along with the occurrences of the disasters - man made or natural. Due to the cause of one situation / crisis, multiple impacts could be observed i.e both disaster risk and mainstreaming crisis. Hence this leads to creating solutions for both DRR and CCA, which are integrated into one framework.


Question 2:-

Climate change and quantum neural network example application aims to provide a solution for both DRR [climate change] and CCA [human health]. When solar flares lead to imbalances in human health, ICT solutions enable the neurological simulated functioning - so that human rsponses are created and manifested in human beings, in response to stimuli.


Question 3:-

Sustainable development via mobile hand held devices provie ICT applications which are user - friendly, practical and provides an implementable framework. By providing communication mechanisms to visually impaired and hearing impaired persons via Accessibility, their participative measures in employment increases. This leads to higher productivity and inclusive work - culture. Thus leading to socio - economic progress of the society!

Олег Халидуллин
Hypothesis CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE O.H. Halidullin The author of 20 inventions. Kazakhstan, Almaty, mkr. Samal 2, d.25, kv8, 7115215@mail.ru SUmmary. Half of the Earth's land a man took from nature, using it under arable land, dumps, reservoirs, landfills, areas of cities and roads, flood spills - 67% of the 149 million km2. Each hectare of fertile territory contained 20 tons of underground living creatures, which together with the roots of plants turn water into steam respiration and transpiration. Now, with necrosis of the territory, the water evaporates without modification and with greater intensity. Gone is the most important link in the water cycle in nature. Water precipitation from the atmosphere, and half of it is returned unchanged. Areas towns and villages all over the world occupy a small area - only about 4%. However, this area produced many types of water effects: heat, pressure, cooling, evaporation, washing and drying of all that surrounds us. Created unprecedented nature, the volume of water that goes into the atmosphere without performing natural destination. Unnatural evaporation of very large amounts of impact on atmospheric phenomena, creating natural disasters. The frequency and the destructiveness of these disasters is increasing every year. There is a new phenomenon, a new phenomenon. The unknown nature of artificial evaporation from their properties, their laws, their mechanisms of interaction with the atmosphere and biota. Research is urgently needed phenomenon, proof of its reality and destructiveness. This requires urgent comparison of the volume and the velocity of circulation of water pre-industrial and technological periods. The research results suggest the development of new concepts for braking climate change by reducing artificial evaporation, return the nature of its destruction unit - conversion of natural water biota. In addition to the quantitative, can be considered and qualitative characteristics of vapor. No studies conducted quality organic vapors and fumes from degraded areas, water vapor from the structural changes after the production processes. It is assumed one more line of research unnatural vapor. It is necessary to pay attention to changes in water quality at the molecular level. There are studies that show changes in the structure of water, the existence of clusters. The structure of water changes when moving in the pipes, the impact on the water temperature, pressure, mechanics, long-term storage. Especially voluminous such a change in the interaction of water with the blades of the turbine power plant, with marine propeller blades. Concentrating in the seas and oceans, the distorted structure, covered with large waters evaporate into the atmosphere carrying a molecule with an unnatural structure. Still need to pay attention to the moisture in the air, in the vapor state. All internal combustion engines, compressors, turbines, aircraft, everything firebox all furnaces, air sucked in myself and air moisture, exposing its structural changes. It is possible that these additional areas, are essential building blocks of a new phenomenon, as something in its own way participate in celestial mechanics. Keywords. Natural evaporation, land degradation. artificial evaporation, the water cycle, the cycle of unit volumes of water, intensity of vapors, structural changes, the distorted structure.
Dr. Abdulghany Mohamed

Dear Moderators and participants,

Thanks for the opportunity to participate in this discussion and for your invaluable contributions.

To begin with, I am pleased to learn from the contributions that in addition to the disparate frameworks highlighted by the discussion organizers there are “out there” frameworks and endeavours (by various individuals and organizations) that also aim at integrating DRR and CCA. I am positive they will greatly help to enrich the proposed framework we are currently discussing. 

Moreover, I would like to contribute from the perspective of an educator who has had (continues to have) the privilege to train policy-makers/analysts and business managers. In other words, my contribution shall dwell on User Expectations and Needs and its attendant questions; viz.: What are your expectations for an integrated DRR and CCA mainstreaming framework? How can we ensure a user-friendly, practical and readily implementable framework? How can it overcome existing mainstreaming challenges?

Briefly, it is my hope that the prospective integrated framework shall be built on the following premises:

(a)   Disasters and climate change are not limited to climate parameters; they are about multiple interacting processes (at multiple spatial and temporal levels and involving multiple actors) whose outcomes/consequences influence the actors’ (e.g., policy makers’) capacity to perceive and respond to development challenges and opportunities. Thus, while the proposed framework shall of necessity be bounded it does not preclude policy-makers from taking a holistic approach.

(b)   To the extent that societies are unevenly exposed to impacts of disasters and climate change, are of varying vulnerabilities and unequally/asymmetrically endowed in response capabilities, the proposed framework should guide policy-makers to mainstream DDR and CCA in such a way that responses to disasters and climate change should not only be localized and contextually relevant/appropriate (e.g., responses be planned and implemented based on local values and needs identified/felt by local communities themselves) but they should also not exacerbate the vulnerabilities already experienced by various societies/individuals. Moreover, the proposed framework should be designed with the aim of resisting the temptation to impose global approaches to local contexts ostensibly in the name of localization.

(c)    DRR and CCA are more than technical responses for they involve social, cultural, political processes as well. Indeed, development is a highly contested and uncertain social-economic-political process. Thus, mainstreaming DRR & CCA should be amenable to opening up space for social debate/dialogue, disputes, contestation, collaboration, and transformation as well as it should facilitate the tapping of local knowledge and where appropriate (e.g., in immigrant majority societies such as Canada) it should make space for indigenous peoples to join policymakers at the table.

(d)   DRR as well as CC adaptation in development are complex and multifaceted (yet overlapping) set of processes: consequently the framework should be nuanced yet implementable and considerate and respectful of (and does not crowd-out or overshadow) other development imperatives.

(e)   As a response to (human made) changing conditions (and aspirations), adaptation is both a proactive (with regard to new development projects/programs) and reactive (with regard to already existing projects/programs some of which may have to be phased out or modified): the framework should thus enable policy makers and implementers to prevent/mitigate and reduce potential/actual disasters (including those induced by climate change) while simultaneously enabling societies to progress broadly speaking (i.e., beyond simply promoting economic growth).

(f)     As mainstreaming DRR and CCA bring out the limitations of extant/current approaches, they will most likely call for a redefinition of the meaning of “development” requiring us to interrogate our worldviews so as to provide an entry point through which deeper, broader and sustainable social transformations can be pursued by disparate societies/peoples: as such the proposed framework should not only be flexible enough to implement but it should also be empowering to stakeholders.

(g)   DDR and CCA are long-term and global in nature and not about quick fixes; thus placing a premium on timely, multi-pronged and inclusive response strategies to address multiple stressors. Thus, the proposed framework should explicit encourage policy-makers to productively engage with multiple stakeholders who are critical and valuable partners for the long run helping realise a more creative/innovative and positively inclusive, equitable global economy/society. 

(h)   In engaging the for-profit private sector, the proposed framework should be explicitly cognizant of the issues of power, social trust, transparency, challenges of auditability and the key contradictions of corporate social responsibility.

(i)     While capacity building, emulation of best practices, etc. are crucial in development, institutional convergence (be it at the local or national levels) must not be an explicit/sought after aim of the proposed framework. Thus, it is critical that the proposed framework should “permit” or at least be amenable to institutional diversity for at least the following three reasons:

(i)       path dependency – i.e., adoption and implementation of the proposed framework must be understood within the context of the fact that institutional environments/settings (including existing and prior policy choices) are dynamic and perhaps most importantly they mediate pressures for change as well as shape the “new” policies and ideas, programs/projects.

(ii)     functional equivalency – i.e., similar policy objectives/goals can be achieved via seemingly different/divergent institutional regimes;

(iii)   tightness of fit – “new” institutions do not get introduced in a vacuum. As such they need to be able to dialectically relate to and depend on inputs from the system they may belong.

These three reasons coupled with the benefits of institutional diversity should impel us to carefully consider the pressures/temptations for institutional convergence especially if we are to minimise resentment and resistance wrought by perceived imposition. In short, the proposed framework should be sensitive to the fact that (self-autonomous) societies have unique histories, political ideologies, cultures and aspirations.

Sorry for the long post. Looking forward to your ideas and contributions.


Dr. Abdulghany Mohamed

Naomi Tobita

Concentrating on very local experience in the city of Yokohama, Japan, the success of DRR-CCA mainstreaming would be observed how “natural” people respond to the issues, so that opinion polls or interviewing shall be the instrument for the measurement. “Natural” in this case means “nothing special to combine DRR and CCA in our daily lives.” Though very anecdotal, I report my experience with some forest volunteers (within Yokohama Green Up Plan since 2008) for one of the south forests in Yokohama. Their activity is on the hard-pan very fragile to flash flood or earthquake. From 2011 their forest is designated as a part of city’s Yokohama b-Plan that is reported to UNCBD as a representative of Japanese policy for biodiversity promotion. They told me they are very proud of their field chosen to be a part of UN endeavor, but it is nothing more than another recognition of their decades of activities to secure the unstable environment. They continue their once-in-a-week activities of forestry as before. (The city of Yokohama’s Green Up Plan, b-Plan and all the other DRR-CCCA policies can be found in their home page http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp. As you may expect, I am sorry to say it is the page for Japanese audience and no detailed foreign language translation is available.)   

Unfortunately (or fortunately), we Japanese have learned in a hard way “special DRR” big projects have very limited success when the real big one comes. (I have met ordinary widows in Ishinomaki and Sanriku watching the on-going construction of 35m high levees in very cool eyes.) The best strategy Japanese know to protect ourselves is accumulating tiny daily matters that can be expanded from ordinary to emergency in a second. When our lives are mainly consists of the private sector, and we build with minute points of daily lives for DRR, not-involving private sector is not an option. For example, when 3/11 happened and the food shelves nation-wide became empty within a couple of hours, people realized our distribution system was not right for the emergency. Now the Japanese distribution industry is preparing themselves for the “next one,” and realizes their profit margin and CO2 emission is improving thanks to this DRR projects. A part of the bottle necks at that time was unnecessary traffic congestion for trucks, and the several layers of middle merchants. Smart usage of IoT and reorganization of the industry reduce wastes of such kinds, and consequently advance their bottom line in “non-disaster” time. (http://newswitch.jp/p/2892) The lessons learned in this case may be a cliché of economists, but the original motive for corporate action is definitely DRR.

When we consider the DRR-CCA in the bottom-up way of miniscule ordinary lives, the approach naturally becomes holistic. The practicality issue may be similar to the agenda business faces these days with swam economics. Groth etal wrote in their Open Democracy blog in 2014 recommendations for managers to deal with 3D manufacturing (https://www.opendemocracy.net/olaf-groth-mark-esposito-terence-tse/from-few-to-many-swarm-economics). Translating their recommendation for DRR-CCA policy makers, it could be (1) Assess the risks and benefits of policy making shifted from top-down to bottom-up, including funding implications, (2) Collect data of actual bottom-up approach that would suggest the necessary regulations to make the transfer smooth, (3) Evaluate human capital needs, and (4) Develop strategies of transfer, including the assessment how actual players might be affected, and could assist the process.

Prefectura Tunguragua

14-04-2016 [Paris]


Understanding the integration

It is an opportunity to share with you some food for thoughts. This 1rst step with identification was a passionate one. We all have an experience about the DRR and CCA. We are living and hopefully these contributions are going to pay in the future. some of them have been already integrated, as I can see with some organizations on the web. For example Post 2015 has already started on 1-1-2016. 

I want also to thank for extending the consultation until 15-04-2016 for late coming or in case people have difficulties to share their experiences online and they still need more time.

On the topic of identification and expectation, BIRD viewpoint was about unifying these expectations and identifications in a common set of guiding principles for actions in such a way, there is a shape and an organization. For example, if you are linking UN goals (a framework of the Global agenda for Actions -2015 i.e Climate change ambition (COP21 outcome), Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (March 2015) with the proposals for actions. From Words to Actions, clearly -through BIRD viewpoint- I assumed there is a need for principles of actions, which are not the UN goals, but they are helping to go from Goals and frameworks to strategy goals and requirement for operations in order to implement the solutions for DRR + CCA. In such a way the document attached is representing an attempt for such activities.

2- A small assessment from the reading of some interesting comments. I wonder if some countries could not apply DRR or CCA- this activity of identification and further digging would stay like pure a business communication. Which is also excellent! (I assumed there was a psychological effect to solve issue , just with the purpose of communicating about DRR and CCA. while the issue can remain. What do you think? (Can we change all issues)

Also another type of experience I discovered in the comments- They are already communities leaving very close to nature. In such a way there is possibility to learn from them for sustainability sustained development (DRR+CCA). Particularly, when the organization for change goes through decentralized structures.(or decentralization supported by strong states centralization)

Last, in the gender and desegregation, possibly if you can look at an indicator for women groups in the public space. This is echoing from the UN Youth indigenous Caucasus group. This is also valid for a number of groups that are voiceless today, in emerging or developed nations. (indigenous or not). recently old chief of Indians from USA (102 years old passed). He was popular in USA (with our elected representatives -Obama...because he was able to show the indigenous skills during world war 2 in Europe)

Your tenure of the consultation with a discipline and we are still looking forward the process to learn about improving the future of DRR and CCA. Thanks, friends.



Prefectura Tunguragua


Sorry for cross-posting. Have you heard about Kumamoto? Right now the Kyushu island of Japan was striken by an earthquake of magnitude 6 (Richter Scale). No Earley Warning and no tsunami bulletin. No comment.

I am Just being with a small number of people who passed and their families. It is not a disaster. More fears than real casualties and losses. Remember Tokohu disaster in 2011 and Fukushima. They are lots of technologies in Japan. and they worked. Possibly it is not enough.

We haven't yet detected and prevented Kumamoto. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is invetigating of the occurence of a surprise earthquake (natural hazard). By the time I am emailing , I assume he will be informed about what has happened, exactly?Sendai, the new framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(SFDRR) (2015-2030), the successor of Hyogo Framework For Actions (HFA) and priorities (2005-2015) has a wealth of recommendations to put words into actions (resources, technologies, know-how sciences). 

Hoping participants we not find difficult to follow the following process. Thanks, friends.


Prefectura Tunguragua

15-04-2016 [Paris]


For our last meeting today and for the concerned phasing about identification of experiences and expectations, I went through today post with my own understanding of DRR + CCA to select 2 topics, which is recurrent in 2 or more topics. These are the problems of education and management. Also, thanks to one or more friends that I read there comments today. These are not anonymous persons, but people I used to met on different occasions at UN venues for DRR.

Please, if you have some time to spend on my comment, go to the 2 documents (pdf).

The first one as I said it related to management.

In the text of Sendai (successor of Hyogo framework for actions), it is about words to actions. I wondered firstly, what was an action. I came with my own definition of an action, which is leading to what I am making every day about management. And the better it is is if your business is focus on environmental management. This managerial definition is also found in the Sendai document in a list of articles, what need to be made (and I should add, what need not to be made, and what you can made other do for you or your community. However, there are some unclear. As we all know, we are all part of the transformation agenda, UN has made the framework, and we are attempting to implement it with actions. For example, if you go to the definition of an action in the Business dictionary, actions is practically a serious matter and it is linked to tribunal and courts. In such way, I reviewed some cases (for human rights) or a managerial on the wildfire, which occurred recently in the state of Alaska (USA). No parties (government or civil society are agreed. The other cases of DRR and CCA are linked to human rights and multinational business. We know, -I assumed- that climate justice and Post 2015 cannot be achieved without human rights. DRR + Climate activity can be found in Post 2015 SDG 11 with the smart, inclusive, safe, sustainable cities.

About Education; educating children, it is fine. Also, educating adults. Is it fine? I think the matter of education or training is critical and crucial in showing how DRR and CCA are complex solution issues because these are linked to the principle of actions I was referring in a previous post and Training has to go to actions through these principles. it is not a straightforward matter, because of the uncertainties and also the level of discrimination which is out coming when you input DRR+ CCA and moving forward the ambition or the agreed goals (are they constraints) or process with the necessary new skills to materialize the transformation process and the World We want for all. 


Also, the important is between the stakeholders themselves. it is related to power structure and the social roles and statuses

Conclusion, when looking at fulfilling the ambition or the other side of the same reality of development, which is Post 2015 SDG. Keep the goal high.

Thank you for reading the article and best for the following process.




Prefectura Tunguragua

20-04-2016 [PARIS]


 I was thinking that part 1 was over and we were moving forward a new stage. Then, today I received a new post. I am happy, people in the team work can find sometimes to share expereince and expectation around the world and deliver on the website. Most country cases are astuces as I could read. But, In 1958, worse tsunami on earth occurred in Alaska Bay after a landslide. (Today, satellites are still able to witness the disappearing of the forest along the coatal bay which has been flattened by the tsunami. The landslide after an earhtquake made a big splash in the bay water and a Giant wave of 50 meters high was formed and travel from the mountain slope to the open sea. There was a couple on a boat fishing that day, they survived the catastrophic event, but there boat was swept away from the bay to the open see, as the swimmer on fun board- you can travel far, it you know how to stay balanced on the swimming board); Possibly they were and lucky too.


I am giving a personal feed-back on the integration and scale of the mega event. For example after Kuamamoto strikes earlier some days ago in Japan and to discover that Japan was a risk zone (20%-25% of earth surface are risk zones). Usually, you can expected the day after a new Earthquake to strike Kuamamoto with less magnitude- It did not happen or far below on the opposite on the Pacific plate, which is playing like a roller coast, at sea.

It was Ecuador this time in Northern South America. Quito the capital city is the highest located city has not been affected. As the Quake arose close to the coast. However, the earth is actually linked with the Pacific plate - I assumed and other cities close to the coastal line has been hit.

From Alaska to Terra del Fuego and through central America, there is an inevitable (100% certain) risk line made of mountain, in such a way living there is a risk and an opportunity to transform with disasters . Possibly, a new paradigm beyond DRR and CCA with innovative thinking, breakthrough projects and new organizational design (rejecting the business as usual, which has limited scope in space and time). For example, best illustration is given by worse arid zone on earth. The Atacamaca hot desert between Chile and Peru is supposed to be the training center for future exploration to the moon. We are already on the moon on earth in the Andes, ... or the range of mountain line running along the pacific plates. The moon is the twin sister of the earth. Or likely to be be...bearing this in mind. Disaster risk reduction and climate change activities are breaking through. If no innovation, actually, what can work well is using technologies to sense the mega event.

Thank you for helping to comment. GEORGES BIRD